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[PMID]:27778148
[Au] Autor:Brockington I
[Ad] Endereço:University of Birmingham, Edgbaston B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK. i.f.brockington@bham.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Suicide and filicide in postpartum psychosis.
[So] Source:Arch Womens Ment Health;20(1):63-69, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1435-1102
[Cp] País de publicação:Austria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper reviews the frequency of suicide and filicide in a literature of over 4000, and personal series of 321, childbearing psychoses. Suicide is rare during the acute episode, but the rate is high later in the mother's life and in first degree relatives. The filicide rate is high in depressive psychoses (4.5 %), but lower in episodes without overt depression (less than 1 %), and some of these appear to be accidental, without intent to kill.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infanticídio
Mães/psicologia
Período Pós-Parto/psicologia
Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia
Suicídio
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Homicídio
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171211
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171211
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00737-016-0675-8


  2 / 1083 MEDLINE  
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Mendlowicz, Mauro V
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[PMID]:28013408
[Au] Autor:Tanaka CT; Berger W; Valença AM; Coutinho ES; Jean-Louis G; Fontenelle LF; Mendlowicz MV
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (IPUB - UFRJ), Avenida Venceslau Brás, 71 Fundos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:The worldwide incidence of neonaticide: a systematic review.
[So] Source:Arch Womens Ment Health;20(2):249-256, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1435-1102
[Cp] País de publicação:Austria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Neonaticide is the killing of a neonate on the day of its birth by his/her own mother. Neonaticidal women were reported to be predominantly young, unmarried, and primiparous. The motive for murdering the newborn relates to the shame, the fear of rejection, and abandonment by significant others, and the social stigmas associated with an illegitimate birth. The goal of the present study was to conduct a systematic review of the scientific literature and identify population-based studies reporting the incidence of neonaticide in different countries. A total of 485 abstracts were screened. After applying the inclusion/exclusion criteria, 10 studies were selected. Additional searches identified two more articles. Most of these studies were from Europe, where incidence varied from 0.07 (Finland, 1980-2000 period) to 8.5 neonaticides per 100000 births (Austria, 1975-2001 period). More recent studies have indicated that a growing proportion of neonaticidal women are married, multiparous, and suffers from mental disorders. Preventive measures, such as anonymous free delivery, were shown to reduce the incidence of neonaticide, although this effect may be short-lived. Despite social and institutional changes, neonaticide persists even in the most socially advanced, liberal, and prosperous societies in the world.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Recém-Nascido
Infanticídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Mães/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Infanticídio/prevenção & controle
Vergonha
Estigma Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170908
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170908
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161226
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00737-016-0703-8


  3 / 1083 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27444643
[Au] Autor:Jefferies D; Horsfall D; Schmied V
[Ad] Endereço:School of Nursing and Midwifery, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith 2751, Australia. Electronic address: d.jefferies@westernsydney.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Blurring reality with fiction: Exploring the stories of women, madness, and infanticide.
[So] Source:Women Birth;30(1):e24-e31, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1878-1799
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PROBLEM: Often, there is a sense of shock and disbelief when a mother murders her child. BACKGROUND: Yet, literary texts (plays, poems and novels) contain depictions of women experiencing mental illness or feelings of desperation after childbirth who murder their children. AIM: To further understand why a woman may harm her child we examine seven literary texts ranging in time and place from fifth century BCE Greece to twenty-first century Australia. METHODS: A textual analysis approach examined how the author positioned the woman in the text, how other characters in the text reacted to the woman before, during, and after the mental illness or infanticide, and how the literary or historical critical literature sees the woman. FINDINGS: Three important points about the woman's experience were revealed: she is represented as morally ambiguous and becomes marginalised and isolated; she is depicted as murdering or abandoning her child because she is experiencing mental illness and/or she is living in desperate circumstances; and she believes there is no other option. CONCLUSION: Literary texts can shed light on socio-psychological struggles women experience and can be used to stimulate discussion by healthcare professionals about the development of preventative or early intervention strategies to identify women at risk.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia
Infanticídio
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Mães/psicologia
Parto/psicologia
Redação/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Parto Obstétrico
Depressão Pós-Parto/história
Feminino
Grécia
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Infanticídio/história
Gravidez
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Livros de Texto como Assunto/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160723
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1083 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27680701
[Au] Autor:Gómez JM; Verdú M; González-Megías A; Méndez M
[Ad] Endereço:Estación Experimental de Zonas Áridas (EEZA-CSIC), E-04120 Almería, Spain.
[Ti] Título:The phylogenetic roots of human lethal violence.
[So] Source:Nature;538(7624):233-237, 2016 Oct 13.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The psychological, sociological and evolutionary roots of conspecific violence in humans are still debated, despite attracting the attention of intellectuals for over two millennia. Here we propose a conceptual approach towards understanding these roots based on the assumption that aggression in mammals, including humans, has a significant phylogenetic component. By compiling sources of mortality from a comprehensive sample of mammals, we assessed the percentage of deaths due to conspecifics and, using phylogenetic comparative tools, predicted this value for humans. The proportion of human deaths phylogenetically predicted to be caused by interpersonal violence stood at 2%. This value was similar to the one phylogenetically inferred for the evolutionary ancestor of primates and apes, indicating that a certain level of lethal violence arises owing to our position within the phylogeny of mammals. It was also similar to the percentage seen in prehistoric bands and tribes, indicating that we were as lethally violent then as common mammalian evolutionary history would predict. However, the level of lethal violence has changed through human history and can be associated with changes in the socio-political organization of human populations. Our study provides a detailed phylogenetic and historical context against which to compare levels of lethal violence observed throughout our history.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Cultural/história
Homicídio/história
Homicídio/psicologia
Mamíferos/psicologia
Filogenia
Violência/história
Violência/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agressão/psicologia
Animais
Morte
História do Século XVII
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Infanticídio/história
Infanticídio/psicologia
Masculino
Política
Primatas/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170606
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170606
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160930
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/nature19758


