Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I01.261.262 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 781 [refinar]
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[PMID]:29189819
[Au] Autor:Gies E
[Ad] Endereço:Erica Gies is a freelance science writer based in British Columbia, Canada, and San Francisco, California.
[Ti] Título:The real cost of energy.
[So] Source:Nature;551(7682), 2017 11 30.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dióxido de Carbono/economia
Política Ambiental/economia
Política Ambiental/legislação & jurisprudência
Modelos Econômicos
Energia Renovável/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dióxido de Carbono/análise
Carvão Mineral/efeitos adversos
Carvão Mineral/economia
Desenvolvimento Econômico
Eletricidade
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/economia
Poluição Ambiental/legislação & jurisprudência
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Internacionalidade
Mineração
Centrais Nucleares
Energia Renovável/legislação & jurisprudência
Rios
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Coal); 142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/d41586-017-07510-3


  2 / 781 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29189818
[Au] Autor:Eisenstein M
[Ad] Endereço:Michael Eisenstein is a freelance science writer in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
[Ti] Título:How social scientists can help to shape climate policy.
[So] Source:Nature;551(7682), 2017 11 30.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pegada de Carbono/economia
Pegada de Carbono/estatística & dados numéricos
Tomada de Decisões
Política Ambiental/tendências
Aquecimento Global/legislação & jurisprudência
Aquecimento Global/prevenção & controle
Ciências Sociais/tendências
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pegada de Carbono/legislação & jurisprudência
Países Desenvolvidos/economia
Países Desenvolvidos/estatística & dados numéricos
Países em Desenvolvimento/economia
Países em Desenvolvimento/estatística & dados numéricos
Desenvolvimento Econômico
Características da Família
Aquecimento Global/economia
Seres Humanos
Estilo de Vida
Pobreza/economia
Pobreza/psicologia
Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos
Classe Social
Impostos/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/d41586-017-07418-y


  3 / 781 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28926577
[Au] Autor:Sbardella A; Pugliese E; Pietronero L
[Ad] Endereço:ISC-CNR - Institute of Complex Systems, Rome, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Economic development and wage inequality: A complex system analysis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0182774, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Adapting methods from complex system analysis, this paper analyzes the features of the complex relationship between wage inequality and the development and industrialization of a country. Development is understood as a combination of a monetary index, GDP per capita, and a recently introduced measure of a country's economic complexity: Fitness. Initially the paper looks at wage inequality on a global scale, over the time period 1990-2008. Our empirical results show that globally the movement of wage inequality along with the ongoing industrialization of countries has followed a longitudinally persistent pattern comparable to the one theorized by Kuznets in the fifties: countries with an average level of development suffer the highest levels of wage inequality. Next, the study narrows its focus on wage inequality within the United States. By using data on wages and employment in the approximately 3100 US counties over the time interval 1990-2014, it generalizes the Fitness-Complexity metric for geographic units and industrial sectors, and then investigates wage inequality between NAICS industries. The empirical time and scale dependencies are consistent with a relation between wage inequality and development driven by institutional factors comparing countries, and by change in the structural compositions of sectors in a homogeneous institutional environment, such as the counties of the United States.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Econômico/estatística & dados numéricos
Salários e Benefícios/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170920
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182774


  4 / 781 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28880945
[Au] Autor:Sewell DK; Rayner PJ; Shank DB; Guy S; Lilburn SD; Saber S; Kashima Y
[Ad] Endereço:Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Causal knowledge promotes behavioral self-regulation: An example using climate change dynamics.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184480, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Adopting successful climate change mitigation policies requires the public to choose how to balance the sometimes competing goals of managing CO2 emissions and achieving economic growth. It follows that collective action on climate change depends on members of the public to be knowledgeable of the causes and economic ramifications of climate change. The existing literature, however, shows that people often struggle to correctly reason about the fundamental accumulation dynamics that drive climate change. Previous research has focused on using analogy to improve people's reasoning about accumulation, which has been met with some success. However, these existing studies have neglected the role economic factors might play in shaping people's decisions in relation to climate change. Here, we introduce a novel iterated decision task in which people attempt to achieve a specific economic goal by interacting with a causal dynamic system in which human economic activities, CO2 emissions, and warming are all causally interrelated. We show that when the causal links between these factors are highlighted, people's ability to achieve the economic goal of the task is enhanced in a way that approaches optimal responding, and avoids dangerous levels of warming.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mudança Climática
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dióxido de Carbono/análise
Desenvolvimento Econômico
Seres Humanos
Comportamento Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170908
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184480


