Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I01.409.418.750.600.650.496.440 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28910430
[Au] Autor:Rubin R
[Ti] Título:Work Progresses on Male Contraceptives, but Hurdles Remain.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(13):1208-1210, 2017 Oct 03.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticoncepcionais Masculinos
Descoberta de Drogas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antiespermatogênicos
Anticoncepcionais Masculinos/efeitos adversos
Anticoncepcionais Masculinos/economia
Indústria Farmacêutica
Géis
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Marketing de Serviços de Saúde
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antispermatogenic Agents); 0 (Contraceptive Agents, Male); 0 (Gels)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170915
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.10302


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[PMID]:28735702
[Au] Autor:Iriye BK; Gregory KD; Saade GR; Grobman WA; Brown HL
[Ad] Endereço:High Risk Pregnancy Center, Las Vegas, NV. Electronic address: bki@hrpregnancy.com.
[Ti] Título:Quality measures in high-risk pregnancies: Executive Summary of a Cooperative Workshop of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
[So] Source:Am J Obstet Gynecol;217(4):B2-B25, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6868
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Providers perceive current obstetric quality measures as imperfect and insufficient. Our organizations convened a "Quality Measures in High-Risk Pregnancies Workshop." The goals were to (1) review the current landscape regarding quality measures in obstetric conditions with increased risk for adverse maternal or fetal outcomes, (2) evaluate the available evidence for management of common obstetric conditions to identify those that may drive the highest impact on outcomes, quality, and value, (3) propose measures for high-risk obstetric conditions that reflect enhanced quality and efficiency, and (4) identify current research gaps, improve methods of data collection, and recommend means of change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gravidez de Alto Risco
Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antibioticoprofilaxia
Aspirina/administração & dosagem
Cesárea
Congressos como Assunto
Feminino
Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/diagnóstico
Aconselhamento Genético
Testes Genéticos
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico
Seres Humanos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/terapia
Sulfato de Magnésio/uso terapêutico
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Gravidez
Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico
Complicações na Gravidez/terapia
Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle
Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
Sepse/diagnóstico
Sepse/terapia
Sociedades Médicas
Estados Unidos
Nascimento Vaginal Após Cesárea
Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico
Tromboembolia Venosa/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glucocorticoids); 7487-88-9 (Magnesium Sulfate); R16CO5Y76E (Aspirin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170725
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28697101
[Au] Autor:Skupski DW; Owen J; Kim S; Fuchs KM; Albert PS; Grantz KL; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Growth Studies
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Queens, New York; the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama; the Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland; and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.
[Ti] Título:Estimating Gestational Age From Ultrasound Fetal Biometrics.
[So] Source:Obstet Gynecol;130(2):433-441, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1873-233X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of a new formula with one developed in 1984 (and still in common use) and to develop and compare racial and ethnic-specific and racial and ethnic-neutral formulas. METHODS: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons was a prospective cohort study that recruited women in four self-reported racial-ethnic groups-non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and Asian-with singleton gestations from 12 U.S. centers (2009-2013). Women with a certain last menstrual period confirmed by first-trimester ultrasonogram had longitudinal fetal measurements by credentialed study ultrasonographers blinded to the gestational age at their five follow-up visits. Regression analyses were performed with linear mixed models to develop gestational age estimating formulas. Repeated cross-validation was used for validation. The estimation error was defined as the mean squared difference between the estimated and observed gestational age and was used to compare the formulas' accuracy. RESULTS: The new formula estimated the gestational age (±2 SD) within ±7 days from 14 to 20 weeks of gestation, ±10 days from 21 to 27 weeks of gestation, and ±17 days from 28 to 40 weeks of gestation. The new formula performed significantly better than a formula developed in 1984 with an estimation error of 10.4 compared with 11.2 days from 21 to 27 weeks of gestation and 17.0 compared with 19.8 days at 28-40 weeks of gestation, respectively. Racial and ethnic-specific formulas did not outperform the racial and ethnic-neutral formula. CONCLUSION: The NICHD gestational age estimation formula is associated with smaller errors than a well-established historical formula. Racial and ethnic-specific formulas are not superior to a racial-ethnic-neutral one.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biometria/métodos
Feto/diagnóstico por imagem
Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Coortes
Grupos Étnicos
Feminino
Idade Gestacional
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Modelos Lineares
Masculino
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Obesidade/complicações
Obesidade/diagnóstico por imagem
Gravidez
Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico por imagem
Estudos Prospectivos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170821
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170821
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170712
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/AOG.0000000000002137


