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[PMID]:28991898
[Au] Autor:Mulipukwa CP; Mudenda B; Mbewe AR
[Ad] Endereço:University of Zambia School of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Lusaka, Zambia.
[Ti] Título:Insights and efforts to control rabies in Zambia: Evaluation of determinants and barriers to dog vaccination in Nyimba district.
[So] Source:PLoS Negl Trop Dis;11(10):e0005946, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1935-2735
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The current rabies control strategy in Zambia is based on dog vaccination, dog population control and dog movement restrictions. In Nyimba district of Zambia, dog vaccination coverage is low but the incidence of dog bites is high which places the community at risk of rabies infection. The renewed global interest eliminating rabies in developing countries has spurred interest to identify determinants and barriers of dog vaccination in an effort to reduce the overall disease burden. METHODOLOGY: A mixed methods cross sectional design was used in the study. This consisted of three parts: Evaluation of medical records regarding dog bite injuries, implementation and analysis of a household survey and in-depth review of key informant interviews. Data was collected into a Microsoft Excel database and subsequently transferred to STATA for descriptive, inferential and thematic analysis. RESULTS: Dog vaccination coverage overall was 8.7% (57/655), with 3.4% (22/655) in urban areas, 1.8% (12/655) in peri-urban and 3.5 (23/655) in the rural regions. Financially stable households were more likely to have their dogs vaccinated. Only 10.3% (31/300) of the respondents had vaccinated their dogs and these had a reliable source of income as 6% (18/300) were peasant farmers, 2% (6/300) were dependants whose guardians were financially stable and 2.3% (7/300) were in steady employment. Important barriers to dog vaccination included cost, limited awareness of vaccination program and access. CONCLUSION: Current rabies control strategies in Nyimba district, Zambia, appear quite limited. Improvements in the regional dog vaccination program may provide benefits. Enhancement of educational efforts targeting behavioural factors may also prove useful. Finally, the cost of dog vaccination can be reduced with scaled up production of a local vaccine.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Cão/prevenção & controle
Vacinas Antirrábicas/imunologia
Raiva/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Mordeduras e Picadas/prevenção & controle
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Cães
Seres Humanos
Controle da População
Raiva/epidemiologia
Raiva/prevenção & controle
Vacinas Antirrábicas/administração & dosagem
Zâmbia/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Rabies Vaccines)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171010
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0005946


  2 / 3082 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28558736
[Au] Autor:Hiby E; Atema KN; Brimley R; Hammond-Seaman A; Jones M; Rowan A; Fogelberg E; Kennedy M; Balaram D; Nel L; Cleaveland S; Hampson K; Townsend S; Lembo T; Rooney N; Whay HR; Pritchard J; Murray J; van Dijk L; Waran N; Bacon H; Knobel D; Tasker L; Baker C; Hiby L
[Ad] Endereço:ICAM Coalition, c/o IFAW International HQ, Yarmouth Port, MA, USA. ellyhiby@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Scoping review of indicators and methods of measurement used to evaluate the impact of dog population management interventions.
[So] Source:BMC Vet Res;13(1):143, 2017 May 30.
[Is] ISSN:1746-6148
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Dogs are ubiquitous in human society and attempts to manage their populations are common to most countries. Managing dog populations is achieved through a range of interventions to suit the dog population dynamics and dog ownership characteristics of the location, with a number of potential impacts or goals in mind. Impact assessment provides the opportunity for interventions to identify areas of inefficiencies for improvement and build evidence of positive change. METHODS: This scoping review collates 26 studies that have assessed the impacts of dog population management interventions. RESULTS: It reports the use of 29 indicators of change under 8 categories of impact and describes variation in the methods used to measure these indicators. CONCLUSION: The relatively few published examples of impact assessment in dog population management suggest this field is in its infancy; however this review highlights those notable exceptions. By describing those indicators and methods of measurement that have been reported thus far, and apparent barriers to efficient assessment, this review aims to support and direct future impact assessment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cães
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bem-Estar do Animal
Animais
Animais Selvagens
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Controle de Pragas
Controle da População
Dinâmica Populacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170601
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12917-017-1051-2


