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[PMID]:29223213
[Au] Autor:Cesario SK
[Ti] Título:Immigration Basics for Nurses.
[So] Source:Nurs Womens Health;21(6):499-505, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1751-486X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The United States is known as a nation of immigrants and a land of promise that welcomes the needy, poor, and oppressed. Immigrants represent some of the most vulnerable in society. It is vital that nurses and other health care providers possess knowledge of social, economic, and political factors related to health care for immigrant populations. This article provides definitions of the various immigrant populations, addresses health needs within this group, and offers suggestions for nursing practice and advocacy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigrantes e Imigrantes/classificação
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/legislação & jurisprudência
Jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Diversidade Cultural
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171211
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29236436
[Au] Autor:Starr L
[Ti] Título:FAILING TO IDENTIFY AND RESPOND TO THE DETERIORATING PATIENT: A CASE FOR THE CORONER.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(1):31, 2016 07.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Coroners Court is a unique court that fulfills an important function in our legal system--determining the manner and cause of death of those who have died in unexpected or unexplained circumstances. With broad powers of investigation the Coroner through the coronial process will make findings and recommendations regarding the death or suspected deaths of individuals in their particular circumstances.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Médicos Legistas
Transferência da Responsabilidade pelo Paciente
Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia
Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade
Trombose Venosa/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Apendicectomia
Causas de Morte
Seres Humanos
Jurisprudência
Masculino
Oxigenoterapia
Queensland
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 24766 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29049576
[Ti] Título:Medicolegal: Illegal Prescribing of Intoxicating Liquor.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(14):1398, 2017 10 10.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bebidas Alcoólicas/história
Jurisprudência/história
Prescrições/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Regulamentação Governamental/história
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Legislação como Assunto/história
Masculino
Washington
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLASSICAL ARTICLE; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171020
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.10490


  4 / 24766 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28586819
[Au] Autor:Lee TT; Curfman GD
[Ad] Endereço:Solomon Center for Health Law and Policy, Yale Law School, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
[Ti] Título:Physician Speech and Firearm Safety: Wollschlaeger v Governor, Florida.
[So] Source:JAMA Intern Med;177(8):1189-1192, 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:2168-6114
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To provide the highest-quality medical care, physicians must be able to communicate openly with their patients and provide advice in conformance with professional standards of care. Although states have the power to regulate many aspects of medical practice, laws that interfere with speech by preventing physicians from discussing specific subjects with patients are constitutionally suspect. In 2017, the US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit struck down key provisions of a Florida law that prohibited physicians from speaking with their patients about firearm safety as a violation of the First Amendment. We discuss this case, Wollschlaeger v Governor, Florida, and the implications of the ruling. Although courts may rule that physician "gag laws," such as the one in Florida, are unconstitutional, this area of the law remains unsettled. Legislative mandates that interfere with medical practice may decrease the quality of care by substituting politics and legislative judgment for medical expertise.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Armas de Fogo
Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência
Segurança do Paciente
Relações Médico-Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dissidências e Disputas
Florida
Seres Humanos
Jurisprudência
Padrão de Cuidado/legislação & jurisprudência
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170908
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170908
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170607
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.1895


