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  1 / 11832 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231006
[Au] Autor:Sun ZW; Shi TT; Fu PX
[Ad] Endereço:Beijing Ankang Hospital, Beijing 101300, China.
[Ti] Título:[Characteristics of Schizophrenia Patients' Homicide Behaviors and Their Correlations with Criminal Capacity].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(1):32-35, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of schizophrenia patients' homicide behaviors and the influences of the assessments of criminal capacity. METHODS: Indicators such as demographic and clinical data, characteristics of criminal behaviors and criminal capacity from the suspects whom were diagnosed by forensic psychiatry as schizophrenia ( =110) and normal mental ( =70) with homicide behavior, were collected by self-made investigation form and compared. The influences of the assessments of criminal capacity on the suspects diagnosed as schizophrenia were also analyzed using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: There were no significant statistical differences between the schizophrenic group and the normal mental group concerning age, gender, education and marital status ( >0.05). There were significant statistical differences between the two groups concerning thought disorder, emotion state and social function before crime ( <0.05) and there were significant statistical differences in some characteristics of the case such as aggressive history ( <0.05), cue, trigger, plan, criminal incentives, object of crime, circumstance cognition and self-protection ( <0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that thought disorder, emotion state, social function, criminal incentives, plan and self-protection before crime of the schizophrenic group were positively correlated with the criminal capacity ( <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The relevant influences of psychopathology and crime characteristics should be considered comprehensively for improving the accuracy of the criminal capacity evaluation on the suspects diagnosed as schizophrenia with homicide behavior.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Crime
Homicídio/psicologia
Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criminosos
Psiquiatria Legal
Seres Humanos
Motivação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.01.008


  2 / 11832 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29205970
[Au] Autor:Xu WJ; Ji P
[Ad] Endereço:Criminal Police Brigade of Liyang Public Security Bureau, Liyang 213300, China.
[Ti] Título:[Retrospective Analysis of 17 Family Homicide Cases].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(6):431-433, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To summarize the characteristics of family homicide cases and to provide reference for the analysis and prevention of such cases. METHODS: Seventeen solved family homicide cases in Liyang from 2004 to 2014 were investigated. The original registration information, record of scene investigation, corpse inspection report and case situation were analyzed statistically. RESULTS: The characteristics of the 17 family homicides cases showed that most victims were female and most suspects were male, and spouse infidelity and suspected spouse infidelity have higher proportion in the motives for the killings. Murders by patients with psychosis, camouflage murders and murder-suicides occupied a certain proportion in the family homicide cases. CONCLUSIONS: The family homicide cases are correlated with the family factors such as extramarital sexual intercourse and murder by patients with psychosis. Some suspects suicided after murder. The tools for committing crimes have the features of simplicity, randomness and easy source availability.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homicídio
Motivação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cadáver
Vítimas de Crime
Família
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Psicóticos
Estudos Retrospectivos
Suicídio
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.06.009


  3 / 11832 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29188668
[Au] Autor:Xie X; Dong XD
[Ad] Endereço:Criminal Science Office, Suixi Public Security Bureau, Huaibei 235100, China.
[Ti] Título:[Analysis of Forensic Characteristics about 23 Family Homicide Cases].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(4):264-265, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To provide references for forensic analysis of family homicides cases by analyzing the situations of scene, injuries and individual which were related to the family homicide cases in a county. METHODS: The data of 23 family homicide cases from 2004 to 2013 were collected. The basic situation of individual involved, the relationship between dead and suspect, the cause of death, the motive, the location, time and tools of the crime and the behavior of the suspect after crime etc. were analyzed. RESULTS: The characteristics of the 23 family homicides cases showed that couple relationship was the most common relationship; passion killing was the most common motive; local materials were mostly used as the tools for committing crimes; most crimes were committed in residences; most time of crime was night. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of family homicide cases should be based on the scene investigation, the examination of the body and combined with the investigation of the situation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homicídio
Motivação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Morte
Família
Ciências Forenses
Seres Humanos
Estudos Retrospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.04.007


