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[PMID]:27404405
[Au] Autor:Shiroma CY
[Ad] Endereço:Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC), 310 Worchester Avenue, Hickam Air Force Base, HI, 96853.
[Ti] Título:A Retrospective Review of Forensic Odontology Reports Written by the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command Central Identification Laboratory for Remains Identified from the Korean War.
[So] Source:J Forensic Sci;61(1):68-75, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1556-4029
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:As of August 2014, the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command has identified the remains of 1980 previously unknown U.S. service members; 280 were from the Korean War. To determine the accuracy and completeness of the available antemortem (AM) dental records, a review of the AM/postmortem (AM/PM) dental record comparisons from 233 Forensic Odontology Reports written in support of remains identified from the Korean War was performed. Seventy-two AM/PM comparisons resulted in exact dental chartings while 161 contained discrepancies which were explainable. Explainable discrepancies include undocumented treatment (103), incorrectly charted third molars as missing (82), differing opinions of specific molars present/missing (20), and erroneous treatment documentation and/or misidentification of teeth present/missing (22, other than molars). Reassessment has revealed varying levels of completeness for our available AM dental records, the need to thoroughly review our computerized comparisons, adjust our comparisons to include molar pattern variations/third molars, and updating our database comparison program.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Registros Odontológicos
Odontologia Legal
Militares
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bases de Dados Factuais
Documentação
Seres Humanos
Guerra da Coreia
Radiografia Dentária
Estudos Retrospectivos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160713
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1556-4029.12986


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[PMID]:27301856
[Au] Autor:Park JY
[Ti] Título:[The War on "Red Drugs": Anticommunism and Drug Policy in Republic of Korea, 1945-1960].
[So] Source:Uisahak;25(1):77-110, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1225-505X
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:kor
[Ab] Resumo:This paper investigates the discourses and policies on narcotics in Republic of Korea from 1945 to 1960. Since the Liberation the narcotic problem was regarded as the vestige of Japanese imperialism. which was expected to be cleaned up. The image of narcotic crimes as the legacy of the colonial past was turned into as the result of the Red Army's tactics to attack on the liberalist camp around the Korean war. The government of ROK represented the source of the illegal drugs as the Red army and the spy from North Korea. The anticommunist discourse about narcotics described the spies, who introduced the enormous amount of poppies into ROK and brought about the addicts, as the social evil. Through this discourse on poppies from North Korea, the government of ROK emphasized the immorality of the communists reinforcing the anticommunist regime, which was inevitable for the government of ROK to legitimize the division of Korea and the establishment of the government alone. This paper examines how the discourses and policies on narcotics in ROK was shaped and transformed from 1945 to 1960 focusing the relationship between the them and the political context such as anticommunism, Korean war, the division of Korea, and etc. This approach would be helpful to reveal the effect of the ROK's own political situation to the public health system involving the management for drugs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/história
Comunismo
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/história
Saúde Pública/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
República Democrática Popular da Coreia
História do Século XX
Guerra da Coreia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/prevenção & controle
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/psicologia
Papaver/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Propaganda
Saúde Pública/legislação & jurisprudência
República da Coreia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160615
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160615
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160616
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.13081/kjmh.2016.25.77


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[PMID]:27187996
[Ti] Título:Professor Iuliu Suteu.
