Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I01.198.780 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29273571
[Au] Autor:Schulman TG; Samlal-Soedhoe RS; van der Weerd J
[Ad] Endereço:Microtrace Section, Netherlands Forensic Institute, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Toward a systematic classification of textile damages.
[So] Source:Forensic Sci Rev;30(1):51-75, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1042-7201
[Cp] País de publicação:China (Republic : 1949- )
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The accuracy of textile damage analyses was evaluated by laboratory tests carried out by trained experts. The analyzed damages were prepared by various methods, including stabbing, cutting, shooting, heating/burning, etc. A number of damages were aged by household washing and tumble-drying procedures, addition of blood, or burying. The samples were analyzed by routine laboratory evaluation. The results indicate that the properties of a damage provide a good indication of the way a textile had been damaged. Nevertheless, scoring of the answers is not straightforward. Results indicated that examiners evaluated damages on different levels of specificity and thereby showed the latent need for a more systematic approach to damage classification. The second part of the current contribution therefore presents the classification scheme we developed. This classification scheme aims to guide examiners during examination and accommodates the vast majority of textile damages observed in forensic casework. Each of the proposed classes is defined, relevant literature in each of the classes is reviewed, and the characteristics that can be expected after different damaging actions are explained. Finally, we share some ideas for further investigations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vestuário
Ciências Forenses/métodos
Têxteis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171224
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1583 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29273569
[Au] Autor:Zeinstra CG; Meuwly D; Ruifrok AC; Veldhuis RN; Spreeuwers LJ
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Forensic face recognition as a means to determine strength of evidence: A survey.
[So] Source:Forensic Sci Rev;30(1):21-32, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1042-7201
[Cp] País de publicação:China (Republic : 1949- )
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper surveys the literature on forensic face recognition (FFR), with a particular focus on the strength of evidence as used in a court of law. FFR is the use of biometric face recognition for several applications in forensic science. It includes scenarios of ID verification and open-set identification, investigation and intelligence, and evaluation of the strength of evidence. We present FFR from operational, tactical, and strategic perspectives. We discuss criticism of FFR and we provide an overview of research efforts from multiple perspectives that relate to the domain of FFR. Finally, we sketch possible future directions for FFR.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Identificação Biométrica
Face/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto
Prova Pericial
Ciências Forenses
Seres Humanos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Redes Neurais (Computação)
Competência Profissional
Pesquisa/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171224
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1583 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29205967
[Au] Autor:Liu YJ; Guo LH; Yue JT; Shi MS
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Criminal Science and Technology, Xuchang Public Security Bureau, Xuchang 461000, China.
[Ti] Título:[Forensic Application of 16 X-STR Loci in Henan Han Population].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(6):420-423, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To investigate the genetic data of 16 X-STR loci in Henan Han population and to assess the application value in forensic science. METHODS: The DNA of 326 unrelated individuals in Henan Han population were amplified using Golden ye™ DNA identification system 17X kit, and the PCR products were analyzed by electrophoresis through 3130xl genetic analyzer. The fragment sizes of alleles were analyzed subsequently by GeneMapper® ID-X. Allele frequencies and population genetics parameters of 16 X-STR loci were analyzed statistically and compared with the available data of other Han populations from different regions. RESULTS: Among the 16 X-STR loci, were found to be moderately polymorphic and the other 15 X-STR loci were highly polymorphic. The cumulative discrimination power in females and males were 0.999 999 999 999 992 and 0.999 999 996 577 712, respectively. The combined power of exclusion in trios and in duos were 0.999 999 971 and 0.999 992 574, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The 16 X-STR loci meet the application requires of forensic genetics, especially for testing the special paternity cases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética
Genética Forense
Repetições de Microssatélites
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alelos
China
DNA/análise
Feminino
Ciências Forenses
Frequência do Gene
Genética Populacional
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Polimorfismo Genético
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9007-49-2 (DNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.06.006


  4 / 1583 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29204998
[Au] Autor:Yan LQ; Gao Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Technology, Liaoning Police Academy, Dalian 116036, China.
[Ti] Título:[Determination of Bloodstain Age by UV Visible Integrating Sphere Reflection Spectrum].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(5):326-328, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To establish a method for rapid identification of bloodstain age. METHODS: Under laboratory conditions (20 ℃, 25 ℃ and 30 ℃), an integrating sphere ISR-240A was used as a reflection accessory on an UV-2450 UV-vis spectrophotometer, and a standard white board of BaSO4 was used as reference, the reflection spectrums of bloodstain from human ears' venous blood were measured at regular intervals. The reflection radios 541 and 577 at a specific wavelength were collected and the value of 541/ 577 was calculated. The linear fitting and regression analysis were done by SPSS 17.0. RESULTS: The results of regression analysis showed that ² of the ratios of bloodstain age to UV visible reflectivity in specific wavelengths were larger than 0.8 within 8 hours and under certain circumstances. The regression equation was established. The bloodstain age had significant correlation with the value of 541/ 577. CONCLUSIONS: The method of inspection is simple, rapid and nondestructive with a good reliability, and can be used to identify the bloodstain age within 8 hours elapsed-time standards under laboratory conditions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Manchas de Sangue
Análise Espectral/métodos
Raios Ultravioleta
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ciências Forenses
Seres Humanos
Padrões de Referência
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.05.002


