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  1 / 11402 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29419385
[Au] Autor:Capewell S; Cairney P; Clarke A
[Ad] Endereço:Public Health and Policy, Institute of Psychology Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
[Ti] Título:Should action take priority over further research on public health?
[So] Source:BMJ;360:k292, 2018 02 01.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/métodos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Pesquisa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença
Seres Humanos
Política Nutricional/tendências
Formulação de Políticas
Controle Social Formal
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.k292


  2 / 11402 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29206950
[Au] Autor:Gilster ME; Meier CL
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Work, University of Iowa, Iowa City.
[Ti] Título:Formal and Informal Neighborhood Social Organization: Which Promotes Better Resident Health?
[So] Source:Health Soc Work;41(3):182-190, 2016 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:0360-7283
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Neighborhood social organization captures how neighborhood residents differently organize to exert social control and enact their vision of their community. Whereas structural aspects of neighborhoods have been found to predict the health of neighborhood residents, we know less about whether neighborhood social characteristics, like social organization, matter for resident health. In their study, authors tested whether two types of social organization-formal and informal-were more predictive of resident self-rated health in a diverse sample of Chicago residents. They used multilevel models with survey weights, ordered dependent variables, and multiple imputation. They found that one measure of formal social organization, organizational participation, was significantly associated with self-rated health even when controlling for other types of social organization and individual participation. The article concludes with a discussion of the implications for macro social work practice to address social determinants of health and improve community health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Promoção da Saúde
Nível de Saúde
Distribuição Espacial da População
Meio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Chicago
Demografia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Controle Social Formal
Controles Informais da Sociedade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/hsw/hlw024


  3 / 11402 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29343485
[Au] Autor:Rees RN
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London, UK.
[Ti] Título:Criminal and professional sanctions impede honesty and improvement.
[So] Source:BMJ;360:k172, 2018 01 17.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direito Penal
Criminosos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Controle Social Formal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.k172


  4 / 11402 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27771996
[Au] Autor:Bayon Y; Van Dyke M; Buelher R; Tubo R; Bertram T; Malfroy-Camine B; Rathman M; Ronfard V
[Ad] Endereço:1 Medtronic-Sofradim Production , Trévoux, France .
[Ti] Título:How Regenerative Medicine Stakeholders Adapt to Ever-Changing Technology and Regulatory Challenges? Snapshots from the World TERMIS Industry Symposium (September 10, 2015, Boston).
[So] Source:Tissue Eng Part B Rev;23(2):159-162, 2017 04.
[Is] ISSN:1937-3376
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Regenerative medicine (RM) is a fascinating area of research and innovation. The huge potential of the field has been fairly underexploited so far. Both TERMIS-AM and TERMIS-EU Industry Committees are committed to mentoring and training young entrepreneurs for more successful commercial translation of upstream research. With this objective in mind, the two entities jointly organized an industry symposium during the past TERMIS World Congress (Boston, September 8-11, 2015) and invited senior managers of the RM industry for lectures and panel discussions. One of the two sessions of the symposium-How to overcome obstacles encountered when bringing products to the commercial phase?-aimed to share the inside, real experiences of leaders from TEI Biosciences (an Integra Company), Vericel (formerly Aastrom; acquirer of Genzyme Regenerative Medicine assets), RegenMedTX (formerly Tengion), Mindset Rx, ViThera Pharmaceuticals, and L'Oreal Research & Innovation. The symposium provided practical recommendations for RM product development, for remaining critical and objective when reviewing progress, for keeping solutions simple, and for remaining relevant and persistent.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Regenerativa/legislação & jurisprudência
Medicina Regenerativa/métodos
Controle Social Formal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Terapia Genética/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Propriedade Intelectual
Engenharia Tecidual/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CONGRESSES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/ten.TEB.2016.0292


