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[PMID]:29236423
[Au] Autor:Kromka NJ
[Ti] Título:GMOs, genetically modified organisms or genuinely mixed opinions? A reasonable Consumer's understanding of the terms "GMO" and "non-GMO," and the struggle to set a Standard. 
[So] Source:Seton Hall Law Rev;48(1):221-48, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0586-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Consumidor
Rotulagem de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência
Alimentos Geneticamente Modificados
Rotulagem de Produtos/legislação & jurisprudência
United States Department of Agriculture/legislação & jurisprudência
United States Food and Drug Administration/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ração Animal
Animais
Rotulagem de Alimentos/normas
Regulamentação Governamental
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Organismos Geneticamente Modificados
Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
Rotulagem de Produtos/normas
Restaurantes/legislação & jurisprudência
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1517 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28867083
[Au] Autor:Haytowitz DB; Pehrsson PR
[Ad] Endereço:USDA-ARS Nutrient Data Laboratory, United States. Electronic address: david.haytowitz@ars.usda.gov.
[Ti] Título:USDA's National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program (NFNAP) produces high-quality data for USDA food composition databases: Two decades of collaboration.
[So] Source:Food Chem;238:134-138, 2018 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:For nearly 20years, the National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program (NFNAP) has expanded and improved the quantity and quality of data in US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) food composition databases (FCDB) through the collection and analysis of nationally representative food samples. NFNAP employs statistically valid sampling plans, the Key Foods approach to identify and prioritize foods and nutrients, comprehensive quality control protocols, and analytical oversight to generate new and updated analytical data for food components. NFNAP has allowed the Nutrient Data Laboratory to keep up with the dynamic US food supply and emerging scientific research. Recently generated results for nationally representative food samples show marked changes compared to previous database values for selected nutrients. Monitoring changes in the composition of foods is critical in keeping FCDB up-to-date, so that they remain a vital tool in assessing the nutrient intake of national populations, as well as for providing dietary advice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bases de Dados Factuais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
Ingestão de Energia
Alimentos
Análise de Alimentos
Estados Unidos
United States Department of Agriculture
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170905
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1517 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28632453
[Au] Autor:Lupton SJ; O'Keefe M; Muñiz-Ortiz JG; Clinch N; Basu P
[Ad] Endereço:a Red River Valley Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service , US Department of Agriculture (USDA) , Fargo , ND , USA.
[Ti] Título:Survey of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and non-ortho-polychlorinated biphenyls in US meat and poultry, 2012-13: toxic equivalency levels, patterns, temporal trends and implications.
[So] Source:Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess;34(11):1970-1981, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1944-0057
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) conducts a statistically based survey of the domestic meat supply (beef, pork, chicken and turkey) to determine current levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and non-ortho-polychlorinated biphenyls (no-PCBs) every 5 years. Fat samples for each slaughter class were collected from US federally licensed slaughter facilities. The samples were processed and analysed for 17 PCDD/Fs and three no-PCBs. The sum of PCDD, PCDF and no-PCB toxic equivalencies (sum-TEQ) calculated using 2005 toxic-equivalency factors for all slaughter classes ranged from non-detect (n.d.) to 6.47 pg TEQ g lipid. The median sum-TEQs, when n.d. = 0.5 LOD, for beef, pork, chicken and turkey were 0.66, 0.12, 0.13 and 0.34 pg TEQ g lipid respectively. A comparison of the current survey with the previous three surveys shows a declining trend, with decreasing differences between medians; differences between the median sum-TEQs from 2007-08 and 2012-13 were -10%, -29%, -33% and -25% for beef, pork, chicken and turkey respectively. Several beef samples underwent further characterisation and congener patterns from these beef samples suggested pentachlorophenol treated wood as the likely exposure source. US consumer exposure to these compounds is relatively low and no slaughter class contributed more than 26% to the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) chronic oral reference dose of 0.7 pg TEQ kg bw day .
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dibenzofuranos Policlorados/análise
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise
Carne/análise
Bifenilos Policlorados/análise
Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/análise
Aves Domésticas
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Galinhas
Dibenzofuranos Policlorados/efeitos adversos
Seres Humanos
Bifenilos Policlorados/efeitos adversos
Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/efeitos adversos
Suínos
Perus
Estados Unidos
United States Department of Agriculture
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dibenzofurans, Polychlorinated); 0 (Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins); DFC2HB4I0K (Polychlorinated Biphenyls)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170621
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/19440049.2017.1340674


  4 / 1517 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28617471
[Ti] Título:Harmonize conflicting regulations for genetically engineered plants and animals.
[So] Source:Nature;546(7658):327-328, 2017 06 09.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Produtos Agrícolas/genética
Alimentos Geneticamente Modificados/normas
Edição de Genes/legislação & jurisprudência
Gado/genética
United States Department of Agriculture/legislação & jurisprudência
United States Food and Drug Administration/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Produtos Agrícolas/efeitos dos fármacos
Ecossistema
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170616
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/546327b


