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[PMID]:28471341
[Au] Autor:Smith DW; Sawyer GK; Heck NC; Zajac K; Solomon D; Self-Brown S; Danielson CK; Ralston ME
[Ad] Endereço:a National Crime Victims Research Treatment Center , Medical University of South Carolina , Charleston , South Carolina , USA.
[Ti] Título:Psychometrics of a Child Report Measure of Maternal Support following Disclosure of Sexual Abuse.
[So] Source:J Child Sex Abus;26(3):270-287, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1547-0679
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The study examined a new child report measure of maternal support following child sexual abuse. One hundred and forty-six mother-child dyads presenting for a forensic evaluation completed assessments including standardized measures of adjustment. Child participants also responded to 32 items considered for inclusion in a new measure, the Maternal Support Questionnaire-Child Report (MSQ-CR). Exploratory factor analysis of the Maternal Support Questionnaire-Child Report resulted in a three factor, 20-item solution: Emotional Support (9 items), Skeptical Preoccupation (5 items), and Protection/Retaliation (6 items). Each factor demonstrated adequate internal consistency. Construct and concurrent validity of the new measure were supported in comparison to other trauma-specific measures. The Maternal Support Questionnaire-Child Report demonstrated sound psychometric properties. Future research is needed to determine whether the Maternal Support Questionnaire-Child Report provides a more sensitive approximation of maternal support following disclosure of sexual abuse, relative to measures of global parent-child relations and to contextualize discrepancies between mother and child ratings of maternal support.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia
Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
Autorrevelação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Criança
Análise Fatorial
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Psicometria
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10538712.2017.1296915


  2 / 9233 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28471339
[Au] Autor:López S; Faro C; Lopetegui L; Pujol-Ribera E; Monteagudo M; Avecilla-Palau À; Martínez C; Cobo J; Fernández MI
[Ad] Endereço:a Programmes for Sexual and Reproductive Care of Catalonia , Catalan Health Institute , Barcelona , Spain.
[Ti] Título:Child and Adolescent Sexual Abuse in Women Seeking Help for Sexual and Reproductive Mental Health Problems: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Disclosure.
[So] Source:J Child Sex Abus;26(3):246-269, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1547-0679
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This is a multicentric, descriptive, cross-sectional study of child and adolescent sexual abuse in women over 18 years in 24 primary care sexual and reproductive health centers in Catalonia. A total of 1,013 women were recruited; 345 (37.6%, 95% CI: 34.6-40.9) reported exposure to child sexual abuse: 32.4% disclosed being touched in a sexual way, and 9.6% reported completed sexual intercourse. Abuse occured before the age of 13 in 63.4% of respondents. The perpetrator was a relative or an acquaintance in almost 80% of cases. The risk was higher among women of Central or South American origin (OR: 2.86; 95% CI: 1.33-6.12). Only 31.9% of women disclosed the abuse and 17.3% were blamed. Abuse that involved attempted or completed sexual intercourse was significantly associated with recurrence, physical violence, and revictimization in adulthood.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adultos Sobreviventes de Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia
Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva/utilização
Autorrevelação
Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Adultos Sobreviventes de Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos
Criança
Abuso Sexual na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Comportamento de Busca de Ajuda
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/etiologia
Meia-Idade
Prevalência
Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/epidemiologia
Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/etiologia
Espanha/epidemiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10538712.2017.1288186


  3 / 9233 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28471340
[Au] Autor:Sanberk I; Emen M; Kabakçi D
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Counseling Psychology , Cukurova University , Adana , Turkey.
[Ti] Título:An Investigation of Socially Advantaged and Disadvantaged Turkish Mothers' Views About Training on Preventing Children From Sexual Abuse.
[So] Source:J Child Sex Abus;26(3):288-307, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1547-0679
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study aims to investigate the views of socially advantaged (N = 8) and disadvantaged mothers (N = 8) whose children are aged between 48 and 66 months old about the issue of sexual abuse before and after the training provided to them. The views of mothers in both groups were investigated before and after the 5-week experience-based training about my body belongs to me, knowing and expressing feelings, good and bad touch, good and bad secrets, knowing how to say no, and help resources. The data were analyzed using content analysis methods. The study showed that the mothers have inaccurate or insufficient information and approaches about preventing sexual abuse. However, short-term training provided to the mothers changed their views, and the mothers in the disadvantaged group gained more awareness. The mothers in both groups stated that sexual abuse prevention trainings should be disseminated in preschool institutions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Abuso Sexual na Infância/prevenção & controle
Mães/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia
Pré-Escolar
Educação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Turquia
Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia
Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10538712.2017.1292338


