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[PMID]:28467206
[Au] Autor:Brickle MB; Evans-Agnew R
[Ad] Endereço:a University of Washington , Tacoma , Washington.
[Ti] Título:Photovoice and Youth Empowerment in Environmental Justice Research: A Pilot Study Examining Woodsmoke Pollution in a Pacific Northwest Community.
[So] Source:J Community Health Nurs;34(2):89-101, 2017 Apr-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7655
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Woodsmoke pollution is an environmental justice issue for youth living in certain Pacific Northwest cities. Participatory methods such as Citizen Science and Photovoice are effective ways to involve youth in environmental justice research. Little is understood about how youth may be empowered to address woodsmoke issues in their communities. We examined youth empowerment in a citizen science study on woodsmoke, using Photovoice methodology. Ten diverse youth collected and analyzed indoor air samples and photos, then presented their findings to the community and policy makers. Entrance and exit surveys revealed an increased sense of empowerment to take action on woodsmoke pollution. Youth also expressed increased optimism and a resolve to become scientists to combat environmental injustices.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle
Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade/métodos
Poder (Psicologia)
Fumaça/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Meio Ambiente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fotografia
Projetos Piloto
Fumaça/efeitos adversos
Justiça Social
Washington
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Smoke)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/07370016.2017.1304148


  2 / 10970 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28749710
[Au] Autor:Morrell E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Middlebury College , Middlebury, Vermont.
[Ti] Título:First Food Justice: Infant Feeding Disparities and the First Food System.
[So] Source:Breastfeed Med;12(8):489-492, 2017 10.
[Is] ISSN:1556-8342
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Breastfeeding and first foods--including human milk and infant formula--affect us all as individuals and a society of eaters and feeders. They also shape us in part through having significant effects on community health and well-being, workplace strength, and environmental integrity. In addition, we all affect breastfeeding and first foods. Society, the economy, and the environment constrain and enable breastfeeding success, for example, and they often do so differently by race, class, and other social categories. It is important we recognize and address these realities for our own individual interests as well as those we as a citizenry hold in common.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alimentação Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos
Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos
Mães
Política Nutricional
Saúde Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Formulação de Políticas
Meio Social
Justiça Social
Apoio Social
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/bfm.2017.0088