  5 / 1517 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28576371
[Au] Autor:Cauchon KE; Hitchins AD; Smiley RD
[Ad] Endereço:U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Office of Regulatory Affairs, Arkansas Regional Laboratory, 3900 NCTR Road, Building 26, Jefferson, AR, 72079, United States.
[Ti] Título:Comparison of Listeria monocytogenes recoveries from spiked mung bean sprouts by the enrichment methods of three regulatory agencies.
[So] Source:Food Microbiol;66:40-47, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9998
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Three selective enrichment methods, the United States Food and Drug Administration's (FDA method), the United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety Inspection Service's (USDA method), and the EN ISO 11290-1 standard method, were assessed for their suitability for recovery of Listeria monocytogenes from spiked mung bean sprouts. Three parameters were evaluated; the enrichment L. monocytogenes population from singly-spiked sprouts, the enrichment L. monocytogenes population from doubly-spiked (L. monocytogenes and Listeria innocua) sprouts, and the population differential resulting from the enrichment of doubly-spiked sprouts. Considerable L. monocytogenes inter-strain variation was observed. The mean enrichment L. monocytogenes populations for singly-spiked sprouts were 6.1 ± 1.2, 4.9 ± 1.2, and 6.9 ± 2.3 log CFU/mL for the FDA, USDA, and EN ISO 11290-1 methods, respectively. The mean L. monocytogenes populations for doubly-spiked sprouts were 4.7 ± 1.1, 5.5 ± 1.3, and 4.6 ± 1.4 log CFU/mL for the FDA, USDA, and ISO 11290-1 enrichment methods, respectively. The corresponding mean population differentials were 2.8 ± 1.1, 3.3 ± 1.3, and 3.6 ± 1.4 Δlog CFU/mL for the same three enrichment methods, respectively. The presence of L. innocua and resident microorganisms on the sprouts negatively impacted final levels of L. monocytogenes with all three enrichment methods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Contaminação de Alimentos/análise
Análise de Perigos e Pontos Críticos de Controle/métodos
Listeria monocytogenes/isolamento & purificação
Verduras/microbiologia
Vigna/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Segurança de Produtos ao Consumidor/legislação & jurisprudência
Segurança de Produtos ao Consumidor/normas
Listeria monocytogenes/classificação
Listeria monocytogenes/genética
Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Sementes/microbiologia
Estados Unidos
United States Department of Agriculture
United States Food and Drug Administration
Vigna/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171122
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171122
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170604
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1517 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28522208
[Au] Autor:Spiker ML; Hiza HAB; Siddiqi SM; Neff RA
[Ti] Título:Wasted Food, Wasted Nutrients: Nutrient Loss from Wasted Food in the United States and Comparison to Gaps in Dietary Intake.
[So] Source:J Acad Nutr Diet;117(7):1031-1040.e22, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:2212-2672
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Previous research has estimated that wasted food in the United States contains between 1,249 and 1,400 kcal per capita per day, but little is known about amounts of other nutrients embedded in the 31% to 40% of food that is wasted. OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to calculate the nutritional value of food wasted at the retail and consumer levels in the US food supply, and contextualize the amount of nutrient loss in terms of gaps between current and recommended intakes and estimated food recovery potential. DESIGN: Data from the National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference were used to calculate the nutritional value of retail- and consumer-level waste of 213 commodities in the US Department of Agriculture Loss-Adjusted Food Availability data series for 27 nutrients in 2012. RESULTS: Food wasted at the retail and consumer levels of the US food supply in 2012 contained 1,217 kcal, 33 g protein, 5.9 g dietary fiber, 1.7 µg vitamin D, 286 mg calcium, and 880 mg potassium per capita per day. Using dietary fiber as an example, 5.9 g dietary fiber is 23% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance for women. This is equivalent to the fiber Recommended Dietary Allowance for 74 million adult women. Adult women in 2012 underconsumed dietary fiber by 8.9 g/day, and the amount of wasted fiber is equivalent to this gap for 206.6 million adult women. CONCLUSIONS: This was the first study to document the loss of nutrients from wasted food in the US food supply, to our knowledge. Although only a portion of discarded food can realistically be made available for human consumption, efforts to redistribute surplus foods where appropriate and prevent food waste in the first place could increase the availability of nutrients for Americans, while saving money and natural resources.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta
Ingestão de Energia
Abastecimento de Alimentos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Comportamento do Consumidor
Fibras na Dieta/análise
Proteínas na Dieta/análise
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Valor Nutritivo
Recomendações Nutricionais
Estados Unidos
United States Department of Agriculture
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Fiber); 0 (Dietary Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170520
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1517 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28355501
[Au] Autor:Bleich SN; Rimm EB; Brownell KD
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Health Policy and Management (S.N.B.) and the Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition (E.B.R.), Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston; and the Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC (K.D.B.).
[Ti] Título:U.S. Nutrition Assistance, 2018 - Modifying SNAP to Promote Population Health.
[So] Source:N Engl J Med;376(13):1205-1207, 2017 Mar 30.
[Is] ISSN:1533-4406
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta/normas
Assistência Alimentar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bebidas
Sacarose na Dieta
Assistência Alimentar/economia
Assistência Alimentar/legislação & jurisprudência
Assistência Alimentar/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Estado Nutricional
Pobreza
Recomendações Nutricionais
Estados Unidos
United States Department of Agriculture
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Sucrose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170427
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170427
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170330
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1056/NEJMp1613222


