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Pesquisa : I01.880.735.442 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28350264
[Au] Autor:Quarshie EN; Osafo J; Akotia CS; Peprah J; Andoh-Arthur J
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Health , University of Leeds , Leeds , United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Some Epidemiological Characteristics of Perpetrators and Victims of Incest in Contemporary Ghana: Analysis of Media Reports.
[So] Source:J Child Sex Abus;26(2):121-139, 2017 Feb-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1547-0679
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In Ghana, incest is considered sinful, taboo, and illegal. However, recent media reports show that incest has become a daily reality in Ghana. This study is a situational analysis of the pattern of incest in Ghana as reported in the media from January 2008 through July 2015. Qualitative content analysis was conducted on 48 incest news reports in Ghana. The findings showed that father-daughter incest was most frequent across the study period. Forty-seven females aged 3 to 25 years and a male aged 3 years were identified as victims. Generally, the incest lasted between 1 day and 13 years before disclosure. Perpetrators employed psychological and/or physical methods to coerce their victims. Marital difficulties, diabolical control, and seduction by victim featured prominently as alleged motives behind the abuse. The study observes that the recent increase in father-daughter incest warrants an immediate shift of research attention onto men's mental health in Ghana.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia
Pai/psicologia
Incesto/psicologia
Homens/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Coerção
Feminino
Gana
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Saúde Mental
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170724
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170724
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170329
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10538712.2016.1277573


  2 / 1584 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28212063
[Au] Autor:Knapp AE; Knapp DJ; Brown CC; Larson JH
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Marriage and Family Therapy , Brigham Young University , Provo , Utah , USA.
[Ti] Título:Conflict Resolution Styles as Mediators of Female Child Sexual Abuse Experience and Heterosexual Couple Relationship Satisfaction and Stability in Adulthood.
[So] Source:J Child Sex Abus;26(1):58-77, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1547-0679
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Trauma from female incestuous child sexual abuse may result in negative psychological consequences affecting adult relationships. This study explored relational consequences of incestuous child sexual abuse, focusing on conflict resolution styles, relationship satisfaction, and relationship stability. Using the RELATionship Evaluation dataset, 457 heterosexual couples in which female partners experienced incestuous child sexual abuse were compared to a group of 1,827 couples with no sexual abuse history. Analyses tested differences in the frequencies of reported conflict resolution styles for incestuous child sexual abuse and non-incestuous child sexual abuse groups, the mediating effects of conflict resolution styles on the relationship between incestuous child sexual abuse, and self- and partner-reported relationship satisfaction and stability. Significant differences in the reports of types of conflict resolution styles were found for incestuous child sexual abuse versus non-incestuous child sexual abuse groups. Incestuous child sexual abuse and conflict resolution styles were negatively related to relationship satisfaction and stability and there was a significant indirect effect between female incestuous child sexual abuse, female volatility, and relationship instability. Clinical applications for couple relationships are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adultos Sobreviventes de Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia
Características da Família
Incesto/psicologia
Relações Interpessoais
Negociação/psicologia
Satisfação Pessoal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170412
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170412
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170218
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10538712.2016.1262931


  3 / 1584 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27550889
[Au] Autor:Yates P
[Ad] Endereço:School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Care, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, UK.
[Ti] Título:Sibling sexual abuse: why don't we talk about it?
[So] Source:J Clin Nurs;26(15-16):2482-2494, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2702
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore two hypotheses for explaining why there is little written about sibling sexual abuse and to raise awareness of the subject in order better to protect children and to facilitate sensitive patient care. BACKGROUND: While there is no universal agreement over its definition, sibling sexual abuse is acknowledged internationally as a prevalent form of child sexual abuse but tends not to be recognised by health professionals. It is also under-represented within the literature in comparison with other forms of intrafamilial sexual abuse. Understanding why this is may help to illuminate the potential barriers to effective professional responses. Two explanations which emerge strongly are the existence of a sibling incest taboo and a prevailing belief that sibling sexual behaviour is largely harmless. DESIGN: Discursive position paper. METHOD: The paper examines the two hypotheses through exploration of the extant literature on sibling incest and sibling sexual abuse. CONCLUSIONS: Sibling sexual abuse accounts for a significant minority of child sexual abuse and has the potential to be as harmful as sexual abuse by a parent. An abhorrence at the thought of sibling sexual activity and a prevailing view of its harmlessness may hinder nurses' detection of and appropriate responses to sibling sexual abuse, but do not provide convincing explanations for the dearth of literature. Instead, a deeply held perspective of sibling relationships as non-abusive offers a more profound explanation. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: A knowledge of sibling sexual abuse and its consequences are important both for the effective protection of children and the sensitive and appropriate treatment of patients who present with a variety of physical and mental health concerns. A perspective that sibling relationships are non-abusive provides a deeper level of understanding of the powerful obstacles to raising awareness of and responding appropriately to this form of abuse.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia
Incesto/psicologia
Relações entre Irmãos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Tabu
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160824
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jocn.13531


