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Pesquisa : I01.198.240.903 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1118 [refinar]
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  1 / 1118 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29465916
[Au] Autor:Summerfield D
[Ti] Título:Palestine: the assault on health and other war crimes.
[So] Source:BMJ;329(7471):924, 2004 10 16.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Árabes/estatística & dados numéricos
Violações dos Direitos Humanos/etnologia
Crimes de Guerra/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Israel/etnologia
Masculino
Sistemas Políticos/classificação
Crimes de Guerra/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1118 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29368467
[Au] Autor:Weindling P
[Ti] Título:Nazi Human Experiments: The Victims' Perspective and the Post-Second World War Discourse.
[So] Source:Clio Med;95:240-59, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0045-7183
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vítimas de Crime/história
Experimentação Humana/história
Nacional-Socialismo/história
Crimes de Guerra/história
II Guerra Mundial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1118 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28460286
[Au] Autor:Burchert S; Stammel N; Knaevelsrud C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical Psychological Intervention, Freie Universität, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: s.burchert@fu-berlin.de.
[Ti] Título:Transgenerational trauma in a post-conflict setting: Effects on offspring PTSS/PTSD and offspring vulnerability in Cambodian families.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;254:151-157, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We assessed transgenerational effects of maternal traumatic exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder on trauma-related symptoms in Cambodian offspring born after the genocidal Khmer Rouge Regime. We conducted a randomized cross-sectional study. N=378 mothers from 4 provinces of the country and one of each of their grown-up children were interviewed. Lifetime traumatic exposure was determined using a context-adapted event list. Present posttraumatic stress symptoms and a potential posttraumatic stress disorder were assessed using the civilian version of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist. We found no indication of transgenerational effects that were directly related to maternal traumatic exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms or posttraumatic stress disorder. Instead, a gender-specific moderating effect was found. Individual traumatic exposure had a stronger effect on posttraumatic stress symptoms in daughters, the higher the mother's lifetime traumatic exposure. There is evidence of an interaction between lifetime traumatic exposure of mothers and their offspring that can be interpreted as an increased vulnerability to symptoms of posttraumatic stress in daughters. The mechanisms of transgenerational trauma in the Cambodian context require further research, as learning from previous conflicts will be instructive when addressing the pressing humanitarian needs of today's world.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia
Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Crimes de Guerra/psicologia
Exposição à Guerra/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia
Camboja/etnologia
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Relações Familiares/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Mães/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etnologia
Crimes de Guerra/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1118 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29281138
[Au] Autor:Atim T; Mazurana D; Marshak A
[Ad] Endereço:Researcher, Feinstein International Center, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, United States.
[Ti] Título:Women survivors and their children born of wartime sexual violence in northern Uganda.
[So] Source:Disasters;42 Suppl 1:S61-S78, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Girls and women who bear children owing to wartime sexual violence committed by armed actors face challenges in gaining acceptance on return to their families and societies. This study analyses the lives of women survivors and their children born of wartime sexual violence in Uganda. It draws on a population-based survey of 1,844 households in the Acholi and Lango sub-regions of northern Uganda, as well as on in-depth qualitative interviews conducted in 2014 and 2015 with 67 purposefully selected women survivors of wartime sexual violence. The study finds that: stigma is linked to broader gender discriminatory sociocultural norms and practices and changes under different circumstances; women's economic agency is essential to reducing stigma; households with members who suffered war-related sexual violence experienced significantly higher rates of violence post conflict than did other households; and the passage of time is less of a determining factor in their acceptance and reintegration than previously thought.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Delitos Sexuais
Estigma Social
Sobreviventes/psicologia
Crimes de Guerra
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Identidade de Gênero
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Gravidez
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Normas Sociais
Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos
Uganda
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12275


  5 / 1118 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28873982
[Au] Autor:Hildebrandt S; Benedict S; Miller E; Gaffney M; Grodin MA
[Ad] Endereço:Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Dep. Medicine, 333 Longwood Avenue-LO 234, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.