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[PMID]:28263750
[Au] Autor:Wing DA; Ortega-Villa AM; Grobman WA; Hediger ML; Grewal J; Pugh SJ; Kim S; Newman R; Chien E; Owen J; D'Alton ME; Wapner R; Sciscione A; Albert PS; Grantz KL
[Ad] Endereço:University of California, Irvine and Long Beach Memorial Medical Center/Miller Children's Hospital, Orange, CA. Electronic address: dwing@uci.edu.
[Ti] Título:Maternal stress and neonatal anthropometry: the NICHD Fetal Growth Studies.
[So] Source:Am J Obstet Gynecol;217(1):82.e1-82.e7, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6868
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The effect of maternal mood disorders on neonatal measurements is not well-defined. The Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the relationship between perceived maternal stress and neonatal growth measurements. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether perceived maternal stress during pregnancy is associated with anthropometric measurements in the neonate. STUDY DESIGN: This analysis was based on a prospective, multicenter longitudinal study of fetal growth. Women 18-40 years old with a body mass index of 19.0-29.9 kg/m were screened at 8+0 to 13+6 weeks gestation for low-risk status associated with optimal fetal growth (eg, healthy, nonsmoking) and underwent serial sonographic examination at 6 study visits throughout gestation. At each study visit, women completed the Cohen's Perceived Stress Survey, which could have a score that ranges from 0-40. We used a latent class trajectory model to identify distinct groupings (ie, classes) of the Perceived Stress Survey trajectories over pregnancy. Trend analysis was used to determine whether neonatal measurements including birthweight, length, head circumference, and abdominal circumference differed by Perceived Stress Survey class and whether this relationship was modified by maternal race/ethnicity, after adjustment for gestational age at delivery, maternal height, age, and parity. RESULTS: Of the 2334 women enrolled in the study, 1948 women had complete neonatal anthropometry and were included in the analysis. Latent class analysis identified 3 Perceived Stress Survey trajectory classes, with mean Perceived Stress Survey scores of 2.82 (low), 7.95 (medium), and 14.80 (high). Neonatal anthropometric measures of birthweight, length, head circumference and abdominal circumference were similar (P=.78, =.10, =.18, and =.40 respectively), regardless of the participants' Perceived Stress Survey class. There was no effect modification by maternal race/ethnicity. CONCLUSION: Neonatal measurements did not differ by levels of perceived stress among low-risk pregnant women.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropometria
Desenvolvimento Fetal
Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Abdome/anatomia & histologia
Adulto
Peso ao Nascer
Estatura
Índice de Massa Corporal
Cefalometria
Feminino
Idade Gestacional
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Estudos Longitudinais
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Gravidez
Estudos Prospectivos
Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170821
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170821
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170307
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27894211
[Au] Autor:Birmingham RS; Bub KL; Vaughn BE
[Ad] Endereço:a Child Advocacy and Justice Studies , Northeastern Illinois University , Chicago , IL , USA.
[Ti] Título:Parenting in infancy and self-regulation in preschool: an investigation of the role of attachment history.
[So] Source:Attach Hum Dev;19(2):107-129, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2988
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Parenting and attachment are critical in the emergence of self-regulation (SR) in preschool. However, most studies use general indexes of parenting quality, failing to explore the unique contributions of sensitivity and home quality to SR. Further, the nature of the interplay between parenting and attachment history is not well understood. Using a sample of 938 children from The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a series of structural equation models were fit to determine whether sensitivity and home quality concurrently predicted SR at 54 months, and whether attachment mediated or moderated these pathways. Results suggest that both sensitivity and home quality uniquely predict SR. Further, these early parenting variables were each indirectly associated with SR through children's attachment history. That is, higher levels of sensitivity and home quality predicted secure attachment history, which, along with parenting, predicted more advanced SR skills at 54 months. No moderated pathways emerged, suggesting that attachment history may be best conceptualized as a mediating mechanism.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Infantil
Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
Apego ao Objeto
Poder Familiar/psicologia
Autocontrole/psicologia
Meio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/14616734.2016.1259335