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[PMID]:27890276
[Au] Autor:Brunswick A
[Ad] Endereço:Unité des troubles du comportement alimentaire, Clinique des maladies mentales et de l'encéphale, hôpital Sainte-Anne, 100, rue de la Santé, 75014 Paris, France. Electronic address: A.BRUNSWICK@ch-sainte-anne.fr.
[Ti] Título:Quand le trauma s'intrique avec l'anorexie mentale.
[So] Source:Soins Psychiatr;37(307):41-43, 2016 Nov - Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0241-6972
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A person having suffered traumatic life events may find relief in the formation of symptoms. Anorexia can therefore be envisaged as a way of facing up to the trauma, both as a means of positioning oneself, as well as a solution for relieving the traumatic suffering. However, giving up these symptoms is sometimes difficult, as the case of Léa demonstrates.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anorexia Nervosa/enfermagem
Incesto/psicologia
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Adolescente
Anorexia Nervosa/psicologia
Anorexia Nervosa/terapia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Mecanismos de Defesa
Transtornos Dissociativos/enfermagem
Transtornos Dissociativos/psicologia
Transtornos Dissociativos/terapia
Feminino
Hospitalização
Seres Humanos
Terapia Psicanalítica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170324
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170324
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 1584 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27637563
[Au] Autor:Massardier L; Lemahieu V
[Ad] Endereço:Secteur psychiatrie 62 G 0576, rue Traversière, 75012 Paris, France. Electronic address: lucmass@orange.fr.
[Ti] Título:[Caring for young girls victims of incest].
[Ti] Título:Vigilance dans le suivi des jeunes filles victimes d'inceste..
[So] Source:Arch Pediatr;23(10):1007-1011, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1769-664X
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Incesto/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Imagem Corporal
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incesto/legislação & jurisprudência
Relações Mãe-Filho
Psicoterapia
Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170418
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170418
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160918
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1584 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27405586
[Au] Autor:Kushnick G; Fessler DM; Zuska F
[Ad] Endereço:School of Archaeology and Anthropology, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia. geoff.kushnick@anu.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Disgust, Gender, and Social Change : Testing Alternative Explanations for the Decline of Cousin Marriage in Karo Society.
[So] Source:Hum Nat;27(4):533-555, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1936-4776
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Among the Karo of Indonesia, the frequency of matrilateral cross-cousin (impal) marriage has declined in recent decades. We conducted a vignette experiment to assess the contributions of a handful of factors in shaping this pattern. Surprisingly, we found that cosocialization of a hypothetical woman with her impal led to increased judgments of marriage likelihood and decreased feelings of disgust in male and female respondents (n = 154). We also found that females, more than males, judged impal marriage more likely when there were practical advantages. Finally, we found that younger men expressed more disgust in response to impal marriages than did older men, while women displayed an opposite but weaker reaction. This suggests the existence of gender-specific changes in attitudes toward the practice, indicating that a full understanding may require the application of sexual conflict theory. Our study illustrates the potential utility-and limitations-of vignette experiments for studying social change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Família/etnologia
Incesto/etnologia
Casamento/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Indonésia/etnologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160714
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1584 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27236542
[Au] Autor:Noël S; Lagacé K; Rogic A; Granger D; Bourgoin S; Jolicoeur C; Séguin D
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratoire de Sciences Judiciaires et de Médecine Légale, Direction Biologie/ADN, 1701 Parthenais, Montréal, Québec, H2K 3S7, Canada. Electronic address: sarah.noel@msp.gouv.qc.ca.
[Ti] Título:DNA transfer during laundering may yield complete genetic profiles.
[So] Source:Forensic Sci Int Genet;23:240-247, 2016 07.
[Is] ISSN:1878-0326
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In a number of child sexual abuse cases, the alleged perpetrator is a member of the nuclear family. In those cases, there is a possibility that the suspect's DNA was innocently deposited onto the child's clothing without acts of sexual assault ever occurring, for example via secondary transfer within the washing machine. To assess the quantity and quality of DNA that may be transferred among clothing during laundering, we conducted three series of experiments. First, we evaluated the level of spermatozoa that may be transferred by washing pristine pairs of underwear with bed sheets containing a varying number of ejaculates. Secondly, we explored whether current genetic methods may also detect the transfer of DNA from vaginal secretions during a machine wash. Finally, we analyzed the background levels of DNA on children's underwear collected from control families where sexual abuse never occurred. For both spermatozoa and vaginal secretions, we revealed that sufficient amounts of DNA may transfer onto laundered clothing to yield complete genetic profiles. Furthermore, DNA from relatives living within the same household was found in most cuttings taken from control children's underwear. Based on these findings, we present a framework for the handling and interpretation of intrafamilial sexual abuse cases. These suggestions should help determine whether DNA was deposited directly onto a fabric or merely transferred during a wash.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Roupas de Cama, Mesa e Banho
Muco do Colo Uterino/química
Vestuário
DNA/isolamento & purificação
Lavanderia
Espermatozoides/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Abuso Sexual na Infância/diagnóstico
Pré-Escolar
Impressões Digitais de DNA
Erros de Diagnóstico
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incesto
Masculino
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9007-49-2 (DNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171112
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171112
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160530
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 1584 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27169732
[Au] Autor:Dyer C
[Ad] Endereço:The BMJ.
[Ti] Título:Man with disabilities born from incestuous rape has right to compensation, rules judge.
[So] Source:BMJ;353:i2684, 2016 May 11.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Compensação e Reparação/legislação & jurisprudência
Pessoas com Deficiência/legislação & jurisprudência
Incesto
Estupro
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LEGAL CASES; NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160513
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.i2684