  3 / 10970 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384347
[Au] Autor:Jones DA
[Ti] Título:Human Dignity in Healthcare: A Virtue Ethics Approach.
[So] Source:New Bioeth;21(1):87-97, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2050-2885
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The term 'dignity' is used in a variety of ways but always to attribute or recognize some status in the person. The present paper concerns not the status itself but the virtue of acknowledging that status. This virtue, which Thomas Aquinas calls 'observantia', concerns how dignity is honoured, respected, or observed. By analogy with justice (of which it is a part) observantia can be thought of both as a general virtue and as a special virtue. As a general virtue observantia refers to that respect for human dignity that is implicit in all acts of justice. As a special virtue it concerns the specific way we show esteem for people. Healthcare represents a challenge to observantia because those in need of healthcare are doubly restricted in expressing their dignity in action: in the first place by their ill health, and in the second place by the conditions required by healthcare (hence the sick are termed 'patients' rather than 'agents'). To be understood properly, especially in the context of healthcare, the virtue of observantia needs both to qualify and to be qualified by the virtue of misericordia, empathy, or compassion for affliction. The unity of the virtues requires a simultaneous recognition of the common dignity and common neediness of human existence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde
Pessoalidade
Virtudes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Empatia
Seres Humanos
Justiça Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 10970 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384343
[Au] Autor:Campbell T
[Ti] Título:Voicing Unease: Care Ethics in the Professionalization of Social Care.
[So] Source:New Bioeth;21(1):33-45, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2050-2885
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In her work on moral reasoning, Carol Gilligan identifies two distinct models which she terms the 'voice of care' and the 'voice of justice'. The 'voice of justice' informs a professional practice grounded in fairness and objectivity and is principally concerned with rights and obligations. It can motivate the drive for legislation and codes of ethics that provide clear rules and regulations to govern social care practice. In contrast, the 'voice of care' prioritises relationships, requiring practitioners to pay attention to the particularity of each moral situation. As a result, the demand to commit to upholding universal principles and rights cannot be met. This paper explores the nature of the conflict between the moral voice of care and justice, applying insights from these diverging voices to deepen our understanding of the kind of professionalization appropriate in social care.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Justiça Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Princípios Morais
Competência Profissional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29202441
[Au] Autor:Azar A; Maldonado L; Castillo JC; Atria J
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto de Sociología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile; Department of Sociology, University of Chicago, USA.
[Ti] Título:Income, egalitarianism and attitudes towards healthcare policy: a study on public attitudes in 29 countries.
[So] Source:Public Health;154:59-69, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5616
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between income and egalitarian values and attitudes towards healthcare policy. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional and cross-national study. METHODS: Data for 29 countries from the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) 2011 were used. The dependent variables are a general attitude towards government involvement in healthcare provision and two attitudes regarding specific policies (taxes and public funding). Income and egalitarianism were also measured by using ISSP. Data were analysed using regression models that account for individual and country-level characteristics, and country-fixed effects. RESULTS: The effect of income is small and non-significant for attitudes towards government involvement and public funding. For willingness to pay (WTP) taxes to improve healthcare services, we find a positive association with income. Results for egalitarianism suggest a positive association with government involvement in healthcare provision and significant interactions with WTP taxes. CONCLUSIONS: The distinction of dimensions and mechanisms underlying policy attitudes appears as relevant. Citizens across socioeconomic groups are motivated to support state-funded healthcare, favouring the design of non-selfish policies. These findings suggest that there is space for policymakers who seek to increase healthcare spending encouraging either policies for specific groups or broader institutional changes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Política de Saúde
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos
Opinião Pública
Justiça Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Comparação Transcultural
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Financiamento Governamental
Serviços de Saúde/economia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Impostos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171205
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 10970 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29280794
[Au] Autor:Sofer D
[Ad] Endereço:Dalia Sofer.
[Ti] Título:The Top Social Justice News Stories of 2017.
[So] Source:Am J Nurs;118(1):15, 2018 01.
[Is] ISSN:1538-7488
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Justiça Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Emigração e Imigração/estatística & dados numéricos
Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos/legislação & jurisprudência
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/legislação & jurisprudência
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000529703.09483.4f


  7 / 10970 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28749596
[Au] Autor:Nicholas PK; Breakey S
[Ad] Endereço:Director, Global Health and Academic Partnerships, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Division of Global Health Equity and Center for Nursing Excellence, and Professor, MGH Institute of Health Professions School of Nursing, Boston, MA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Climate Change, Climate Justice, and Environmental Health: Implications for the Nursing Profession.
[So] Source:J Nurs Scholarsh;49(6):606-616, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1547-5069
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Climate change is an emerging challenge linked to negative outcomes for the environment and human health. Since the 1960s, there has been a growing recognition of the need to address climate change and the impact of greenhouse gas emissions implicated in the warming of our planet. There are also deleterious health outcomes linked to complex climate changes that are emerging in the 21st century. This article addresses the social justice issues associated with climate change and human health and discussion of climate justice. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Discussion paper. METHODS: A literature search of electronic databases was conducted for articles, texts, and documents related to climate change, climate justice, and human health. FINDINGS: The literature suggests that those who contribute least to global warming are those who will disproportionately be affected by the negative health outcomes of climate change. The concept of climate justice and the role of the Mary Robinson Foundation-Climate Justice are discussed within a framework of nursing's professional responsibility and the importance of social justice for the world's people. The nursing profession must take a leadership role in engaging in policy and advocacy discussions in addressing the looming problems associated with climate change. CONCLUSIONS: Nursing organizations have adopted resolutions and engaged in leadership roles to address climate change at the local, regional, national, and global level. It is essential that nurses embrace concepts related to social justice and engage in the policy debate regarding the deleterious effects on human health related to global warming and climate change. Nursing's commitment to social justice offers an opportunity to offer significant global leadership in addressing the health implications related to climate change. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Recognizing the negative impacts of climate change on well-being and the underlying socioeconomic reasons for their disproportionate and inequitable distribution can expand and optimize the profession's role in education, practice, research, and policy-making efforts to address climate change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mudança Climática
Saúde Ambiental
Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem
Justiça Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Saúde Ambiental/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Liderança
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180131
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180131
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jnu.12326


