Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I01.696.116 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1188 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 119 ir para página                         

  1 / 1188 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29297216
[Au] Autor:Sorokina TS
[Ti] Título:"The Great Silk Road" and the First Description of Hypoxia.
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(2 Suppl):53-8, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The first written reports about the effect of high-altitude air on the human organism in Ancient China (the 30s BC) and in South America during the conquest (late XVI century) are discussed in this paper.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença da Altitude/história
Colonialismo/história
Comércio/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença da Altitude/etiologia
China
História do Século XVI
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Peru
Seda/economia
Seda/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Silk)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180104
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1188 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29283543
[Au] Autor:Reid B
[Ti] Título:Tropical Colonial Ports: Shifting concepts, 1500s-1800s
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(2):64-8, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Based on a study of the history of exploration and settlement in North Australia in the 18th and 19th centuries, I became particularly interested in the concept of a 'good port' in the tropics and how in time this concept shifted. The threat of fevers played a significant part in these shifts. In this overview, I examine how similar shifts in the concept of a good port occurred in the maritime silk and spice routes of South and Shout East Asia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colonialismo/história
Comércio/história
Febre/história
Instalações de Transporte/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Febre/psicologia
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
Índia
Indonésia
Seda/economia
Especiarias/economia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Silk)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1188 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29283526
[Au] Autor:Viesca C; Mariblanca RR
[Ti] Título:Vesalius: His Presence in New Spain.
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(1):43-62, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this paper we present a review of Mexican medical literature in the 16th and 17th centuries, analyzing the presence of Vesalius anatomical contributions and the conservation of Galen teachings in the official circles. We start with the anecdotal identification of don Carlos, son of Philip II, with Gregorio López, a hermit living in New Spain in the second half of the 16th century, as a legendary possibility of being a celebrated patient of Vesalius. After a short review of the birth and early diffusion of Vesalius anatomy in Spain, we analyze the early anatomical and surgical books written and published in New Spain; those of Alonso López de Hinojosos (1578, 1595), Agustín Farfán (1592), Juan de Barrios (1607), Gerónimo Bezerra and Diego Osorio y Peralta (1685), identifying their acceptance or negation of the validity of Vesalius' discoveries and the tensions existing between those two intellectual positions. In the following pages we will present and discuss the nature, dimensions and impact of Vesalius' Fabrica knowledge in the medical thought of Colonial Mexico.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
Cirurgia Geral/história
Livros de Texto como Assunto/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Colonialismo
História do Século XVI
México
Espanha
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Vesalius A; Lopez G; Lopez de Hinojosos A; Farfan A; de Barrios J; Bezerra G; Osorio y Peralta D
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1188 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28409861
[Au] Autor:Duke MR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, University of Memphis.
[Ti] Título:Neocolonialism and Health Care Access among Marshall Islanders in the United States.
[So] Source:Med Anthropol Q;31(3):422-439, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:0745-5194
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the Marshall Islands, a history of extensive nuclear weapons testing and covert biomedical research, coupled with the U.S.'s ongoing military presence in the country, has severely compromised the health of the local population. Despite the U.S.'s culpability in producing ill health along with high rates of emigration from the islands to the mainland United States, the large portion of Marshallese who reside in the United States face substantial barriers to accessing health care. Drawing from ongoing field research with a Marshallese community in Arkansas, this article explores the multifaceted impediments that U.S.-based Marshall Islanders face in receiving medical treatment. Calling on an expansive and inclusive notion of neocolonialism, I argue that Marshallese structural vulnerability with regard to health and health care treatment derives from their status as neocolonial subjects and from their limited claims to health-related deservingness associated with this status. [Marshall Islanders, health care access, neocolonialism, radiation exposure, immigrant health] L̗omn̗ak ko rottin̗o: Ilo M̗ajel̗, juon bwebwenato kon kommalmel im nuclear baam̗ ko im ekkatak ko rottin̗o̗ kon wawein an baijin ko jelot armej, barainwot an to an ri tarinae ro an Amedka pad ilo aelon̄ kein, em̗oj an jelot ajmour an armej ro ilo aelon̄ kein. Men̄e alikkar bwe Amedka in ear jino nan̄inmej kein im ej un eo armej rein rej em̗m̗akut jan ane kein ane er n̄an ioon Amedka, elon̄ iaan ri M̗ajel̗ rein rej jelm̗ae elon̄ apan̄ ko n̄an aer del̗o̗n̄e jikin ajmour ko. Jan ekkatak eo ej bok jikin kio, jerbal in ej etali kabojrak rak kein rolon̄ im armej in M̗ajel̗ ro ioon Amedka in rej jelm̗ae ilo aer jibadok lo̗k jikin takto. Ilo an kar Amedka jibadok juon jea eo eutiej imejan lal̗ in, ij kwal̗ok juon ao akweelel bwe apan̄ ko an armej in M̗ajel̗ ikijjeen ajmour im jikin takto ej itok jan aer kar ri kom̗akoko ilo an kar Amedka lelon̄ l̗o̗k etan ilo mejan lal̗ im jan aer jab pukot jipan kein ej aer bwe kon jokjok in.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colonialismo/história
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Exposição à Radiação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Médica
Emigrantes e Imigrantes
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Micronésia/etnologia
Armas Nucleares
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170415
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/maq.12376


  5 / 1188 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27611436
[Au] Autor:Wa Tushabe T
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Women's Studies , Kansas State University , Manhattan , Kansas , USA.
