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[PMID]:29172333
[Au] Autor:Colwell CB
[Ti] Título:Refusal in the Field. When can an uncooperative patient refuse care and transport?
[So] Source:JEMS;41(8):45-7, 2016 08.
[Is] ISSN:0197-2510
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direitos Civis/ética
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/ética
Relações Profissional-Paciente/ética
Transporte de Pacientes/ética
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Competência Mental
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 9739 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28332954
[Au] Autor:Yerkes MA; Dotti Sani GM; Solera C
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Interdisciplinary Social Science , Utrecht University , Utrecht , The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Attitudes Toward Parenthood, Partnership, and Social Rights for Diverse Families: Evidence From a Pilot Study in Five Countries.
[So] Source:J Homosex;65(1):80-99, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Attitudes toward the civil and social citizenship rights of individuals in diverse family forms are underresearched. We use cross-national data from a pilot study among students in Denmark, Spain, Croatia, Italy, and the Netherlands to explore cross-country differences in beliefs about partnership, parenthood, and social rights of same-sex couples vs. heterosexual couples or married vs. cohabiting couples. The results suggest a polarization in students' attitudes between countries that appear more traditional (i.e., Italy and Croatia) and less traditional (Spain and the Netherlands), where the rights of married heterosexual couples are privileged over other family forms more so than in nontraditional countries. Moreover, equality in social rights is generally more widely accepted than equality in civil rights, particularly in relationship to parenthood rights and in more traditional countries. We discuss the implications of these findings and the implications for further research in this underexplored area of attitudinal research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude
Direitos Civis
Características da Família
Poder Familiar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Croácia
Feminino
Heterossexualidade
Homossexualidade Feminina
Homossexualidade Masculina
Seres Humanos
Itália
Masculino
Casamento
Países Baixos
Projetos Piloto
Espanha
Estudantes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2017.1310507


  3 / 9739 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28332928
[Au] Autor:Youn G
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , Chonnam National University , Gwangju , Korea.
[Ti] Título:Attitudinal Changes Toward Homosexuality During the Past Two Decades (1994-2014) in Korea.
[So] Source:J Homosex;65(1):100-116, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study was conducted to examine recent Korean perspectives on homosexuality by comparing attitudes toward mental illness, crime, friendship, and civil rights related to homosexual people in 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, and 2014. The respondents were 3,299 Korean men and women between 18 and 59 years of age, and the data were collected across 5 years. The major findings were that there has been greater acceptance of homosexuality and civil rights for homosexuals during the past two decades, but the changes have been slow; Korean homosexuals remain subjects of social stigma and discrimination primarily due to increased Christian activism.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude
Homossexualidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Direitos Civis
Feminino
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Homossexualidade/história
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
República da Coreia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2017.1310512


  4 / 9739 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28821637
[Au] Autor:Hansen BC; Gografe S; Pritt S; Jen KC; McWhirter CA; Barman SM; Comuzzie A; Greene M; McNulty JA; Michele DE; Moaddab N; Nelson RJ; Norris K; Uray KD; Banks R; Westlund KN; Yates BJ; Silverman J; Hansen KD; Redman B
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA; bhansen@health.usf.edu.
[Ti] Título:Ensuring due process in the IACUC and animal welfare setting: considerations in developing noncompliance policies and procedures for institutional animal care and use committees and institutional officials.
[So] Source:FASEB J;31(10):4216-4225, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1530-6860
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Every institution that is involved in research with animals is expected to have in place policies and procedures for the management of allegations of noncompliance with the Animal Welfare Act and the U.S. Public Health Service Policy on the Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. We present here a model set of recommendations for institutional animal care and use committees and institutional officials to ensure appropriate consideration of allegations of noncompliance with federal Animal Welfare Act regulations that carry a significant risk or specific threat to animal welfare. This guidance has 3 overarching aims: ) protecting the welfare of research animals; ) according fair treatment and due process to an individual accused of noncompliance; and ) ensuring compliance with federal regulations. Through this guidance, the present work seeks to advance the cause of scientific integrity, animal welfare, and the public trust while recognizing and supporting the critical importance of animal research for the betterment of the health of both humans and animals.-Hansen, B. C., Gografe, S., Pritt, S., Jen, K.-L. C., McWhirter, C. A., Barman, S. M., Comuzzie, A., Greene, M., McNulty, J. A., Michele, D. E., Moaddab, N., Nelson, R. J., Norris, K., Uray, K. D., Banks, R., Westlund, K. N., Yates, B. J., Silverman, J., Hansen, K. D., Redman, B. Ensuring due process in the IACUC and animal welfare setting: considerations in developing noncompliance policies and procedures for institutional animal care and use committees and institutional officials.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comitês de Cuidado Animal
Experimentação Animal
Bem-Estar do Animal
Animais de Laboratório
Direitos Civis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Experimentação Animal/normas
Bem-Estar do Animal/legislação & jurisprudência
Animais
DNA/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9007-49-2 (DNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170820
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1096/fj.201601250R