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[PMID]:27852170
[Au] Autor:Shai D; Belsky J
[Ad] Endereço:a Baruch Ivcher School of Psychology , Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya , Herzliya , Israel.
[Ti] Título:Parental embodied mentalizing: how the nonverbal dance between parents and infants predicts children's socio-emotional functioning.
[So] Source:Attach Hum Dev;19(2):191-219, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2988
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Parental mentalizing - the parent's ability to envision the child's mental states (such as desires, thoughts, or wishes) - has been argued to underlie a parent's ability to respond sensitively to their child's emotional needs, and thereby promote advantageous cognitive and socio-emotional development. Mentalizing is typically operationalized in terms of how parents talk to or about their infants. This work extends research on mentalizing by operationalizing parental mentalizing exclusively in terms of nonverbal, bodily based, interactive behavior, namely parental embodied mentalizing(PEM). The purpose of the current research was twofold: (1) to establish the reliability and validity of the PEM coding system; and (2) to evaluate whether such measurement predicts infant and child cognitive and socio-emotional functioning. Assessing 200 mother-infant dyads at 6 months using the coding of PEM proved both reliable and valid, including predicting child attachment security at 15 and 36 months, and language abilities, academic skills, behavior problems, and social competence at 54 months, in many cases even after taking into consideration traditional measures of parenting, namely maternal sensitivity. Conceptual, empirical, and clinical implications are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/classificação
Desenvolvimento Infantil
Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
Apego ao Objeto
Poder Familiar/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pré-Escolar
Características da Família
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Observação
Variações Dependentes do Observador
Classe Social
Habilidades Sociais
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/14616734.2016.1255653


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[PMID]:27690496
[Au] Autor:Vandell DL; Burchinal M; Pierce KM
[Ad] Endereço:School of Education, University of California, Irvine.
[Ti] Título:Early child care and adolescent functioning at the end of high school: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development.
[So] Source:Dev Psychol;52(10):1634-1645, 2016 10.
[Is] ISSN:1939-0599
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Relations between early child care and adolescent functioning at the end of high school (EOHS; M age = 18.3 years) were examined in a prospective longitudinal study of 1,214 children. Controlling for extensive measures of family background, early child care was associated with academic standing and behavioral adjustment at the EOHS. More experience in center-type care was linked to higher class rank and admission to more selective colleges, and for females to less risk taking and greater impulse control. Higher quality child care predicted higher academic grades and admission to more selective colleges. Fewer hours in child care was related to admission to more selective colleges. These findings suggest long-term benefits of higher quality child care, center-type care, and lower child-care hours for measures of academic standing at the EOHS. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia
Desenvolvimento do Adolescente/fisiologia
Cuidado da Criança
Escolaridade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Pré-Escolar
Características da Família
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Instituições Acadêmicas
Estatística como Assunto
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161004
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27353072
[Au] Autor:Hediger ML; Fuchs KM; Grantz KL; Grewal J; Kim S; Gore-Langton RE; Buck Louis GM; D'Alton ME; Albert PS
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland USA.
[Ti] Título:Ultrasound Quality Assurance for Singletons in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Growth Studies.
[So] Source:J Ultrasound Med;35(8):1725-33, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1550-9613
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To report on the ultrasound quality assurance program for the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Growth Studies and describe both its advantages and generalizability. METHODS: After training on an ultrasound system and software, research sonographers were expected to capture blank (unmeasured) images in triplicate for crown-rump length, biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, and femur length. A primary expert sonographer was designated and validated. A 5% sample (n = 740 of 14,785 scans) was randomly selected in 3 distinct rounds from within strata of maternal body mass index (round 1 only), gestational age, and research site. Unmeasured images were extracted from selected scans and measured with the ultrasound software by an expert sonographer. Correlations and coefficients of variation (CVs) were calculated, and the within-measurement standard deviation (ie, technical error of the measurement), was calculated. RESULTS: The reliability between the site sonographers and the expert was high, with correlations exceeding 0.99 for all dimensions in all rounds. The CV % values showed low variability, with the percentage differences being less than 2%, except for abdominal circumference in rounds 2 and 3, in which it averaged about 3%. Correlations remained high (>0.90) with increasing fetal size; there was a monotonic increase in technical errors of the measurement but without a corresponding increase in the CV %. CONCLUSIONS: Using rigorous procedures for training sonographers, coupled with quality assurance oversight, we determined that the measurements acquired longitudinally for singletons are both accurate and reliable for establishment of an ultrasound standard for fetal growth.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Fetal/fisiologia
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cefalometria/métodos
Cefalometria/normas
Cefalometria/estatística & dados numéricos
Estatura Cabeça-Cóccix
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Gravidez
Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/métodos
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos
Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160630
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7863/ultra.15.09087


