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  1 / 2779 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29188664
[Au] Autor:Lou XP; Zhang W; Zheng J; Xu H; Zhao F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical College of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, China.
[Ti] Título:[Comparative Study on Morphology of Human, Swine, Sheep and Cattle Muscle Tissues and Its Forensic Significance].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(4):250-253, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To observe the morphological characteristic indexes of the muscle tissues from different species and to establish a discriminant equation of species identification and tried to establish a new method for species identification. METHODS: Three different parts of the muscle tissues, triceps brachii, biceps femoris and erector spinae from adult human corpses, triceps brachii, biceps femoris and longissimus dorsi muscle from swine, sheep and cattle reached the slaughter age, were extracted respectively (20 for each group) and deal the tissues into paraffin sections. Eleven observational indexes of the muscle tissues from adult human corpses, swine, sheep and cattle were detected. Statistical methods were used to analyze the data and a discriminant equation of species identification was established. RESULTS: Four observation indicators were screened for establishing the discriminant equation of species identification among human, swine, sheep and cattle. The accurate rate of this method for human muscle tissue identification was 90%, and for swine, sheep, and cattle muscle tissue were 80%, 100% and 80% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The morphological method provides a new method for the species identification of the muscle tissue among human, swine, sheep and cattle, and it can be used as a reference for the identification of animal species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Músculo Esquelético/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cadáver
Bovinos
Antropologia Forense
Seres Humanos
Ovinos
Suínos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.04.003


  2 / 2779 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28457505
[Au] Autor:Uysal Ramadan S; Gurses MS; Inanir NT; Hacifazlioglu C; Fedakar R; Hizli S
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Radiology, Kecioren Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of the medial clavicular epiphysis according to the Schmeling and Kellinghaus method in living individuals: A retrospective CT study.
[So] Source:Leg Med (Tokyo);25:16-22, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4162
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The evaluation of the medial clavicular epiphysis via CT plays an important role in the determination of age, particularly the 19th and 22nd ages. Several authors have recommended the use of the Schmeling and Kellinghaus methods in conjunction in the evaluation of the medial clavicular epiphysis. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate thin section CT scan images of the medial clavicular epiphysis according to the Schmeling and Kellinghaus method, and to discuss the obtained data in the light of the literature. The thoracic CT scan images (0.6mm section thickness) of 601 patients (202 female and 399 male) aged between 10 and 35years obtained by 16-detector CT were evaluated by two examiners. The stage 2 was seen between 13 and 23years of age; stage 3 was seen between 16 and 27years of age. However, 100% of the female cases with stage 3c were ⩾18years of age, and 100% of the male cases with stage 3c were ⩾19years of age. Stage 4 was first observed at 20years of age in both sexes, and stage 5 was first observed at 25years of age in both sexes. We believe that stage 3c may be used, particularly in the determination 18-year age limit for both sexes. The outcomes of our study are consistent with those of our previous study and other studies in the literature, which is important for the confirmation of the reliability of the method.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Idade pelo Esqueleto/métodos
Clavícula/anatomia & histologia
Epífises/anatomia & histologia
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Antropologia Forense
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudos Retrospectivos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 2779 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231027
[Au] Autor:Liu F; Dang YH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forensic Science, Health Science Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, China.
[Ti] Título:[Research Progress on Forensic Dentistry].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(2):175-180, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:Forensic dentistry is an interdiscipline of forensic medicine and stomatology, which provides legal information by collecting, testing and assessing the dental evidence scientifically. In this review, the present application of forensic dentistry has been described, such as the estimation of age, sex, species, occupation and living habit, as well as the identification of individual, domestic violence or abuse, which aims to enrich and improve forensic dentistry for making it be more useful in forensic medicine even in juridical practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes
Odontologia Legal/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Forense
Medicina Legal
Seres Humanos
Dente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.02.015


  4 / 2779 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231012
[Au] Autor:Miao CY; Xu L; Wang N; Zhang M; Li YS; Lü JX
[Ad] Endereço:Dongcheng Branch of Beijing Public Security Bureau, Beijing 100061, China.
