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Pesquisa : I01.696.798 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1324 [refinar]
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  1 / 1324 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28704073
[Au] Autor:Gulbas LE
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Social Work , The University of Texas , Austin , Texas , USA.
[Ti] Título:Transformative Possibilities: Politics and Cosmetic Surgery in the Bolivarian Revolution.
[So] Source:Med Anthropol;36(7):642-656, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1545-5882
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:I examine the intersection of politics and aesthetics in a public hospital in Caracas, Venezuela in the first years of the twenty-first century. Given Venezuela's long-standing embrace of physical enhancement and the contradictions of the medical values of cosmetic surgery with those of Bolivarian socialism, the changing surgical practices at a well-established public site offer a significant case for considering how different actors negotiate the dialectics of care. In the face of increasing resource shortages, negotiations of aesthetic care contributed to tensions in the clinical encounter as patients creatively pushed Bolivarian policies to support their pursuits of aesthetic self-improvement.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estética
Política
Cirurgia Plástica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Médica
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Socialismo
Venezuela/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170714
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/01459740.2017.1353980


  2 / 1324 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28001500
[Au] Autor:Takács J; Kuhar R; Tóth TP
[Ad] Endereço:a Centre for Social Sciences , Hungarian Academy of Sciences , Budapest , Hungary.
[Ti] Título:"Unnatural Fornication" Cases Under State-Socialism: A Hungarian-Slovenian Comparative Social-Historical Approach.
[So] Source:J Homosex;64(14):1943-1960, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This comparative social-historical study examines different versions of state-socialist body politics manifested in Hungary and Slovenia mainly during the 1950s by using archive material of "unnatural fornication" court cases. By analyzing the available Hungarian "természet elleni fajtalanság" and Slovenian "nenaravno obcevanje" court cases, we can shed light on how the defendants were treated by the police and the judiciary. On the basis of these archive data that have never been examined before from these angles, we can construct an at least partial picture of the practices and consequences of state surveillance of same-sex-attracted men during state-socialism. The article explores the functioning of state-socialist social control mechanisms directed at nonnormative sexualities that had long-lasting consequences on the social representation of homosexuality in both countries.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homossexualidade Masculina
Socialismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Homossexualidade Masculina/história
Seres Humanos
Hungria
Masculino
Política
Vigilância da População
Delitos Sexuais/história
Delitos Sexuais/legislação & jurisprudência
Eslovênia
Socialismo/história
Iugoslávia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2016.1273719


  3 / 1324 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27628861
[Au] Autor:Hresanová E
[Ti] Título:The Psychoprophylactic Method of Painless Childbirth in Socialist Czechoslovakia: from State Propaganda to Activism of Enthusiasts.
[So] Source:Med Hist;60(4):534-56, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:2048-8343
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper explores the history of the 'psychoprophylactic method of painless childbirth' in socialist Czechoslovakia, in particular, in the Czech and Moravian regions of the country, showing that it substantially differs from the course that the method took in other countries. This non-pharmacological method of pain relief originated in the USSR and became well known as the Lamaze method in western English-speaking countries. Use of the method in Czechoslovakia, however, followed a very different path from both the West, where its use was refined mainly outside the biomedical frame, and the USSR, where it ceased to be pursued as a scientific method in the 1950s after Stalin's death. The method was imported to Czechoslovakia in the early 1950s and it was politically promoted as Soviet science's gift to women. In the 1960s the method became widespread in practice but research on it diminished and, in the 1970s, its use declined too. However, in the 1980s, in the last decade of the Communist regime, the method resurfaced in the pages of Czechoslovak medical journals and underwent an exciting renaissance, having been reintroduced by a few enthusiastic individuals, most of them women. This article explores the background to the renewed interest in the method while providing insight into the wider social and political context that shaped socialist maternity and birth care in different periods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dor do Parto/história
Parto Normal/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comunismo/história
Tchecoslováquia
Parto Obstétrico/história
Parto Obstétrico/métodos
Feminino
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Dor do Parto/psicologia
Dor do Parto/terapia
Parto Normal/psicologia
Gravidez
Propaganda
Socialismo/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160916
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/mdh.2016.59