  5 / 781 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28855420
[Au] Autor:Perng W; Fernandez C; Peterson KE; Zhang Z; Cantoral A; Sanchez BN; Solano-González M; Téllez-Rojo MM; Baylin A
[Ad] Endereço:Departments of Nutritional Sciences, perngwei@umich.edu.
[Ti] Título:Dietary Patterns Exhibit Sex-Specific Associations with Adiposity and Metabolic Risk in a Cross-Sectional Study in Urban Mexican Adolescents.
[So] Source:J Nutr;147(10):1977-1985, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1541-6100
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Studies in Western nations have shown associations of certain dietary patterns with obesity and metabolic risk in youth. Little is known about these relations in newly industrialized countries where obesity prevalence is surpassing those of developed countries. We sought to characterize dietary patterns in a cross-sectional study in 224 adolescents aged 8-14 y in Mexico and to investigate associations of the dietary patterns with adiposity and metabolic risk. We used principal components analysis to derive dietary patterns from food-frequency questionnaire data. By using linear regression models that accounted for mother's marital status, education, and smoking habits and child's age and physical activity, we examined associations of the dietary patterns with adiposity [body mass index score, waist circumference, the sum and ratio of the subscapular and triceps skinfold thicknesses, blood pressure, serum fasting glucose and a C-peptide-based measure of insulin resistance (CP-IR), lipid profile, and a metabolic syndrome risk score (MetS score)]. We identified a "prudent" dietary pattern characterized by high intakes of vegetables, fruit, fish, chicken, and legumes and a "transitioning" dietary pattern, which comprises processed meats, Mexican foods, and sweetened beverages. Each unit increase in the prudent pattern factor score corresponded with 0.33 ng/mL (95% CI: 0.09, 0.57 ng/mL) lower C-peptide, 0.08 units (95% CI: 0.02, 0.13 units) lower CP-IR, and a 0.14 unit (0.00, 0.27 unit) lower MetS score in boys. In girls, the transitioning pattern corresponded with higher subscapular + triceps skinfold thickness (per 1-unit increase in the factor score: 2.46 mm; 95% CI: 0.10, 4.81 mm). These results did not change after accounting for pubertal status. A prudent dietary pattern was protective against metabolic risk in adolescent boys, whereas a transitioning dietary pattern corresponded with higher adiposity among adolescent girls. Given that adolescence is a key developmental period for long-term health, efforts to elucidate dietary determinants of metabolic risk during this life stage may have long-term benefits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adiposidade
Dieta
Comportamento Alimentar
Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia
Obesidade/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Índice de Massa Corporal
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Países em Desenvolvimento
Dieta/tendências
Desenvolvimento Econômico
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
México
Puberdade
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Sexuais
Pregas Cutâneas
População Urbana/tendências
Circunferência da Cintura
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9007-41-4 (C-Reactive Protein)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170901
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/jn.117.256669


