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Pesquisa : I01.880.735.900.575 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 26 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27791498
[Au] Autor:Abo-Zena MM
[Ad] Endereço:a Brown University.
[Ti] Título:Exploring the Interconnected Trauma of Personal, Social, and Structural Stressors: Making "Sense" of Senseless Violence.
[So] Source:J Psychol;151(1):5-20, 2017 Jan 02.
[Is] ISSN:1940-1019
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although violence is a timeless characteristic of human behavior and history, its prevalence and many forms are proliferated repeatedly through the media. In particular, "senseless" violence against both random and targeted victims puzzles and petrifies onlookers and survivors. Integrating developmental psychology with critical theory, this manuscript begins with a conceptual definition of senseless violence that is coupled with a mapping of the personal, social, and structural etiologies of such violence. This inquiry explores the origins, contexts, and varied manifestations of violence, helps redirect sense-making around such violence, and informs how to cope with and possibly reduce or mitigate it. Utilizing a person-centered perspective from multiple points of view, the analysis focuses primarily on the everyday or chronic experiences of stressors and their relation to internalized and externalized types of violence (i.e., mass shootings, interpersonal violence, self-injury). The manuscript concludes with ways to reduce violence and promote justice on personal, social, and structural levels.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Condições Sociais
Estresse Psicológico/complicações
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Violência/psicologia
Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
Ferimentos e Lesões/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Causas de Morte/tendências
Estudos Transversais
Violência Étnica/tendências
Seres Humanos
Controle Interno-Externo
Fatores de Risco
Condições Sociais/tendências
Justiça Social/tendências
Violência/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170424
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170424
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161030
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223980.2016.1241738


  2 / 26 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26700387
[Au] Autor:Samuel N
[Ad] Endereço:Ruth Children's Hospital, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa 34762, Israel; Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel. Electronic address: nir.samuel@weizmann.ac.il.
[Ti] Título:Fighting the ethnic fire with collaboration: a paediatrician's perspective.
[So] Source:Lancet;386(10008):2054, 2015 Nov 21.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Árabes
Comportamento Cooperativo
Violência Étnica
Pediatria
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ambulâncias
Seres Humanos
Israel
Transporte de Pacientes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170823
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170823
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151225
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 26 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26270044
[Au] Autor:Wenger A; Mischke C
[Ad] Endereço:Pflegeetwicklung, Kantosspital St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Schweiz.
[Ti] Título:["A Little Bit of Switzerland, a Little Bit of Kosovo". Swiss Immigrants from Former Yugoslavia with Type 2 Diabetes. A Qualitative Study' in Analogy to Grounded Theory].
[Ti] Título:"Bisschen Schweiz, bisschen Kosovo". Erleben von Schweizer Migranten mit Diabetes mellitus Typ 2 aus dem ehemaligen Jugoslawien: Eine qualitative Studie in Anlehnung an die Grounded Theory..
[So] Source:Gesundheitswesen;77(10):736-41, 2015 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1439-4421
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:Type 2 diabetes is on the increase among the Swiss immigrants. The cultural background of patients presents new linguistic and sociocultural barriers and gains in importance for health care. In order to develop patient-centred care, it is necessary to focus on different sociocultural aspects in everyday life and experiences of immigrants from the former republics of Yugoslavia with diabetes who have rarely been studied in Switzerland. Based on these insights the needs for counselling can be identified and nursing interventions can be designed accordingly. Using the Grounded Theory approach, 5 interviews were analysed according to the Corbin and Strauss coding paradigm. The central phenomenon found is the experience to live in 2 different cultures. The complexity arises from the tension living in 2 cultural backgrounds at the same time. It turns out that in the country of origin the immigrants adjust their disease management. The changing daily rhythm and the more traditional role model affect aspects of their disease management such as diet and/or drug therapy. The different strategies impact the person's roles, emotions, their everyday lives and their families. It provides an insight into the perspective of Swiss immigrants from the former republics of Yugoslavia suffering from diabetes. Many questions are still unanswered and further research will be required.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Saúde/etnologia
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etnologia
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/psicologia
Gerenciamento Clínico
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Refugiados/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comparação Transcultural
Carência Cultural
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Violência Étnica
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Kosovo
Autocuidado/psicologia
Suíça
Iugoslávia/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150814
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1548879


