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Pesquisa : I01.880.709 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29431316
[Au] Autor:Dementieva DM; Dementiev MS
[Ti] Título:[Premises to the transboundary environmental crisis in the water tract on the example of water tract of the Kuban-Manych].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(9):837-41, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:As a result, of the management of the irrigation system the most part of the runoff headwaters of the river Kuban was transferred to the arid plains of the Stavropol Territory, Rostov Region and Kalmykia Gravity Water via the water tract of the Kuban-Manych. This system was assumed to be supplied by pure mountain water. In fact, 3-4 class contaminated water currently passes to the water intake of the irrigation system (Nevinnomyssky channel). There is a tendency to the further deterioration in the quality of surface waters. It was determined that in the last decades in the catchment area of the upper reaches of the Kuban (Karachaevo-Cherkessia) the population was determined to increase sharply. As a result the discharge of industrial, agricultural, domestic and recreational waste into the river significantly increased. In that in catchment areas there is practically no infrastructure of the acquisition, processing and recycling of waste for the irrigation system. Intensive recreational and transport development of mountainous areas of Karachay-Cherkessia aggravates the situation and may lead to the need for deep water purification for subsequent consumption already in the vast territories of the Central Caucasus. Due to lack of the infrastructure for the water treatment in the upper reaches of the Kuban, it can lead to the serious systemic crisis. It is proposed to start to create in the catchment areas the cost-based system of recycling waste on the base of their processing by pyrolysis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Irrigação Agrícola
Monitoramento Ambiental
Água Doce/análise
Saúde Pública
Rios
Planejamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Irrigação Agrícola/métodos
Irrigação Agrícola/organização & administração
Irrigação Agrícola/normas
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Previsões
Seres Humanos
Dinâmica Populacional/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 2571 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29212632
[Au] Autor:Fell G
[Ad] Endereço:Town Hall, Sheffield S1 2HH, UK.
[Ti] Título:Community development is not so new.
[So] Source:BMJ;359:j5509, 2017 12 06.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Promoção da Saúde
Planejamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j5509


  3 / 2571 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28934282
[Au] Autor:Mandle L; Wolny S; Bhagabati N; Helsingen H; Hamel P; Bartlett R; Dixon A; Horton R; Lesk C; Manley D; De Mel M; Bader D; Nay Won Myint S; Myint W; Su Mon M
[Ad] Endereço:Natural Capital Project, Department of Biology and the Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Assessing ecosystem service provision under climate change to support conservation and development planning in Myanmar.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184951, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Inclusion of ecosystem services (ES) information into national-scale development and climate adaptation planning has yet to become common practice, despite demand from decision makers. Identifying where ES originate and to whom the benefits flow-under current and future climate conditions-is especially critical in rapidly developing countries, where the risk of ES loss is high. Here, using Myanmar as a case study, we assess where and how ecosystems provide key benefits to the country's people and infrastructure. We model the supply of and demand for sediment retention, dry-season baseflows, flood risk reduction and coastal storm protection from multiple beneficiaries. We find that locations currently providing the greatest amount of services are likely to remain important under the range of climate conditions considered, demonstrating their importance in planning for climate resilience. Overlap between priority areas for ES provision and biodiversity conservation is higher than expected by chance overall, but the areas important for multiple ES are underrepresented in currently designated protected areas and Key Biodiversity Areas. Our results are contributing to development planning in Myanmar, and our approach could be extended to other contexts where there is demand for national-scale natural capital information to shape development plans and policies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodiversidade
Mudança Climática
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Ecossistema
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Fisiológica
Tomada de Decisões
Seres Humanos
Mianmar
Planejamento Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170922
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184951