[Ti] Título:[Progress in Application of Measuring Skeleton by CT in Forensic Anthropology Research].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(1):58-61, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:Individual identification by measuring the human skeleton is an important research in the field of forensic anthropology. Computed tomography (CT) technology can provide high-resolution image of skeleton. Skeleton image can be reformed by software in the post-processing workstation. Different skeleton measurement indexes of anthropology, such as diameter, angle, area and volume, can be measured on section and reformative images. Measurement process is barely affected by human factors. This paper reviews the literatures at home and abroad about the application of measuring skeleton by CT in forensic anthropology research for individual identification in four aspects, including sex determination, height infer, facial soft tissue thickness measurement and age estimation. The major technology and the application of CT in forensic anthropology research are compared and discussed, respectively.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Idade pelo Esqueleto
Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem
Antropologia Forense/métodos
Análise para Determinação do Sexo
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Forense/tendências
Seres Humanos
Software
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.01.014


  5 / 2779 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384738
[Au] Autor:Gelbrich B; Fischer M; Stellzig-Eisenhauer A; Gelbrich G
[Ad] Endereço:University Hospital of Leipzig (Germany), Department of Orthodontics.
[Ti] Título:Are cervical vertebrae suitable for age estimation?
[So] Source:J Forensic Odontostomatol;2(35):71-82, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2219-6749
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The ability of cervical vertebrae (CV) staging to contribute in forensic age estimation is being discussed controversially. The large variability of CV geometries in the end stage of development might be the reason for not reaching a performance competitive to hand or third molar methods. Here we study the geometry of adult CV and demonstrate that the description of their "typical" appearance is often not met. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms from clinical routine of 320 subjects aged 20 years or above (median 24 years, 52% female) were evaluated. The criteria for the end stage of CV development (Hassel-Farman, Baccetti) were examined by assessing them in terms of metric measurements: (1) rectangular shape of C3/C4, (2) at least one of the height-width ratios of C3/C4 > 1 (both not <1), (3) significant concavities at the inferior margin of C2, C3 and C4. Metric data of the adults were also compared to those of 100 children aged 8-10 years (50% female). RESULTS: Adult CV often violated the criteria of rectangular shape (44% C3, 36% C4), of height-width ratio (16% C3, 35% C4) and inferior concavity (10% C2, 10% C3, 19% C4). All of the criteria for adult CV were fulfilled in only 24% of the subjects (95%CI 19-28%). The variability of measures of the CV shapes was large; e.g., the 95% reference ranges for the height-width ratios were 0.81-1.19 (C3) and 0.77-1.14 (C4). There was a material overlap of ranges of CV measures of adults and children. CONCLUSION: While hand bones and teeth have well-defined appearances in the end stage of development, adult CV have a large biological variance of shapes; it is hard to define their "typical" appearance. Moreover, measures of CV geometry do not strictly separate adults from children. These facts might reason the limited usefulness of CV in age estimation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Idade pelo Esqueleto/métodos
Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem
Vértebras Cervicais/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Antropologia Forense
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 2779 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384737
[Au] Autor:Rezende Machado AL; Dezem TU; Bruni AT; Alves da Silva RH
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto, Curso de Graduação em Odontologia (Iniciação Científica), Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Age estimation by facial analysis based on applications available for smartphones.
[So] Source:J Forensic Odontostomatol;2(35):61-70, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2219-6749
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Forensic Dentistry has an important role in the human identification cases and, among the analyses that can be performed, age estimation has an important value in establishing an anthropological profile. Modern technology invests for new mechanisms of age estimation: software apps, based on special algorithms, because there is not interference based on personal knowledge, cultural and personal experiences for facial recognition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research evaluated the use of two different apps: "How Old Do I Look? - Age Camera" and "How Old Am I? - Age Camera, Do You Look Like in Selfie Face Pic?", for age estimation analysis in a sample of 100 people (50 females and 50 males). Univariate and multivariate statistical methods were used to evaluate data. RESULTS: A great reliability was seen when used for the male volunteers. However, for females, no equivalence was found between the real age and the estimated age. CONCLUSION: These applications presented satisfactory results as an auxiliary method, in male images.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Face/anatomia & histologia
Aplicativos Móveis
Envelhecimento da Pele
Smartphone
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Antropologia Forense
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 2779 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29207328
[Au] Autor:Ruengdit S; Prasitwattanaseree S; Mekjaidee K; Sinthubua A; Mahakkanukrauh P
[Ad] Endereço:Forensic Osteology Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School, Chiang Mai University, 50200, Thailand; Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, 50200, Thailand. Electronic address: neu.sittiporn@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Age estimation approaches using cranial suture closure: A validation study on a Thai population.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;53:79-86, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cranial suture closure, one of the most commonly used age estimation methods, for decades, however, is often viewed with caution and its reliability is still debated. Few methods of estimating age using the skeleton, especially cranial suture, have been tested on Thais. This study aims to test the traditional aging techniques using cranial suture closure on Thai individuals in order to identify the error rate of each method when applied to a Thai sample. Meindl and Lovejoy (1985), Acsádi and Nemeskéri (1970), and Mann (1991) methods were applied to 175 Thai dry crania. Bias and inaccuracy in the Meindl and Lovejoy, Acsádi and Nemeskéri, and Mann methods resulted in overestimation in young adults and underestimation in older individuals with an inaccuracy range of approximately 13-22 years. The Mann method approached 100% in predicting age in older males, but the method did not fare as well on Thai females. The results confirm inter-population variation does exist. Additionally, differences in age composition between populations used to develop the methods and Thais may lead to an increase in error. This study indicates that these three aging methods should be used in conjunction with other techniques. Further research which develops specific methods for Thais might give better results for age estimation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Idade pelo Esqueleto/métodos
Suturas Cranianas/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Antropologia Forense
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Tailândia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 2779 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27770721
[Au] Autor:Fan F; Zhang K; Peng Z; Cui JH; Hu N; Deng ZH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forensic Pathology, West China School of Preclinical and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, PR China.
