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[PMID]:27585639
[Au] Autor:Miller ED
[Ad] Endereço:a Kent State University.
[Ti] Título:Making Sense of the Brutality of the Holocaust: Critical Themes and New Perspectives.
[So] Source:J Psychol;151(1):88-106, 2017 Jan 02.
[Is] ISSN:1940-1019
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article offers an analytic, integrative review of select themes associated with one of history's greatest atrocities: the Holocaust. Much of this review considers general and Holocaust-specific themes as they pertain to the nature of senseless violence and evil. The importance of having a greater understanding of the sheer brutality of violence perpetuated in the Holocaust is emphasized. As part of this discussion, considerable attention is given to how Internet-based photographs and videos from the Holocaust era can provide greater insight into understanding the evil associated with this genocide. Some consideration of the larger meaning of the Holocaust, particularly for Jews, is also examined.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genocídio/história
Genocídio/psicologia
Holocausto/história
Holocausto/psicologia
Judeus/história
Judeus/psicologia
Violência/história
Violência/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
História do Século XX
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170424
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170424
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160903
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223980.2016.1217191


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[PMID]:26970334
[Au] Autor:Teshuva K; Wells Y
[Ad] Endereço:Australian Institute for Primary Care and Ageing, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Aged care managers' perceptions of staff preparedness for caring for older survivors of genocide and mass trauma in Australia: How prepared are aged care workers?
[So] Source:Australas J Ageing;36(1):E20-E22, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1741-6612
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To investigate aged care managers' perceptions of staff preparedness for working with older people who experienced genocide or mass trauma earlier in their lives (referred to in this paper as 'older survivors'). METHODS: A survey of 60 aged care service managers was conducted (50% response rate). Trauma knowledge and skills scales with Cronbach's alpha scores of 0.74 and 0.90 respectively, were used. Scores across groups were compared using Student's t-tests. RESULTS: Three-quarters of the respondents reported that their agency had provided aged care services for older survivors. The majority of these managers perceived their staff to be moderately informed about trauma-related issues and half rated staff trauma-related skills positively. These ratings were positively associated with trauma-related staff training, service type and service location. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that, overall, managers perceive a need to improve aged care staff's preparedness for providing care for older survivors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Genocídio/psicologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia
Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos/organização & administração
Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/psicologia
Casas de Saúde/organização & administração
Percepção
Sobreviventes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Austrália
Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração
Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160313
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/ajag.12286


  3 / 84 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27934545
[Au] Autor:Omaka AO
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of History and Strategic Studies , Federal University, Ndufu Alike, Ikwo , Ebonyi State , Nigeria.
[Ti] Título:Victor's justice: atrocities in postwar Nigeria.
[So] Source:Med Confl Surviv;32(3):228-246, 2016 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1362-3699
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Nigerian Government's declaration of 'no victor, no vanquished' after the capitulation of Biafra on 12 January 1970, was applauded as the right step towards reconciliation and transition from war to peace. Despite this declaration and assurance of amnesty, the Nigerian Government and its soldiers still engaged in acts that amounted to retributive justice. They starved and killed innocent Biafran civilians, looted their property and raped their women. Surprisingly, these postwar atrocities committed against former Biafrans have been largely ignored in the historiography of the Nigeria-Biafra War. This paper seeks to fill the gap in the war literature by interrogating Nigerian Government's attitude towards the postwar humanitarian crisis and crimes against humanity in former Biafra. The paper argues that former Biafrans were not fully reintegrated into the Nigerian society and that the Nigerian Government deliberately neglected them to die in large numbers, thereby making it difficult for the war victims to recover from the hardships of the conflict.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Limpeza Étnica/história
Genocídio/história
Governo/história
Populações Vulneráveis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Nigéria
Estupro
Inanição/história
Guerra
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161210
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13623699.2016.1260351


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[PMID]:27580140
[Au] Autor:Nordling L
[Ti] Título:Rwanda: From killing fields to technopolis.
[So] Source:Nature;537(7618):S4-5, 2016 09 01.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Difusão de Inovações
Formulação de Políticas
Ciência/economia
Tecnologia/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura/economia
Agricultura/tendências
Clima
Café/parasitologia
Países em Desenvolvimento/economia
Genocídio
Produto Interno Bruto/estatística & dados numéricos
Cooperação Internacional
Investimentos em Saúde
Pennsylvania
Ruanda
Ciência/educação
Ciência/tendências
Tecnologia/tendências
Universidades/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Coffee)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160901
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/537S4a