[So] Source:Chirurgia (Bucur);111(1):7-8, 2016 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1221-9118
[Cp] País de publicação:Romania
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Academias e Institutos/história
Anatomia/história
Pesquisa Biomédica/história
Docentes de Medicina/história
Cirurgia Geral/história
Hospitais Militares/história
Centros de Traumatologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Livros/história
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Guerra da Coreia
Liderança
Romênia
Choque/história
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Suteu I
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160517
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160517
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160519
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 69 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27186983
[Au] Autor:Vable AM; Kawachi I; Canning D; Glymour MM; Jimenez MP; Subramanian SV
[Ad] Endereço:Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Are There Spillover Effects from the GI Bill? The Mental Health of Wives of Korean War Veterans.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(5):e0154203, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The Korean War GI Bill provided economic benefits for veterans, thereby potentially improving their health outcomes. However potential spillover effects on veteran wives have not been evaluated. METHODS: Data from wives of veterans eligible for the Korean War GI Bill (N = 128) and wives of non-veterans (N = 224) from the Health and Retirement Study were matched on race and coarsened birth year and childhood health using coarsened exact matching. Number of depressive symptoms in 2010 (average age = 78) were assessed using a modified, validated Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale. Regression analyses were stratified into low (mother < 8 years schooling / missing data, N = 95) or high (mother ≥ 8 years schooling, N = 257) childhood socio-economic status (cSES) groups, and were adjusted for birth year and childhood health, as well as respondent's educational attainment in a subset of analyses. RESULTS: Husband's Korean War GI Bill eligibility did not predict depressive symptoms among veteran wives in pooled analysis or cSES stratified analyses; analyses in the low cSES subgroup were underpowered (N = 95, ß = -0.50, 95% Confidence Interval: (-1.35, 0.35), p = 0.248, power = 0.28). CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence of a relationship between husband's Korean War GI Bill eligibility and wives' mental health in these data, however there may be a true effect that our analysis was underpowered to detect.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos
Cônjuges/psicologia
Saúde dos Veteranos/legislação & jurisprudência
Veteranos/psicologia
Veteranos/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Depressão
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Guerra da Coreia
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Transtornos Mentais/etiologia
Meia-Idade
Razão de Chances
Vigilância da População
Classe Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160518
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0154203


  5 / 69 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27051894
[Au] Autor:Department of Veterans Affairs
[Ti] Título:Health Care for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans and Certain Korea Veterans--Covered Birth Defects and Spina Bifida. Final rule.
[So] Source:Fed Regist;81(66):19887-91, 2016 Apr 06.
[Is] ISSN:0097-6326
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This rule adopts as final a proposed rule of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to amend its regulations concerning the provision of health care to birth children of Vietnam veterans and veterans of covered service in Korea diagnosed with spina bifida, except for spina bifida occulta, and certain other birth defects. In the proposed rule published on May 15, 2015, VA proposed changes to more clearly define the types of health care VA provides, including day health care and health-related services, which we defined as homemaker or home health aide services that provide assistance with Activities of Daily Living or Instrumental Activities of Daily Living that have therapeutic value. We also proposed changes to the list of health care services that require preauthorization by VA. This final rule addresses comments received from the public and adopts as final the proposed rule, without change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Serviços de Saúde da Criança/legislação & jurisprudência
Anormalidades Congênitas/etiologia
Herbicidas/efeitos adversos
Cobertura do Seguro/legislação & jurisprudência
Seguro por Invalidez/legislação & jurisprudência
Guerra da Coreia
Disrafismo Espinal/etiologia
Saúde dos Veteranos/legislação & jurisprudência
Veteranos/legislação & jurisprudência
Guerra do Vietnã
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Anormalidades Congênitas/terapia
Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Disrafismo Espinal/terapia
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Herbicides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160406
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160406
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160408
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26965807
[Au] Autor:Baker MS
[Ad] Endereço:Associate Clinical Professor of Surgery, West Coast Surgical Associates, Walnut Creek, CA. Electronic address: Bakersurgeon@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Lead, Follow, or Get out of the Way-How Bold Young Surgeons Brought Vascular Surgery into Clinical Practice from the Korean War Battlefield.
