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  1 / 11718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29273569
[Au] Autor:Zeinstra CG; Meuwly D; Ruifrok AC; Veldhuis RN; Spreeuwers LJ
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Forensic face recognition as a means to determine strength of evidence: A survey.
[So] Source:Forensic Sci Rev;30(1):21-32, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1042-7201
[Cp] País de publicação:China (Republic : 1949- )
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper surveys the literature on forensic face recognition (FFR), with a particular focus on the strength of evidence as used in a court of law. FFR is the use of biometric face recognition for several applications in forensic science. It includes scenarios of ID verification and open-set identification, investigation and intelligence, and evaluation of the strength of evidence. We present FFR from operational, tactical, and strategic perspectives. We discuss criticism of FFR and we provide an overview of research efforts from multiple perspectives that relate to the domain of FFR. Finally, we sketch possible future directions for FFR.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Identificação Biométrica
Face/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto
Prova Pericial
Ciências Forenses
Seres Humanos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Redes Neurais (Computação)
Competência Profissional
Pesquisa/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171224
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 11718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29210010
[Au] Autor:Terasaki H; Ogura Y; Kitano S; Sakamoto T; Murata T; Hirakata A; Ishibashi T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ophthalmology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan. terasaki@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:Management of diabetic macular edema in Japan: a review and expert opinion.
[So] Source:Jpn J Ophthalmol;62(1):1-23, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1613-2246
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Diabetic retinopathy is a frequent cause of visual impairment in working-age adults (≥ 30 years) and in Japan is most commonly observed in those aged 50-69 years. Diabetic macular edema (DME) is one of the main causes of vision disturbance in diabetic retinopathy, which is a clinically significant microvascular complication of diabetes. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy is becoming the mainstay of treatment for DME. However, to achieve sustained long-term improvement in visual acuity, conventional laser photocoagulation, vitrectomy and steroid therapy are also expected to play a role in the treatment of DME. This review summarizes the epidemiology and pathology of diabetic retinopathy and DME, evaluates the findings regarding the diagnosis and treatment of DME, and underscores the importance of systemic management of the disease in the context of the current health care situation in Japan. Finally, the unmet needs of patients with DME and prospects for research are discussed. The weight of evidence suggests that it is important to establish a multipronged treatment strategy centered on anti-VEGF therapy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico
Retinopatia Diabética/terapia
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico
Fotocoagulação a Laser
Edema Macular/terapia
Vitrectomia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Terapia Combinada
Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico
Prova Pericial
Seres Humanos
Edema Macular/diagnóstico
Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Angiogenesis Inhibitors); 0 (Glucocorticoids); 0 (VEGFA protein, human); 0 (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10384-017-0537-6


  3 / 11718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29303714
[Au] Autor:Nordström A
[Ad] Endereço:UN Policy Department, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Government of Sweden, S-103 33 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: anders.nordstrom@gov.se.
[Ti] Título:Is WHO ready to improve its country work?
[So] Source:Lancet;390(10114):2749-2751, 2018 12 23.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde Global
Prioridades em Saúde
Organização Mundial da Saúde/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Prova Pericial
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 11718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29240325
[Ti] Título:Tort Law--Expert Testimony in Asbestos Litigation--District of South Carolina Holds the Every Exposure Theory Insufficient to Demonstrate Specific Causation Even If Legal Conclusions are Scientifically Sound.--Haskins v. 3m Co., Nos. 2:15-cv-02086, 3:15-cv-02123, 2017 WL 3118017 (D.S.C. July 21, 2017).
[So] Source:Harv Law Rev;131(2):658-65, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0017-811X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Asbestose/etiologia
Causalidade
Prova Pericial/legislação & jurisprudência
Mesotelioma/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Ciência
South Carolina
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 11718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28975235
[Au] Autor:Leventhal JM; Edwards GA
[Ad] Endereço:Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.
[Ti] Título:Flawed Theories to Explain Child Physical Abuse: What Are the Medical-Legal Consequences?
[So] Source:JAMA;318(14):1317-1318, 2017 Oct 10.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Maus-Tratos Infantis/diagnóstico
Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/etiologia
Prova Pericial/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Maus-Tratos Infantis/legislação & jurisprudência
Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/diagnóstico
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/diagnóstico
Prova Pericial/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171005
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.11703


  6 / 11718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28931011
[Au] Autor:Salerno JM; Bottoms BL; Peter-Hagene LC
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Arizona State University, Glendale, AZ, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Individual versus group decision making: Jurors' reliance on central and peripheral information to evaluate expert testimony.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0183580, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To investigate dual-process persuasion theories in the context of group decision making, we studied low and high need-for-cognition (NFC) participants within a mock trial study. Participants considered plaintiff and defense expert scientific testimony that varied in argument strength. All participants heard a cross-examination of the experts focusing on peripheral information (e.g., credentials) about the expert, but half were randomly assigned to also hear central information highlighting flaws in the expert's message (e.g., quality of the research presented by the expert). Participants rendered pre- and post-group-deliberation verdicts, which were considered "scientifically accurate" if the verdicts reflected the strong (versus weak) expert message, and "scientifically inaccurate" if they reflected the weak (versus strong) expert message. For individual participants, we replicated studies testing classic persuasion theories: Factors promoting reliance on central information (i.e., central cross-examination, high NFC) improved verdict accuracy because they sensitized individual participants to the quality discrepancy between the experts' messages. Interestingly, however, at the group level, the more that scientifically accurate mock jurors discussed peripheral (versus central) information about the experts, the more likely their group was to reach the scientifically accurate verdict. When participants were arguing for the scientifically accurate verdict consistent with the strong expert message, peripheral comments increased their persuasiveness, which made the group more likely to reach the more scientifically accurate verdict.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tomada de Decisões
Prova Pericial
Função Jurisdicional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cognição/fisiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170921
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183580