  3 / 3082 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28502115
[Au] Autor:Zhang Y; Gu N; Wang Z; Zheng M; Hu Y; Dai Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China.
[Ti] Título:Use of the 10-Group Classification System to analyze how the population control policy change in China has affected cesarean delivery.
[So] Source:Int J Gynaecol Obstet;138(2):158-163, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1879-3479
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To analyze the initial effect following the relaxation of China's population control policy on the cesarean delivery (CD) rate using the 10-Group Classification System (TGCS). METHODS: A retrospective study included all deliveries at a center in Nanjing, China, during 2014-2015. The deliveries were classified using the TGCS. The obstetric populations and the CD rates in each group were compared between 2014 and 2015. RESULTS: Overall, 11 006 deliveries were analyzed. The overall CD rate increased from 28.3% (1623/5737) in 2014 to 33.8% (1782/5269) in 2015 (P<0.001). The largest contributor to the overall CD rate-accounting for approximately one-third of all CDs-were nulliparous women with a single cephalic term pregnancy and induced labor or prelabor CD (group 2); the CD rate in this group increased from 27.2% to 31.4%. Moreover, the proportion of women with a single cephalic term pregnancy with previous CD (group 5) steeply increased from 6.4% to 10.4% of all deliveries; the CD rate in this group during 2014-2015 was 76.6%. CONCLUSION: With China ending its one-child policy, the characteristics of the obstetric population changed. Women with a single cephalic term pregnancy with previous CD were the largest contributor to the CD rate increase.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Parto Obstétrico/classificação
Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos
Política de Planejamento Familiar/legislação & jurisprudência
Controle da População/legislação & jurisprudência
Gravidez/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Cesárea/classificação
Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos
China/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Paridade
Controle da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Gravidez Múltipla/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudos Retrospectivos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170515
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ijgo.12210


  4 / 3082 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28472644
[Au] Autor:Bandopadhayay P; Stiles CD
[Ad] Endereço:Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center and Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
[Ti] Título:Population Control: Cortical Interneurons Modulate Oligodendrogenesis.
[So] Source:Neuron;94(3):415-417, 2017 May 03.
[Is] ISSN:1097-4199
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During central nervous system development, oligodendrocytes must be formed in proportion to the number of neurons requiring their services. In this issue of Neuron, Voronova et al. (2017) show how cortical interneurons modulate oligodendrogenesis through a cytokine-mediated paracrine interaction.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Interneurônios
Controle da População
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Neurônios
Oligodendroglia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 3082 MEDLINE  
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Biondo, Alexander Welker
Texto completo
[PMID]:28364830
[Au] Autor:Dias Costa E; Martins CM; Cunha GR; Catapan DC; Ferreira F; Oliveira ST; Garcia RC; Biondo AW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, 80035-050, Brazil. Electronic address: ise_bcr@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Impact of a 3-year pet management program on pet population and owner's perception.
[So] Source:Prev Vet Med;139(Pt A):33-41, 2017 Apr 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-1716
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although pet population management programs have been established worldwide, few reports on program evaluation have been carried out to date. Accordingly, a 3-year longitudinal study has been carried out in a 4000 household neighborhood located within the metropolitan area of Curitiba, the eighth most populated city of Brazil. Visits were conducted and questionnaires completed to estimate and characterize the local pet population (animal sex, reproductive and vaccination status, street access). Care provided by owners, community perception on stray dog management and the possible changes were compared in these variables over time (2010 and 2013) were evaluated, after the establishment of a city pet population management program. In addition, associations between having children, owning dogs and cats, responsible pet ownership education and owner's perception on stray dogs were statistically tested. A total of 354/4000 (8.9%) household families were interviewed in 2010 and 70/354 (19.8%) of the same families again in 2013. No significant changes were found in overall number of dogs and cats and average pet age, animal care and owner's perception on stray dogs following the 3-year population management program. In 2010, an average of 1.6 dogs and 0.3 cats were found per family, with slightly more females (51.3% dogs and 51.1% cats), adults (4.0±3.5years for dogs and 2.1±2.4 for cats), intact (not neutered; 94.2% dogs and 84.0% cats) and lacking regular visit to veterinarian (71.6%). Although more families (53.1%) had children under 12 years old, no association was found between having children and having dogs and cats. Questionnaires revealed that owners perceived neutering/spaying to be the best pet population control method (42.4%), with "society" (50%) and "government" (49.4%) as responsible for pet population management. A significant positive association has been found between education level and the best way to control stray dogs (p=0.03), between having dogs and in favor of neutering/spaying (p=0.04) and considering neutering/spaying as the best control method (p=0.02). The chances of thinking the best way to control stray dogs by neutering/spaying and adoption were almost 2.0 fold higher than other methods. In conclusion, the present study has provided indicators (education level, having dogs) for pet population control program assessment and effectiveness evaluation. Moreover, this study may serve as a warning on the real long-term effect of such programs, which should be periodically evaluated to identify necessary adjustments and/or improvements.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude
Castração/psicologia
Gatos
Cães
Propriedade/estatística & dados numéricos
Animais de Estimação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bem-Estar do Animal
Animais
Brasil
Castração/veterinária
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Controle da População/métodos
Controle da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Dinâmica Populacional
Percepção Social
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170821
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170821
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170403
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 3082 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28235041
[Au] Autor:Hauser DD; Laidre KL; Stern HL; Moore SE; Suydam RS; Richard PR
[Ad] Endereço:School of Aquatic & Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Habitat selection by two beluga whale populations in the Chukchi and Beaufort seas.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0172755, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There has been extensive sea ice loss in the Chukchi and Beaufort seas where two beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) populations occur between July-November. Our goal was to develop population-specific beluga habitat selection models that quantify relative use of sea ice and bathymetric features related to oceanographic processes, which can provide context to the importance of changing sea ice conditions. We established habitat selection models that incorporated daily sea ice measures (sea ice concentration, proximity to ice edge and dense ice) and bathymetric features (slope, depth, proximity to the continental slope, Barrow Canyon, and shore) to establish quantitative estimates of habitat use for the Eastern Chukchi Sea ('Chukchi') and Eastern Beaufort Sea ('Beaufort') populations. We applied 'used v. available' resource selection functions to locations of 65 whales tagged from 1993-2012, revealing large variations in seasonal habitat selection that were distinct between sex and population groups. Chukchi whales of both sexes were predicted to use areas in close proximity to Barrow Canyon (typically <200 km) as well as the continental slope in summer, although deeper water and denser ice were stronger predictors for males than females. Habitat selection differed more between sexes for Beaufort belugas. Beaufort males selected higher ice concentrations (≥40%) than females (0-40%) in July-August. Proximity to shore (<200 km) strongly predicted summer habitat of Beaufort females, while distance to the ice edge was important for male habitat selection, especially during westward migration in September. Overall, our results indicate that sea ice variables were rarely the primary drivers of beluga summer-fall habitat selection. While diminished sea ice may indirectly affect belugas through changes in the ecosystem, associations with bathymetric features that affect prey availability seemed key to habitat selection during summer and fall. These results provide a benchmark by which to assess future changes in beluga habitat use of the Pacific Arctic.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Beluga/fisiologia
Ecossistema
Monitoramento Ambiental
Controle da População
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Regiões Árticas
Masculino
Oceanos e Mares
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170815
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170815
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170225
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0172755


