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[PMID]:27778759
[Au] Autor:Infante PF
[Ad] Endereço:a Peter F. Infante Consulting, LLC , Falls Church , VA , USA.
[Ti] Título:The continuing struggle between career civil servants and political appointees in the development of government public health standards.
[So] Source:Int J Occup Environ Health;22(4):269-273, 2016 10.
[Is] ISSN:2049-3967
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tomada de Decisões Gerenciais
Política
Saúde Pública/normas
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27779309
[Au] Autor:Schoenfisch AL; Lipscomb H; Sinyai C; Adams D
[Ad] Endereço:Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina.
[Ti] Título:Effectiveness of OSHA Outreach Training on carpenters' work-related injury rates, Washington State 2000-2008.
[So] Source:Am J Ind Med;60(1):45-57, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0274
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Despite the size and breadth of OSHA's Outreach Training program for construction, information on its impact on work-related injury rates is limited. METHODS: In a 9-year dynamic cohort of 17,106 union carpenters in Washington State, the effectiveness of OSHA Outreach Training on workers' compensation claims rate was explored. Injury rates were calculated by training status overall and by carpenters' demographic and work characteristics using Poisson regression. RESULTS: OSHA Outreach Training resulted in a 13% non-significant reduction in injury claims rates overall. The protective effect was more pronounced for carpenters in their apprenticeship years, drywall installers, and with increasing time since training. CONCLUSIONS: In line with these observed effects and prior research, it is unrealistic to expect OSHA Outreach Training alone to have large effects on union construction workers' injury rates. Standard construction industry practice should include hazard awareness and protection training, coupled with more efficient approaches to injury control. Am. J. Ind. Med. 60:45-57, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Indústria da Construção
Capacitação em Serviço/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde do Trabalhador/educação
Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia
Traumatismos Ocupacionais/prevenção & controle
Indenização aos Trabalhadores/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Competência Profissional
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Fatores de Tempo
Estados Unidos
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Washington/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161105
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajim.22665


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[PMID]:28497945
[Au] Autor:Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor
[Ti] Título:Clarification of Employer's Continuing Obligation To Make and Maintain an Accurate Record of Each Recordable Injury and Illness. Final rule.
[So] Source:Fed Regist;82(84):20548-9, 2017 May 03.
[Is] ISSN:0097-6326
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Under the Congressional Review Act, Congress has passed, and the President has signed, Public Law 115-21, a resolution of disapproval of OSHA's final rule titled, "Clarification of Employer's Continuing Obligation to Make and Maintain an Accurate Record of each Recordable Injury and Illness." OSHA published the rule, which contained various amendments to OSHA's recordkeeping regulations, on December 19, 2016. The amendments became effective on January 18, 2017. Because Public Law 115-21 invalidates the amendments to OSHA's recordkeeping regulations contained in the rule promulgated on December 19, 2016, OSHA is hereby removing those amendments from the Code of Federal Regulations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Controle de Formulários e Registros/legislação & jurisprudência
Doenças Profissionais
Saúde do Trabalhador/legislação & jurisprudência
Traumatismos Ocupacionais
Registros como Assunto/legislação & jurisprudência
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170525
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170525
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170513
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28430556
[Au] Autor:Halldin CN; Blackley DJ; Petsonk EL; Laney AS
[Ad] Endereço:From the Surveillance Branch, Respiratory Health Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1095 Willowdale Rd, Mail Stop HG900.2, Morgantown, WV 26505-2888.
[Ti] Título:Pneumoconioses Radiographs in a Large Population of U.S. Coal Workers: Variability in A Reader and B Reader Classifications by Using the International Labour Office Classification.
