Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I01.615.500.188 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 247 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28183900
[Au] Autor:Daborn C
[Ad] Endereço:Tigoni Veterinary Services, Box 2403-00621, Kenya; e-mail: tvsafrica@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:A Commonwealth joint venture to 'beef up Brexit'?
[So] Source:Vet Rec;180(6):155, 2017 Feb 11.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: União Europeia/organização & administração
Cooperação Internacional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
Animais
Comunidade dos Estados Independentes
Seres Humanos
Gado
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170211
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.j690


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[PMID]:27228709
[Au] Autor:Arnautov OV
[Ti] Título:[On improvement of the mechanism for establishing and changing indicators of quality and food safety in the regulatory and legal acts of the Eurasian Economical Union].
[So] Source:Vopr Pitan;85(1):110-6, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8833
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In accordance with the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population within the Union, a coordinated policy in agreed policy in the sphere of application of sanitary measures is carried out. Sanitary measures are the obligatory requirements and procedures, including requirements for the final product, processing methods, production, transportation, storage and disposal, sampling procedures, methods of research (tests), risk assessment, the state registration, requirements for packaging directly aimed at ensuring the safety of products (goods) in order to protect human welfare, and they should be applied on the basis having a scientific explanation, and only to the extent that is necessary to protect human welfare. Sanitary measures applied within the Union should be based on international and regional standards, guidelines and (or) the recommendations, except when they based on appropriate scientific studies and explanations. In this case sanitary measures which could provide a higher level of sanitary protection are introduced. At present, the mechanism of the development, justification and approval of common sanitary and epidemiological requirements (ESR) and procedures of the Eurasian Economic Commission (the Commission) is not installed. The absence of a clear mechanism for the development, approval and implementation of the ESR to the products (goods) on the basis having a scientific explanation on the one hand could lead to the creation of unjustified barriers to foreign and mutual trade, on the other--to weaken the level of safety for human life and health of products (goods) placed on markets of the Union. In order to bring the regulatory legal acts of the Customs Union in accordance with the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union the Commission in cooperation with the competent authorities of the Member States in the field of sanitary and epidemiological welfare developed the project of Guidelines for development, approval, modification and application of common sanitary epidemiological and hygienic requirements and procedures (hereinafter--Guidelines) which is currently undergoing approval procedures. The project envisages that the Uniform sanitary requirements are established on the basis of scientific research, including the evaluation of the risk of harmful effects of the environment on the human factors, taking into consideration the analysis of international experience in order to harmonize common sanitary requirements with international standards, guidelines and (or) recommendations. Adoption of the draft Guidelines, as well as the application of common methodologies of risk assessment and the hygienic standardization in establishing and justifying safety performance of products (goods) in the Eurasian Economic Union allow quickly and transparently develop, validate, coordinate and approve the Uniform sanitary and epidemiological and hygienic requirements and procedures for sanitary inspection (control) of products (goods) and include them into technical regulations Union.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inocuidade dos Alimentos/métodos
Abastecimento de Alimentos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comunidade dos Estados Independentes
Abastecimento de Alimentos/economia
Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência
Abastecimento de Alimentos/normas
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160528
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27024911
[Au] Autor:Moskaleychik FF; Laga VY; Delgado E; Vega Y; Fernandez-Garcia A; Perez-Alvarez; Kornilaeva GV; Pronin AY; Zhernov YV; Thomson MM; Bobkova MR; Karamov EV
[Ti] Título:[Rapid spread of the HIV-1 circular recombinant CRF02-AG in Russia and neighboring countries].
[So] Source:Vopr Virusol;60(6):14-9, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0507-4088
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The spread of the HIV-1circular recombinant CRF02-AG in countries of the former Soviet union (Commonwealth of Independent States, CIS) was studies using partial and full genome sequences. The full-genome sequence of the CRF02-AG recombinant circulating in Russia was obtained for the first time. A Global phylogenetic tree of CRF02-AG full-genome sequences was constructed. Three distinct groups of the sequences were detected as clustered by the geographical location (CIS, South Korea, and France), which is indicative of the single-virus introduction in each of the regions mentioned above. The CIS cluster exhibiting minimum genetic diversity was, therefore, relatively young. The phylogenetic analysis of the env gene sequences within the CIS cluster made it possible to clearly discriminate three branches: two of Russian and one of Uzbek origin. The low genetic diversity within the two Russian subclusters provides evidence of at least two recent independent introductions of the CRF02-AG recombinant from Central Asia into Russia. This work was performed within the framework of the 7th Federal Research Program (FP&), Project EURIPRED (European Research Infrastructures for Poverty Related Diseases), grant agreement No.312661.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genoma Viral
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
HIV-1/genética
Vírus Reordenados/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comunidade dos Estados Independentes/epidemiologia
Feminino
França/epidemiologia
Variação Genética
Genótipo
Infecções por HIV/psicologia
Infecções por HIV/virologia
HIV-1/classificação
HIV-1/patogenicidade
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Família Multigênica
Filogenia
Vírus Reordenados/classificação
Vírus Reordenados/patogenicidade
Recombinação Genética
República da Coreia/epidemiologia
Assunção de Riscos
Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/psicologia
Sexo sem Proteção/psicologia
Sexo sem Proteção/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160331
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26378858
[Au] Autor:Ismayilova L
[Ad] Endereço:Leyla Ismayilova is with the School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
[Ti] Título:Spousal Violence in 5 Transitional Countries: A Population-Based Multilevel Analysis of Individual and Contextual Factors.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;105(11):e12-22, 2015 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: I examined the individual- and community-level factors associated with spousal violence in post-Soviet countries. METHODS: I used population-based data from the Demographic and Health Survey conducted between 2005 and 2012. My sample included currently married women of reproductive age (n = 3932 in Azerbaijan, n = 4053 in Moldova, n = 1932 in Ukraine, n = 4361 in Kyrgyzstan, and n = 4093 in Tajikistan). I selected respondents using stratified multistage cluster sampling. Because of the nested structure of the data, multilevel logistic regressions for survey data were fitted to examine factors associated with spousal violence in the last 12 months. RESULTS: Partner's problem drinking was the strongest risk factor associated with spousal violence in all 5 countries. In Moldova, Ukraine, and Kyrgyzstan, women with greater financial power than their spouses were more likely to experience violence. Effects of community economic deprivation and of empowerment status of women in the community on spousal violence differed across countries. Women living in communities with a high tolerance of violence faced a higher risk of spousal violence in Moldova and Ukraine. In more traditional countries (Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan), spousal violence was lower in conservative communities with patriarchal gender beliefs or higher financial dependency on husbands. CONCLUSIONS: My findings underscore the importance of examining individual risk factors in the context of community-level factors and developing individual- and community-level interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alcoolismo/epidemiologia
Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos
Distribuição Espacial da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Maus-Tratos Conjugais/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Comunidade dos Estados Independentes
Tomada de Decisões
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Meia-Idade
Análise Multinível
Poder (Psicologia)
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150918
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2015.302779