  7 / 3082 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28151983
[Au] Autor:Segura J; Hilker FM; Franco D
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Matemática Aplicada, E.T.S.I. Industriales, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Population control methods in stochastic extinction and outbreak scenarios.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0170837, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Adaptive limiter control (ALC) and adaptive threshold harvesting (ATH) are two related control methods that have been shown to stabilize fluctuating populations. Large variations in population abundance can threaten the constancy and the persistence stability of ecological populations, which may impede the success and efficiency of managing natural resources. Here, we consider population models that include biological mechanisms characteristic for causing extinctions on the one hand and pest outbreaks on the other hand. These models include Allee effects and the impact of natural enemies (as is typical of forest defoliating insects). We study the impacts of noise and different levels of biological parameters in three extinction and two outbreak scenarios. Our results show that ALC and ATH have an effect on extinction and outbreak risks only for sufficiently large control intensities. Moreover, there is a clear disparity between the two control methods: in the extinction scenarios, ALC can be effective and ATH can be counterproductive, whereas in the outbreak scenarios the situation is reversed, with ATH being effective and ALC being potentially counterproductive.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Modelos Biológicos
Controle da População/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/estatística & dados numéricos
Ecossistema
Extinção Biológica
Insetos
Controle da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Densidade Demográfica
Dinâmica Populacional
Processos Estocásticos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0170837