  5 / 84 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27029578
[Au] Autor:Kimel SY; Huesmann R; Kunst JR; Halperin E
[Ad] Endereço:Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA skimel@fas.harvard.edu.
[Ti] Título:Living in a Genetic World: How Learning About Interethnic Genetic Similarities and Differences Affects Peace and Conflict.
[So] Source:Pers Soc Psychol Bull;42(5):688-700, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:1552-7433
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Information about the degree of one's genetic overlap with ethnic outgroups has been emphasized in genocides, is frequently learned about through media reporting, and is increasingly being accessed via personal genetic testing services. However, the consequence of learning about whether your own ethnic group is either genetically related to or genetically distinct from a disliked ethnic group remains unknown. Across four experiments, using diverse samples, measures and contexts, we demonstrate that altering perceptions of genetic overlap between groups in conflict--in this case Arabs and Jews--impacts factors that are directly related to interethnic hostility (e.g., aggressive behaviors, support of conflict-related policies). Our findings indicate that learning about the genetic difference between oneself and an ethnic outgroup may contribute to the promotion of violence, whereas learning about the similarities may be a vital step toward fostering peace in some contexts. Possible interventions and implications are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genótipo
Relações Interpessoais
Distância Social
Percepção Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Árabes/psicologia
Conflito (Psicologia)
Feminino
Genocídio/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Judeus/psicologia
Masculino
Preconceito
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160401
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0146167216642196


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[PMID]:26901411
[Au] Autor:Levine SZ; Levav I; Yoffe R; Becher Y; Pugachova I
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Community Mental Health, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Genocide Exposure and Subsequent Suicide Risk: A Population-Based Study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(2):e0149524, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The association between periods of genocide-related exposures and suicide risk remains unknown. Our study tests that association using a national population-based study design. The source population comprised of all persons born during1922-1945 in Nazi-occupied or dominated European nations, that immigrated to Israel by 1965, were identified in the Population Register (N = 220,665), and followed up for suicide to 2014, totaling 16,953,602 person-years. The population was disaggregated to compare a trauma gradient among groups that immigrated before (indirect, n = 20,612, 9%); during (partial direct, n = 17,037, 8%); or after (full direct, n = 183,016, 83%) exposure to the Nazi era. Also, the direct exposure groups were examined regarding pre- or post-natal exposure periods. Cox regression models were used to compute Hazard Ratios (HR) of suicide risk to compare the exposure groups, adjusting for confounding by gender, residential SES and history of psychiatric hospitalization. In the total population, only the partial direct exposure subgroup was at greater risk compared to the indirect exposure group (HR = 1.73, 95% CI, 1.10, 2.73; P < .05). That effect replicated in six sensitivity analyses. In addition, sensitivity analyses showed that exposure at ages 13 plus among females, and follow-up by years since immigration were associated with a greater risk; whereas in utero exposure among persons with no psychiatric hospitalization and early postnatal exposure among males were at a reduced risk. Tentative mechanisms impute biopsychosocial vulnerability and natural selection during early critical periods among males, and feelings of guilt and entrapment or defeat among females.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genocídio
Modelos Biológicos
Suicídio
II Guerra Mundial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0149524


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[PMID]:26896030
[Au] Autor:Melander M; Dahlblom K; Jegannathan B; Kullgren G
[Ad] Endereço:Psychiatry Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Exploring communication of traumatic experiences from Khmer Rouge genocide survivors to their offspring: In-depth interviews with both generations.
[So] Source:Int J Soc Psychiatry;62(4):327-33, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1741-2854
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Traumatic events experienced by parents who have survived genocide influence mental health among their offspring. This study aims at exploring how the communication of traumatic events between Khmer Rouge survivors and their offspring was perceived by both generations. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were performed with six Khmer Rouge survivors and with six young people representing the second generation and were analysed using a content analysis approach. DISCUSSION: Parents felt that informing their children was important to instill gratitude for living a better life and to empower them. Among children, this was met with empathy but sometimes also disbelief and at times they blamed their parents for being too submissive. CONCLUSION: The study discloses the complexity, pros and cons of intergenerational sharing of trauma.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Genocídio/psicologia
Relação entre Gerações
Poder Familiar
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Sobreviventes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Camboja
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Política
Pesquisa Qualitativa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0020764016631364