  8 / 1517 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28207338
[Au] Autor:Blondin SA; Cash SB; Goldberg JP; Griffin TS; Economos CD
[Ad] Endereço:All of the authors are with Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Boston, MA.
[Ti] Título:Nutritional, Economic, and Environmental Costs of Milk Waste in a Classroom School Breakfast Program.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(4):590-592, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To measure fluid milk waste in a US School Breakfast in the Classroom Program and estimate its nutritional, economic, and environmental effects. METHODS: Fluid milk waste was directly measured on 60 elementary school classroom days in a medium-sized, urban district. The US Department of Agriculture nutrition database, district cost data, and carbon dioxide equivalent (CO e) emissions and water footprint estimates for fluid milk were used to calculate the associated nutritional, economic, and environmental costs. RESULTS: Of the total milk offered to School Breakfast Program participants, 45% was wasted. A considerably smaller portion of served milk was wasted (26%). The amount of milk wasted translated into 27% of vitamin D and 41% of calcium required of School Breakfast Program meals. The economic and environmental costs amounted to an estimated $274 782 (16% of the district's total annual School Breakfast Program food expenditures), 644 893 kilograms of CO e, and 192 260 155 liters of water over the school year in the district. CONCLUSIONS: These substantial effects of milk waste undermine the School Breakfast Program's capacity to ensure short- and long-term food security and federal food waste reduction targets. Interventions that reduce waste are urgently needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desjejum
Serviços de Alimentação/economia
Leite/economia
Estado Nutricional
Instituições Acadêmicas
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dióxido de Carbono/análise
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estados Unidos
United States Department of Agriculture
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170615
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170615
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2016.303647


  9 / 1517 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28202956
[Au] Autor:Winders DJ
[Ad] Endereço:Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
[Ti] Título:United States: Restore public files on animal welfare.
[So] Source:Nature;542(7641):295, 2017 02 15.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acesso à Informação
Bem-Estar do Animal/legislação & jurisprudência
United States Department of Agriculture
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Regulamentação Governamental
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170626
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170626
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/542295a


  10 / 1517 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28169210
[Au] Autor:Ahuja JKC; Pehrsson PR; Cogswell M
[Ti] Título:A Comparison of Concentrations of Sodium and Related Nutrients (Potassium, Total Dietary Fiber, Total and Saturated Fat, and Total Sugar) in Private-Label and National Brands of Popular, Sodium-Contributing, Commercially Packaged Foods in the United States.
[So] Source:J Acad Nutr Diet;117(5):770-777.e17, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:2212-2672
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Private-label brands account for about one in four foods sold in US supermarkets. They provide value to consumers due to their low cost. We know of no US studies comparing the nutrition content of private-label products with corresponding national brand products. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare concentrations of sodium and related nutrients (potassium, total dietary fiber, total and saturated fat, and total sugar) in popular sodium-contributing, commercially packaged foods by brand type (national or private-label brand). DESIGN: During 2010 to 2014, the Nutrient Data Laboratory of the US Department of Agriculture obtained 1,706 samples of private-label and national brand products from up to 12 locations nationwide and chemically analyzed 937 composites for sodium and related nutrients. The samples came from 61 sodium-contributing, commercially packaged food products for which both private-label and national brands were among the top 75% to 80% of brands for US unit sales. In this post hoc comparative analysis, the authors assigned a variable brand type (national or private label) to each composite and determined mean nutrient contents by brand type overall and by food product and type. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: The authors tested for significant differences (P<0.05) by brand type using independent sample t tests or Mann-Whitney U tests when appropriate. RESULTS: Overall for all foods sampled, differences between brand types were not statistically significant for any of the nutrients studied. However, differences in both directions exist for a few individual food products and food categories. CONCLUSIONS: Concentrations of sodium and related nutrients (potassium, total dietary fiber, total and saturated fat, and total sugar) do not differ systematically between private-label and national brands, suggesting that brand type is not a consideration for nutritional quality of foods in the United States. The study data provide public health officials with baseline nutrient content by brand type to help focus US sodium-reduction efforts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gorduras na Dieta/análise
Fibras na Dieta/análise
Sacarose na Dieta/análise
Rotulagem de Alimentos
Potássio na Dieta/análise
Sódio na Dieta/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Embalagem de Alimentos
Seres Humanos
Política Nutricional
Valor Nutritivo
Estados Unidos
United States Department of Agriculture
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Fats); 0 (Dietary Fiber); 0 (Dietary Sucrose); 0 (Potassium, Dietary); 0 (Sodium, Dietary)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170208
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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