  8 / 3082 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27892642
[Au] Autor:Rhodes L
[Ad] Endereço:Alliance for Contraception in Cats and Dogs Board of Directors, Member Scientific Advisory Board, Found Animals Foundation, Durham, NH, USA.
[Ti] Título:New approaches to non-surgical sterilization for dogs and cats: Opportunities and challenges.
[So] Source:Reprod Domest Anim;52 Suppl 2:327-331, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1439-0531
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Over the last 40 years, researchers have explored methods to non-surgically suppress fertility in animals. Immunocontraception has been used to control wildlife populations but does not confer long-term immunity. The gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist deslorelin, formulated as an implant to provide 6-month to 1-year suppression of fertility in male dogs, is available commercially in some countries. Neither of these approaches provide permanent sterility. A single-dose, permanent treatment would be a valuable tool in dog and cat population control. The Michelson Prize and Grants (MPG) programme was initiated "to eliminate shelter euthanasia of healthy, adoptable companion animals and reduce populations of feral and free-roaming cats and dogs" offering a $25 million US prize for a non-surgical sterilant that is effective as a single treatment in both male and female dogs and cats. Michelson Prize and Grants programme has offered US $50 million in grant money for research and has attracted scientists worldwide. Approaches under study include gene therapy, small interfering RNA to inhibit reproductive targets and delivery of cytotoxins to pituitary gonadotrophs or GnRH producing neurons in the hypothalamus. Research in implant technology that could deliver compounds over an animal's lifetime is also underway. Details of funded grants and results to date can be found at: http://www.michelsonprizeandgrants.org/michelson-grants/research-findings. The next steps are translating the most promising research into products. The Alliance for Contraception of Cats and Dogs (ACC&D) is helping to research practical methods of marking sterilized animals to avoid costly retreatment and population modelling that will help guide field workers in use of resources for sterilization programmes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gatos
Cães
Esterilização Reprodutiva/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Distinções e Prêmios
Anticoncepção/veterinária
Anticoncepção Imunológica/veterinária
Anticoncepcionais/administração & dosagem
Citotoxinas/administração & dosagem
Implantes de Medicamento
Feminino
Inativação Gênica
Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas
Infertilidade
Masculino
Controle da População/métodos
RNA Interferente Pequeno/administração & dosagem
Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto
Esterilização Reprodutiva/métodos
Pamoato de Triptorrelina/administração & dosagem
Pamoato de Triptorrelina/análogos & derivados
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Contraceptive Agents); 0 (Cytotoxins); 0 (Drug Implants); 0 (RNA, Small Interfering); 33515-09-2 (Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone); 57773-63-4 (Triptorelin Pamoate); TKG3I66TVE (deslorelin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/rda.12862


  9 / 3082 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27067802
[Au] Autor:Padmadas SS
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Social Statistics & Demography and Centre for Global Health, Population, Poverty & Policy , University of Southampton , Southampton , UK.
[Ti] Título:Two-child policy in China: Rhetoric versus reality.
[So] Source:Ann Hum Biol;44(2):97-98, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1464-5033
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Características da Família
Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Controle da População/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Seres Humanos
Mudança Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160413
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/03014460.2016.1177113


  10 / 3082 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26853520
[Au] Autor:Rouco C; Norbury GL; Anderson DP
[Ad] Endereço:Landcare Research, Alexandra, New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:Movements and habitat preferences of pests help to improve population control: the case of common brushtail possums in a New Zealand dryland ecosystem.
[So] Source:Pest Manag Sci;73(2):287-294, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1526-4998
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Introduced brushtail possums are controlled in New Zealand to mitigate their spread of bovine tuberculosis in livestock. Given the low rainfall and extreme variation in seasonal temperatures in dryland areas of the South Island, the habitats of possums in these areas differ in many respects from those in the rest of New Zealand. We investigated the movements and habitat preferences of possums at two dryland sites to identify where they aggregate following population control by using GPS collars and cards chewed by possums. At one site, possum numbers were reduced from high levels by 65%, and at the other site, possums had already been reduced to low levels for some time beforehand but were further reduced to maintain them at low levels. This resulted in different possum densities. RESULTS: Possum home ranges were about 3 times smaller at the higher-density site, but average ranges expanded by 27% following initial control. Home ranges were already large at the lower-density site but did not expand further after maintenance control. No preference for habitat types was apparent at the higher-density site, but at the lower-density site possums selected rock and shrubby habitats and avoided open grassy areas. CONCLUSIONS: Home range sizes and habitat preferences were density dependent: the lower the density, the larger was the home range; and habitat preferences were highly variable between individuals, but less so for possums at low density. Preference for shrubs and rocks is likely to benefit population control if population control devices are focused on these habitat types. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Trichosurus/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ecossistema
Sistemas de Informação Geográfica
Comportamento de Retorno ao Território Vital
Espécies Introduzidas
Nova Zelândia
Controle de Pragas
Controle da População
Densidade Demográfica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ps.4252



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