  4 / 11832 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231010
[Au] Autor:Tong F; Liang Y; Shi Q; Zhang L; L WH; Zhou YW
[Ad] Endereço:Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.
[Ti] Título:[Advance of Forensic Research in Insulin Poisoning].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(1):48-51, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:Insulin as a common clinical hypoglycemic agent can effectively control serves to lower the concentration of blood glucose. However, insulin overdose can lead to death. In the whole fatal cases of insulin overdose, medical accident is the most common, followed by suicide. Though insulin homicide is extremely rare, it deserves great attention. Though there are some researches about insulin poisoning on forensic toxicology and pathology, it is still a difficult task in forensic practice. In this paper, the mechanism of death, pathological changes, detection methods and diagnose criteria of insulin overdose will be discussed in the view of forensic toxicology and pathology. We hope that this paper could enhance relative knowledges of insulin poisoning for medical examiners.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Overdose de Drogas
Toxicologia Forense
Hipoglicemiantes/envenenamento
Insulinas/envenenamento
Envenenamento/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes
Morte
Homicídio
Seres Humanos
Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico
Insulinas/uso terapêutico
Suicídio
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hypoglycemic Agents); 0 (Insulins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.01.012


  5 / 11832 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29202317
[Au] Autor:Terranova C; Zen M
[Ad] Endereço:Legal Medicine and Toxicology, Department of Legal and Work Medicine, Toxicology and Public Health, University Hospital of Padova, Via G. Falloppio n.50, Padova, 35121, Italy. Electronic address: claudio.terranova@unipd.it.
[Ti] Título:Women victims of intentional homicide in Italy: New insights comparing Italian trends to German and U.S. trends, 2008-2014.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;53:73-78, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:National statistics on female homicide could be a useful tool to evaluate the phenomenon and plan adequate strategies to prevent and reduce this crime. The aim of the study is to contribute to the analysis of intentional female homicides in Italy by comparing Italian trends to German and United States trends from 2008 to 2014. This is a population study based on data deriving primarily from national and European statistical institutes, from the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting and from the National Center for Health Statistics. Data were analyzed in relation to trends and age by Chi-square test, Student's t-test and linear regression. Results show that female homicides, unlike male homicides, remained stable in the three countries. Regression analysis showed a higher risk for female homicide in all age groups in the U.S. Middle-aged women result at higher risk, and the majority of murdered women are killed by people they know. These results confirm previous findings and suggest the need to focus also in Italy on preventive strategies to reduce those precipitating factors linked to violence and present in the course of a relationship or within the family.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Distribuição por Idade
Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos
Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Alemanha/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Itália/epidemiologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171205
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 11832 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29293583
[Au] Autor:Baumgartner FR; Box-Steffensmeier JM; Campbell BW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Political Science, UNC-Chapel Hill, 313 Hamilton Hall, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-3265, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Event dependence in U.S. executions.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190244, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Since 1976, the United States has seen over 1,400 judicial executions, and these have been highly concentrated in only a few states and counties. The number of executions across counties appears to fit a stretched distribution. These distributions are typically reflective of self-reinforcing processes where the probability of observing an event increases for each previous event. To examine these processes, we employ two-pronged empirical strategy. First, we utilize bootstrapped Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests to determine whether the pattern of executions reflect a stretched distribution, and confirm that they do. Second, we test for event-dependence using the Conditional Frailty Model. Our tests estimate the monthly hazard of an execution in a given county, accounting for the number of previous executions, homicides, poverty, and population demographics. Controlling for other factors, we find that the number of prior executions in a county increases the probability of the next execution and accelerates its timing. Once a jurisdiction goes down a given path, the path becomes self-reinforcing, causing the counties to separate out into those never executing (the vast majority of counties) and those which use the punishment frequently. This finding is of great legal and normative concern, and ultimately, may not be consistent with the equal protection clause of the U.S. Constitution.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pena de Morte
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Homicídio
Seres Humanos
Modelos Teóricos
Probabilidade
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180103
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190244


