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Pesquisa : I01.880.853.100.400 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29195543
[Au] Autor:Linck R; Osman M
[Ad] Endereço:Minnesota School of Nursing, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
[Ti] Título:Reflections From the Other Side: The Refugee Journey to Health and Well-Being.
[So] Source:Creat Nurs;22(4):283-288, 2016 Nov 01.
[Is] ISSN:1078-4535
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The refugee crisis is an urgent global health issue; the number of displaced people has escalated to its worst point in recorded history. To explore the refugee phenomenon as a social determinant of health, this article examines the experience of Somali refugees in Minnesota. Health care barriers unique to refugees are explored through the firstperson perspective of one Somali woman who ultimately became a nurse.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Barreiras de Comunicação
Carência Cultural
Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente/organização & administração
Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente/utilização
Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem
Refugiados/psicologia
Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Minnesota
Somália
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1891/1078-4535.22.4.283


  2 / 1117 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29240740
[Au] Autor:Brown C; Lao C; Lawrenson R; Tin Tin S; Schaaf M; Kidd J; Allan-Moetaua A; Herman J; Raamsroop R; Campbell I; Elwood M
[Ad] Endereço:Director, SMART Marketing and Research, University of Waikato, Hamilton.
[Ti] Título:Characteristics of and differences between Pasifika women and New Zealand European women diagnosed with breast cancer in New Zealand.
[So] Source:N Z Med J;130(1467):50-61, 2017 Dec 15.
[Is] ISSN:1175-8716
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: Breast cancer in New Zealand-based Pasifika women is a significant issue. Although Pasifika women have a lower incidence of breast cancer compared to New Zealand European women, they have higher breast cancer mortality and lower five-year survival. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and tumour biology of Pasifika women and to compare New Zealand European women to identify what factors impact on early (Stage 1 and 2) vs advanced stage (Stage 3 and 4) at diagnosis. METHOD: Data on all Pasifika and New Zealand European women diagnosed with breast cancer (C50) during the period 1 June 2000 to 31 May 2013 was extracted from the Auckland and Waikato Breast Cancer Registries. Descriptive tables and Chi-square test were used to examine differences in characteristics and tumour biology between Pasifika and New Zealand European women. Logistic regression was used to identify factors that contributed to an increased risk of advanced stage at diagnosis. RESULTS: A significantly higher proportion of Pasifika women had advanced disease at diagnosis compared to New Zealand European women (33.3% and 18.3%, respectively). Cancer biology in Pasifika women was more likely to be: 1) HER2+, 2) ER/PR negative and 3) have a tumour size of ≥50mm. Pasifika women live in higher deprivation areas of 9-10 compared to New Zealand European women (55% vs 14%, respectively) and were less likely to have their cancer identified through screening. Logistic regression showed that if Pasifika women were on the screen-detected pathway they had similar odds (not sig.) of having advanced disease at diagnosis to New Zealand European women. CONCLUSION: Mode of detection, deprivation, age and some biological factors contributed to the difference in odds ratio between Pasifika and New Zealand European women. For those of screening age, adherence to the screening programme and improvements in access to earlier diagnosis for Pasifika women under the current screening age have the potential to make a substantial difference in the number of Pasifika women presenting with late-stage disease.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias da Mama/etnologia
Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos
Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Comorbidade
Carência Cultural
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Mamografia
Meia-Idade
Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia
Sistema de Registros
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1117 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27995268
[Au] Autor:Heinz A; Schneider F
[Ad] Endereço:Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Campus Mitte, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Deutschland. andreas.heinz@charite.de.
[Ti] Título:[Psychiatric and psychotherapeutic care of refugees : Challenges and perspectives].
[Ti] Título:Psychiatrische und psychotherapeutische Versorgung geflüchteter Personen : Herausforderungen und Perspektiven..
[So] Source:Nervenarzt;88(1):1-2, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1433-0407
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Transtornos Mentais/terapia
Psiquiatria/tendências
Medicina Psicossomática/tendências
Psicoterapia/tendências
Refugiados/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Barreiras de Comunicação
Carência Cultural
Previsões
Alemanha
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; INTRODUCTORY JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00115-016-0257-z