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[PMID]:28471338
[Au] Autor:Coburn PI; Chong K; Connolly DA
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , Simon Fraser University , Burnaby , British Columbia , Canada.
[Ti] Título:The Effect of Case Severity on Sentence Length in Cases of Child Sexual Assault in Canada.
[So] Source:J Child Sex Abus;26(3):319-333, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1547-0679
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Surprisingly, little research exists on the determination of sentence length in cases of child sexual assault. This is striking given the profound short-term and long-term consequences this crime can have on victims and their families. Previous research shows that severity of the offense commonly accounts for much of the variability in sentences in this context. A critical point, however, is that the definition of offense severity varies widely and is often confounded with the age of the complainant. The current archival study, through the examination of 1,783 judicial sentencing decisions, evaluated the effects of key variables on length of sentence in cases of child sexual assault in Canada. Length of sentence increased as intrusiveness of the offense increased, as frequency increased, and as age decreased for children who experienced the most intrusive forms of abuse. In addition, offenders who pleaded guilty received shorter sentences than offenders who pleaded not guilty.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abuso Sexual na Infância/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Fatores Etários
Canadá
Criança
Crime/legislação & jurisprudência
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10538712.2017.1283651


  5 / 9233 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28471337
[Au] Autor:Cimino AN; Madden EE; Hohn K; Cronley CM; Davis JB; Magruder K; Kennedy MA
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Nursing , Johns Hopkins University , Baltimore , Maryland , USA.
[Ti] Título:Childhood Maltreatment and Child Protective Services Involvement Among the Commercially Sexually Exploited: A Comparison of Women Who Enter as Juveniles or as Adults.
[So] Source:J Child Sex Abus;26(3):352-371, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1547-0679
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A risk for commercial sexual exploitation is childhood maltreatment. It's unknown whether juveniles in commercial sexual exploitation experience more childhood maltreatment than adults or how involved child protective services is in investigating maltreatment, a focus of this study. Women (N = 96) who sold sex commercially completed a cross-sectional questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t tests, chi-squares, and odds ratios were used to examine differences in background, childhood maltreatment, and child protective services involvement by juvenile or adult entry. Although 93% of participants experienced child maltreatment, juveniles had increased odds of parent/caregiver sexual abuse, being left alone, being kicked out, and running away from a parent/caregiver. There were no differences in cumulative childhood maltreatment resulting in an investigation or removal, indicating that juveniles not investigated or removed by child protective services had as much childhood maltreatment as juveniles who were investigated or removed by child protective services. Results highlight the need for child welfare staff to recognize childhood maltreatment as risks for commercial sexual exploitation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abuso Sexual na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos
Serviços de Proteção Infantil/estatística & dados numéricos
Tráfico de Pessoas/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Trabalho Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10538712.2017.1282575


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[PMID]:28471336
[Au] Autor:Harris T; Rice E; Rhoades H; Winetrobe H; Wenzel S
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Social Work , University of Southern California , Los Angeles , California , USA.
[Ti] Título:Gender Differences in the Path From Sexual Victimization to HIV Risk Behavior Among Homeless Youth.
[So] Source:J Child Sex Abus;26(3):334-351, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1547-0679
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Experiencing sexual victimization prior to becoming homeless is common among homeless youth and is associated with increased HIV risk behavior. This study examined mediating variables that underlie this association, adding to the understanding of gender differences in these paths. Participants were homeless youth in Los Angeles recruited through service access centers who completed a computerized self-administered interview in English or Spanish using an iPad. Findings indicate a high presence of sexual victimization across both genders. Female participants experienced posttraumatic stress disorder and subsequent engagement with exchange sex, whereas male participants were primarily involved in substance use risk pathways. Results indicate paths in the association between sexual victimization and HIV risk behavior differ between male and female homeless youth. Gender-specific, mental-health-informed interventions targeting sexual risk reduction are warranted.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abuso Sexual na Infância
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
Jovens em Situação de Rua/psicologia
Sexo sem Proteção/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia
Abuso Sexual na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Infecções por HIV/psicologia
Jovens em Situação de Rua/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores Sexuais
Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/epidemiologia
Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/psicologia
Sexo sem Proteção/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10538712.2017.1287146