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[PMID]:27251870
[Au] Autor:Hale DE; Wyatt SB; Buka S; Cherry D; Cislo KK; Dudley DJ; McElfish PA; Norman GS; Reynolds SA; Siega-Riz AM; Wadlinger S; Walker CK; Robbins JM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas; hale@uthscsa.edu.
[Ti] Título:The National Children's Study: Recruitment Outcomes Using the Provider-Based Recruitment Approach.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;137 Suppl 4:S239-47, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: In 2009, the National Children's Study (NCS) Vanguard Study tested the feasibility of household-based recruitment and participant enrollment using a birth-rate probability sample. In 2010, the NCS Program Office launched 3 additional recruitment approaches. We tested whether provider-based recruitment could improve recruitment outcomes compared with household-based recruitment. METHODS: The NCS aimed to recruit 18- to 49-year-old women who were pregnant or at risk for becoming pregnant who lived in designated geographic segments within primary sampling units, generally counties. Using provider-based recruitment, 10 study centers engaged providers to enroll eligible participants at their practice. Recruitment models used different levels of provider engagement (full, intermediate, information-only). RESULTS: The percentage of eligible women per county ranged from 1.5% to 57.3%. Across the centers, 3371 potential participants were approached for screening, 3459 (92%) were screened and 1479 were eligible (43%). Of those 1181 (80.0%) gave consent and 1008 (94%) were retained until delivery. Recruited participants were generally representative of the county population. CONCLUSIONS: Provider-based recruitment was successful in recruiting NCS participants. Challenges included time-intensity of engaging the clinical practices, differential willingness of providers to participate, and necessary reliance on providers for participant identification. The vast majority of practices cooperated to some degree. Recruitment from obstetric practices is an effective means of obtaining a representative sample.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Infantil
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Pessoal de Saúde
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Seleção de Pacientes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act/legislação & jurisprudência
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act/tendências
Pessoal de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Pessoal de Saúde/tendências
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Meia-Idade
Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/métodos
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)/legislação & jurisprudência
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)/tendências
Gravidez
Amostragem
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170602
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170602
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1542/peds.2015-4410E


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[PMID]:27251872
[Au] Autor:Kaar JL; Markovic N; Amsden LB; Gilliland J; Shorter CF; Peters B; Nachreiner NM; Garel M; Nicholas W; Skarpness B; Drews-Botsch C; Hogue CJ; Dabelea D
[Ad] Endereço:University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado; jill.kaar@ucdenver.edu.
[Ti] Título:The Experience of Direct Outreach Recruitment in the National Children's Study.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;137 Suppl 4:S258-64, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Few studies have reported the outcome of direct outreach methods for recruitment of research participants in population-based samples. We describe the relationship of outreach strategies that are tailored to specific community factors to recruitment and consent outcomes in 10 National Children's Study direct outreach study locations (all were single counties). METHODS: Each study center collected data from a target population of women who resided in selected county segments that were sampled based on a geographic area probability sampling design. Based on county characteristics of the 10 study locations, each study center used site-specific marketing approaches (direct mail, mass media, provider referrals, social networking) to recruit study participants. Recruitment success was measured by the number of recruited women as well as by a qualitative assessment of the effectiveness of various recruitment methods. RESULTS: The number of women who consented varied from 67 to 792. The majority of women were pregnant at the time of consent. Community awareness varied from <1% to 70%. Although no significant associations were found between community characteristics and recruitment success, we found that certain types of outreach strategies enhanced recruitment. CONCLUSIONS: In a small sample of 10 US counties, recruitment success was not associated with community characteristics. It was, however, associated with certain types of outreach strategies that may be more effective in close-knit communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Infantil
Relações Comunidade-Instituição
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Seleção de Pacientes
Serviços Postais/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Relações Comunidade-Instituição/tendências
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/métodos
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)/tendências
Serviços Postais/tendências
Gravidez
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170602
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170602
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1542/peds.2015-4410G



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