  5 / 9739 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28755726
[Au] Autor:deShazo RD; Parker SB
[Ad] Endereço:Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi. Electronic address: rdeshazo@umc.edu.
[Ti] Título:The Underappreciated Doctors of The American Civil Rights Movement. Part I: Theodore Roosevelt Mason Howard, MD.
[So] Source:Am J Med Sci;354(1):17-21, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1538-2990
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During the fight to end segregation in the United States, most of the 25 or so black physicians who had not already left Mississippi took risks to become active in civil rights locally and nationally. One of the first was T.R.M. Howard, MD, whose life story is both an encouragement and warning for today's physicians. Howard, the protégé of a white Adventist physician, became active in civil rights during medical school. While serving as chief surgeon of the all-black hospital in Mississippi, he formed his own civil rights organization in 1951 and worked to solve the shootings of 2 of its members, George Lee and Gus Courts, and the murder of Emmett Till in 1955. His reports of these events and collaborations with other civil rights icons helped trigger the modern civil rights movement. At the same time, he became a nationally known proponent of abortion rights and then fled to Chicago in 1956, after arming his Delta mansion with long guns and a Thompson machine gun. Howard will be remembered for many things, including his activism for the social determinants of health as president of the National Medical Association.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direitos Civis/história
Médicos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Afroamericanos/história
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Mississippi
Cirurgiões/história
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; EDITORIAL; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Howard TR
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170731
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 9739 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28574238
[Au] Autor:Tani KM
[Ad] Endereço:University of California, Berkeley.
[Ti] Título:An administrative right to be free from sexual violence? Title IX enforcement in historical and institutional perspective.
[So] Source:Duke Law J;66(8):1847-903, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0012-7086
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One of the most controversial administrative actions in recent years is the U.S. Department of Education's campaign against sexual assault on college campuses. Using its authority under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (mandating nondiscrimination on the basis of sex in all educational programs and activities receiving federal funds), the Department's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) has launched an enforcement effort that critics denounce as aggressive, manipulative, and corrosive of individual liberties. Missing from the commentary is a historically informed understanding of why this administrative campaign unfolded as it did. This Article offers crucial context by reminding readers that freedom from sexual violence was once celebrated as a national civil right--upon the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994--but then lost that status in a 5-4 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court. OCR's recent campaign reflects a legal and political landscape in which at least some potential victims of sexual violence had come to feel rightfully connected to the institutions of the federal government, and then became righteously outraged by the endurance of such violence in their communities. OCR's campaign also reflects the unique role of federal administrative agencies in this landscape. Thanks to the power of the purse and the conditions that Congress has attached to funding streams, agencies enjoy a powerful form of jurisdiction over particular spaces and institutions. Attempts to harness this jurisdiction in service of aspirational rights claims should not surprise us; indeed, we should expect such efforts to continue. Building on this insight, the Article concludes with a research agenda for other scholars seeking to understand and evaluate OCR's handiwork.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direitos Civis/legislação & jurisprudência
Delitos Sexuais/legislação & jurisprudência
Assédio Sexual/legislação & jurisprudência
Direitos da Mulher/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Direitos Civis/história
Governo Federal
Feminino
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Governo Estadual
Estados Unidos
Universidades/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170603
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 9739 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:28538756
[Au] Autor:Abdalla-Filho E
[Ad] Endereço:Cátedra UNESCO, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Bioética, Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, DF, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Psychiatric evaluation of civil capacity with the new Brazilian Statute of the Person with Disabilities.
[So] Source:Rev Bras Psiquiatr;39(3):271-273, 2017 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1809-452X
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objective of this paper is to provide an update to psychiatrists regarding the new Brazilian Law for the Inclusion of People with Disabilities (BLI, Law 13,146 of 2015), and, specifically, to discuss potential implications of situations in which examination by a forensic psychiatrist points toward civil incompetence, while the above-mentioned law mandates full civil capacity for disabled persons. A study of Law 13,146/2015 was conducted, including a comparative analysis of legal and psychiatric approaches on the subject. This analysis revealed that the BLI has generated differences of opinion among legislators. However, the greatest difference seems to arise between the justice system and psychiatric expertise in relation to the difference of criteria adopted in the two approaches. The BLI is very recent; it should be revised in response to debates among psychiatrists and the criminal justice system, and especially as jurisprudence is formed over time.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direitos Civis/legislação & jurisprudência