[So] Source:Ann Vasc Surg;33:258-62, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:1615-5947
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The maturation of vascular surgery into widespread clinical practice was accelerated by events that took place in Korea during the conflict of 1950-1953. Early research and anecdotal clinical trials were just then resulting in publication of cases of the successful vascular repairs and replacements. Noncrushing vascular clamps were being developed and limited manufacture begun. The stage was set for a major advance in the treatment of arterial injury, just as war commenced in Korea, which provided a clinical laboratory. When the war on the Korean Peninsula erupted in June 1950, the policy of the Army Medical department was to ligate all arterial injuries unless a simple transverse or end-to-end anastomosis could be performed, and repair was "contrary to policy and orders." Despite pressure and threats of "courts martial for vascular repairs" from the senior military medicine leaders-clinical experiments in arterial repair were carried out at Mobile Army Surgical Hospital facilities at battlefield locations across Korea. The young surgeons, mostly draftees and reservists, resisted rigid doctrine and orders to desist, and in the face of threatened punishment, were committed to do the right thing, and ultimately went on to change military medicine and vascular surgery. The "on-the-job" training in vascular surgery that was carried out in Korea by military surgeons who demonstrated substantially higher limb salvage rates energized the field from the battlefield laboratory. Many wounded soldiers had limbs saved by the new techniques in vascular repair pioneered by surgeons in the Korean War, and countless thousands who entered civilian hospitals for emergency vascular surgery in subsequent years also ultimately benefited from their work.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Artérias
Guerra da Coreia
Medicina Militar/história
Cirurgiões/história
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/história
Lesões do Sistema Vascular/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Artérias/lesões
Artérias/cirurgia
Difusão de Inovações
Educação Médica Continuada/história
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Capacitação em Serviço/história
Salvamento de Membro/história
Cirurgiões/educação
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/educação
Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160312
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26954451
[Au] Autor:Deng X; Wang D
[Ad] Endereço:Blood Transfusion Department, Fuzhou General Hospital, Nanjing Military Command, PLA, Fujian, China.
[Ti] Título:TRANSFUSION MEDICINE ILLUSTRATED. Blood transfusion during the period of the Korean War in China.
[So] Source:Transfusion;56(3):549-50, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2995
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transfusão de Sangue/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Guerra da Coreia
Medicina Transfusional/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160309
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/trf.13265


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[PMID]:26778285
[Au] Autor:Vable AM; Canning D; Glymour MM; Kawachi I; Jimenez MP; Subramanian SV
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Electronic address: avable@hsph.harvard.edu.
[Ti] Título:Can social policy influence socioeconomic disparities? Korean War GI Bill eligibility and markers of depression.
[So] Source:Ann Epidemiol;26(2):129-135.e3, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2585
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: The Korean War GI Bill provided socioeconomic benefits to veterans; however, its association with health is unclear; we hypothesize GI Bill eligibility is associated with fewer depressive symptoms and smaller disparities. METHODS: Data from 246 Korean War GI Bill eligible veterans and 240 nonveterans from the Health and Retirement Study were matched on birth year, southern birth, race, height, and childhood health using coarsened exact matching. Number of depressive symptoms in 2010 (average age = 78 years) was assessed using a modified, validated Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale, dichotomized to reflect elevated depressive symptoms. Regression analyses were stratified into low (at least one parent < 8 years schooling/missing data, n = 167) or high (both parents ≥ 8 years schooling, n = 319) childhood socioeconomic status (cSES) groups. RESULTS: Korean War GI Bill eligibility predicted fewer depressive symptoms among individuals from low cSES backgrounds [ß = -0.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) = (-1.18, -0.09), P = .022]. Socioeconomic disparities were smaller among veterans than nonveterans for number of depressive symptoms [ß = -0.76, 95% CI = (-1.33, -0.18), P = .010] and elevated depressive symptoms [ß = -11.7, 95% CI = (-8.2, -22.6), P = .035]. CONCLUSIONS: Korean War GI Bill eligibility predicted smaller socioeconomic disparities in depression markers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Depressão/epidemiologia
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Guerra da Coreia
Política Pública
Veteranos/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Distribuição Espacial da População
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170728
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170728
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160119
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26768386
[Au] Autor:Washington DL; Bird CE; LaMonte MJ; Goldstein KM; Rillamas-Sun E; Stefanick ML; Woods NF; Bastian LA; Gass M; Weitlauf JC
[Ad] Endereço:VA Health Services Research and Development (HSR&D) Center for the Study of Healthcare Innovation, Implementation and Policy, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, California. University of California Los Angeles, Geffen School of Medicine. donna.washington@va.gov.