  4 / 1324 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27472436
[Au] Autor:Ozolina-Fitzgerald L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology, London School of Economics and Political Science. l.ozolina@lse.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:A state of limbo: the politics of waiting in neo-liberal Latvia.
[So] Source:Br J Sociol;67(3):456-75, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1468-4446
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article presents an ethnographic study of politics of waiting in a post-Soviet context. While activation has been explored in sociological and anthropological literature as a neo-liberal governmental technology and its application in post-socialist context has also been compellingly documented, waiting as a political artefact has only recently been receiving increased scholarly attention. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork at a state-run unemployment office in Riga, this article shows how, alongside activation, state welfare policies also produce passivity and waiting. Engaging with the small but developing field of sociological literature on the politics of waiting, I argue that, rather than interpreting it as a clash between 'neo-liberal' and 'Soviet' regimes, we should understand the double-move of activation and imposition of waiting as a key mechanism of neo-liberal biopolitics. This article thus extends the existing theorizations of the temporal politics of neo-liberalism.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Política
Seguridade Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Cultural
Seres Humanos
Letônia
Política Pública
Socialismo
Desemprego
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170501
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170501
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160730
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1468-4446.12204


  5 / 1324 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27141726
[Au] Autor:Hahn J
[Ti] Título:[Anarchists, Assassins and Revolutionaries. The Psychopathologization of "Political Criminals" between 1880 and 1920].
[Ti] Título:Anarchisten, Attentäter und Revolutionäre. Zur Psychopathologisierung "politischer Verbrecher" zwischen 1880 und 1920..
[So] Source:Medizinhist J;51(1):40-71, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0025-8431
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:"Political criminals" of the early 20th century were adjudged to be psychopaths, a term which was generally accompanied by a negative moral judgement. However, other more positive appraisals were also made at this time. These contradictory moral judgements by psychiatrists expose the need for an examination of the historical development of concepts, traditions and moral debates associated with political criminals (anarchists, assassins, revolutionaries). This will be undertaken in the context of psychiatry/ criminology, security (and surveillance) policy as well as culture and the arts in German-speaking countries from 1880 to the early 1920s.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/história
Distúrbios Civis/história
Psicologia Criminal/história
Criminosos/história
Dissidências e Disputas/história
Homicídio/história
Psiquiatria/história
Psicopatologia/história
Socialismo/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160504
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160504
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160505
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1324 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26651190
[Au] Autor:Wu HY
[Ti] Título:The Moral Career of 'Outmates': Towards a History of Manufactured Mental Disorders in Post-Socialist China.
[So] Source:Med Hist;60(1):87-104, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:2048-8343
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study focuses on 'manufactured mentally ill' (bei jingshenbing, [symbol in text]) individuals in post-socialist China. In Chinese society, bei jingshenbing is a neologistic catchphrase that refers to someone who has been misidentified as exhibiting symptoms of mental illness and has been admitted to a mental hospital. Specifically, it refers to those individuals who were subjected to unnecessary psychiatric treatment during the first decade of the twenty-first century. Based on archival analysis and ethnographic fieldwork, this study addresses the ways in which the voices of bei jingshenbing victims and those who support them reveal China's experiences with psychiatric modernity. It also discusses the active role of these individuals in knowledge production, medical policymaking, and the implications for reforming the psychiatric and mental health systems in post-socialist China.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internação Compulsória de Doente Mental/história
Transtornos Mentais/história
Psiquiatria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Internação Compulsória de Doente Mental/legislação & jurisprudência
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Hospitais Psiquiátricos/história
Seres Humanos
Política
Socialismo/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/mdh.2015.70