  4 / 2571 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28787031
[Au] Autor:Li Y; Zheng J; Li F; Jin X; Xu C
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:Assessment of municipal infrastructure development and its critical influencing factors in urban China: A FA and STIRPAT approach.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0181917, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Municipal infrastructure is a fundamental facility for the normal operation and development of an urban city and is of significance for the stable progress of sustainable urbanization around the world, especially in developing countries. Based on the municipal infrastructure data of the prefecture-level cities in China, municipal infrastructure development is assessed comprehensively using a FA (factor analysis) model, and then the stochastic model STIRPAT (stochastic impacts by regression on population, affluence and technology) is examined to investigate key factors that influence municipal infrastructure of cities in various stages of urbanization and economy. This study indicates that the municipal infrastructure development in urban China demonstrates typical characteristics of regional differentiation, in line with the economic development pattern. Municipal infrastructure development in cities is primarily influenced by income, industrialization and investment. For China and similar developing countries under transformation, national public investment remains the primary driving force of economy as well as the key influencing factor of municipal infrastructure. Contribution from urbanization and the relative consumption level, and the tertiary industry is still scanty, which is a crux issue for many developing countries under transformation. With economic growth and the transformation requirements, the influence of the conventional factors such as public investment and industrialization on municipal infrastructure development would be expected to decline, meanwhile, other factors like the consumption and tertiary industry driven model and the innovation society can become key contributors to municipal infrastructure sustainability.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cidades
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Cidades/economia
Países em Desenvolvimento/economia
Fontes Geradoras de Energia/economia
Análise Fatorial
Seres Humanos
Pobreza
Análise de Regressão
Planejamento Social
Processos Estocásticos
Tecnologia
Transportes/economia
População Urbana
Urbanização
Gerenciamento de Resíduos/economia
Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
059QF0KO0R (Water)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170809
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181917


  5 / 2571 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28431505
[Au] Autor:Belford M; Robertson T; Jepson R
[Ad] Endereço:Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy (SCPHRP), University of Edinburgh, 20 West Richmond Street, Edinburgh, EH8 9DX, UK. melissalbelford@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Using evaluability assessment to assess local community development health programmes: a Scottish case-study.
[So] Source:BMC Med Res Methodol;17(1):70, 2017 Apr 21.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2288
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the potential effectiveness of a programme's objectives (health or otherwise) is important in demonstrating how programmes work. However, evaluations are expensive and can focus on unrealistic outcomes not grounded in strong theory, especially where there is pressure to show effectiveness. The aim of this research was to demonstrate that the evaluability assessment (a cost-effective pre-evaluation tool that primarily gives quick, constructive feedback) can be used to help develop programme and outcome objectives to improve programmes while they run and to assist in producing more effective evaluations. This was done using the example of a community development programme aiming to improve health and reduce health inequalities in its target population. METHODS: The setting was Glasgow, Scotland, UK and focused on the Health Issues in the Community programme. Data were collected from documents and nine individual stakeholder interviews. Thematic analysis and a realist approach were used to analyse both datasets and, in conjunction with a workshop with stakeholders, produce a logic model of the programme theory and related evaluation options to explore further. RESULTS: Five main themes emerged from the analysis: History; Framework; Structure and Delivery of the Course; Theory of Action; and Barriers to Delivery and Successful Outcomes. These themes aided in drafting the logic model which revealed they key programme activities (e.g. facilitating group learning) and 23 potential outcomes. The majority of these outcomes (16) were deemed to be short-term outcomes (more easily measured within the timeframe of an individual being involved in the programme) e.g. increased self-esteem or awareness of individual/community health. The remaining 6 outcomes were deemed longer-term and included outcomes such as increased social capital and individual mental health and wellbeing. CONCLUSIONS: We have shown that the evaluability assessment tool can be applied to the evaluation of community health programmes, providing short- and long-term outcomes that could be evaluated to demonstrate effectiveness and avoid unnecessary or poorly designed full-scale evaluations. This type of pre-evaluation method is already a useful resource for national policy evaluations, but could be a valuable evaluation tool for other regional or community health programmes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto
Promoção da Saúde/métodos
Nível de Saúde
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde
Desenvolvimento de Programas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Coleta de Dados/métodos
Seres Humanos
Escócia
Planejamento Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170423
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12874-017-0334-4