[Ti] Título:"Forgotten" Chapters in the History of Transcervical Sterilization: Carl Clauberg and Hans-Joachim Lindemann.
[So] Source:J Hist Med Allied Sci;72(3):272-301, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1468-4373
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Transcervical sterilization is a non-surgical method of permanent female sterilization that is widely used and critically discussed. A review of the historiography of the method reveals that instances of its coercive use are not included in the historical account. This study offers a reexamination of the work of Carl Clauberg and Hans-Joachim Lindemann, to more deeply contextualize within the framework of current usage the coercive use of transcervical sterilization during the Third Reich and in postwar Germany. This inquiry is based on postwar criminal trial records on Clauberg, and on archival documents detailing Lindemann's activities in 1979. A comparative analysis examines arguments by medical historian Karl-Heinz Roth, and identifies shared characteristics and differences between Clauberg and Lindemann, their methods and scientific connections. The results demonstrate that the technique of transcervical sterilization has an abusive potential that may be explained as a function of the person of the physician, of the scientific method itself, and of societal and political influences. The analysis supports the argument that insights from the cases of Clauberg and Lindemann are transferrable geographically and over time, and have the potential to inform current medical practice, such as transcervical sterilization with the Essure device, whose historiographic exploration remains a desideratum.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Experimentação Humana
Histeroscopia/efeitos adversos
Esterilização Reprodutiva/história
Esterilização Tubária/história
Crimes de Guerra/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Alemanha
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Gravidez
Esterilização Reprodutiva/efeitos adversos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Clauberg C; Lindemann H
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170907
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jhmas/jrx018


  6 / 1118 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28604315
[Au] Autor:Dhai A
[Ad] Endereço:Steve Biko Centre for Bioethics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. ames.dhai@wits.ac.za.
[Ti] Título:Exploitation of the vulnerable in research: Responses to lessons learnt in history.
[So] Source:S Afr Med J;107(6):472-474, 2017 May 24.
[Is] ISSN:0256-9574
[Cp] País de publicação:South Africa
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Nuremberg Trials raised insightful issues on how and why doctors who were trained in the Hippocratic tradition were able to commit such egregious and heinous medical crimes. The vulnerable were considered to be subhuman, of decreased intelligence, of no moral status and lacking human dignity. The reputation of the medical profession had been undermined, professionalism questioned and the doctor-patient relationship damaged as a result of the Nazi medical experiments. The World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki has been hailed as one of the most successful efforts in rescuing medical research from the darkness of the scandals and tragedies in health research. The first Research Ethics Committee in South Africa was established in 1966 at the University of the Witwatersrand. From the mid-1970s other institutions followed suit. The promulgation of the National Health Act No. 61 of 2003, in 2004, resulted in strong protectionism for research participants in the country.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisa Biomédica/história
Ética em Pesquisa
Declaração de Helsinki/história
Nacional-Socialismo/história
Sujeitos da Pesquisa
Populações Vulneráveis
Crimes de Guerra/história
II Guerra Mundial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pesquisa Biomédica/ética
Pesquisa Biomédica/legislação & jurisprudência
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Sociedades Médicas
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170613
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i6.12437


  7 / 1118 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27914558
[Au] Autor:Klinkner M
[Ad] Endereço:Bournemouth University, Christchurch House, Talbot Campus, Fern Barrow, Poole BH12 5BB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: mklinkner@bournemouth.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Karadzic's guilty verdict and forensic evidence from Bosnia's mass graves.