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[PMID]:28471335
[Au] Autor:Gobin RL; Freyd J
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , University of Oregon , Eugene , Oregon , USA.
[Ti] Título:Do Participants Detect Sexual Abuse Depicted in a Drawing? Investigating the Impact of Betrayal Trauma Exposure on State Dissociation and Betrayal Awareness.
[So] Source:J Child Sex Abus;26(3):233-245, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1547-0679
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An inability to identify betrayal may increase risk for victimization. Harm perpetrated by close others early in life may impair the ability to identify betrayal and develop trust. Dissociation may facilitate impaired betrayal awareness. The present study examined the impact of high betrayal trauma on state dissociation and betrayal awareness in a college sample (N = 216). Self-report measures were used to assess trauma history and state dissociation. Awareness for betrayal was measured using a drawing depicting an ambiguous interpersonal interaction between an adult and a child. We hypothesized that high betrayal trauma would be associated with both more state dissociation and lower awareness for betrayal. Participants with histories of high betrayal trauma reported high levels of state dissociation. Contrary to our second hypothesis, high betrayal trauma did not directly predict impaired betrayal awareness. State dissociation contributed significantly to betrayal awareness. Implications of findings for theory and practice are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adultos Sobreviventes de Eventos Adversos na Infância/psicologia
Conscientização
Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia
Confiança/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Transtornos Dissociativos/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10538712.2017.1283650


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[PMID]:27771551
[Au] Autor:Swingle JM; Tursich M; Cleveland JM; Gold SN; Tolliver SF; Michaels L; Kupperman-Caron LN; Garcia-Larrieu M; Sciarrino NA
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Psychological Studies, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA.
[Ti] Título:Childhood disclosure of sexual abuse: Necessary but not necessarily sufficient.
[So] Source:Child Abuse Negl;62:10-18, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7757
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Prevention programs often encourage sexually abused children to disclose without fully considering the potential for adverse consequences. This study examined the impact of disclosure on abuse cessation and later adult symptomatology. A clinical sample of 301 adult survivors completed the Impact of Event Scale (IES/IES-R), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). Participants were divided into 3 groups: Nondisclosure (n=221), Disclosure/Abuse Ended (n=25), and Disclosure/Abuse Continued (n=55). Multivariate analyses of covariance, adjusting for abuse characteristics (age of onset, penetration, and number of perpetrators) and other trauma exposure, revealed significant differences in psychiatric symptom severity among the three groups, Wilks' λ=0. 95, F (6, 584)=2.69, p=0.014, η =0.03. Specifically, those in the Disclosure/Abuse Continued group scored significantly higher on the IES/IES-R Intrusion subscale (p=0.04) and the BDI-II (p=0.01), as compared to the Nondisclosure group. The Disclosure/Abuse Ended group did not differ significantly from the other groups. Results suggest that disclosure may be detrimental unless adequate steps are taken to ensure abuse cessation and appropriate treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adultos Sobreviventes de Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia
Abuso Sexual na Infância/diagnóstico
Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia
Autorrevelação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Maus-Tratos Infantis/diagnóstico
Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia
Abuso Sexual na Infância/prevenção & controle
Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico
Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia
Revelação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27770673
[Au] Autor:Sari Gokten E; Saday Duman N; Soylu N; Uzun ME
[Ad] Endereço:Yuksek Ihtisas Training ve Research Hospital, Bursa, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Turkey. Electronic address: esgokten@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Effects of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on child abuse and neglect.
[So] Source:Child Abuse Negl;62:1-9, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7757
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It is known that children with mental and developmental problems are at risk of abuse and neglect. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is one of the most frequent neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study is to examine whether children diagnosed with ADHD are under more risk in terms of child abuse and neglect compared to controls. In this case-control study, 104 children, who applied to Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit of Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital between January and June 2015, were diagnosed with ADHD, and had no other psychiatric comorbidity except for disruptive behavior disorders, and 104 healthy children were compared. Abuse Assessment Questionnaire was applied to children after approval of the families was received. It was determined that the children diagnosed with ADHD were exposed to more physical (96.2%) and emotional abuse (87.5%) in a statistically significant way compared to controls (46.2%; 34.6%), they were exposed to physical and emotional neglect (5.8%) at a lower rate compared to healthy children (24.0%), and there was no difference between them and healthy children in terms of witnessing family violence (56.7%; 47.1%) and being exposed to sexual abuse (5.8%; 1.9%). The children diagnosed with ADHD were exposed to physical and emotional abuse at a higher rate; further studies should emphasize the role of parents in this topic and how parental education and treatment programs change the results.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/epidemiologia
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia
Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Deficit da Atenção e do Comportamento Disruptivo
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Maus-Tratos Infantis/diagnóstico
Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia
Abuso Sexual na Infância/diagnóstico
Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia
Abuso Sexual na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos
Comorbidade
Estudos Transversais
Violência Doméstica
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento
Pais/psicologia
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Estatística como Assunto
Inquéritos e Questionários
Turquia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 9233 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29323657
[Au] Autor:Jewkes R
[Ad] Endereço:South African Medical Research Council, Private Bag X385, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. Electronic address: rjewkes@mrc.ac.za.
[Ti] Título:Renewing the focus on health care for sexually assaulted children and adolescents.
[So] Source:Lancet;391(10115):9-11, 2018 01 06.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abuso Sexual na Infância/terapia
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Terapia Comportamental
Criança
Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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