  5 / 1583 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29188670
[Au] Autor:Sun DP; Min YL; Lian CZ; Yu WD
[Ad] Endereço:Nanjing Public Security Bureau, Nanjing 210012, China.
[Ti] Título:[Genetic Polymorphisms of 24 Y-STR Loci in Nanjing Han Population].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(4):269-272, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To investigate the genetic polymorphism of and other 23 Y-STR loci and to explore its application value in forensic science. METHODS: Y-STRs loci of 580 unrelated Han males in Nanjing were amplified using AGCU Y-PLUS PCR (24) kit. The genetic parameters of 24 Y-STR loci such as gene frequency were calculated by software, and compared with the data of Hubei, Liao- ning, Guangdong, Beijing and Chengdu Han population. RESULTS: Total 580 haplotypes were detected among 24 Y-STR loci in 580 unrelated Han males in Nanjing. The genetic diversity (GD) of each locus was from 0.294 6 to 0.939 8, and the haplotypes diversity (HD) was 0.983 7. There was a significant difference between the GD of 6 areas. CONCLUSIONS: The 24 Y-STR loci such as in Nanjing Han population have an application value in forensic science. They can also be used for cases testing and pedigree investigation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética
Cromossomos Humanos Y/genética
Polimorfismo Genético
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pequim
China
Ciências Forenses
Frequência do Gene
Haplótipos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Linhagem
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Software
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.04.009


  6 / 1583 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29188668
[Au] Autor:Xie X; Dong XD
[Ad] Endereço:Criminal Science Office, Suixi Public Security Bureau, Huaibei 235100, China.
[Ti] Título:[Analysis of Forensic Characteristics about 23 Family Homicide Cases].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(4):264-265, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To provide references for forensic analysis of family homicides cases by analyzing the situations of scene, injuries and individual which were related to the family homicide cases in a county. METHODS: The data of 23 family homicide cases from 2004 to 2013 were collected. The basic situation of individual involved, the relationship between dead and suspect, the cause of death, the motive, the location, time and tools of the crime and the behavior of the suspect after crime etc. were analyzed. RESULTS: The characteristics of the 23 family homicides cases showed that couple relationship was the most common relationship; passion killing was the most common motive; local materials were mostly used as the tools for committing crimes; most crimes were committed in residences; most time of crime was night. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of family homicide cases should be based on the scene investigation, the examination of the body and combined with the investigation of the situation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homicídio
Motivação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Morte
Família
Ciências Forenses
Seres Humanos
Estudos Retrospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.04.007


  7 / 1583 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27776380
[Au] Autor:Cristoni S; Dusi G; Brambilla P; Albini A; Conti M; Brambilla M; Bruno A; Di Gaudio F; Ferlin L; Tazzari V; Mengozzi S; Barera S; Sialer C; Trenti T; Cantu M; Rossi Bernardi L; Noonan DM
[Ad] Endereço:I.S.B.-Ion Source & Biotechnologies, Bresso, Milano, Italy.
[Ti] Título:SANIST: optimization of a technology for compound identification based on the European Union directive with applications in forensic, pharmaceutical and food analyses.
[So] Source:J Mass Spectrom;52(1):16-21, 2017 01.
[Is] ISSN:1096-9888
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Electrospray Ionization and collision induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry are usually employed to obtain compound identification through a mass spectra match. Different algorithms have been developed for this purpose (for example the nist match algorithm). These approaches compare the tandem mass spectra of the unknown analyte with the tandem mass spectra spectra of known compounds inserted in a database. The compounds are usually identified on the basis of spectral match value associated with a probability of recognition. However, this approach is not usually applied to multiple reaction monitoring transition spectra achieved by means of triple quadrupole apparatus, mainly due to the lack of a transition spectra database. The Surface Activated Chemical Ionization-Electrospray-NIST Bayesian model database search (SANIST) platform has been recently developed for new potential metabolite biomarker discovery, to confirm their identity and to use them for clinical and diagnostic applications. Here, we present an improved version of the SANIST platform that extends its application to forensic, pharmaceutical, and food analysis studies, where the compound identification rules are strict. The European Union (EU) has set directives for compound identification (EU directive 2002/657/EC). We have applied the SANIST method to identification of 11-nor-9-carboxytetrahydro-cannabinol in urine samples (an example of a forensic application), circulating levels of the immunosuppressive drug tacrolimus in blood (an example of a pharmaceutical application) and glyphosate in fruit juice (an example of a food analysis application) that meet the EU directive requirements. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biomarcadores/análise
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/instrumentação
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Teorema de Bayes
Química Farmacêutica
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
Bases de Dados Factuais
União Europeia
Análise de Alimentos
Ciências Forenses
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jms.3895