  6 / 2571 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28409710
[Au] Autor:Wang Y; Gonzales E; Morrow-Howell N
[Ad] Endereço:a Washington University in St. Louis , School of Social Work , One Brookings Drive, St. Louis , Missouri , USA.
[Ti] Título:Applying WHO's Age-Friendly Communities Framework to a National Survey in China.
[So] Source:J Gerontol Soc Work;60(3):215-231, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1540-4048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The World Health Organization (WHO)'s Age-Friendly Community (AFC) initiative has gained worldwide momentum. Yet, measures have not been validated in regions with various levels of socio-economic development. This article used a nationally representative dataset in China to (a) analyze community-level measures within the framework of AFC and (b) compare the age-friendliness between rural and urban settings in China. Chi- square and t-tests examined the rural and urban differences. Results suggest that many AFC concepts did not apply well in developing areas. The Chinese survey measured important environmental aspects in developing regions that were missing in the WHO AFC framework.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento/psicologia
Redes Comunitárias/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
China
Redes Comunitárias/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Classe Social
Planejamento Social
Inquéritos e Questionários
Organização Mundial da Saúde/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170415
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/01634372.2017.1292980


  7 / 2571 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28349607
[Au] Autor:Hanitio F; Perkins DD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Human and Organizational Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.
[Ti] Título:Predicting the Emergence of Community Psychology and Community Development in 91 Countries with Brief Case Studies of Chile and Ghana.
[So] Source:Am J Community Psychol;59(1-2):200-218, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2770
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Using a mixed-method analysis, we propose and test a framework for predicting the international development of community psychology (CP) and community development (CD) as two examples of applied community-based research (CBR) disciplines aiming to link local knowledge generation with social change. Multiple regressions on an international sample of 91 countries were used to determine the relative influences of preexisting grassroots activism, population size, social and economic development, and civil liberties on estimates of the current strength of CP and CD based on Internet search and review of training courses and programs, published articles and journals, and professional organizations and conferences in these countries. Our results provide support for the proposed model and suggest that grassroots activism positively accounts for the development of CP and CD, above and beyond the influences of the other predictors. Brief qualitative case-study analyses of Chile (high CP, low CD) and Ghana (high CD, low CP) explore the limitations of our quantitative model and the importance of considering other historical, sociopolitical, cultural, and geographic factors for explaining the development of CP, CD, and other applied community studies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Países em Desenvolvimento
Psicologia Social
Planejamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Chile
Gana
Seres Humanos
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Análise de Regressão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170329
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajcp.12127


  8 / 2571 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28281132
[Au] Autor:Erkan Bugday S; Özden S
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Forestry, Kastamonu University, 37150, Kastamonu, Turkey. sebugday@kastamonu.edu.tr.
[Ti] Título:The relationship between terrain and rural migration (1965-2013) on the north of Turkey (the case of Kastamonu).
[So] Source:Environ Monit Assess;189(4):154, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2959
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Migration is one of the most important issues in Turkey today. Notably, the state forest enterprises are affected by the social, economic, and ecological dimensions of migration; these enterprises find it increasingly difficult to find labor to operate effectively in the forestry activities with each passing day. This study examined population movement over the 1965-2013 period in Kastamonu forest villages to assess how topographical factors affected this movement. Kastamonu is the province in which most of Turkey's forest products are produced, and 99% of the province's rural population consists of forest villagers. This study investigated population fluctuations of 883 villages within and 137 villages adjacent to these forests and found a negative linear tendency in these populations. The purpose of this study is to identify a relationship between the decreasing population and the terrain of the forest villages (including aspect, slope, elevation, and distance to the provincial and district centers) using spatial, simple, and partial correlation analyses. The statistical analysis revealed a negative and significant relationship between population decrease and terrain. As a result, without taking the other reasons for migration into account, the tendency of the rural migration was determined to increase as the slope, elevation, and distance to the province centers increased. The basis for a predictive model of forest villagers' migration might thus be created by this study. Also, the driving force of migration might be revealed through quantitative modeling, and this might help create more rational development plans and programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Florestas
Dinâmica Populacional/tendências
População Rural/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Demografia
Países em Desenvolvimento
Ecologia
Monitoramento Ambiental
Agricultura Florestal
Seres Humanos
Planejamento Social
Turquia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170608
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170608
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170311
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10661-017-5867-9