  5 / 1083 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27601103
[Au] Autor:Mathews S; Martin LJ; Coetzee D; Scott C; Brijmohun Y
[Ad] Endereço:Children's Institute, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa. shanaaz.mathews@uct.ac.za.
[Ti] Título:Child deaths in South Africa: Lessons from the child death review pilot.
[So] Source:S Afr Med J;106(9):851-2, 2016 Aug 08.
[Is] ISSN:0256-9574
[Cp] País de publicação:South Africa
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:South Africa (SA) has not met the child mortality target for the Millennium Development Goals, despite having invested substantially in programmes and policies to achieve these targets. The scale-up of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes reduced HIV transmission from mother to child, but this has not been sustained owing to limitations in community-based child health services. Child mortality has declined, but has now plateaued. Children continue to die from preventable and treatable causes of death. Current data sources are incomplete, and do not provide information on deaths occurring out of health facilities. The child death review (CDR) pilot explores the pattern of child deaths and informs prevention strategies to improve child survival in SA. In this editorial we draw on the conclusions of the CDR pilot, where multiagency teams were established to investigate non-natural and unexpected deaths referred to two mortuary sites in order to strengthen child health and protection response systems and to prevent child deaths.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes de Trânsito
Maus-Tratos Infantis
Infanticídio
Serviços Preventivos de Saúde
Suicídio/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade
Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle
Causas de Morte
Criança
Maus-Tratos Infantis/mortalidade
Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle
Mortalidade da Criança
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Infanticídio/prevenção & controle
Infanticídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Projetos Piloto
Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/métodos
Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/organização & administração
África do Sul/epidemiologia
Análise de Sobrevida
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170706
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170706
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160908
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i9.11382


  6 / 1083 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27512982
[Au] Autor:Ucler N; Yucetas SC
[Ad] Endereço:Neurosurgery Department, Education and Research Hospital, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Incidentally Diagnosed Intracranial Sewing Needle in an Adult Patient: A Failed Infanticide Attempt?
[So] Source:Pediatr Neurosurg;51(6):327-330, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1423-0305
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem
Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem
Achados Incidentais
Infanticídio
Agulhas/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170313
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170313
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160812
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1083 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27254025
[Au] Autor:Brownlow A; Onoufriou J; Bishop A; Davison N; Thompson D
[Ad] Endereço:Scottish Marine Animal Stranding Scheme, SAC Veterinary Services Drummondhill, Stratherrick Road, Inverness, IV2 4JZ, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Corkscrew Seals: Grey Seal (Halichoerus grypus) Infanticide and Cannibalism May Indicate the Cause of Spiral Lacerations in Seals.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(6):e0156464, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Large numbers of dead seals with characteristic spiral lesions have been washing ashore around the North Atlantic over the past two decades. Interactions with ship propellers and shark predation have been suggested as the likely causal mechanisms. However, new evidence points towards a more likely candidate: grey seal predation. An adult male grey seal was observed and recorded catching, killing and eating five weaned grey seal pups over a period of one week on the Isle of May, Scotland. A further 9 carcasses found in the same area exhibited similar injuries. Post mortem analysis of lesions indicated the wound characteristics were similar to each other and in 12 of the 14 carcasses analysed, were indistinguishable from carcasses previously attributed to propeller interaction. We therefore propose that most of the seal carcasses displaying spiral lacerations in the UK are caused by grey seal predation. Cases in other locations should be re-evaluated using the scoring system presented here to identify whether grey seal predation is a major cause of mortality in phocid seals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Canibalismo
Infanticídio
Lacerações/fisiopatologia
Focas Verdadeiras/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Oceano Atlântico
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170718
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170718
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0156464