  7 / 1324 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26575825
[Au] Autor:Zhang L
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Anthropology , University of California-Davis , Davis , California , USA.
[Ti] Título:The Rise of Therapeutic Governing in Postsocialist China.
[So] Source:Med Anthropol;35(2):119-31, 2016 Mar-Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1545-5882
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this article, I explore how and why psychological intervention, often in the name of guanai (care), has gradually become a critical tool of managing the population and governing society in postsocialist China. Psychological counselors and experts are becoming a new form of authority, an indispensable part of creating and managing knowable, stable, and governable subjects for the military, the police, schools, and enterprises. 'Therapeutic governing' refers to the adoption of the therapeutic ethos, techniques, and care to improve the management of the work force and to help individuals cope with life in a rapidly changing society. I examine what drives local authorities to pursue this change, and how therapeutic governing takes on a different character and significance given China's unique path. I suggest that incorporating psychotherapeutic intervention into postsocialist governing can simultaneously produce disciplining and nurturing, repressive and unfettering effects in everyday life.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropologia Médica
Aconselhamento
Meio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Seres Humanos
Socialismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/01459740.2015.1117079


  8 / 1324 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26960859
[Au] Autor:Zieler P
[Ad] Endereço:.
[Ti] Título:[Family practice adventures in DDR and BDR].
[Ti] Título:Hausärztliche Abenteuer in DDR und BRD..
[So] Source:MMW Fortschr Med;157(21-22):40, 42, 2015 Dec 14.
[Is] ISSN:1438-3276
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Geral/tendências
Programas Nacionais de Saúde
Administração da Prática Médica/tendências
Serviços de Saúde Rural/tendências
Socialismo/tendências
Ultrassonografia/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Difusão de Inovações
Alemanha Oriental
Alemanha Ocidental
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160310
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160310
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160311
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s15006-015-7604-z


  9 / 1324 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26619712
[Au] Autor:Zuercher C
[Ti] Título:[The Socialist party wants to limit premiums to 10% of revenue].
[Ti] Título:Le PS veut limiter les primes à 10% du revenu..
[So] Source:Rev Med Suisse;11(488):1823, 2015 Sep 30.
[Is] ISSN:1660-9379
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:fre
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Seguro Saúde/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/economia
Seres Humanos
Socialismo
Suíça
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1512
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151202
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 1324 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Argentina
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
[PMID]:26418090
[Au] Autor:Menéndez EL
[Ad] Endereço:Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social.
[Ti] Título:[Is disease merely illness?: Biomedicine, "parallel" forms of care and power].
[Ti] Título:Las enfermedades ¿son solo padecimientos?: biomedicina, formas de atención "paralelas" y proyectos de poder..
[So] Source:Salud Colect;11(3):301-30, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1851-8265
[Cp] País de publicação:Argentina
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:Following Giovanni Berlinguer's proposal that health/disease processes are one of the primary spies into the contradictions of a system, this article describes cases that occurred in central and peripheral capitalist contexts as well as in the so-called "real socialist" States that allow such a role to be seen. Secondly, we observe the processes and above all the interpretations developed in Latin America and especially Mexico regarding the role attributed to traditional medicine in the identity and sense of belonging of indigenous peoples, which emphasize the incompatibility of indigenous worldviews with biomedicine. To do so we analyze projects that were carried out under the notion of intercultural health, which in large part resulted in failure both in health and political terms. The almost entirely ideological content and perspective of these projects is highlighted, as is the scant relationship they hold with the reality of indigenous people. Lastly, the impact and role that the advance of these conceptualizations and health programs might have had in the disengagement experienced over the last nearly ten years in the ethnic movements of Latin America is considered.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Capitalismo
Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente
Doença
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena
Medicina Tradicional
Poder (Psicologia)
Socialismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comparação Transcultural
Características Culturais
Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente/ética
Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente/organização & administração
Doença/etnologia
Doença/psicologia
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena/ética
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena/organização & administração
Direitos Humanos
Seres Humanos
Índios Centro-Americanos/psicologia
Índios Sul-Americanos/psicologia
América Latina
Medicina Tradicional/psicologia
México
Ocidente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150930
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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