  7 / 11718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28886089
[Au] Autor:Tanskanen A; Taipale H; Koponen M; Tolppanen AM; Hartikainen S; Ahonen R; Tiihonen J
[Ad] Endereço:Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Stockholm, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Drug exposure in register-based research-An expert-opinion based evaluation of methods.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184070, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In register-based pharmacoepidemiological studies, construction of drug exposure periods from drug purchases is a major methodological challenge. Various methods have been applied but their validity is rarely evaluated. Our objective was to conduct an expert-opinion based evaluation of the correctness of drug use periods produced by different methods. METHODS: Drug use periods were calculated with three fixed methods: time windows, assumption of one Defined Daily Dose (DDD) per day and one tablet per day, and with PRE2DUP that is based on modelling of individual drug purchasing behavior. Expert-opinion based evaluation was conducted with 200 randomly selected purchase histories of warfarin, bisoprolol, simvastatin, risperidone and mirtazapine in the MEDALZ-2005 cohort (28,093 persons with Alzheimer's disease). Two experts reviewed purchase histories and judged which methods had joined correct purchases and gave correct duration for each of 1000 drug exposure periods. RESULTS: The evaluated correctness of drug use periods was 70-94% for PRE2DUP, and depending on grace periods and time window lengths 0-73% for tablet methods, 0-41% for DDD methods and 0-11% for time window methods. The highest rate of evaluated correct solutions for each method class were observed for 1 tablet per day with 180 days grace period (TAB_1_180, 43-73%), and 1 DDD per day with 180 days grace period (1-41%). Time window methods produced at maximum only 11% correct solutions. The best performing fixed method TAB_1_180 reached highest correctness for simvastatin 73% (95% CI 65-81%) whereas 89% (95% CI 84-94%) of PRE2DUP periods were judged as correct. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows inaccuracy of fixed methods and the urgent need for new data-driven methods. In the expert-opinion based evaluation, the lowest error rates were observed with data-driven method PRE2DUP.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos
Prova Pericial
Farmacoepidemiologia
Pesquisa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Prescrições de Medicamentos
Seres Humanos
Erros de Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos
Farmacoepidemiologia/métodos
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170909
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184070


  8 / 11718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28820226
[Au] Autor:Sohrabizadeh S
[Ad] Endereço:Assistant Professor, Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Health, Safety and Environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
[Ti] Título:Women's status in disasters: A gap between experts' desk and affected fields of Iran.
[So] Source:J Emerg Manag;15(2):77-80, 2017 Mar/Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1543-5865
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although international agreements have achieved significant milestones in the improvement of women's status, experiences from the fields show a discrepancy between words and actions. The aim of this brief communication was to identify the gap between experts' perceptions and the findings of a large qualitative field survey on women's status in the recent natural disasters of Iran. A total of 10 experts were asked to fill a checklist, which consisted of the concepts extracted from field data. The range of agreement between experts' perceptions and field data was between 40 and 100 percent. In conclusion, although literature review and international research papers can provide appropriate information for both experts and managers, meeting the various needs of women living in the affected regions requires field-based surveys.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desastres
Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva
Delitos Sexuais
Participação Social
Saúde da Mulher
Mulheres
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Prova Pericial
Feminino
Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Irã (Geográfico)
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Pesquisa Qualitativa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170819
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 11718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28813531
[Au] Autor:Deiner MS; Worden L; Rittel A; Ackley SF; Liu F; Blum L; Scott JC; Lietman TM; Porco TC
[Ad] Endereço:Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Short-term leprosy forecasting from an expert opinion survey.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182245, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We conducted an expert survey of leprosy (Hansen's Disease) and neglected tropical disease experts in February 2016. Experts were asked to forecast the next year of reported cases for the world, for the top three countries, and for selected states and territories of India. A total of 103 respondents answered at least one forecasting question. We elicited lower and upper confidence bounds. Comparing these results to regression and exponential smoothing, we found no evidence that any forecasting method outperformed the others. We found evidence that experts who believed it was more likely to achieve global interruption of transmission goals and disability reduction goals had higher error scores for India and Indonesia, but lower for Brazil. Even for a disease whose epidemiology changes on a slow time scale, forecasting exercises such as we conducted are simple and practical. We believe they can be used on a routine basis in public health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prova Pericial
Previsões
Hanseníase/epidemiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Seres Humanos
Índia/epidemiologia
Indonésia/epidemiologia
Modelos Estatísticos
Doenças Negligenciadas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170817
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182245


  10 / 11718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28810028
[Au] Autor:Brown JL
[Ad] Endereço:New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York.
[Ti] Título:Trials and Tribulations.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(7):612-613, 2017 Aug 15.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prova Pericial
Imperícia/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Prova Pericial/ética
Pediatria/legislação & jurisprudência
Padrão de Cuidado/legislação & jurisprudência
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; PERSONAL NARRATIVES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170816
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.7106



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