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[PMID]:26619765
[Au] Autor:Levine SZ; Levav I; Goldberg Y; Pugachova I; Becher Y; Yoffe R
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Community Mental Health,Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences,University of Haifa,Haifa,Israel.
[Ti] Título:Exposure to genocide and the risk of schizophrenia: a population-based study.
[So] Source:Psychol Med;46(4):855-63, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1469-8978
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: No evidence exists on the association between genocide and the incidence of schizophrenia. This study aims to identify critical periods of exposure to genocide on the risk of schizophrenia. METHOD: This population-based study comprised of all subjects born in European nations where the Holocaust occurred from 1928 to 1945, who immigrated to Israel by 1965 and were indexed in the Population Register (N = 113 932). Subjects were followed for schizophrenia disorder in the National Psychiatric Case Registry from 1950 to 2014. The population was disaggregated to compare groups that immigrated before (indirect exposure: n = 8886, 7.8%) or after (direct exposure: n = 105 046, 92.2%) the Nazi or fascist era of persecutions began. The latter group was further disaggregated to examine likely initial prenatal or postnatal genocide exposures. Cox regression modelling was computed to compare the risk of schizophrenia between the groups, adjusting for confounders. RESULTS: The likely direct group was at a statistically (p < 0.05) greater risk of schizophrenia (hazard ratio = 1.27, 95% confidence interval 1.06-1.51) than the indirect group. Also, the likely combined in utero and postnatal, and late postnatal (over age 2 years) exposure subgroups were statistically at greater risk of schizophrenia than the indirect group (p < 0.05). The likely in utero only and early postnatal (up to age 2 years) exposure subgroups compared with the indirect exposure group did not significantly differ. These results were replicated across three sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that genocide exposure elevated the risk of schizophrenia, and identified in utero and postnatal (combined) and late postnatal (age over 2 years) exposures as critical periods of risk.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adultos Sobreviventes de Eventos Adversos na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos
Emigração e Imigração
Exposição à Violência/estatística & dados numéricos
Genocídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Holocausto/estatística & dados numéricos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia
Sistema de Registros
Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Adultos Sobreviventes de Eventos Adversos na Infância/psicologia
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Europa (Continente)/etnologia
Exposição à Violência/psicologia
Feminino
Genocídio/psicologia
Holocausto/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Israel/epidemiologia
Meia-Idade
Gravidez
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/psicologia
Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0033291715002354


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[PMID]:26316002
[Au] Autor:Rees S; Tay AK; Kareth M; Silove D
[Ad] Endereço:Psychiatry Research and Teaching Unit, School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Liverpool, NSW 2170, Australia s.j.rees@unsw.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:No justice in sight: The mental health and wellbeing of West Papuan refugees.
[So] Source:Aust N Z J Psychiatry;50(1):96-7, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1440-1614
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genocídio/psicologia
Violações dos Direitos Humanos/psicologia
Saúde Mental
Trauma Psicológico/psicologia
Refugiados/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Seres Humanos
Indonésia/etnologia
Papua Nova Guiné
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150829
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0004867415603215


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[PMID]:26291248
[Au] Autor:Russell SG; Lim S; Kim P; Morse S
[Ad] Endereço:a Teachers College, Columbia University , New York , New York , USA.
[Ti] Título:The legacy of gender-based violence and HIV/AIDS in the postgenocide era: Stories from women in Rwanda.
[So] Source:Health Care Women Int;37(7):721-43, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1096-4665
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Drawing on qualitative interviews with 22 Rwandan women, we describe the lived experiences of women survivors of gender-based violence (GBV) more than a decade and a half after the 1994 Genocide. We argue that the intersection between GBV and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has long-term implications: the majority of women interviewed continue to endure trauma, stigma, social isolation, and economic hardship in the postgenocide era and are in need of expanded economic and mental health support. Our findings have implications for the importance of providing integrated psychosocial support to survivors of GBV postconflict contexts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genocídio/psicologia
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Homicídio/psicologia
Estupro/psicologia
Sexismo/psicologia
Sobreviventes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Genocídio/etnologia
Infecções por HIV/psicologia
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
Homicídio/etnologia
Seres Humanos
Entrevista Psicológica
Entrevistas como Assunto
Meia-Idade
Otimismo
Prevalência
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Ruanda/epidemiologia
Sexismo/etnologia
Estigma Social
Violência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170529
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170529
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150821
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/07399332.2015.1083026



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