  8 / 10970 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468614
[Au] Autor:Park SY; Shon C; Kwon OY; Yoon TY; Kwon I
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Education and Humanities, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 26 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea. syparkmd@khu.ac.kr.
[Ti] Título:A qualitative thematic content analysis of medical students' essays on professionalism.
[So] Source:BMC Med Educ;17(1):79, 2017 May 03.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6920
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Physicians in both Western and Eastern countries are being confronted by changes in health care delivery systems and medical professionalism values. The traditional concept of "In-Sul" (benevolent art) and the modern history of South Korea have led to cultural differences between South Korea and other countries in conceptualizing medical professionalism; thus, we studied medical students' perceptions of professionalism as described in essays written on this topic. METHODS: In 2014, we asked 109 first-year medical students who were enrolled in a compulsory ethics course to anonymously write a description of an instance of medical professionalism that they had witnessed, as well as reflecting on their own professional context. We then processed 105 valid essays using thematic content analysis with computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software. RESULTS: Thematic analysis of the students' essays revealed two core aspects of professionalism in South Korea, one focused on respect for patients and the other on physicians' accountability. The most common theme regarding physician-patient relationships was trust. By contrast, distributive justice was thought to be a non-essential aspect of professionalism. CONCLUSIONS: In Western countries, physicians tend to promote justice in the health care system, including fair distribution of medical resources; however, we found that medical students in South Korea were more inclined to emphasize doctors' relationships with patients. Medical educators should develop curricular interventions regarding medical professionalism to meet the legitimate needs of patients in their own culture. Because professionalism is a dynamic construct of culture, medical educators should reaffirm cultural context-specific definitions of professionalism for development of associated curricula.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Profissionalismo
Estudantes de Medicina
Redação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Cultura
Educação Médica
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pesquisa Qualitativa
República da Coreia
Justiça Social
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12909-017-0920-5


  9 / 10970 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29243472
[Au] Autor:Siipi H
[Ti] Título:Preliminary ethical appraisal of a trial - what's it all about?
[So] Source:Duodecim;133(6):582-6, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0012-7183
[Cp] País de publicação:Finland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Preliminary ethical appraisal of medical trials is often based on the following four principles: respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice. Preliminary ethical appraisal should, however, not be understood solely as application of these four principles to practice. Ethical committees will inevitably interpret the principles and make decisions about their reciprocal importance in connection with each trial. Reasoning does not always proceed from above towards practical recommendations of action, but can instead also be based on a moral rule or practice relating to a certain action. A good preliminary ethical appraisal will also take into account everyday standards of morality, law and shared moral values of the society.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/ética
Ética em Pesquisa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Beneficência
Comissão de Ética
Seres Humanos
Princípios Morais
Autonomia Pessoal
Justiça Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 10970 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29228052
[Au] Autor:Wolgast S; Bäckström M; Björklund F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Tools for fairness: Increased structure in the selection process reduces discrimination.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189512, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Employment discrimination causes problems at the labor market, and is hard to combat. Can increasing the degree of structure when selecting applicants increase fairness? Students were asked to perform a computerized selection task and were either provided with tools for systematizing information about the applicants (structured selection) or no such tools (unstructured selection). We hypothesized and found that a structured process, where employing recruitment tools rather than the recruiter's impressionistic judgment is key, improves the ability to identify job-relevant criteria and hence selecting more qualified applicants, even when in-group favoritism is tempting (e.g. when the outgroup applicants are more competent). Increasing structure helped recruiters select more competent applicants and reduced ethnic discrimination. Increasing the motivation to carefully follow the structured procedure strengthened these effects further. We conclude that structure pays off, and that motivational factors should be taken into account in order for it to have the optimal effect.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego
Justiça Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189512



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