[Ti] Título:Sexual rights in Uganda and the struggle for meaning in community.
[So] Source:J Lesbian Stud;21(2):169-185, 2017 Apr 03.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3548
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Drawing on lessons from the experiences of women who exchange same-sex erotic energies, this article suggests that advocates of same-sex human rights should take into account epistemic erasures colonized people experience when activism and policies regarding sexual freedom ignore various linguistic and community structures that create spaces for diverse ways of knowing and being. Since the late 1990s, the discourse on homosexuality in Uganda has motivated important debates concerning human values of sovereignty, rights, and family, and has expanded freedoms of sexual expression while at the same time conditioning these freedoms to be experienced in colonial ways of self-knowledge. The language that frames these debates continues to locate human rights for Ugandans who exchange same-sex erotic energies outside the locales-family, history, and language-of intelligible episteme for them. To make sense of this claim, I draw "exchange of same-sex erotic energies" from a saying in Rukiga language spoken by Bakiga in southwestern Uganda, okugira omukago mukika nikwokunywaana oruganda, to think about family and community in which same-sex erotic energies are lived and experienced. This article attempts to redirect attention from colonial constructions of homosexuality to indigenous and decolonial perspectives in relation to women in Uganda who exchange same-sex erotic energies in their struggle for meaning in community. I argue for pedagogies and epistemologies of place and memory in the struggle for human rights and sexual rights.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colonialismo
Homossexualidade Feminina/etnologia
Direitos Humanos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Uganda/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170719
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170719
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160910
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10894160.2016.1149004


  6 / 1188 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:28707853
[Au] Autor:Ratcliff J
[Ti] Título:The East India Company, the Company's Museum, and the Political Economy of Natural History in the Early Nineteenth Century.
[So] Source:Isis;107(3):495-517, 2016 09.
[Is] ISSN:0021-1753
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:At the turn of the nineteenth century, at its headquarters in the City of London, the Honourable East India Company established a new museum and library. By midcentury this museum would contain one of Europe's most extensive collections of the natural history, arts, and sciences of Asia. This essay uses the early history of the company's museum, focusing in particular on its natural history collections, to explore the material relationship between scientific practice and the imperial political economy. Much of the collections had been gathered in the wake of military campaigns, trade missions, or administrative surveys. Once specimens and reports arrived in Leadenhall Street and passed through the museum storage areas, this plunder would become the stuff of science, going on to feed the growth of disciplines, societies, and projects in Britain and beyond. In this way, the East India Company was integral to the information and communication infrastructures within which many sciences then operated. Collections-based disciplines and societies flourished in this period; their growth, it is argued, was coextensive with administrative and political economic change at institutions like the East India Company. The essay first explores the company's practices and patterns of collecting and then considers the consequences of this accumulation for aspects of scientific practice­particularly the growth of scientific societies­in both London and Calcutta.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina nas Artes
Museus/história
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais/história
Ciência/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Colonialismo/história
História do Século XIX
Seres Humanos
Índia
Londres
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170715
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1188 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28529301
[Au] Autor:Jeong IY; Shin YJ
[Ad] Endereço:Sogang Institute for whole person Education, Sogang University, Seoul, KOREA.