  5 / 11402 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28919174
[Au] Autor:Roskies AL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Philosophy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA. Electronic address: adina.roskies@dartmouth.edu.
[Ti] Título:New NIH Regulations Say Most Basic Human Brain Research Is a Clinical Trial.
[So] Source:Neuron;96(1):14-16, 2017 Sep 27.
[Is] ISSN:1097-4199
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:New NIH definitions classify virtually all human brain and behavioral research as clinical trials. The new definitions will change regulatory, reporting, and funding schemes for noninvasive studies such as neuroimaging. Resulting burdens threaten the viability of basic biobehavioral science research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisa Comportamental/classificação
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/classificação
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Neurociências/classificação
Controle Social Formal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170919
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 11402 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28759402
[Au] Autor:Wilkinson TA; Clark P; Rafie S; Carroll AE; Miller E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana; tracwilk@iu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Access to Emergency Contraception After Removal of Age Restrictions.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;140(1), 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Levonorgestrel emergency contraception (EC) is safe and effective for postcoital pregnancy prevention. Starting in 2013, the US Food and Drug Administration removed age restrictions, enabling EC to be sold over the counter to all consumers. We sought to compare the availability and access for female adolescents with the 2012 study, using the same study design. METHODS: Female mystery callers posing as 17-year-old adolescents in need of EC used standardized scripts to telephone 979 pharmacies in 5 US cities. Using 2015 estimated census data and the federal poverty level, we characterized income levels of pharmacy neighborhoods. RESULTS: Of 979 pharmacies, 827 (83%) indicated that EC was available. This proportion did not vary by pharmacy neighborhood income level, nor was significantly different from the 2012 study ( = .78). When examining access, 8.3% of the pharmacies reported it was impossible to obtain EC under any circumstances, which occurred more often in low-income neighborhoods (10.3% vs 6.3%, adjusted odds ratio 1.5; 95% confidence interval 1.20-1.94). This was not significantly different from 2012 ( = .66). Correct information regarding over-the-counter access was conveyed only 51.6% of the time; accuracy did not differ by pharmacy's neighborhood income (47.9% vs 55.3%, adjusted odds ratio 0.89; 95% confidence interval 0.71-1.11) and was not significantly different from 2012 ( = .37). CONCLUSIONS: A majority of pharmacies have EC available; however, barriers to and disparities in access for adolescents persist and have not changed since the previous study despite regulatory changes that were designed to improve access to EC.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticoncepção Pós-Coito
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Controle Social Formal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Fatores Etários
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170831
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170831
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170801
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 11402 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28749984
[Au] Autor:Wesseler J; Smart RD; Thomson J; Zilberman D
[Ad] Endereço:Social Science Department, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Foregone benefits of important food crop improvements in Sub-Saharan Africa.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0181353, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A number of new crops have been developed that address important traits of particular relevance for smallholder farmers in Africa. Scientists, policy makers, and other stakeholders have raised concerns that the approval process for these new crops causes delays that are often scientifically unjustified. This article develops a real option model for the optimal regulation of a risky technology that enhances economic welfare and reduces malnutrition. We consider gradual adoption of the technology and show that delaying approval reduces uncertainty about perceived risks of the technology. Optimal conditions for approval incorporate parameters of the stochastic processes governing the dynamics of risk. The model is applied to three cases of improved crops, which either are, or are expected to be, delayed by the regulatory process. The benefits and costs of the crops are presented in a partial equilibrium that considers changes in adoption over time and the foregone benefits caused by a delay in approval under irreversibility and uncertainty. We derive the equilibrium conditions where the net-benefits of the technology equal the costs that would justify a delay. The sooner information about the safety of the technology arrive, the lower the costs for justifying a delay need to be i.e. it pays more to delay. The costs of a delay can be substantial: e.g. a one year delay in approval of the pod-borer resistant cowpea in Nigeria will cost the country about 33 million USD to 46 million USD and between 100 and 3,000 lives.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Produtos Agrícolas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África ao Sul do Saara
Custos e Análise de Custo
Produtos Agrícolas/economia
Produtos Agrícolas/genética
Governo
Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
Controle Social Formal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170929
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170929
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181353