  4 / 26 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26235672
[Au] Autor:Schwartz SA
[Ti] Título:Water is Destiny.
[So] Source:Explore (NY);11(5):342-5, 2015 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7541
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abastecimento de Água
Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Violência Étnica
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
059QF0KO0R (Water)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150901
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150901
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150804
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 26 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26190279
[Au] Autor:Inci R; Ozturk P; Mulayim MK; Ozyurt K; Alatas ET; Inci MF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Dermatology, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Effect of the Syrian Civil War on Prevalence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.
[So] Source:Med Sci Monit;21:2100-4, 2015 Jul 20.
[Is] ISSN:1643-3750
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a vector-mediated skin disease, characterized by chronic wounds on the skin and caused by macrophages in protozoan parasites. It is an endemic disease in the southern and southeastern Anatolia region and is still an important public health problem in Turkey. Because of the civil war in Syria, immigrants to this region in the last 3 years have begun to more frequently present with this disease. The aim of this study was to draw attention to the dramatic increase in new cases with CL after the beginning of the civil war in Syria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we evaluated demographic, epidemiological, and clinical features of 110 patients diagnosed with cutaneous leishmaniasis who were admitted to the Department of Dermatology at Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine between January 2011 and June 2014. RESULTS: A total of 110 patients included in the study; 50 (45%) were males, and 60 (55%) were females. The age range of the study group was 1-78 years, and the infection was more prevalent in the 0-20 year age group. Of these patients, 76 (69%) were Syrian refugees living in tent camps and 34 (31%) were Turkish citizens. The majority of the cases were diagnosed between October and December. CONCLUSIONS: Immigrations to endemic regions of Turkey from neighbouring countries where CL incidence is higher may lead to large increases in case numbers. In order to decrease the risk of exposure, housing conditions of the refugees must be improved, routine health controls must be performed, effective measures must be set in place for vector control, and infected individuals must be diagnosed and treated to prevent spread of the infection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leishmaniose Cutânea/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Conflitos Armados/estatística & dados numéricos
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Violência Étnica/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Refugiados/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudos Retrospectivos
Síria/epidemiologia
Turquia/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150807
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150807
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.12659/MSM.893977