[Ti] Título:The Establishment of Wonsan Laborers' Hospital during the Japanese Occupation and Its Significance.
[So] Source:Uisahak;25(3):445-488, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1225-505X
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:On July 3, 1928, the Wonsan Labor Union established the Wonsan Laborers' Hospital in Seoku-dong, Wonsan for the purpose of reducing medical consultation fees for its members. The union's efforts to improve the welfare of its members include the establishment of an educational institute, a consumers union, a barbershop, and a relief department. The Laborers' Hospital, which began with ten wards, was led by a team of two doctors, one midwife, two pharmacists, and four nurses. The two doctors were Cheol-sun Cha and Jeong-kwon Lee, and the midwife/nurse was Sun-jeong Kim. Union members received a 40% discount on medicine, and this was utilized by a daily average of 60 to 70 workers, or 21,000 workers annually. The Laborers' Hospital was clearly distinct from medical facilities founded as charity institutions in that funds were raised by the recipients themselves, and that the recipients formed a community based on their common status as laborers. However, the Wonsan Laborers' Hospital was shut down in roughly April 1929 due to the breaking of the general strike, and the heightened suppression of union activities prevented any additional opening of laborers' hospitals until Korea's liberation from Japan. Nevertheless, the history of the Wonsan Laborers' Hospital represents a key development in Korea's health coverage. It is not adequate to declare, as was the case in past research, Korea's health coverage to be simply an imitation of the Western system and lacking its own history. Despite some differences in scale and operation, the development of health coverage in the Korean peninsula is in line with the history of health coverage development in the West. The Wonsan Laborers' Hospital, founded and operated by the laborers themselves, thus holds great significance in the history of Korea's health coverage, The findings of this study are expected to stimulate new and more diverse discussions on the history of health coverage in Korea.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colonialismo
Hospitais/história
Sindicatos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Japão
República da Coreia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170616
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170616
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170523
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.13081/kjmh.2016.25.445


  8 / 1188 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28529300
[Au] Autor:Lee BH
[Ad] Endereço:Dasan University College, Ajou University, Suwon, KOREA.
[Ti] Título:YI Kwang Su's Love and history records of modern hospital under the japanese colonial period.
[So] Source:Uisahak;25(3):407-444, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1225-505X
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article aims to evaluate and analyze the description of the modern hospital as history record, which appeared in YI Kwang Su's novel Love. This novel has mentioned in detail western style clinic, Bukgando Catholic hospital, tuberculosis sanitarium as its main space. Modern hospitals are depicted in the novel has a great significance in historical aspect as well as in literary aspect. The most data on modern hospital is laws, statistics and newspaper archives. These materials are a great help to understand the history and status of the modern hospital. Literary description here is important materials, that specific to reconstruct the appearance of the modern hospital at that time. Literary representations infuse life into the history record. In this regard, Love has special meaning in the history of Korean modern literature. Before anything else, doctor AN Bin's clinic as a first space of the novel vividly shows the reality of the Western style clinic and a general practitioner under the colonial period. The establishment of the hospital was based on 「Rules on private hospital」 declared by the Japanese Government General of Korea in 1919. According to this Rules, a private clinic's founder had to submit the documents to the director of police affairs, in which all the details were written. It included name of hospital, site location and size, floor plan of a nearby building, each size of patient's rooms, number of steps and emergency exit, bath, toilet, disinfecting room. AN Bin's clinic was a private hospital with the requirements in the rules. The descriptions of this clinic re-created real situation of private hospitals, specifically scale of hospital, interior space, conditions of patient's room at the time. The second modern hospital in the novel is Bukgando Catholic hospital. There is a lot more materials on medical activity and hospital of protestant churches than we thought. But we do not have a lot of information on catholic church's medical activities and hospital. In this respect, Bukgando Catholic hospital in Love has a great value as historical material. The medical activity of catholic churches was weak than protestant's one under the japanese colonial period. But there were catholic church's medical activities and hospitals. The catholic church's professional medical activities are mainly deployed since the 1930s in earnest, especially Bukgando Catholic hospital played an important role. The catholic hospital in this novel is valuable material to understand medical activities of catholic church. Third form of the modern hospital described in the Love is tuberculosis sanitarium. WADA Tomomi maintained that the model of Bukhan sanitarium was Kyeongseong sanitarium, that was established by the seventh-day adventist in 1936. She thinks, that the adventist church's treatment is similar to Bukhan sanitarium's. The therapy of the adventist church, however, was common from tuberculosis treatment at the time and AN Bin was not adventist. And WADA Tomomi said that 'ozone' therapy of Bukhan sanitarium came from Kyeongseong sanitarium. But we can find this therapy in Haeju sanitarium. In this respect, AN Bin's sanitarium is similar to Haeju sanitarium. YI Kwang Su had not modeled his Bukhan sanitarium on certain sanitarium. He had integrated the materials on sanitarium and envisioned Bukhan sanitarium. Here Haeju sanitarium played important role than Kyeongseong sanitarium. In conclusion, Love has a special meaning as an important historical material, that restore and understand the history of the modern hospital. Literature is worth as a record of the society. In particular, novel infuses human breath into the history record, as if we can see the motion picture.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hospitais/história