  6 / 781 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28763731
[Au] Autor:Denjean B; Altamirano MA; Graveline N; Giordano R; van der Keur P; Moncoulon D; Weinberg J; Máñez Costa M; Kozinc Z; Mulligan M; Pengal P; Matthews J; van Cauwenbergh N; López Gunn E; Bresch DN
[Ad] Endereço:Beijing Forestry University, 35 Qinghua E Rd, WuDaoKou, Haidian Qu 100085, China; Asia Centre, 71 boulevard Raspail, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address: ben.denjean@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Natural Assurance Scheme: A level playing field framework for Green-Grey infrastructure development.
[So] Source:Environ Res;159:24-38, 2017 11.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0953
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper proposes a conceptual framework to systematize the use of Nature-based solutions (NBS) by integrating their resilience potential into Natural Assurance Scheme (NAS), focusing on insurance value as corner stone for both awareness-raising and valuation. As such one of its core goal is to align research and pilot projects with infrastructure development constraints and priorities. Under NAS, the integrated contribution of natural infrastructure to Disaster Risk Reduction is valued in the context of an identified growing need for climate robust infrastructure. The potential of NAS benefits and trade-off are explored by through the alternative lens of Disaster Resilience Enhancement (DRE). Such a system requires a joint effort of specific knowledge transfer from research groups and stakeholders to potential future NAS developers and investors. We therefore match the knowledge gaps with operational stages of the development of NAS from a project designer perspective. We start by highlighting the key role of the insurance industry in incentivizing and assessing disaster and slow onset resilience enhancement strategies. In parallel we place the public sector as potential kick-starters in DRE initiatives through the existing initiatives and constraints of infrastructure procurement. Under this perspective the paper explores the required alignment of Integrated Water resources planning and Public investment systems. Ultimately this will provide the possibility for both planners and investors to design no regret NBS and mixed Grey-Green infrastructures systems. As resources and constraints are widely different between infrastructure development contexts, the framework does not provide explicit methodological choices but presents current limits of knowledge and know-how. In conclusion the paper underlines the potential of NAS to ease the infrastructure gap in water globally by stressing the advantages of investment in the protection, enhancement and restoration of natural capital as an effective climate change adaptation investment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Análise Custo-Benefício
Desenvolvimento Econômico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mudança Climática
Modelos Teóricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170802
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 781 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28719774
[Au] Autor:Duong DM; Nguyen AD; Nguyen CC; Le VT; Hoang SN; Bui HTT
[Ad] Endereço:1 Hanoi University of Public Health, Ha Noi, Vietnam.
[Ti] Título:A Secular Trend in Birth Weight and Delivery Practices in Periurban Vietnam During 2005-2012.
[So] Source:Asia Pac J Public Health;29(5_suppl):18S-24S, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1941-2479
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The remarkable increase in Vietnamese economic conditions can increase the birth weight in neonates and better delivery practices among women. The Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System started in 2004. An open cohort of data consisting of about 57 561 people from 17 993 households has been followed primarily with respect to demography, economy, and education. The aim of this research is to study secular trends in delivery practice and birth weight in the past decade (2005-2012) in Chi Linh. We found a significant change in delivery rates at hospitals and cesarean section rates, but the birth weights over a decade of drastic economic development were stable. Furthermore, the findings show significant associations of birth weight and delivery practices with the child's sex, mother's age, and household income. Our results might be considered as representative for other similar periurban settings in Vietnam. We suggest that appropriate policies should be developed given the reduction in the use of delivery services in commune health centers in urban areas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peso ao Nascer
Cesárea/tendências
Parto Obstétrico/tendências
População Suburbana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Parto Obstétrico/métodos
Desenvolvimento Econômico
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Idade Materna
Gravidez
Fatores Sexuais
Vietnã
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170719
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1010539517718335