  8 / 1583 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29419499
[Au] Autor:Santos W
[Ad] Endereço:Dept. Agrárias e Exatas, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba, Catolé do Rocha, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Forensic entomology in the veterinary context.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;182(5):137-138, 2018 02 03.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Entomologia
Ciências Forenses
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dípteros
Medicina Legal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.k407


  9 / 1583 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384746
[Au] Autor:Pinchi V; Focardi M; Pradella F; Grifoni R; Palandri M; Norelli GA
[Ad] Endereço:Section of Medical Forensic Sciences, Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Day to day issues in the forensic identification practice related to illegal immigration in Italy.
[So] Source:J Forensic Odontostomatol;2(35):167-176, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2219-6749
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The migratory flows to Europe from the African countries, Asia and Middle East, have hugely intensified in the recent years. In 2016, more than 98,000 out of a total of 260,000 migrants across the Mediterranean Sea arrived in Italy and in May 2017, the trend of arrivals is: Italy +576%; Greece -39% compared to previous years. Some migrants die before touching the sole of the European continent, during the crossing, often afforded with ships, made available by unscrupulous smugglers or criminal organizations, which are unsuitable for this type of transportation. The tremendous occurrence of migrant casualties during the Mediterranean Sea crossing remains underestimated and nobody, country officers or databank, can provide a reliable number of dead bodies in such a large and now, endemic phenomenon. Forensic officers, who intervened to examine migrants' corpses, are ideally required to perform the usual activity and to answer the routine questions about the causes of death by detecting signs of possible crimes and body identification. In practice, several specific issues and limits challenge the activity of the forensic professionals addressed to ascertain both circumstances of death and possible related crimes and the identity of the corpses. Generally speaking, in case of examining up to a few dead bodies in Italy, a complete autopsy is performed, whilst, when several tens or hundreds of corpses are recovered, the lack of resources on one hand and clearer clues on incident, connected crimes, and cause of deaths on the other, push the public prosecutor to limit the request of complete autopsies. In some cases, the dead migrants were identified through visual recognition by relatives, friends, or travel companions. The DVI Interpol protocol is never completely applied to dead migrants for several reasons, mainly for the huge difficulties in retrieving AM data of the missing persons and for some limitations affecting both the primary and the secondary identifiers. The few chances of identification by dental data are further reduced by the systematic lack of an odontologist among the forensic teams charged of the PM; valuable dental data for body identification or for constructing the biological profile of the missing person (age, ancestry, country of provenance/residence, etc.) are likely to be overlooked. This approach implies a clear disparity with the approach applied when corpses of citizens of the EU or other developed countries are involved and undergo identification. The dead migrants' identification activity should be reconsidered for an improvement in the common international effort in accordance to an approach more respectful toward the legal rights and dignity of the dead migrants and their families.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências Forenses
Migrantes
Imigrantes Indocumentados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Itália
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 1583 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29182913
[Au] Autor:Kennedy KM; Wilkinson A
[Ad] Endereço:SAOLTA University Healthcare Group, Health Service Executive West, Galway, Ireland; School of Medicine, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland. Electronic address: kieran.kennedy@nuigalway.ie.
[Ti] Título:A Student Selected Component (or Special Study Module) in Forensic and Legal Medicine: Design, delivery, assessment and evaluation of an optional module as an addition to the medical undergraduate core curriculum.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;53:62-67, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The General Medical Council (United Kingdom) advocates development of non-core curriculum Student Selected Components and their inclusion in all undergraduate medical school curricula. This article describes a rationale for the design, delivery, assessment and evaluation of Student Selected Components in Forensic and Legal Medicine. Reference is made to the available evidence based literature pertinent to the delivery of undergraduate medical education in the subject area. A Student Selected Component represents an opportunity to highlight the importance of the legal aspects of medical practice, to raise the profile of the discipline of Forensic and Legal Medicine amongst undergraduate medical students and to introduce students to the possibility of a future career in the area. The authors refer to their experiences of design, delivery, assessment and evaluation of Student Selected Components in Forensic and Legal Medicine at their respective Universities in the Republic of Ireland (Galway) and in the United Kingdom (Oxford).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Currículo
Educação de Graduação em Medicina
Ciências Forenses/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Avaliação Educacional
Seres Humanos
Estudantes de Medicina
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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