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[PMID]:26016140
[Au] Autor:Kostylev VA; Lysenko MN; Zhgutov AV; Ulanov DV; Kislyakova MV; Kazantsev PV; Kostylev DV; Narkevich BY
[Ti] Título:[Training of medical physicists in radiation therapy at the International Educational Center of the Association of Medical Physicists in Russia].
[So] Source:Vopr Onkol;61(1):20-4, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0507-3758
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The efficiency of radiotherapy treatment for cancer patients and use of the state-of-the-art accelerator facilities, in the first place, depends on the qualification and number of medical physicists. The need for the training and continuing professional development (CPD) of medical radiation physicists in Russia and CIS countries has dramatically increased today. The article considers the system of refresher training which should provide the continuing professional development and advance training of medical radiation physicists. The authors analyze the experience of the International Educational Center of the Association of Medical Physicists in Russia involved in the CPD of medical physicists under the IAEA TC projects, RMAPO and N.N. Blokhin RCRC joint educational programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Física Sanitária/educação
Radioterapia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Academias e Institutos
Comunidade dos Estados Independentes
Seres Humanos
Cooperação Internacional
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1506
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150529
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25476266
[Au] Autor:Mezzavilla M; Vozzi D; Pirastu N; Girotto G; d'Adamo P; Gasparini P; Colonna V
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", Trieste, Italy. massimo.mezzavilla@burlo.trieste.it.
[Ti] Título:Genetic landscape of populations along the Silk Road: admixture and migration patterns.
[So] Source:BMC Genet;15:131, 2014 Dec 05.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2156
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The ancient Silk Road has been a trading route between Europe and Central Asia from the 2(nd) century BCE to the 15(th) century CE. While most populations on this route have been characterized, the genetic background of others remains poorly understood, and little is known about past migration patterns. The scientific expedition "Marco Polo" has recently collected genetic and phenotypic data in six regions (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan) along the Silk Road to study the genetics of a number of phenotypes. RESULTS: We characterized the genetic structure of these populations within a worldwide context. We observed a West-East subdivision albeit the existence of a genetic component shared within Central Asia and nearby populations from Europe and Near East. We observed a contribution of up to 50% from Europe and Asia to most of the populations that have been analyzed. The contribution from Asia dates back to ~25 generations and is limited to the Eastern Silk Road. Time and direction of this contribution are consistent with the Mongolian expansion era. CONCLUSIONS: We clarified the genetic structure of six populations from Central Asia and suggested a complex pattern of gene flow among them. We provided a map of migration events in time and space and we quantified exchanges among populations. Altogether these novel findings will support the future studies aimed at understanding the genetics of the phenotypes that have been collected during the Marco Polo campaign, they will provide insights into the history of these populations, and they will be useful to reconstruct the developments and events that have shaped modern Eurasians genomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fluxo Gênico
Migração Humana
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética
Comunidade dos Estados Independentes
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética
Homozigoto
Seres Humanos
Fenótipo
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Análise de Componente Principal
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1510
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12863-014-0131-6