[Ti] Título:Forensic age estimation of living persons from the knee: Comparison of MRI with radiographs.
[So] Source:Forensic Sci Int;268:145-150, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1872-6283
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To perform a study to clarify how strong the chronological age relates to ossification of the knee in Chinese on X-rays and the MRI when a similar four-stage grading system was used. 322 individuals with conventional radiographs and MRI were collected from routine medical investigations and evaluated retrospectively. Bland Altman plots were performed to reveal the agreement of grading of MRI and radiograph. Regression analysis was conducted to establish a mathematical model for age estimation. The ossification process of the knee occurs earlier in females than in males for about 1-2 years. The process on X-ray grading is consistently higher than that of MRI. The chronological age is well correlated with both grading of MRI and radiograph (all p values were less than 0.001). By comparison, the R-square of grading of MRI were relatively higher than that of radiograph. Finally, the chronological age is well correlated with the ossification of the knee when both grading of MRI and radiograph were used, with the R-square for MRI were relatively higher than that of radiograph. Furthermore, the use of MRI will reduce exposure to X-ray radiation as much as possible.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Idade pelo Esqueleto/métodos
Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem
Articulação do Joelho/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Osteogênese
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Epífises/diagnóstico por imagem
Epífises/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Feminino
Antropologia Forense
Lâmina de Crescimento/diagnóstico por imagem
Lâmina de Crescimento/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Radiografia
Análise de Regressão
Estudos Retrospectivos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 2779 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29188672
[Au] Autor:Fan F; Tu M; Luo YZ; Zhang K; Chen XG; Deng ZH
[Ad] Endereço:West China School of Preclinical and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.
[Ti] Título:[Progress on the Rule of Clavicle Epiphyseal Closure Using Multi-Imaging Technology].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(4):277-281, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:People aged 18 years could be punished lightly or diminished criminal responsibility, even be spared the death sentence, which has important meaning in Chinese judicatory adjudication. The epiphysis of long bones from human limbs and the secondary sexual characteristics almost have developed completely before 18 years old. Clavicle epiphysis is one of the articular metaphysis which has a late epiphyseal closure. The recent studies in exploring the rule of clavicle epiphyseal by multi-imaging technology shows that the development of clavicle epiphysis has some value in age estimation of 18 years old. CT, especially thin-section CT, is widely used at present. However, thin-section CT scanning has great net radiation, which is not ethically acceptable if it is not for diagnosis and treatment. MRI is nonradioactive tomographic imaging and easy to evaluate, which is one of the future research directions in forensic age estimation using the medial clavicle. This paper summarizes the progress on the rule of clavicle epiphyseal closure, and analyzes and summarizes the feasibility of rule of clavicle epiphyseal closure applies on age estimation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clavícula/fisiologia
Epífises/fisiologia
Osteogênese
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Determinação da Idade pelo Esqueleto
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático
Morte
Antropologia Forense
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.04.011


  10 / 2779 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28763710
[Au] Autor:Licata M; Rossetti C
[Ad] Endereço:University of Insubria, Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, Varese, Italy. Electronic address: marta.licata@uninsubria.it.
[Ti] Título:Osteoarchaeological evidence of an unknown medieval battle in Northern Italy. A case of Forensic Anthropology.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;51:74-75, 2017 10.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Decapitação/patologia
Fraturas Cranianas/diagnóstico por imagem
Fraturas Cranianas/patologia
Guerra
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Sepultamento
Antropologia Forense
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Itália
Masculino
Osso Occipital/diagnóstico por imagem
Osso Occipital/lesões
Osso Occipital/patologia
Osso Parietal/diagnóstico por imagem
Osso Parietal/lesões
Osso Parietal/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170802
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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