[So] Source:Radiology;284(3):870-876, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1527-1315
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Purpose To assess the level of concordance between chest radiographic classifications of A and B Readers in a national surveillance program offered to U.S. coal miners over an approximate 36-year period. Materials and Methods The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) is a surveillance program with nonresearch designation and is exempt from Human Subjects Review Board approval (11-DRDS-NR03). Thirty-six years of data (1979-2015) from the CWHSP were analyzed, which included all conventional screen-film radiographs with a classification by at least one A Reader and one B Reader. Agreement was assessed by using κ statistics; prevalence ratios were used to describe differences between A and B Reader determinations of image technical quality, small opacity profusion, and presence of large opacities and pleural abnormalities. Results The analysis included 79 185 matched A and B Reader chest radiograph classifications. A majority of both A and B Readers were radiologists (74.2% [213 of 287] vs 64.7% [22 of 34]; P = .04). A and B Readers had minimal agreement on technical image quality (κ = 0.0796; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.07, 0.08) and the distribution of small opacity profusion (subcategory κ, 0.2352; 95% CI: 0.22, 0.25). A Readers classified more images as "good" quality (prevalence ratio, 1.38; 95% CI: 1.35, 1.41) and identified more pneumoconiosis (prevalence ratio, 1.22; 95% CI: 1.20, 1.23). Conclusion A Readers classified substantially more radiographs with evidence of pneumoconiosis and classified higher small opacity profusion compared with B Readers. These observations reinforce the importance of multiple classifications by readers who have demonstrated ongoing competence in the International Labour Office classification system to ensure accurate radiographic classifications. RSNA, 2017.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico por imagem
Saúde do Trabalhador/normas
Pneumoconiose/diagnóstico por imagem
Radiografia Torácica/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Indústria do Carvão Mineral
Seres Humanos
Variações Dependentes do Observador
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Estados Unidos
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170917
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170917
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170422
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1148/radiol.2017162437


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[PMID]:28333725
[Au] Autor:Halpern LW
[Ad] Endereço:Lucy Wang Halpern.
[Ti] Título:OSHA Considers National Standard to Prevent Health Care Workplace Violence.
[So] Source:Am J Nurs;117(4):15, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1538-7488
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The federal effort continues amid uncertainty under a new White House administration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Guias como Assunto
Instalações de Saúde/normas
Saúde do Trabalhador/normas
Política
Violência no Trabalho/prevenção & controle
Local de Trabalho/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170410
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170410
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000515216.84968.7c


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[PMID]:28292698
[Au] Autor:Dong XS; Largay JA; Choi SD; Wang X; Cain CT; Romano N
[Ad] Endereço:CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training, 8484 Georgia Ave, Suite 1000, Silver Spring, MD 20910, United States. Electronic address: sdong@cpwr.com.
[Ti] Título:Fatal falls and PFAS use in the construction industry: Findings from the NIOSH FACE reports.
[So] Source:Accid Anal Prev;102:136-143, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2057
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study analyzed the Construction FACE Database (CFD), a quantitative database developed from reports of the Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program conducted by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The CFD contains detailed data on 768 fatalities in the construction industry reported by NIOSH and individual states from 1982 through June 30, 2015. The results show that falls accounted for 42% (325) of the 768 fatalities included in the CFD. Personal fall arrest systems (PFAS) were not available to more than half of the fall decedents (54%); nearly one in four fall decedents (23%) had access to PFAS, but were not using it at the time of the fall. Lack of access to PFAS was particularly high among residential building contractors as well as roofing, siding, and sheet metal industry sectors (∼70%). Although the findings may not represent the entire construction industry today, they do provide strong evidence in favor of fall protection requirements by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). In addition to stronger enforcement, educating employers and workers about the importance and effectiveness of fall protection is crucial for compliance and fall prevention.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes por Quedas/mortalidade
Acidentes de Trabalho/mortalidade
Indústria da Construção/estatística & dados numéricos
Equipamentos de Proteção/utilização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Bases de Dados Factuais
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.)