[Ti] Título:Military Generation and Its Relationship to Mortality in Women Veterans in the Women's Health Initiative.
[So] Source:Gerontologist;56 Suppl 1:S126-37, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1758-5341
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Women's military roles, exposures, and associated health outcomes have changed over time. However, mortality risk-within military generations or compared with non-Veteran women-has not been assessed. Using data from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), we examined all-cause and cause-specific mortality by Veteran status and military generation among older women. DESIGN AND METHODS: WHI participants (3,719 Veterans; 141,802 non-Veterans), followed for a mean of 15.2 years, were categorized into pre-Vietnam or Vietnam/after generations based on their birth cohort. We used cox proportional hazards models to examine the association between Veteran status and mortality by generation. RESULTS: After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and WHI study arm, all-cause mortality hazard rate ratios (HRs) for Veterans relative to non-Veterans were 1.16 (95% CI: 1.09-1.23) for pre-Vietnam and 1.16 (95% CI: 0.99-1.36) for Vietnam/after generations. With additional adjustment for health behaviors and risk factors, this excess mortality rate persisted for pre-Vietnam but attenuated for Vietnam/after generations. After further adjustment for medical morbidities, across both generations, Veterans and non-Veterans had similar all-cause mortality rates. Relative to non-Veterans, adjusting for sociodemographics and WHI study arm, pre-Vietnam generation Veterans had higher cancer, cardiovascular, and trauma-related morality rates; Vietnam/after generation Veterans had the highest trauma-related mortality rates (HR = 2.93, 1.64-5.23). IMPLICATIONS: Veterans' higher all-cause mortality rates were limited to the pre-Vietnam generation, consistent with diminution of the healthy soldier effect over the life course. Mechanisms underlying Vietnam/after generation Veteran trauma-related mortality should be elucidated. Efforts to modify salient health risk behaviors specific to each military generation are needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade
Neoplasias/mortalidade
Veteranos/estatística & dados numéricos
Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Efeito de Coortes
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Guerra da Coreia
Estudos Longitudinais
Meia-Idade
Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
Estados Unidos
Guerra do Vietnã
II Guerra Mundial
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160116
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/geront/gnv669


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[PMID]:26249153
[Au] Autor:Shiroma CY
[Ad] Endereço:Joint Prisoner of War/Missing In Action Accounting Command (JPAC), 310 Worchester Avenue, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam Air Force Base, HI, 96853.
[Ti] Título:A Comparison of Dental Chartings Performed at the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command Central Identification Laboratory and the Kokura Central Identification Unit on Remains Identified from the Korean War.
[So] Source:J Forensic Sci;61(1):59-67, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1556-4029
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During the Korean War, the Office of the Quartermaster General's Graves Registration Service (GRS) was responsible for the recovery, processing, identification, and repatriation of US remains. In January 1951, the GRS established a Central Identification Unit (CIU) at Kokura, Japan. At the Kokura CIU, postmortem dental examinations were performed by the dental technicians. Thirty-nine postmortem dental examinations performed at the CIU were compared to the findings documented in the Forensic Odontology Reports written at the JPAC Central Identification Laboratory (CIL). Differences were noted in 20 comparisons (51%). The majority of the discrepancies was considered negligible and would not alter the JPAC decision to disinter a set of unknown remains. Charting discrepancies that were considered significant included the occasional failure of the Kokura technicians to identify teeth with inter-proximal or esthetic restorations and the misidentification of a mechanically prepared tooth (i.e., tooth prepared for a restoration) as a carious surface.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Registros Odontológicos
Documentação
Odontologia Legal
Militares
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Japão
Guerra da Coreia
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150808
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1556-4029.12916



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