  7 / 11832 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29205976
[Au] Autor:Chen L; Lu YX
[Ad] Endereço:Wuhai Public Security Bureau, Wuhai 016000, China.
[Ti] Título:[Research Progress of the Death Caused by Insulin Intoxication].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(6):452-454, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:In recent years, with the sustained increase of the incidence of diabetes in humans and the wider use of exogenous insulin, the cases of inappropriate use and overdose of insulin is growing, even the cases of suicide and homicide using insulin. Through searching the literature at home and abroad about the mechanism, clinical and case report of poisoning and death caused by insulin intoxication, this paper reviews the mechanism, clinical manifestations, pathological changes, and forensic examination.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Overdose de Drogas/diagnóstico
Insulina/envenenamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Morte
Homicídio
Seres Humanos
Suicídio
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Insulin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.06.015


  8 / 11832 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29320548
[Au] Autor:Bejan V; Hickman M; Parkin WS; Pozo VF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Economics, Seattle University, Seattle, WA 98122, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Primed for death: Law enforcement-citizen homicides, social media, and retaliatory violence.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190571, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We examine whether retaliatory violence exists between law enforcement and citizens while controlling for any social media contagion effect related to prior fatal encounters. Analyzed using a trivariate dynamic structural vector-autoregressive model, daily time-series data over a 21-month period captured the frequencies of police killed in the line of duty, police deadly use of force incidents, and social media coverage. The results support a significant retaliatory violence effect against minorities by police, yet there is no evidence of retaliatory violence against law enforcement officers by minorities. Also, social media coverage of the Black Lives Matter movement increases the risk of fatal victimization to both law enforcement officers and minorities. Possible explanations for these results are based in rational choice and terror management theories.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homicídio
Mídias Sociais
Violência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Vítimas de Crime
Seres Humanos
Polícia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180111
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190571


  9 / 11832 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29176826
[Au] Autor:Boutwell BB; Nelson EJ; Qian Z; Vaughn MG; Wright JP; Beaver KM; Barnes JC; Petkovsek M; Lewis R; Schootman M; Rosenfeld R
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Work, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Aggregate-level lead exposure, gun violence, homicide, and rape.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0187953, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:CONTEXT: An increasing body of research has linked the geographic distribution of lead with various indicators of criminal and antisocial behavior. OBJECTIVE: The current study, using data from an ongoing project related to lead exposure in St. Louis City, MO, analyzed the association between aggregate blood lead levels and specific indicators violent crime within the city. DESIGN: Ecological study. SETTING: St. Louis, Missouri. EXPOSURE MEASURE: Blood lead levels. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Official reports of violent crimes were categorized as 1) crimes involving a firearm (yes/no), 2) assault crimes (with or without a firearm), 3) robbery crimes (with or without a firearm), 4) homicides and 5) rape. RESULTS: With the exception of rape, aggregate blood-lead levels were statistically significant predictors of violent crime at the census tract level. The risk ratios for each of the outcome measures were as follows: firearm crimes 1.03 (1.03-1.04), assault crimes 1.03 (1.02-1.03), robbery crimes 1.03 (1.02-1.04), homicide 1.03 (1.01, 1.04), and rape 1.01 (0.99-1.03). CONCLUSIONS: Extending prior research in St. Louis, results suggest that aggregated lead exposure at the census tract level predicted crime outcomes, even after accounting for important sociological variables. Moving forward, a more developed understanding of aggregate level crime may necessitate a shift toward studying the synergy between sociological and biological risk factors such as lead exposure.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Armas de Fogo
Homicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Chumbo/sangue
Estupro/estatística & dados numéricos
Violência/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Geografia
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Missouri/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
2P299V784P (Lead)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0187953


  10 / 11832 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27778148
[Au] Autor:Brockington I
[Ad] Endereço:University of Birmingham, Edgbaston B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK. i.f.brockington@bham.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Suicide and filicide in postpartum psychosis.
[So] Source:Arch Womens Ment Health;20(1):63-69, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1435-1102
[Cp] País de publicação:Austria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper reviews the frequency of suicide and filicide in a literature of over 4000, and personal series of 321, childbearing psychoses. Suicide is rare during the acute episode, but the rate is high later in the mother's life and in first degree relatives. The filicide rate is high in depressive psychoses (4.5 %), but lower in episodes without overt depression (less than 1 %), and some of these appear to be accidental, without intent to kill.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infanticídio
Mães/psicologia
Período Pós-Parto/psicologia
Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia
Suicídio
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Homicídio
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171211
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171211
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00737-016-0675-8



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