Relatório de Pesquisa
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170601
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170601
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170316
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28160817
[Au] Autor:Fagan KM; Hodgson MJ
[Ad] Endereço:Office of Occupational Medicine and Nursing, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Ave, NW, Room N3457, Washington, DC 20210, USA. Electronic address: fagan.kathleen@dol.gov.
[Ti] Título:Under-recording of work-related injuries and illnesses: An OSHA priority.
[So] Source:J Safety Res;60:79-83, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1247
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: A 2009 Government Accounting Office (GAO) report, along with numerous published studies, documented that many workplace injuries are not recorded on employers' recordkeeping logs required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and consequently are under-reported to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), resulting in a substantial undercount of occupational injuries in the United States. METHODS: OSHA conducted a Recordkeeping National Emphasis Program (NEP) from 2009 to 2012 to identify the extent and causes of unrecorded and incorrectly recorded occupational injuries and illnesses. RESULTS: OSHA found recordkeeping violations in close to half of all facilities inspected. Employee interviews identified workers' fear of reprisal and employer disciplinary programs as the most important causes of under-reporting. Subsequent inspections in the poultry industry identified employer medical management policies that fostered both under-reporting and under-recording of workplace injuries and illnesses. CONCLUSIONS: OSHA corroborated previous research findings and identified onsite medical units as a potential new cause of both under-reporting and under-recording. Research is needed to better characterize and eliminate obstacles to the compilation of accurate occupational injury and illness data. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Occupational health professionals who work with high hazard industries where low injury rates are being recorded may wish to scrutinize recordkeeping practices carefully. This work suggests that, although many high-risk establishments manage recordkeeping with integrity, the lower the reported injury rate, the greater the likelihood of under-recording and under-reporting of work-related injuries and illnesses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Profissionais/classificação
Saúde do Trabalhador
Traumatismos Ocupacionais/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170831
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170831
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28160804
[Au] Autor:Bunting J; Branche C; Trahan C; Goldenhar L
[Ad] Endereço:CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training, 8484 Georgia Avenue, Suite 1000, Silver Spring, MD 20910, United States. Electronic address: jbunting@cpwr.com.
[Ti] Título:A national safety stand-down to reduce construction worker falls.
[So] Source:J Safety Res;60:103-111, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1247
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Falls are the leading cause of death and third leading cause of non-fatal injuries in construction. In an effort to combat these numbers, The National Campaign to Prevent Falls in Construction began in April 2012. As the campaign gained momentum, a week called the National Safety Stand-Down to Prevent Falls was launched to draw attention to the campaign and its goals. The purpose of this paper is to examine the reach of the Stand-Down and lessons learned from its implementation. METHODS: The Occupational Safety & Health Administration offered a certificate of participation during the Stand-Down. To print the certificate, respondents provided information about their company and stand-down event. CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training conducted analyses on the data collected to assess reach and extent of participation. RESULTS: In 2014, 4,882 stand-downs were reported. The total number reported in 2015 was 3,759. The number of participants, however, increased from 770,193 in 2014 to 1,041,307 in 2015. DISCUSSION: The Stand-Down successfully reached the construction industry and beyond. Respondents were enthusiastic and participated nationally and internationally in variety of activities. They also provided significant feedback that will be influential in future campaign planning. CONCLUSION: Numbers of Stand-Downs and participants for both years are estimated to be substantially higher than the data recorded from the certificate database. While we cannot determine impact, the reach of the Stand-Down has surpassed expectations. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The data gathered provide support for the continuation of the Stand-Down. Campaign planners incorporated findings into future Stand-Down planning, materials creation, and promotion. This analysis also provides insight on how organizations can partner to create targeted national campaigns that include activities stakeholders in the construction industry respond to, and can be used to replicate our efforts for other safety and health initiatives in construction and other industries.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle
Acidentes de Trabalho/prevenção & controle
Indústria da Construção
Disseminação de Informação/métodos
Segurança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Segurança/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170831
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170831
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28071878
[Au] Autor:Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of Labor
[Ti] Título:Occupational Exposure to Beryllium. Final rule.
