Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I01.696.050 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 8 [refinar]
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  1 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27888813
[Au] Autor:Reichart B
[Ad] Endereço:Walter-Brendel Institut für Experimentelle Medizin, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität, Marchioninistr. 27, München, Germany.
[Ti] Título:The Color of a Heart.
[So] Source:Thorac Cardiovasc Surg;64(8):693-694, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1439-1902
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano
Apartheid
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/cirurgia
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/etnologia
Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia
Transplante de Coração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/etnologia
Evolução Fatal
Feminino
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico
Insuficiência Cardíaca/etnologia
Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos
Seres Humanos
África do Sul
Fatores de Tempo
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161127
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27450773
[Au] Autor:van den Heever AM
[Ad] Endereço:Holds the Chair of Social Security Policy Management and Administration, Wits School of Governance, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. Electronic address: alex.vandenheever@wits.ac.za.
[Ti] Título:South Africa's universal health coverage reforms in the post-apartheid period.
[So] Source:Health Policy;120(12):1420-1428, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1872-6054
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 2011, the South African government published a Green Paper outlining proposals for a single-payer National Health Insurance arrangement as a means to achieve universal health coverage (UHC), followed by a White Paper in 2015. This follows over two decades of health reform proposals and reforms aimed at deepening UHC. The most recent reform departure aims to address pooling and purchasing weaknesses in the health system by internalising both functions within a single scheme. This contrasts with the post-apartheid period from 1994 to 2008 where pooling weaknesses were to be addressed using pooling schemes, in the form of government subsidies and risk-equalisation arrangements, external to the public and private purchasers. This article reviews both reform paths and attempts to reconcile what may appear to be very different approaches. The scale of the more recent set of proposals requires a very long reform path because in the mid-term (the next 25 years) no single scheme will be able to raise sufficient revenue to provide a universal package for the entire population. In the interim, reforms that maintain and improve existing forms of coverage are required. The earlier reform framework (1994-2008) largely addressed this concern while leaving open the final form of the system. Both reform approaches are therefore compatible: the earlier reforms addressed medium- to long-term coverage concerns, while the more recent define the long-term institutional goal.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Apartheid
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde
Cobertura Universal/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Financiamento Governamental/economia
Seres Humanos
Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia
África do Sul
Cobertura Universal/economia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160725
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27442032
[Au] Autor:Long W
[Ad] Endereço:University of Cape Town.
[Ti] Título:Psychology in South Africa and the end of history.
[So] Source:Hist Psychol;19(3):220-228, 2016 08.
[Is] ISSN:1939-0610
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Shortly before the end of apartheid rule in South Africa, Kurt Danziger (1994) asked whether the history of psychology had a future. In the 21 years that have since elapsed, the question retains its original significance. In this article, the state of the field in postapartheid South Africa is examined. Several key trends are identified, including a declining historical consciousness and a revival of Whig historiography. It is argued that the resulting lack of a critical history of postapartheid psychology is in keeping with the unassailability of the equivalent period in official state discourse. In view of an emerging consensus that the country is on the brink of another political watershed, it is suggested that the revival of the field may yet be possible. This will require a turn to histories of the present with a focus on the growing problem of co-option. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Historiografia
Psicologia/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Apartheid
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170628
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170628
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160722
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/hop0000013


  4 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27380856
[Au] Autor:Nemutandani SM; Hendricks SJ; Mulaudzi MF
[Ad] Endereço:Public Health Department, School of Health Sciences, University of Limpopo. ve2si@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:Perceptions and experiences of allopathic health practitioners on collaboration with traditional health practitioners in post-apartheid South Africa.
[So] Source:Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med;8(2):e1-8, 2016 Jun 10.
[Is] ISSN:2071-2936
[Cp] País de publicação:South Africa
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The indigenous health system was perceived to be a threat to the allopathic health system. It was associated with 'witchcraft', and actively discouraged, and repressed through prohibition laws. The introduction of the Traditional Health Practitioners Act No 22 of 2007 brought hope that those centuries of disrespect for traditional health systems would change. The study examined the perceptions and experiences of allopathic health practitioners on collaboration with traditional health practitioners in post-apartheid South Africa. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive research methodology was used to collect data from allopathic health practitioners employed by Limpopo's Department of Health. In-depth focus group discussions and meetings were conducted between January and August 2014. Perceptions and experiences of working with traditional health practitioners were explored. Ethical clearance was obtained from the University of Pretoria and approval from the Department's Research Committee. RESULTS: Dominant views were that the two health systems were not compatible with respect to the science involved and the source of knowledge. Overall, quality of health care will be compromised if traditional health practitioners are allowed to work in public health facilities. CONCLUSION: Allopathic health practitioners do not appear ready to work with traditional health practitioners, citing challenges of quality of health care, differences regarding concept of sciences and source of knowledge; and lack of policy on collaboration. Lack of exposure to traditional medicine seems to impede opportunities to accept and work with traditional healers. Exposure and training at undergraduate level regarding the traditional health system is recommended. Policy guidelines on collaborations are urgently required.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Apartheid
Comportamento Cooperativo
Medicina Tradicional Africana
Atenção Primária à Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grupos Focais
Seres Humanos
Pesquisa Qualitativa
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160707
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4102/phcfm.v8i2.1007