  4 / 1117 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27896371
[Au] Autor:Schneider F; Bajbouj M; Heinz A
[Ad] Endereço:Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie und Psychosomatik, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, Deutschland. fschneider@ukaachen.de.
[Ti] Título:[Mental treatment of refugees in Germany : Model for a stepped approach].
[Ti] Título:Psychische Versorgung von Flüchtlingen in Deutschland : Modell für ein gestuftes Vorgehen..
[So] Source:Nervenarzt;88(1):10-17, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1433-0407
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:The recent influx of refugees and asylum seekers into Germany poses a challenge for the national healthcare system. In compliance with the present Asylum Seekers Benefits Act, the national healthcare system can be expected to have 1.5 million new members by early 2017. Providing adequate care particularly for people with mental illnesses or disorders will represent an immense challenge for all actors in the system. The circumstances of the flight combined with the foreign linguistic and socio-cultural background increase the severity of the cases and the difficulties of treatment. No procedures or guidelines for treatment have yet been established to ensure a standardized, cost-efficient and therapeutically effective treatment of patients with this background. This article describes the components of a stepped treatment procedure and proposes a stepped and collaborative care model (SCCM) that could be evaluated in nationwide studies. This approach is based on national and international treatment guidelines and aims to provide target-group specific, culturally sensitive methods of diagnosis and treatment. The various steps of the model build on each other, with the first steps relying on technological aids (e.g. online or smartphone options) and support from lay helpers and the more expensive specialist psychiatric and psychotherapeutic therapy only being initiated in cases of more severe mental disorders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração
Modelos Organizacionais
Psiquiatria/organização & administração
Refugiados/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Traumático/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Traumático/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Barreiras de Comunicação
Carência Cultural
Previsões
Alemanha
Seres Humanos
Medicina Psicossomática/organização & administração
Psicoterapia/organização & administração
Transtornos de Estresse Traumático/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00115-016-0243-5


  5 / 1117 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26920574
[Au] Autor:Darroch F; Giles A; Sanderson P; Brooks-Cleator L; Schwartz A; Joseph D; Nosker R
[Ad] Endereço:1 University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
[Ti] Título:The United States Does CAIR About Cultural Safety: Examining Cultural Safety Within Indigenous Health Contexts in Canada and the United States.
[So] Source:J Transcult Nurs;28(3):269-277, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1552-7832
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: This article examines the concept and use of the term cultural safety in Canada and the United States. DESIGN: To examine the uptake of cultural awareness, cultural sensitivity, cultural competence, and cultural safety between health organizations in Canada and the United States, we reviewed position statements/policies of health care associations. FINDINGS: The majority of selected health associations in Canada include cultural safety within position statements or organizational policies; however, comparable U.S. organizations focused on cultural sensitivity and cultural competence. DISCUSSION: Through the work of the Center for American Indian Resilience, we demonstrate that U.S. researchers engage with the tenets of cultural safety-despite not using the language. CONCLUSIONS: We recommend that health care providers and health researchers consider the tenets of cultural safety. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: To address health disparities between American Indian populations and non-American Indians, we urge the adoption of the term and tenets of cultural safety in the United States.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carência Cultural
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena/normas
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/etnologia
Saúde Pública/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Canadá/etnologia
Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Saúde Pública/normas
Estados Unidos/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1043659616634170


  6 / 1117 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26811401
[Au] Autor:Egede-Nissen V; Sellevold GS; Jakobsen R; Sørlie V
[Ad] Endereço:Oslo and Akershus University College, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Ethical and cultural striving: Lived experiences of minority nurses in dementia care.
[So] Source:Nurs Ethics;24(6):752-766, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1477-0989
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Nursing workforce in Western European health institutions has become more diverse because of immigration and recruitment from Asian, African, and East-European countries. Minority healthcare providers may experience communication problems in interaction with patients and coworkers, and they are likely to experience conflict or uncertainty when confronted with different cultural traditions and values. Persons with dementia are a vulnerable group, and the consequences of their illness challenge the ability to understand and express oneself verbally. The large number of minority healthcare providers in nursing homes underlines the importance to obtain better knowledge about this group's experiences with the care challenges in dementia care units. RESEARCH QUESTION: Can you tell about any challenges in the experiences in the encounter with persons suffering from dementia? Participants and research context: Five minority healthcare providers in a nursing home, in a dementia unit. All guidelines for research ethic were followed. Ethical consideration: The participants were informed that participation was voluntary, and they were guarantied anonymity. METHOD: We used a qualitative method, conducting individual interviews, using a narrative approach. In the analysis, we applied a phenomenological-hermeneutical method, developed for researching life experiences. FINDINGS: One theme and four subthemes: striving to understand the quality of care for persons with dementia. The subthemes: sensitivity to understand the patients' verbal and nonverbal expressions. To understand gratefulness, understand the patient as an adult and autonomous person, and understand the patient as a patient in a nursing home. Challenges comprise both ethical and cultural striving to understand persons with dementia. CONCLUSION: To care for persons with dementia in an unfamiliar context may be understood as a striving for acting ethically, when at the same time striving to adapt and acculturate to new cultural norms, in order to practice good dementia care.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carência Cultural
Demência/enfermagem
Grupos Minoritários/psicologia
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aculturação
Adulto
Ética em Enfermagem
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Noruega
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/provisão & distribuição
Casas de Saúde/ética
Casas de Saúde/organização & administração
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160127
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0969733015624489