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[PMID]:28512365
[Au] Autor:Orlak K; Tylka J
[Ad] Endereço:Stowarzyszenie Zdrowa Praca / Association for Occupational Health, Warszawa, Poland. korlak@zdrowapraca.org.
[Ti] Título:[Temperament risk factor for mental health disturbances in the judiciary staff].
[Ti] Título:Temperamentalny czynnik ryzyka zaburzen stanu zdrowia pracowników sadownictwa..
[So] Source:Med Pr;68(3):375-390, 2017 May 16.
[Is] ISSN:0465-5893
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:pol
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to examine how temperament might moderate the health impact of psychosocial hazards at work and thus to attempt to identify the temperament risk factor in the judiciary staff. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data were collected from 355 court employees, including judges, judicial assistants, court clerks and service workers from criminal, civil, commercial as well as from labor and social insurance divisions. The psychosocial work environment was measured with the Psychosocial Working Conditions Questionnaire by Cieslak and Widerszal-Bazyl, temperament with Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory adopted by Hornowska and employee health status was screened with Goldberg's General Health Questionnaire- 28 (GHQ-28) adopted by Makowska and Merecz. The health impact of job strain with moderating effects of temperament traits was estimated with logistic regression (forward stepwise selection based on the likelihood ratio for the model). RESULTS: The analyses confirmed the moderating role of temperament in the health consequences of work-related stress. High score in novelty seeking was identified as independent temperament risk factor for mental health disturbances in judiciary staff facing at least medium job demands. The job control was a protective factor while relative risk of negative health outcomes was also elevated due to female gender. CONCLUSIONS: Temperament may control sensitivity to the environmental exposure to psychosocial hazards at work and its health consequences. Further research is needed to explore and understand better the moderating role of temperament in the relation between job stress (strain) and health in different vocational groups and workplaces. Med Pr 2017;68(3):375-390.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Jurisprudência
Saúde Mental
Temperamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Polônia/epidemiologia
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Sexuais
Estresse Psicológico
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170518
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28492118
[Au] Autor:Coetzee LC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Criminal and Procedural Law, College of Law, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa. coetzlc@unisa.ac.za.
[Ti] Título:Legal liability for failure to prevent pregnancy (wrongful pregnancy).
[So] Source:S Afr Med J;107(5):394-398, 2017 Apr 25.
[Is] ISSN:0256-9574
[Cp] País de publicação:South Africa
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Can the conception of a child ever constitute damage recoverable in law? This article considers the liability of healthcare practitioners for failing to prevent a pregnancy. Developments leading to the recognition of wrongful pregnancy as a cause of (legal) action in South Africa (SA), are briefly outlined. The salient points of the relevant judgments by SA courts are set out to expose the rationale underlying the judgments and to highlight that recognition of liability for wrongful pregnancy resulted from an application of fair and equitable principles of general application. Conduct that could expose practitioners to liability is identified from reported cases and inferred from general principles laid down in case law.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Responsabilidade Legal
Gravidez não Desejada
Esterilização Reprodutiva/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Compensação e Reparação/legislação & jurisprudência
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Jurisprudência
Gravidez
África do Sul
Falha de Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170512
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i5.12073


  7 / 24766 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28492115
[Au] Autor:Jordaan DW
[Ad] Endereço:School of Law, Howard College, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. mail@donrichjordaan.law.za.
[Ti] Título:Human dignity and the future of the voluntary active euthanasia debate in South Africa.
[So] Source:S Afr Med J;107(5):383-385, 2017 Apr 25.
[Is] ISSN:0256-9574
[Cp] País de publicação:South Africa
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The issue of voluntary active euthanasia was thrust into the public policy arena by the Stransham-Ford lawsuit. The High Court legalised voluntary active euthanasia - however, ostensibly only in the specific case of Mr Stransham-Ford. The Supreme Court of Appeal overturned the High Court judgment on technical grounds, not on the merits. This means that in future the courts can be approached again to consider the legalisation of voluntary active euthanasia. As such, Stransham-Ford presents a learning opportunity for both sides of the legalisation divide. In particular, conceptual errors pertaining to human dignity were made in Stransham-Ford, and can be avoided in future. In this article, I identify these errors and propose the following three corrective principles to inform future debate on the subject: (i) human dignity is violable; (ii) human suffering violates human dignity; and (iii) the 'natural' causes of suffering due to terminal illness do not exclude the application of human dignity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eutanásia Ativa Voluntária/legislação & jurisprudência
Direitos Humanos/legislação & jurisprudência
Pessoalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Jurisprudência
Política Pública
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170512
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i5.12339