  5 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27139456
[Au] Autor:Das-Munshi J; Lund C; Mathews C; Clark C; Rothon C; Stansfeld S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health Services & Population Research, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Mental Health Inequalities in Adolescents Growing Up in Post-Apartheid South Africa: Cross-Sectional Survey, SHaW Study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(5):e0154478, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: South Africa is one of the most 'unequal' societies in the world. Despite apartheid ending more than 20 years ago, material inequalities remain interwoven with ethnic/racial inequalities. There is limited research on the prevalence/predictors of common mental disorders (CMD) among young people. Adolescence is a unique time-point during which intervention may lead to improved mental health and reduced social problems later. The study objective was to assess mental health disparities in a representative sample of adolescents growing up in South Africa. METHODS: Cross-sectional associations of race/ethnicity and material disadvantage with CMD and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) were assessed in a stratified random sample representative of school-attendees, aged 14-15 years, in a large metropolitan area of Cape Town. Validated instruments assessed mental disorders; these included: Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (PTSD); Short Moods and Feelings Questionnaire (depression); Zung self-rated anxiety scale (anxiety). Self-ascribed ethnicity was determined using procedures similar to the South African census and previous national surveys. RESULTS: Response rate was 88% (1034 of 1169 individuals). Adolescents experienced a high prevalence of depression (41%), anxiety (16%) and PTSD (21%). A gradient between material disadvantage and CMD/ PTSD was evident across all ethnic/racial groups. Respondents self-identifying as 'black' or 'coloured' were disadvantaged across most indicators. After adjusting for confounders, relative to white children, relative risk (RR) of CMD in black children was 2.27 (95% CI:1.24, 4.15) and for PTSD was RR: 2.21 (95% CI:1.73, 2.83). Relative risk of CMD was elevated in children self-identifying as 'coloured' (RR: 1.73, 95% CI:1.11, 2.70). Putative mediators (violence, racially motivated bullying, social support, self-esteem) partially accounted for differences in CMD and fully for PTSD. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent mental health inequalities in Cape Town are associated with material disadvantage and self-identification with historically disadvantaged groups.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Apartheid
Saúde Mental/etnologia
Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Transtornos Mentais/etnologia
Autoimagem
Apoio Social
África do Sul/epidemiologia
África do Sul/etnologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0154478


  6 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27050449
[Au] Autor:Harris B; Eyles J; Goudge J
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences , University of the Witwatersrand , South Africa.
[Ti] Título:Ways of Doing: Restorative Practices, Governmentality, and Provider Conduct in Post-Apartheid Health Care.
[So] Source:Med Anthropol;35(6):572-587, 2016 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1545-5882
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this article, we consider the conduct of post-apartheid health care in a policy context directed toward entrenching democracy, ensuring treatment-adherent patients, and creating a healthy populace actively responsible for their own health. We ask how tuberculosis treatment, antiretroviral therapy, and maternal services are delivered within South Africa's health system, an institutional site of colonial and apartheid injustice, and democratic reform. Using Foucauldian and post-Foucauldian notions of governmentality, we explore provider ways of doing to, for, and with patients in three health subdistricts. Although restorative provider engagements are expected in policy, older authoritarian and paternalistic norms persist in practice. These challenge and reshape, even 'undo' democratic assertions of citizenship, while producing compliant, self-responsible patients. Alongside the need to address pervasive structural barriers to health care, a restorative approach requires community participation, provider accountability, and a health system that does with providers as much as providers who do with patients.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Apartheid
Pessoal de Saúde
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Responsabilidade Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Antropologia Médica
Feminino
Governo
Seres Humanos
Masculino
África do Sul/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170620
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170620
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160407
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26881425
[Au] Autor:Yen J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology.
[Ti] Título:Psychology and health after apartheid: Or, Why there is no health psychology in South Africa.
[So] Source:Hist Psychol;19(2):77-92, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:1939-0610
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:As part of a growing literature on the histories of psychology in the Global South, this article outlines some historical developments in South African psychologists' engagement with the problem of "health." Alongside movements to formalize and professionalize a U.S.-style "health psychology" in the 1990s, there arose a parallel, eclectic, and more or less critical psychology that contested the meaning and determinants of health, transgressed disciplinary boundaries, and opposed the responsibilization of illness implicit in much health psychological theorizing and neoliberal discourse. This disciplinary bifurcation characterized South African work well into the postapartheid era, but ideological distinctions have receded in recent years under a new regime of knowledge production in thrall to the demands of the global market. The article outlines some of the historical-political roots of key trends in psychologists' work on health in South Africa, examining the conditions that have impinged on its directions and priorities. It raises questions about the future trajectories of psychological research on health after 20 years of democracy, and argues that there currently is no "health psychology" in South Africa, and that the discipline is the better for it.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Apartheid
Medicina do Comportamento/história
Política
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Apartheid/história
Medicina do Comportamento/métodos
Medicina do Comportamento/organização & administração
História do Século XX
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170626
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170626
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/hop0000025


  8 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25857643
[Au] Autor:Hakak Y
[Ad] Endereço:Brunel University.
[Ti] Título:Battling Against Interfaith Relations in Israel: Religion, Therapy, and Social Services.
[So] Source:J Marital Fam Ther;42(1):45-57, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1752-0606
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One of the less studied aspects of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is its demography. On the Jewish side, active steps are taken by the state to encourage Jewish immigration and Jewish births and discourage Jewish assimilation. As part of these efforts, the "problematic relationships" between Arab men and Jewish women from low socioeconomic background have become a high agenda item in public discussions in Israel during the last decade. I will examine here how the diagnostic category "girls at risk" and a therapeutic intervention employed by social services dealing with these couples helps maintaining the delicate balance between Jewish and democratic values. I will analyze these practices as a solution to a structural problem of the Jewish enclave in Israel.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Apartheid/etnologia
Apartheid/legislação & jurisprudência
Características da Família/etnologia
Islamismo/psicologia
Judaísmo/psicologia
Serviço Social/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Israel/etnologia
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150411
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jmft.12123



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