  9 / 2571 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28196113
[Au] Autor:Lim HM; Sivasampu S; Khoo EM; Mohamad Noh K
[Ad] Endereço:Healthcare Statistics Unit, National Clinical Research Centre, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:Chasm in primary care provision in a universal health system: Findings from a nationally representative survey of health facilities in Malaysia.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0172229, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Malaysia has achieved universal health coverage since 1980s through the expansion of direct public provision, particularly in rural areas. However, no systematic examination of the rural-urban distribution of primary care services and resources has been conducted to date for policy impact evaluation. METHODS: We conducted a national cross-sectional survey of 316 public and 597 private primary care clinics, selected through proportionate stratified random sampling, from June 2011 through February 2012. Using a questionnaire developed based on the World Health Organization toolkits on monitoring health systems strengthening, we examined the availability of primary care services/resources and the associations between service/resource availability and clinic ownership, locality, and patient load. Data were weighted for all analyses to account for the complex survey design and produce unbiased national estimates. RESULTS: Private primary care clinics and doctors outnumbered their public counterparts by factors of 5.6 and 3.9, respectively, but the private clinics were significantly less well-equipped with basic facilities and provided a more limited range of services. Per capita densities of primary care clinics and workforce were higher in urban areas (2.2 clinics and 15.1 providers per 10,000 population in urban areas versus 1.1 clinics and 11.7 providers per 10,000 population in rural areas). Within the public sector, the distribution of health services and resources was unequal and strongly favored the urban clinics. Regression analysis revealed that rural clinics had lower availability of services and resources after adjusting for ownership and patient load, but the associations were not significant except for workforce availability (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.82; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.71-0.96). CONCLUSIONS: Targeted primary care expansion in rural areas could be an effective first step towards achieving universal health coverage, especially in countries with limited healthcare resources. Nonetheless, geographic expansion alone is inadequate to achieve effective coverage in a dichotomous primary care system, and the role of the private sector in primary care delivery should not be overlooked.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde
Atenção Primária à Saúde
Planejamento Social
Inquéritos e Questionários
Reforma Urbana
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Malásia
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0172229


  10 / 2571 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28101587
[Au] Autor:Hernández-Aguilar JA; Cortina-Villar HS; García-Barrios LE; Castillo-Santiago MÁ
[Ad] Endereço:El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR), Carretera Panamericana y Periférico Sur s/n, San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, CP, 29290, Mexico. jahernandez@ecosur.edu.mx.
[Ti] Título:Factors Limiting Formation of Community Forestry Enterprises in the Southern Mixteca Region of Oaxaca, Mexico.
[So] Source:Environ Manage;59(3):490-504, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1009
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Many studies have considered community-based forestry enterprises to be the best option for development of rural Mexican communities with forests. While some of Mexico's rural communities with forests receive significant economic and social benefits from having a community forestry enterprise, the majority have not formed such enterprises. The purpose of this article is to identify and describe factors limiting the formation of community forestry enterprise in rural communities with temperate forests in the Southern Mixteca region of Oaxaca, Mexico. The study involved fieldwork, surveys applied to Community Board members, and maps developed from satellite images in order to calculate the forested surface area. It was found that the majority of Southern Mixteca communities lack the natural and social conditions necessary for developing community forestry enterprise; in this region, commercial forestry is limited due to insufficient precipitation, scarcity of land or timber species, community members' wariness of commercial timber extraction projects, ineffective local governance, lack of capital, and certain cultural beliefs. Only three of the 25 communities surveyed have a community forestry enterprise; however, several communities have developed other ways of profiting from their forests, including pine resin extraction, payment for environmental services (PES), sale of spring water, and ecotourism. We conclude that community forestry enterprise are not the only option for rural communities to generate income from their forests; in recent years a variety of forest-related economic opportunities have arisen which are less demanding of communities' physical and social resources.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Agricultura Florestal/métodos
Florestas
Planejamento Social
Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/economia
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/legislação & jurisprudência
Agricultura Florestal/economia
Agricultura Florestal/legislação & jurisprudência
Programas Governamentais
México
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170728
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170728
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00267-017-0821-8



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