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[PMID]:28492114
[Au] Autor:McQuoid-Mason DJ
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. mcquoidm@ukzn.ac.za.
[Ti] Título:Assisted suicide and assisted voluntary euthanasia: Stransham-Ford High Court case overruled by the Appeal Court - but the door is left open.
[So] Source:S Afr Med J;107(5):381-382, 2017 Apr 25.
[Is] ISSN:0256-9574
[Cp] País de publicação:South Africa
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Whether persons wishing to have doctor-assisted suicide or voluntary active euthanasia may make a court application based on their rights in the Constitution has not been answered by the Appeal Court. Therefore, if Parliament does not intervene beforehand, such applications can be made - provided the applicants have legal standing, full arguments are presented regarding local and foreign law, and the application evidence is comprehensive and accurate. The Appeal Court indicated that the question should be answered by Parliament because 'issues engaging profound moral questions beyond the remit of judges to determine, should be decided by the representatives of the people of the country as a whole'. However, the Government has not implemented any recommendations on doctor-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia made by the South African Law Commission 20 years ago. The courts may still develop the law on doctor-assisted death, which may take into account developments in medical practice. Furthermore, 'the possibility of a special defence for medical practitioners or carers would arise and have to be explored'.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eutanásia Ativa Voluntária/legislação & jurisprudência
Suicídio Assistido/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Jurisprudência
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170512
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i5.12450


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[PMID]:28489868
[Au] Autor:Nay JJ
[Ad] Endereço:School of Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Predicting and understanding law-making with word vectors and an ensemble model.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0176999, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Out of nearly 70,000 bills introduced in the U.S. Congress from 2001 to 2015, only 2,513 were enacted. We developed a machine learning approach to forecasting the probability that any bill will become law. Starting in 2001 with the 107th Congress, we trained models on data from previous Congresses, predicted all bills in the current Congress, and repeated until the 113th Congress served as the test. For prediction we scored each sentence of a bill with a language model that embeds legislative vocabulary into a high-dimensional, semantic-laden vector space. This language representation enables our investigation into which words increase the probability of enactment for any topic. To test the relative importance of text and context, we compared the text model to a context-only model that uses variables such as whether the bill's sponsor is in the majority party. To test the effect of changes to bills after their introduction on our ability to predict their final outcome, we compared using the bill text and meta-data available at the time of introduction with using the most recent data. At the time of introduction context-only predictions outperform text-only, and with the newest data text-only outperforms context-only. Combining text and context always performs best. We conducted a global sensitivity analysis on the combined model to determine important variables predicting enactment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mineração de Dados/métodos
Jurisprudência
Linguagem
Aprendizado de Máquina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Modelos Teóricos
Probabilidade
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170908
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170908
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170511
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0176999


  10 / 24766 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28398893
[Au] Autor:Dent PC; Bagnall NM
[Ad] Endereço:Consultant General and Endocrine Surgeon, Department of Surgery, Croydon University Hospital, Croydon Health Services NHS Trust, Croydon CR7 7YE.
[Ti] Título:Litigation in thyroid surgery in England.
[So] Source:Br J Hosp Med (Lond);78(4):213-218, 2017 Apr 02.
[Is] ISSN:1750-8460
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Thyroid surgery has the potential for significant life-changing postoperative complications. Since 1995, the NHS Litigation Authority has handled litigation claims in England. This article reviews all thyroid surgery litigation claims between 1995 and 2012 and looks at potential strategies to minimize future claims.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença Iatrogênica
Imperícia/legislação & jurisprudência
Complicações Pós-Operatórias
Tireoidectomia/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Queimaduras
Diagnóstico Tardio/legislação & jurisprudência
Erros de Diagnóstico/legislação & jurisprudência
Inglaterra
Seres Humanos
Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/legislação & jurisprudência
Consciência no Peroperatório
Jurisprudência
Responsabilidade Legal
Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/legislação & jurisprudência
Traumatismos do Nervo Laríngeo Recorrente
Estudos Retrospectivos
Medicina Estatal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170615
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170615
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.12968/hmed.2017.78.4.213



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