Pessoas com Deficiência/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Direitos Civis/psicologia
Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia
Psiquiatria Legal/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Discriminação Social/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170525
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28482320
[Au] Autor:Muzeyen R; Ayichiluhm M; Manyazewal T
[Ad] Endereço:School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, P.O. Box 79, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. Electronic address: romanmuzeyen@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Legal rights to safe abortion: knowledge and attitude of women in North-West Ethiopia toward the current Ethiopian abortion law.
[So] Source:Public Health;148:129-136, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5616
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To assess women's knowledge and attitude toward Ethiopian current abortion law. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative, community-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Women of reproductive age in three selected lower districts in Bahir Dar, North-West Ethiopia, were included. Multi-stage simple random sampling and simple random sampling were used to select the districts and respondents, respectively. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire comprising questions related to knowledge and attitude toward legal status of abortion and cases where abortion is currently allowed by law in Ethiopia. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data and multivariable logistic regression computed to assess the magnitude and significance of associations. RESULTS: Of 845 eligible women selected, 774 (92%) consented to participate and completed the interview. A total of 512 (66%) women were aware of the legal status of the Ethiopian abortion law and their primary sources of information were electronic media such as television and radio (43%) followed by healthcare providers (38.7%). Among women with awareness of the law, 293 (57.2%) were poor in knowledge, 188 (36.7%) fairly knowledgeable, and 31 (6.1%) good in knowledge about the cases where abortion is allowed by law. Of the total 774 women included, 438 (56.5%) hold liberal and 336 (43.5%) conservative attitude toward legalization of abortion. In the multivariable logistic regression, age had a significant association with knowledge, whereas occupation had a significant association with attitude toward the law. Women who had poor knowledge toward the law were more likely to have conservative attitude toward the law (adjusted odds ratio, 0.40; 95% confidence interval, 0.23-0.61). CONCLUSION: Though the Ethiopian criminal code legalized abortion under certain circumstances since 2005, a significant number of women knew little about the law and several protested legalization of abortion. Countries such as Ethiopia with high maternal mortality records need to lift high-impact interventions that would trigger women to understand and exercise their legal rights to safe abortion and other reproductive health securities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aborto Legal/legislação & jurisprudência
Direitos Civis
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Segurança do Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Etiópia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Gravidez
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170811
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170811
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170509
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28402707
[Au] Autor:Parmet WE; Smith JA; Miller M
[Ad] Endereço:From Northeastern University School of Law (W.E.P.), and the Department of Health Sciences, Northeastern University (M.M.) - both in Boston; and the Department of Nursing and Health Sciences, California State University, East Bay, Hayward (J.A.S.).
[Ti] Título:Physicians, Firearms, and Free Speech - Overturning Florida's Firearm-Safety Gag Rule.
[So] Source:N Engl J Med;376(20):1901-1903, 2017 May 18.
[Is] ISSN:1533-4406
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direitos Civis/legislação & jurisprudência
Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência
Regulamentação Governamental
Segurança do Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência
Papel do Médico
Médicos/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Aconselhamento
Florida
Liberdade
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170601
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170601
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170414
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1056/NEJMp1702516


  10 / 9739 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28381897
[Au] Autor:Lipton DA
[Ad] Endereço:Shenandoah University, Winchester, Virginia.
[Ti] Título:A Review of Legal Decisions Relevant to Technical Standards Used in Pharmacy School Admissions.
[So] Source:Am J Pharm Educ;81(2):37, 2017 Mar 25.
[Is] ISSN:1553-6467
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The implementation of an effective and legally sound technical standards procedure for pharmacy schools requires a proactive approach by admissions officers. Applicants with disabilities are accorded significant rights that must not be infringed during the admissions process in order to ensure compliance with applicable law. This article provides a review of applicable state cases, federal cases, and OCR decisions and guidance to help pharmacy schools identify procedures and implement technical standards into their admissions processes as required by ACPE Standards 2016.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direitos Civis/legislação & jurisprudência
Educação em Farmácia/legislação & jurisprudência
Critérios de Admissão Escolar
Faculdades de Farmácia/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Direitos Civis/normas
Educação em Farmácia/normas
Seres Humanos
Faculdades de Farmácia/normas
Estados Unidos
United States Dept. of Health and Human Services
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170721
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170721
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170407
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5688/ajpe81237



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