  8 / 11402 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28630116
[Au] Autor:Dai H
[Ad] Endereço:Departments of Health Services and Outcomes Research, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri; and Biomedical and Health Informatics and Pediatrics, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri hdai@cmh.edu.
[Ti] Título:Attitudes Toward Tobacco 21 Among US Youth.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;140(1), 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: An important movement in reducing youth smoking is to restrict the supply of cigarettes to youth by raising the minimum age of sales to 21, termed Tobacco 21. This study examined attitudes toward Tobacco 21 among youth and their correlations with tobacco use. METHODS: Data from the 2015 National Youth Tobacco Survey ( = 17 092, the typical age of 11-18 years) were analyzed to examine the prevalence of support toward Tobacco 21 among youth. This study further assessed whether attitudes toward Tobacco 21 were associated with (1) intention to initiate cigarette smoking among never-smoking youth ( = 16 449); and (2) intention to quit tobacco use among current tobacco users ( = 2914). RESULTS: Approximately 63.9% of respondents reported supporting Tobacco 21. Support for Tobacco 21 was higher among middle school students (versus high school students), girls (versus boys), and noncurrent users of cigarettes or electronic cigarettes (versus current users). Youth support attitudes were significantly associated with perceptions of tobacco's danger and tobacco use by household members. Never smokers who supported Tobacco 21 had lower odds of intention to initiate cigarette use (adjusted odds ratio = 0.2, < .0001). Current tobacco users who supported Tobacco 21 had higher odds of intention to quit tobacco use in the next 12 months (adjusted odds ratio = 2.6, < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Tobacco 21 is supported by the majority of youth nationwide and youth attitudes were correlated with smoking behaviors. Education programs about the harm of smoking and nicotine addiction at the early stages of life may help increase support of this policy among young tobacco users.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar
Fumar/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Fatores Etários
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Autorrelato
Controle Social Formal
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170621
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 11402 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28617795
[Au] Autor:Houghton F
[Ad] Endereço:Chair, Public Health & Administration, Eastern Washington University, US.
[Ti] Título:The consequences of courage: the US Surgeon General, the National Rifle Association (NRA) and the Trump regime.
[So] Source:N Z Med J;130(1457):89-92, 2017 06 16.
[Is] ISSN:1175-8716
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência
Armas de Fogo/estatística & dados numéricos
Manobras Políticas
Política
Saúde Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Assistência à Saúde
Governo Federal
Política de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Organizações
Controle Social Formal
Cirurgiões
Estados Unidos
Violência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170808
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170808
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170616
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 11402 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28531198
[Au] Autor:Bie Y; Liu Z; Wang Y
[Ad] Endereço:School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China.
[Ti] Título:A real-time traffic control method for the intersection with pre-signals under the phase swap sorting strategy.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0177637, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To deal with the conflicts between left-turn and through traffic streams and increase the discharge capacity, this paper addresses the pre-signal which is implemented at a signalized intersection. Such an intersection with pre-signal is termed as a tandem intersection. For the tandem intersection, phase swap sorting strategy is deemed as the most effective phasing scheme in view of some exclusive merits, such as easier compliance of drivers, and shorter sorting area. However, a major limitation of the phase swap sorting strategy is not considered in previous studies: if one or more vehicle is left at the sorting area after the signal light turns to red, the capacity of the approach would be dramatically dropped. Besides, previous signal control studies deal with a fixed timing plan that is not adaptive with the fluctuation of traffic flows. Therefore, to cope with these two gaps, this paper firstly takes an in-depth analysis of the traffic flow operations at the tandem intersection. Secondly, three groups of loop detectors are placed to obtain the real-time vehicle information for adaptive signalization. The lane selection behavior in the sorting area is considered to set the green time for intersection signals. With the objective of minimizing the vehicle delay, the signal control parameters are then optimized based on a dynamic programming method. Finally, numerical experiments show that average vehicle delay and maximum queue length can be reduced under all scenarios.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle
Controle Social Formal/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos
Planejamento Ambiental
Seres Humanos
Luz
Modelos Teóricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170523
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177637



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