[So] Source:Sci Justice;56(6):498-504, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1355-0306
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia's Karadzic verdict, eagerly awaited, was unsurprising. He was found guilty of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. One part of the judgment was concerned with the Srebrenica events in which much forensic evidence from mass graves featured. Whilst this was to be expected, forensic evidence from the horrific crime scenes continues to be important in determining aspects of the crime base. This paper discusses the evidence and examines how the Chamber came to the conclusion that systematic killing of thousands of Bosnian Muslim men occurred and attempts had been made to conceal the crimes and human remains in secondary graves thus confirming the actus reus of genocide. In particular, the number of people killed was at issue. Despite the absence of compelling counter-theories on behalf of the accused, this paper demonstrates that contestations over the number of those killed remain and predicts that this is unlikely to change for the ongoing Mladic case.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Crimes de Guerra/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bósnia e Herzegóvina
Sepultamento
Antropologia Forense
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170622
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170622
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161205
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 1118 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27694158
[Au] Autor:Gulland A
[Ad] Endereço:London.
[Ti] Título:MSF urges world leaders to act over bombing of hospitals in Aleppo.
[So] Source:BMJ;354:i5326, 2016 Sep 30.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hospitais
Cooperação Internacional
Crimes de Guerra/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Liderança
Síria
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161004
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.i5326


  9 / 1118 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27631869
[Au] Autor:Jerkovic I; Basic Z; Becic K; Jambresic G; Grujic I; Alujevic A; Kruzic I
[Ad] Endereço:University of Split, University Department for Forensic Sciences, Rudera Boskovica 33, 21000 Split, Croatia. Electronic address: ivanjerkovic13@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Anthropological analysis of the Second World War skeletal remains from three karst sinkholes located in southern Croatia.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;44:63-67, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although in the cases of war crimes the main effort goes to the identification of victims, it is crucial to consider the execution event as a whole. Thus, the goal of the research was to determine the trauma type and probable cause of death on skeletal remains of civilians executed by partisans from WWS found in the three karst sinkholes and to explain the context in which the injuries occurred. We determined biological profiles, pathological conditions, traumas, and assessed their lethality. Nineteen skeletons were found, 68.4% had, at least, one perimortem trauma, classified as lethal/lethal if untreated in 69.2% cases. The type of execution and administered violence showed to be age and health dependent: elderly and diseased were executed with the intention to kill, by the gunshot facing victims, whilst the more violent behavior expressed towards younger and healthy individuals was indicated by the higher frequency of blunt force trauma.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Restos Mortais
Osso e Ossos/lesões
Antropologia Forense
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Osso e Ossos/patologia
Croácia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Crimes de Guerra
II Guerra Mundial
Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/patologia
Ferimentos não Penetrantes/patologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160916
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 1118 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27578337
[Au] Autor:Touquet H; Gorris E
[Ad] Endereço:KU Leuven, Flanders, Belgium. Electronic address: heleen.touquet@kuleuven.be.
[Ti] Título:Out of the shadows? The inclusion of men and boys in conceptualisations of wartime sexual violence.
[So] Source:Reprod Health Matters;24(47):36-46, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:1460-9576
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Researchers increasingly acknowledge that men and boys are frequent victims of sexual violence in conflict alongside women and girls, who remain the group that is disproportionately affected. This increasing awareness has contributed to significant efforts to include men and boys in conceptualisations of conflict-related sexual violence in policy as well as in international criminal law. This article analyses the changes that have occurred in these two fields in recent years. We argue that while a major shift towards including male victims in international policy on wartime sexual violence took place in 2013-2014, this development has yet to be consolidated in salient policy guidelines and handbooks. While men and boys' potential victimisation is frequently recognised, most policy documents do not treat the topic of male victimisation in depth. International criminal law on the other hand has pioneered gender-neutral and inclusive definitions. However, the interpretation and application of the gender-inclusive approach is often left to the discretion of judges and the prosecution who at times fail to take the experience of males fully into account, signalling the continuing influence of gender stereotypes and deeply held cultural myths. A renewed effort to fully integrate male victims into conceptualisations of conflict-related sexual violence in both policy and law is therefore advised.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vítimas de Crime
Saúde do Homem
Delitos Sexuais
Crimes de Guerra
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Direito Penal
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170414
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170414
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160901
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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