Literatura Moderna/história
Medicina na Literatura
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Catolicismo
Colonialismo
História do Século XX
Japão
Protestantismo
República da Coreia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170616
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170616
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170523
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.13081/kjmh.2016.25.407


  9 / 1188 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27917983
[Au] Autor:Haller T; Van Dijk H; Bollig M; Greiner C; Schareika N; Gabbert C
[Ti] Título:Conflicts, security and marginalisation: institutional change of the pastoral commons in a 'glocal' world.
[So] Source:Rev Sci Tech;35(2):405-416, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:0253-1933
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper argues that pastoral commons are under increasing pressure not just from overuse by pastoralists themselves, but from land management policies. Since colonial times, these have been based on a persistent misconception of the nature of pastoral economies and combined with increasing land alienation and fragmentation through government policies and covert privatisation of pastures. The paper focuses especially on pastoral populations in African drylands and is based on long-term research by independent researchers summarising some of their experiences in western, eastern and southern Africa. Most of them are organised in the African Drylands Dialogue, trying to shed some light on the developments in these areas. Before discussing the actual situation of African pastoralists, the authors focus on basic institutional features of the political and economic management of common grazing lands. This is followed by an overview of land alienation processes in colonial times, which serves as a basis for understanding the current land alienation constellations. The paper then moves on to explain how and why pastoralists are framed by the national discourses as the 'other' and the 'troublemaker', even being labelled as terrorists in nation state contexts. This goes hand in hand with a new wave of land alienation in the form of large-scale land acquisitions or 'land grabbing' (including water grabbing and 'green grabbing' processes). The paper then outlines different coping and adaptation strategies adopted by pastoral groups in a context in which a range of different global and local political, economic and ecological situations interrelate ('glocal'). Finally, the paper discusses the way in which pastoralism could be reframed in a participatory way in the future.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/tendências
Colonialismo
Internacionalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
África
Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Animais
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170829
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170829
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.20506/rst.35.2.2532


  10 / 1188 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27912860
[Au] Autor:Hartung H
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of English and American Studies, University of Potsdam, Am Neuen Palais 10, 14469 Potsdam, Germany. Electronic address: hhartung@uni-potsdam.de.
[Ti] Título:Late style as exile: De/colonising the life course.
[So] Source:J Aging Stud;39:96-100, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1879-193X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the collection of essays On Late Style, Edward Said reflects on the new idiom achieved by great artists in their work near the end of their lives as "late style." Drawing on Adorno's essay on Beethoven's late style, Said also focuses on the aesthetic aspects of lateness. Defining the late works of artists as "a form of exile," however, Said moves beyond Adorno's aesthetic conception of late style. Highlighting the artist's abandonment of communication with the established social order, who achieves a contradictory, alienated relationship with it instead, Said compares artistic lateness with the experience of the subject in exile. Drawing on the analogy provided by Said, this article argues that the relationship between "self" and "other" in the different theoretical contexts of Postcolonial Studies and Age Studies can be usefully combined in the composite concept of "late style as exile." In order to explore how the concept of lateness correlates with that of exile, this contribution turns to theoretical and autobiographical texts by Edward Said.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento
Arte
Colonialismo
Desenvolvimento Humano
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comunicação
Estética
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170322
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170322
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161204
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 119 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde