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Pesquisa : I01.880.604.473 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 12804 [refinar]
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  1 / 12804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29420187
[Au] Autor:Berger Z; Rubenstein LS; DeCamp M
[Ad] Endereço:Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Baltimore, MA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Clinical care and complicity with torture.
[So] Source:BMJ;360:k449, 2018 02 02.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cumplicidade
Médicos/ética
Tortura/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ética Médica
Guias como Assunto
Direitos Humanos/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Militares
Responsabilidade Social
Tortura/ética
Tortura/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.k449


  2 / 12804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29304164
[Au] Autor:Febres-Cordero B; Brouwer KC; Rocha-Jimenez T; Fernandez-Casanueva C; Morales-Miranda S; Goldenberg SM
[Ad] Endereço:Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Influence of peer support on HIV/STI prevention and safety amongst international migrant sex workers: A qualitative study at the Mexico-Guatemala border.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190787, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Migrant women engaged in precarious employment, such as sex work, frequently face pronounced social isolation alongside other barriers to health and human rights. Although peer support has been identified as a critical HIV and violence prevention intervention for sex workers, little is known about access to peer support or its role in shaping health and social outcomes for migrant sex workers. This article analyses the role of peer support in shaping vulnerability and resilience related to HIV/STI prevention and violence among international migrant sex workers at the Mexico-Guatemala border. METHODS: This qualitative study is based on 31 semi-structured interviews conducted with international migrant sex workers in the Mexico-Guatemala border communities of Tapachula, Mexico and Tecún Umán and Quetzaltenango, Guatemala. RESULTS: Peer support was found to be critical for reducing social isolation; improving access to HIV/STI knowledge, prevention and resources; and mitigating workplace violence, particularly at the initial stages of migration and sex work. Peer support was especially critical for countering social isolation, and peers represented a valuable source of HIV/STI prevention knowledge and resources (e.g., condoms), as well as essential safety supports in the workplace. However, challenges to accessing peer support were noted, including difficulties establishing long-lasting relationships and other forms of social participation due to frequent mobility, as well as tensions among peers within some work environments. Variations in access to peer support related to country of work, work environment, sex work and migration stage, and sex work experience were also identified. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that peer-led and community empowerment interventions represent a promising strategy for promoting the health, safety and human rights of migrant sex workers. Tailored community empowerment interventions addressing the unique migration-related contexts and challenges faced by migrant sex workers should be a focus of future community-based research, alongside promotion of broader structural changes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Trabalho Sexual
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
Migrantes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Guatemala
Direitos Humanos
Seres Humanos
México
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Violência
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190787


  3 / 12804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29243474
[Au] Autor:Barker S
[Ti] Título:REFUGEES IN NAURU.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(3):30, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A report alleging appalling abuse and neglect of refugees and asylum seekers living in detention on Nauru has recently been released based on Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch's investigations. The report detailed inhumane conditions, abuse and assault of detainees including neglect by locals and healthcare providers. The Department of Immigration has lashed out strongly refuting many of the claims in the report. Registered Nurse and citizen of Nauru Sue Barker also says the treatment of refugees and asylum seekers is very different to the one painted by the media. Sue has written to the ANMJ asking to give her account about the humane support refugees and asylum seekers are given by the locals on Nauru.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Direitos Humanos
Refugiados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Seres Humanos
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
Micronésia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 12804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29236420
[Au] Autor:Johnstone MJ
[Ti] Título:Navigating a bill of rights for Australia.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;22(6):27, 2014 12.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direitos Humanos/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Ética em Enfermagem
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 12804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29303717
[Au] Autor:Yaqub F
[Ti] Título:2017: a year in review.
[So] Source:Lancet;390(10114):2753-2754, 2018 12 23.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conflitos Armados
Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/epidemiologia
Cólera/epidemiologia
Epidemias
Direitos Humanos
Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/terapia
Refugiados
Delitos Sexuais
Assédio Sexual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh
Pré-Escolar
China
Recessão Econômica
Etiópia/epidemiologia
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Política de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Mianmar
Armas Nucleares
Política
Somália/epidemiologia
Linfócitos T/transplante
Transplante Autólogo
Estados Unidos
Venezuela
Organização Mundial da Saúde
Iêmen/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 12804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29239584
[Au] Autor:Kurttila T
[Ti] Título:Children's rights and the possibilities of health promotion in early childhood.
[So] Source:Duodecim;133(10):1009-14, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0012-7183
[Cp] País de publicação:Finland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:National and international research evidence of the importance of early childhood and early childhood education to human well-being, resilience and attachment to the society justifies the investment in childhood and children. From the society, this requires national intent, management by knowledge, and strengthening of fundamental rights of children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bem-Estar da Criança
Promoção da Saúde
Direitos Humanos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pré-Escolar
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 12804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29281141
[Au] Autor:Luedke AE; Logan HF
[Ad] Endereço:Vanier Canadian Graduate Scholar and PhD Student in Political Science, University of British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:'That thing of human rights': discourse, emergency assistance, and sexual violence in South Sudan's current civil war.
[So] Source:Disasters;42 Suppl 1:S99-S118, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One of the most widely covered aspects of the current conflict in South Sudan has been the use sexual violence by rival factions of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) and other armed groups. While this has had the positive effect of ensuring that sexual violence is an integral component of intervention strategies in the country, it has also had a number of unintended consequences. This paper demonstrates how the narrow focus on sexual violence as a 'weapon of war', and the broader emergency lens through which the plight of civilians, especially women, has been viewed, are overly simplistic, often neglecting the root causes of such violence. More specifically, it highlights how dominant discourses on sexual violence in South Sudan's conflict have disregarded the historically violent civil-military relations that have typified the SPLM/A's leadership, and the structural violence connected with the local political economy of bride wealth and the associated commodification of feminine identities and bodies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direitos Humanos
Delitos Sexuais
Guerra
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Sudão do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12273


  8 / 12804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28463853
[Au] Autor:Geffen N
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Social Science Research, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:The role of activists in access to HIV and tuberculosis treatment and prevention.
[So] Source:Curr Opin HIV AIDS;12(4):398-402, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1746-6318
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We describe the role of activism in improving access to quality HIV treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: In many countries, AIDS activists have campaigned for improved access to HIV treatment and prevention interventions. Studying medicine, epidemiology and law, and developing expertise in these fields, has been crucial to the success of these campaigns. Also important has been the building of alliances by activists with clinicians, nurses, scientists, and public health policy experts, persuading them of the importance of these campaigns. This article describes examples of campaigns in several middle and low-income countries, showing how activists, by becoming familiar with HIV science, have helped make antiretrovirals available to millions of people across the world. HIV activists have also been drawn into, and driven, broader struggles for health social justice, such as campaigns for new tuberculosis and hepatitis C. SUMMARY: Scientists and activists need to continue to work together to improve access to treatment. But to be effective, a critical mass of activists must develop expertise in HIV science and the law.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antirretrovirais/provisão & distribuição
Defesa do Consumidor
Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Direitos Humanos
Patentes como Assunto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Infecções por HIV/economia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Retroviral Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; X
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/COH.0000000000000381


  9 / 12804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29220365
[Au] Autor:Gruskin S; Ferguson L; Kumar S; Nicholson A; Ali M; Khosla R
[Ad] Endereço:Program on Global Health and Human Rights, Institute for Global Health, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:A novel methodology for strengthening human rights based monitoring in public health: Family planning indicators as an illustrative example.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0186330, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The last few years have seen a rise in the number of global and national initiatives that seek to incorporate human rights into public health practice. Nonetheless, a lack of clarity persists regarding the most appropriate indicators to monitor rights concerns in these efforts. The objective of this work was to develop a systematic methodology for use in determining the extent to which indicators commonly used in public health capture human rights concerns, using contraceptive services and programmes as a case study. METHODS: The approach used to identify, evaluate, select and review indicators for their human rights sensitivity built on processes undertaken in previous work led by the World Health Organization (WHO). With advice from an expert advisory group, an analytic framework was developed to identify and evaluate quantitative, qualitative, and policy indicators in relation to contraception for their sensitivity to human rights. To test the framework's validity, indicators were reviewed to determine their feasibility to provide human rights analysis with attention to specific rights principles and standards. FINDINGS: This exercise resulted in the identification of indicators that could be used to monitor human rights concerns as well as key gaps where additional indicators are required. While indicators generally used to monitor contraception programmes have some degree of sensitivity to human rights, breadth and depth are lacking. CONCLUSION: The proposed methodology can be useful to practitioners, researchers, and policy makers working in any area of health who are interested in monitoring and evaluating attention to human rights in commonly used health indicators.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/organização & administração
Direitos Humanos
Prática de Saúde Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171229
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171229
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186330


  10 / 12804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29210249
[Au] Autor:Toebes; Stronks K
[Ti] Título:Closing the Gap: A Human Rights Approach towards Social Determinants of Health.
[So] Source:Eur J Health Law;23(5):510-24, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0929-0273
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Social determinants of health are major contributors to population health as well as health inequalities. The public perception that health inequalities that arise from these social determinants are unjust seems to be widespread across societies. Nevertheless, there is also scepticism about the progress in the implementation of actual policies to reduce health inequalities. Scholars, activists and policy makers from various disciplinary backgrounds increasingly stress the value of the human rights approach to support policies addressing health inequalities, and to hold actors in policies to address social determinants accountable for these inequalities. The 'right to health', in conjunction with the other health-related human rights, captures most elements of social determinants of health, and makes clear appeals to the governmental authorities at all levels to take action when social injustices occur. Existing judicial and non-judicial cases show us how human rights can be instrumental in addressing inequalities in health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direitos Humanos/legislação & jurisprudência
Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Europa (Continente)
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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