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[PMID]:25257427
[Au] Autor:Kirillina MP; Loskutova KS; Lushnikova EL; Nepomnyashchikh LM
[Ad] Endereço:Yakut Research Center of Complex Medical Problems, Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia, pathol@soramn.ru.
[Ti] Título:Expression of molecular biological markers in breast cancer under conditions of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia).
[So] Source:Bull Exp Biol Med;157(5):623-7, 2014 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1573-8221
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The results of histological studies of operation material from 294 women with breast cancer and immunohistochemical detection of estrogen and progesterone receptors and evaluation of proliferative activity (Ki-67) and expression of proteins p53 and bcl-2 were analyzed. Breast cancer was more incident (60%) in nonindigenous residents of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) than in representatives of the indigenous population (40% cases). The disease was more incident in women aged 50-59 years (32.6%) and 60-69 years (21.8%) irrespective of the ethnic appurtenance. The findings indicated the most informative criteria of mammary tumor malignancy: low expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors, high expression of Ki-67 and p53, and low expression of bcl-2.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Comunidade dos Estados Independentes
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo
Meia-Idade
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo
Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo
Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers, Tumor); 0 (Ki-67 Antigen); 0 (Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2); 0 (Receptors, Estrogen); 0 (Receptors, Progesterone); 0 (Tumor Suppressor Protein p53)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1506
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140927
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10517-014-2630-x


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[PMID]:23292272
[Au] Autor:Goryakin Y; Rocco L; Suhrcke M; Roberts B; McKee M
[Ad] Endereço:Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK, ygoryakin@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:The effect of health on labour supply in nine former Soviet Union countries.
[So] Source:Eur J Health Econ;15(1):57-68, 2014 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1618-7601
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper examines for the first time the consequences of ill health on labour supply for a sample of nine countries from the former Soviet Union (FSU), using a unique multicountry household survey specifically designed for this region. We control for a wide range of individual, household, and community factors, using both standard regression techniques and instrumental variable estimation to address potential endogeneity. Specifically, we find in our baseline ordinary least squares specification that poor health is associated with a decrease in the probability of working of about 13 %. Controlling for community-level unobserved variables slightly increases the magnitude of this effect, to about 14 %. Controlling for endogeneity with the instrumental variable approach further supports this finding, with the magnitude of the effect ranging from 12 to 35 %. Taken together, our findings confirm the cost that the still considerable adult health burden in the FSU is imposing on its population, not only in terms of the disease burden itself, but also in terms of individuals' labour market participation, as well as potentially in terms of increased poverty risk. Other things being equal, this would increase the expected "return on investment" to be had from interventions aimed at improving health in this region.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego/recursos humanos
Nível de Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Comunidade dos Estados Independentes/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Meio Ambiente
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Distribuição Espacial da População
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1409
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130108
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10198-012-0455-y


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[PMID]:24640123
[Au] Autor:Baranova AM; Ezhov MN; Guzeeva TM; Morozova LF
[Ti] Título:[The current malaria situation in the CIS countries (2011-2012)].
[So] Source:Med Parazitol (Mosk);(4):7-10, 2013 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0025-8326
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In the last 3 years, the malaria situation has considerably improved in the CIS countries: Three CIS countries, such as Turkmenistan, Armenia, and Kazakhstan, received the malaria-free status (in 2010, 2011, and 2012, respectively) confirmed by the WHO certificate; Azerbaijan, Kyrgyz Republic, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan are in the elimination period. Despite the continuing intensive migration of CIS citizens to Russia, its malaria situation has been favorable, which is associated with the significant reduction of imported infection cases among migrants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surtos de Doenças
Malária/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Comunidade dos Estados Independentes/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Malária Falciparum/epidemiologia
Malária Vivax/epidemiologia
Masculino
Migrantes
Viagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1404
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140320
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:23678194
[Au] Autor:Sheiman I
[Ti] Título:Rocky road from the Semashko to a new health model. Interview by Fiona Fleck.
[So] Source:Bull World Health Organ;91(5):320-1, 2013 May 01.
[Is] ISSN:1564-0604
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Health care is receiving much higher priority and more funds than ever before in the Russian Federation. Russian health economist Igor Sheiman talks to Fiona Fleck.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração
Política de Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comunidade dos Estados Independentes
Assistência à Saúde/economia
Assistência à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/economia
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Gastos em Saúde
Seres Humanos
U.R.S.S.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:INTERVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1402
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130517
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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