  8 / 1083 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27115911
[Au] Autor:Devakumar D; Osrin D
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Child Homicide: A Global Public Health Concern.
[So] Source:PLoS Med;13(4):e1002004, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1549-1676
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this perspective, Delan Devakumar and David Osrin discuss Abrahams and colleagues' findings in the context of evidence about child homicide in different countries, and consider etiology along with implications for child protection and prevention.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vítimas de Crime
Homicídio/tendências
Infanticídio/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMMENT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160427
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002004


  9 / 1083 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27115771
[Au] Autor:Abrahams N; Mathews S; Martin LJ; Lombard C; Nannan N; Jewkes R
[Ad] Endereço:Gender and Health Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:Gender Differences in Homicide of Neonates, Infants, and Children under 5 y in South Africa: Results from the Cross-Sectional 2009 National Child Homicide Study.
[So] Source:PLoS Med;13(4):e1002003, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1549-1676
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Homicide of children is a global problem. The under-5-y age group is the second largest homicide age group after 15-19 y olds, but has received little research attention. Understanding age and gender patterns is important for assisting with developing prevention interventions. Here we present an age and gender analysis of homicides among children under 5 y in South Africa from a national study that included a focus on neonaticide and infanticide. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A retrospective national cross-sectional study was conducted using a random sample of 38 medico-legal laboratories operating in 2009 to identify homicides of children under 5 y. Child data were abstracted from the mortuary files and autopsy reports, and both child and perpetrator data data were collected from police interviews. We erred towards applying a conservative definition of homicide and excluded sudden infant death syndrome cases. We estimated that 454 (95% CI 366, 541) children under the age of 5 y were killed in South Africa in 2009. More than half (53.2%; 95% CI 46.7%, 59.5%) were neonates (0-28 d), and 74.4% (95% CI 69.3%, 78.9%) were infants (under 1 y), giving a neonaticide rate of 19.6 per 100,000 live births and an infanticide rate of 28.4 per 100,000 live births. The majority of the neonates died in the early neonatal period (0-6 d), and abandonment accounted for 84.9% (95% CI 81.5%, 87.8%) of all the neonates killed. Distinct age and gender patterns were found, with significantly fewer boy children killed in rural settings compared to urban settings (odds ratio 0.6; 95% CI 0.4, 0.9; p = 0.015). Abuse-related killings and evidence of sexual assault were more common among older girls than in all other age and gender groups. Mothers were identified as the perpetrators in all of the neonaticides and were the most common perpetrators overall (71.0%; 95% CI 63.9%, 77.2%). Abandoned neonates were mainly term babies, with a mean gestational age of 38 wk. We did not have information on abandonment motives for all newborns and did not know if babies were abandoned with the intention that they would die or with the hope that they would be found alive. We therefore considered all abandoned babies as homicides. CONCLUSIONS: Homicide of children is an extreme form or consequence of violence against children. This national study provides one of the first analyses of neonaticide and infanticide by age and gender and shows the failure of reproductive and mental health and social services to identify and help vulnerable mothers. Multi-sectoral prevention strategies are needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vítimas de Crime
Homicídio/tendências
Infanticídio/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Distribuição por Idade
Autopsia
Maus-Tratos Infantis/tendências
Abuso Sexual na Infância/tendências
Criança Abandonada
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Pai
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Mães
Razão de Chances
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Distribuição por Sexo
África do Sul
Fatores de Tempo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160427
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002003


  10 / 1083 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26988626
[Au] Autor:Drixler FF; Kok J
[Ad] Endereço:a Yale University.
[Ti] Título:A lost family-planning regime in eighteenth-century Ceylon.
[So] Source:Popul Stud (Camb);70(1):93-114, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1477-4747
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Based on Dutch colonial registers (thombos), this paper reconstructs fertility for two districts in Ceylon, 1756-68. It overcomes challenges in data quality by establishing the outer bounds of plausible estimates in a series of scenarios. Among these, total fertility rates (TFRs) averaged 5.5 in one district, but only 2.7 in the other. These figures exclude the victims of infanticide, a custom noted in European travelogues between about 1660 and 1820. Sex ratios among children differed depending on the number of older siblings, and overall, 27 per cent of girls are missing in one district and 57 per cent in the other. There was little significant variation either in the TFR or the sex ratio by socio-economic status, suggesting that poverty was not a key factor in motivating infanticides. Instead, we argue that at least parts of Ceylon had a forward-looking culture of family planning in the eighteenth century, which was lost in subsequent decades.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Coeficiente de Natalidade
Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/história
Infanticídio/história
Dinâmica Populacional/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
História do Século XVIII
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Mortalidade Infantil/história
Recém-Nascido
Infanticídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Masculino
Dinâmica Populacional/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Sri Lanka
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLASSICAL ARTICLE; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160319
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00324728.2015.1133842



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