  9 / 1584 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27168183
[Au] Autor:Hansen M; Mullerová J; Elklit A; Armour C
[Ad] Endereço:National Center for Psychotraumatology, Department of Psychology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense, Denmark. mhansen@health.sdu.dk.
[Ti] Título:Can the dissociative PTSD subtype be identified across two distinct trauma samples meeting caseness for PTSD?
[So] Source:Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol;51(8):1159-69, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1433-9285
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: For over a century, the occurrence of dissociative symptoms in connection to traumatic exposure has been acknowledged in the scientific literature. Recently, the importance of dissociation has also been recognized in the long-term traumatic response within the DSM-5 nomenclature. Several studies have confirmed the existence of the dissociative posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) subtype. However, there is a lack of studies investigating latent profiles of PTSD solely in victims with PTSD. PURPOSE AND METHOD: This study investigates the possible presence of PTSD subtypes using latent class analysis (LCA) across two distinct trauma samples meeting caseness for DSM-5 PTSD based on self-reports (N = 787). Moreover, we assessed if a number of risk factors resulted in an increased probability of membership in a dissociative compared with a non-dissociative PTSD class. RESULTS: The results of LCA revealed a two-class solution with two highly symptomatic classes: a dissociative class and a non-dissociative class across both samples. Increased emotion-focused coping increased the probability of individuals being grouped into the dissociative class across both samples. Social support reduced the probability of individuals being grouped into the dissociative class but only in the victims of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) suffering from whiplash. CONCLUSIONS: The results are discussed in light of their clinical implications and suggest that the dissociative subtype can be identified in victims of incest and victims of MVA suffering from whiplash meeting caseness for DSM-5 PTSD.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Dissociativos/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito/psicologia
Adulto
Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
Transtornos Dissociativos/classificação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incesto/psicologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Autorrelato
Apoio Social
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/classificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170919
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170919
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160512
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00127-016-1235-2


  10 / 1584 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26901696
[Au] Autor:Joyal CC; Carpentier J; Martin C
[Ad] Endereço:Psychology Department, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, C.P. 500, Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada, G9A 5H7; Research Center, Institut Philippe-Pinel de Montréal, Quebec, Canada; International Center for Comparative Criminology, Université de Montréal, Quebec, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Discriminant factors for adolescent sexual offending: On the usefulness of considering both victim age and sibling incest.
[So] Source:Child Abuse Negl;54:10-22, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7757
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Understanding the pathways and circumstances of juvenile sexual offending is of utmost importance. However, juvenile sexual offenders (JSO) represent an especially diverse group of individuals, and several categorizations have been proposed to obtain more homogeneous subgroups. Victim age-based and family relation-based categorizations are particularly promising because they seem theoretically and clinically relevant. Empirical results however are still inconsistent, and most studies have not considered these two dimensions jointly. The first goal of this study was to further examine the value of subgrouping JSO according to the age of their victim. A second goal was to determine the supplementary value, if any, of considering sibling incest. Based on a sample of 351 male JSO, it was first confirmed that sexual abuse of children was more strongly related to asociality (social skill deficits) than sexual abuse of peers, the latter being more closely associated with antisociality (general delinquency). The relevance of considering mixed-type JSO (with both child and peer victims) separately was also confirmed. More importantly, multivariate statistical analyses demonstrated that adding sibling incest to the equation was useful. JSO of intra-familial child were significantly more likely to have been victimized during their own childhood compared to JSO with extra-familial victims. Nevertheless, adolescents who had committed sibling incest obtained middle ground results on most variables (except for crime severity), suggesting that they constitute a distinct but not extreme, subgroup. This study confirmed the utility of using both the age and the family relation with the victim in characterizing juvenile sexual offending.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Incesto/psicologia
Delitos Sexuais/psicologia
Relações entre Irmãos
Irmãos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Fatores Etários
Canadá/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incesto/estatística & dados numéricos
Masculino
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160223
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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