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[PMID]:28646717
[Au] Autor:Wild TC; Henneberry J; Gill L
[Ad] Endereço:University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom. Electronic address: t.wild@sheffield.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Comprehending the multiple 'values' of green infrastructure - Valuing nature-based solutions for urban water management from multiple perspectives.
[So] Source:Environ Res;158:179-187, 2017 10.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0953
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The valuation of urban water management practices and associated nature-based solutions (NBS) is highly contested, and is becoming increasingly important to cities seeking to increase their resilience to climate change whilst at the same time facing budgetary pressures. Different conceptions of 'values' exist, each being accompanied by a set of potential measures ranging from calculative practices (closely linked to established market valuation techniques) - through to holistic assessments that seek to address wider concerns of sustainability. Each has the potential to offer important insights that often go well beyond questions of balancing the costs and benefits of the schemes concerned. However, the need to address - and go beyond - economic considerations presents policy-makers, practitioners and researchers with difficult methodological, ethical and practical challenges, especially when considered without the benefit of a broader theoretical framework or in the absence of well-established tools (as might apply within more traditional infrastructural planning contexts, such as the analysis of transport interventions). Drawing on empirical studies undertaken in Sheffield over a period of 10 years, and delivered in partnership with several other European cities and regions, we compare and examine different attempts to evaluate the benefits of urban greening options and future development scenarios. Comparing these different approaches to the valuation of nature-based solutions alongside other, more conventional forms of infrastructure - and indeed integrating both 'green and grey' interventions within a broader framework of infrastructures - throws up some surprising results and conclusions, as well as providing important sign-posts for future research in this rapidly emerging field.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Planejamento de Cidades
Análise Custo-Benefício
Desenvolvimento Econômico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cidades
Planejamento de Cidades/economia
Desenvolvimento Econômico/estatística & dados numéricos
Inglaterra
Abastecimento de Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170625
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 781 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28636630
[Au] Autor:Hasan S; Wang X; Khoo YB; Foliente G
[Ad] Endereço:Civil, Environmental, and Construction Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Accessibility and socio-economic development of human settlements.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0179620, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Access to facilities, services and socio-economic opportunities plays a critical role in the growth and decline of cities and human settlements. Previous attempts to explain changes in socio-economic indicators by differences in accessibility have not been convincing as countries with highly developed transport infrastructure have only seen marginal benefits of infrastructure improvements. Australia offers an ideal case for investigating the effects of accessibility on development since it is seen as home to some of the most liveable cities in the world while, at the same time, it also has some of the most isolated settlements. We investigate herein the connectivity and accessibility of all 1814 human settlements (population centers exceeding 200 persons) in Australia, and how they relate to the socio-economic characteristics of, and opportunities in, each population center. Assuming population as a proxy indicator of available opportunities, we present a simple ranking metric for a settlement using the number of population and the distance required to access all other settlements (and the corresponding opportunities therein). We find a strikingly unequal distribution of access to opportunities in Australia, with a marked prominence of opportunities in capital cities in four of the eight states. The two largest cities of Sydney and Melbourne have a dominant position across all socio-economic indicators, compared to all the other cities. In general, we observe across all the settlements that a decrease in access to opportunities is associated with relatively greater socio-economic disadvantage including increased median age and unemployment rate and decreased median household income. Our methodology can be used to better understand the potential benefits of improved accessibility based on infrastructure development, especially for remote areas and for cities and towns with many socio-economically disadvantaged population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Desenvolvimento Econômico
Seres Humanos
Renda
Distribuição Espacial da População
População Urbana
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170622
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179620


  10 / 781 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28555393
[Au] Autor:Zerbo E
[Ad] Endereço:LEMNA, University of Nantes, IEMN-IAE, Chemin de la Censive du Tertre, BP 52231,44322, Nantes Cedex 3, France. eleazar.zerbo@univ-nantes.fr.
[Ti] Título:Income-environment relationship in Sub-Saharan African countries: Further evidence with trade openness.
[So] Source:Environ Sci Pollut Res Int;24(19):16488-16502, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1614-7499
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper examines the dynamic relationship between energy consumption, income growth, carbon emissions and trade openness in fourteen Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach to cointegration and the Toda-Yamamoto causality test were used to investigate the long-run and short-run properties, respectively. The long-run estimations give evidence against the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis in SSA countries. In contrast, the results highlight the significant and monotonically contribution of income growth and energy consumption in explaining carbon emissions in the long-run and short-run in several countries. Furthermore, the results show that trade openness enhances economic growth and is not linked to causing carbon emissions in these countries. Hence, a trade incentive policy may be implemented without harmful effect on the quality of the environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dióxido de Carbono
Desenvolvimento Econômico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África ao Sul do Saara
África do Norte
Meio Ambiente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170531
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11356-017-9303-z



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