[So] Source:Fed Regist;82(5):2470-757, 2017 01 09.
[Is] ISSN:0097-6326
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is amending its existing standards for occupational exposure to beryllium and beryllium compounds. OSHA has determined that employees exposed to beryllium at the previous permissible exposure limits face a significant risk of material impairment to their health. The evidence in the record for this rulemaking indicates that workers exposed to beryllium are at increased risk of developing chronic beryllium disease and lung cancer. This final rule establishes new permissible exposure limits of 0.2 micrograms of beryllium per cubic meter of air (0.2 [mu]g/m\3\) as an 8-hour time-weighted average and 2.0 [mu]g/m\3\ as a short-term exposure limit determined over a sampling period of 15 minutes. It also includes other provisions to protect employees, such as requirements for exposure assessment, methods for controlling exposure, respiratory protection, personal protective clothing and equipment, housekeeping, medical surveillance, hazard communication, and recordkeeping. OSHA is issuing three separate standards--for general industry, for shipyards, and for construction--in order to tailor requirements to the circumstances found in these sectors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Beriliose/prevenção & controle
Berílio/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/legislação & jurisprudência
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Saúde do Trabalhador/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Beriliose/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Roupa de Proteção
Dispositivos de Proteção Respiratória
Estados Unidos
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
OW5102UV6N (Beryllium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170111
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 3679 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27808662
[Au] Autor:Mugford C; Boylstein R; Gibbs JL
[Ad] Endereço:a Respiratory Health Division , National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health , Morgantown , West Virginia.
[Ti] Título:Elemental properties of coal slag and measured airborne exposures at two coal slag processing facilities.
[So] Source:J Occup Environ Hyg;14(5):360-367, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1545-9632
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 1974, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommended a ban on the use of silica sand abrasives containing >1% silica due to the risk of silicosis. This gave rise to substitutes including coal slag. An Occupational Safety and Health Administration investigation in 2010 uncovered a case cluster of suspected pneumoconiosis in four former workers at a coal slag processing facility in Illinois, possibly attributable to occupational exposure to coal slag dust. This article presents the results from a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health industrial hygiene survey at the same coal slag processing facility and a second facility. The industrial hygiene survey consisted of the collection of: (a) bulk samples of unprocessed coal slag, finished granule product, and settled dust for metals and silica; (b) full-shift area air samples for dust, metals, and crystalline silica; and (c) full-shift personal air samples for dust, metals, and crystalline silica. Bulk samples consisted mainly of iron, manganese, titanium, and vanadium. Some samples had detectable levels of arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, and cobalt. Unprocessed coal slags from Illinois and Kentucky contained 0.43-0.48% (4,300-4,800 mg/kg) silica. Full-shift area air samples identified elevated total dust levels in the screen (2-38 mg/m ) and bag house (21 mg/m ) areas. Full-shift area air samples identified beryllium, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, nickel, manganese, and vanadium. Overall, personal air samples for total and respirable dust (0.1-6.6 mg/m total; and 0.1-0.4 mg/m respirable) were lower than area air samples. All full-shift personal air samples for metals and silica were below published occupational exposure limits. All bulk samples of finished product granules contained less than 1% silica, supporting the claim coal slag may present less risk for silicosis than silica sand. We note that the results presented here are solely from two coal slag processing facilities, and more in-depth air monitoring is needed to better characterize occupational exposure to coal slag dust, metals, and silica at similar facilities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carvão Mineral
Metais Pesados/química
Exposição Ocupacional
Material Particulado/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Metais Pesados/análise
Saúde do Trabalhador
Material Particulado/análise
Dióxido de Silício/análise
Dióxido de Silício/química
Estados Unidos
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Coal); 0 (Metals, Heavy); 0 (Particulate Matter); 7631-86-9 (Silicon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/15459624.2016.1254783



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