  6 / 26 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26179316
[Au] Autor:SteelFisher GK; Blendon RJ; Guirguis S; Brulé A; Lasala-Blanco N; Coleman M; Petit V; Ahmed M; Mataruse N; Corkum M; Nisar M; Ben-Porath EN; Gigli S; Sahm C
[Ad] Endereço:Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: gsteel@hsph.harvard.edu.
[Ti] Título:Threats to polio eradication in high-conflict areas in Pakistan and Nigeria: a polling study of caregivers of children younger than 5 years.
[So] Source:Lancet Infect Dis;15(10):1183-92, 2015 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1474-4457
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Elimination of poliovirus from endemic countries is a crucial step in eradication; however, vaccination programmes in these areas face challenges, especially in regions with conflict. We analysed interviews with caregivers of children living in two polio-endemic countries to assess whether these challenges are largely operational or also driven by resistance or misinformation in the community. METHODS: We designed and analysed polls based on face-to-face interviews of a random sample of parents and other caregivers of children younger than 5 years in regions of Pakistan and Nigeria at high risk for polio transmission. In both countries, the sample was drawn via a stratified multistage cluster design with random route household selection. The questionnaire covered awareness, knowledge, and attitudes about polio and oral polio vaccine (OPV), trust in vaccination efforts, and caregiver priorities for government action. We assessed experiences of caregivers in accessible higher-conflict areas and compared their knowledge and attitudes with those in lower-conflict areas. Differences were tested with two-sample t tests. FINDINGS: The poll consisted of 3396 caregivers from Pakistan and 2629 from Nigeria. About a third of caregivers who responded in higher-conflict areas of Pakistan (Federally Administered Tribal Areas [FATA], 30%) and Nigeria (Borno, 33%) were unable to confirm that their child was vaccinated in the previous campaign. In FATA, 12% of caregivers reported that they were unaware of polio, and in Borno 12% of caregivers reported that vaccinators visited but their child did not receive the vaccine or they did not know whether the child was vaccinated. Additionally, caregivers in higher-conflict areas are less likely to hold beliefs about OPV that could motivate acceptance and are more likely to hold concerns than are caregivers in lower-conflict areas. INTERPRETATION: Beyond the difficulties in reaching homes with OPV, challenges for vaccination programmes in higher-conflict areas extend to limited awareness, negative attitudes, and gaps in trust. Vaccination efforts might need to address underlying attitudes of caregivers through direct communications and the selection and training of local vaccinators. FUNDING: Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health and UNICEF.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Erradicação de Doenças
Violência Étnica
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Poliomielite/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cuidadores
Pré-Escolar
Doenças Endêmicas/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Nigéria/epidemiologia
Paquistão/epidemiologia
Poliomielite/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151014
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151014
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150717
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 26 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26179315
[Au] Autor:Garon JR; Orenstein WA
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, 1462 Clifton Rd NE, Rm 446, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
[Ti] Título:Overcoming barriers to polio eradication in conflict areas.
[So] Source:Lancet Infect Dis;15(10):1122-4, 2015 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1474-4457
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Erradicação de Doenças
Violência Étnica
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Poliomielite/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMMENT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151014
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151014
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150717
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 26 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25687898
[Au] Autor:Siriwardhana C; Abas M; Siribaddana S; Sumathipala A; Stewart R
[Ad] Endereço:King's College London (Institute of Psychiatry), London, UK Institute for Research & Development, Colombo, Sri Lanka Faculty of Medical Science, Anglia Ruskin University, UK.
[Ti] Título:Dynamics of resilience in forced migration: a 1-year follow-up study of longitudinal associations with mental health in a conflict-affected, ethnic Muslim population.
[So] Source:BMJ Open;5(2):e006000, 2015 Feb 16.
[Is] ISSN:2044-6055
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The concept of 'resilience' is of increasing interest in studies of mental health in populations facing adversity. However, lack of longitudinal data on the dynamics of resilience and non-usage of resilience-specific measurements have prevented a better understanding of resilience-mental health interactions. Hence, the present study was conducted to investigate the stability of levels of resilience and its associations with sociodemographic and mental health exposures in a conflict-affected internal-migrant population in Sri Lanka. DESIGN: A prospective follow-up study of 1 year. SETTING: Puttalam district of North Western province in postconflict Sri Lanka (baseline in 2011, follow-up in 2012). PARTICIPANTS: An ethnic Muslim population internally displaced 20 years ago (in 1990) from Northern Sri Lanka, aged 18 or above and currently in the process of return migration. MEASURES: It was hypothesised that levels of resilience would be associated with mental health outcomes. Resilience was measured on both occasions using the 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14), social support by the Multidimensional Social Support Scale and Lubben Social Network Scale and common mental disorders by the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ). RESULTS: Of 450 participants interviewed at baseline in 2011, 338 (75.1%) were re-interviewed in 2012 after a 1-year follow-up. The mean resilience scores measured by RS-14 were 80.2 (95% CI 78.6 to 81.9) at baseline and 84.9 (83.5 to 86.3) at follow-up. At both time points, lower resilience was independently associated with food insecurity, lower social support availability and social isolation. At both time points, there were significant associations with common mental disorders (CMDs) in unadjusted analyses, but they only showed independence at baseline. The CMD prevalence, maintenance and incidence at follow-up was 8.3%, 28.2% and 2.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this displaced population facing a potential reduction in adversity, resilience was more strongly and robustly associated with economic and social factors than with the presence of mental disorder.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Emigração e Imigração
Violência Étnica
Transtornos Mentais/etiologia
Saúde Mental
Refugiados
Resiliência Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Islamismo
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Saúde Mental/etnologia
Meia-Idade
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Sri Lanka/epidemiologia
Migrantes
Guerra
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1509
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150218
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006000


  9 / 26 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25477436
[Au] Autor:Lawler A
[Ti] Título:Archaeology. Satellites track heritage loss across Syria and Iraq.
[So] Source:Science;346(6214):1162-3, 2014 Dec 05.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Violência Étnica
Imagens de Satélites
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arqueologia
Iraque
Síria
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1412
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.346.6214.1162


  10 / 26 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25345237
[Au] Autor:O'Callaghan P
[Ti] Título:Case study: ten lessons learned while carrying out a MHPSS intervention with war-affected children in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2011.
[So] Source:Int J Emerg Ment Health;16(1):241-5, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1522-4821
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Países em Desenvolvimento
Violência Étnica
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia
Serviços de Saúde Mental
Resiliência Psicológica
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Características Culturais
República Democrática do Congo
Seres Humanos
Qualidade de Vida
Segurança
Comportamento Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1411
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141028
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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