  7 / 1117 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26045580
[Au] Autor:Steiner B; Ellison JM; Butler HD; Cain CM
[Ad] Endereço:School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Nebraska, Omaha, NE, USA bmsteiner@unomaha.edu.
[Ti] Título:The Impact of Inmate and Prison Characteristics on Prisoner Victimization.
[So] Source:Trauma Violence Abuse;18(1):17-36, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1552-8324
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A considerable amount of research has been directed at understanding the sources of inmate misconduct (offending within prison), whereas few studies have focused on identifying the causes and correlates of prisoner victimization. The sources of inmate victimization should be distinguished from those of offending, however, because the policy implications of each focus differ to some extent. In order to determine the predictors of inmate victimization and stimulate further research on the topic, we systematically reviewed studies of the causes/correlates of prisoner victimization published between 1980 and 2014. Our findings revealed that predictor variables reflecting inmates' background characteristics (e.g., history of victimization), their institutional routines and experiences (e.g., history of misconduct), and prison characteristics (e.g., population size) all influence victimization.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vítimas de Crime/psicologia
Prisioneiros/psicologia
Violência/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Carência Cultural
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Prisões/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Sexuais
Delitos Sexuais/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150606
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 1117 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27744097
[Au] Autor:Ellwood-Lowe ME; Sacchet MD; Gotlib IH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: mellwoodlowe@stanford.edu.
[Ti] Título:The application of neuroimaging to social inequity and language disparity: A cautionary examination.
[So] Source:Dev Cogn Neurosci;22:1-8, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1878-9307
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the nascent field of the cognitive neuroscience of socioeconomic status (SES), researchers are using neuroimaging to examine how growing up in poverty affects children's neurocognitive development, particularly their language abilities. In this review we highlight difficulties inherent in the frequent use of reverse inference to interpret SES-related abnormalities in brain regions that support language. While there is growing evidence suggesting that SES moderates children's developing brain structure and function, no studies to date have elucidated explicitly how these neural findings are related to variations in children's language abilities, or precisely what it is about SES that underlies or contributes to these differences. This issue is complicated by the fact that SES is confounded with such linguistic factors as cultural language use, first language, and bilingualism. Thus, SES-associated differences in brain regions that support language may not necessarily indicate differences in neurocognitive abilities. In this review we consider the multidimensionality of SES, discuss studies that have found SES-related differences in structure and function in brain regions that support language, and suggest future directions for studies in the area of cognitive neuroscience of SES that are less reliant on reverse inference.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encéfalo/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia
Carência Cultural
Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Multilinguismo
Neuroimagem/tendências
Classe Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aptidão/fisiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161017
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 1117 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27464426
[Au] Autor:Rüegger H; Müller S
[Ti] Título:[Interview with Heinz Rüegger. Nursing is not immune to age discrimination].
[Ti] Título:Interview mit Heinz Rüegger. Pflege nicht gefeit vor Altersdiskriminierung..
[So] Source:Krankenpfl Soins Infirm;109(6):14-5, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0253-0465
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ageismo/psicologia
Carência Cultural
Enfermagem Geriátrica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Comportamento Cooperativo
Seres Humanos
Comunicação Interdisciplinar
Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Valores Sociais
Estereotipagem
Suíça
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:INTERVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160728
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160728
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160729
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 1117 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27411596
[Ti] Título:The people who don't get 'Eleanor Rigby'.
[So] Source:Nature;535(7611):199-200, 2016 07 14.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cultura
Música/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bolívia
Carência Cultural
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160715
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/535199b



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