Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I01.880.853.450 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 7650 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 765 ir para página                         

  1 / 7650 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28457498
[Au] Autor:Scholtens B
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Economics, Econometrics and Finance, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; School of Management, University of Saint Andrews, Scotland, UK. Electronic address: l.j.r.scholtens@rug.nl.
[Ti] Título:Why Finance Should Care about Ecology.
[So] Source:Trends Ecol Evol;32(7):500-505, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8383
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Finance ignores ecosystems, which has resulted in a growing list of environmental and social problems. In this article, the importance of ecology for finance is assessed. We suggest The piece also suggests that the financial intermediation perspective can align finance and ecology for the benefit of society. This requires that financial institutions account for information about the impact of finance on the environment and vice versa, and that they are held accountable by their supervisors in this domain.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ecologia
Ecossistema
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Meio Ambiente
Seres Humanos
Condições Sociais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 7650 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28350334
[Au] Autor:Ndinda C; Ndhlovu T; Khalema NE
[Ad] Endereço:Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria 0083, South Africa. cndinda@hsrc.ac.za.
[Ti] Título:Conceptions of Contraceptive Use in Rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: Lessons for Programming.
[So] Source:Int J Environ Res Public Health;14(4), 2017 Mar 28.
[Is] ISSN:1660-4601
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Community family planning programmes in South Africa arose from the controversial apartheid history of controlling the African population while encouraging the growth of European migrant population. Post-apartheid population policies shifted away from population control to aligning policies to the global agenda that placed emphasis on the link between population and development. The focus on population and development polices in post-apartheid South Africa is on social equality, justice and peace rather than controlling sections of the population. Given the shift, this paper interrogates the conceptions of contraceptive use among rural communities in KwaZulu-Natal. Our primary objective is to understand the dynamics surrounding access to and use of family planning services in peri-urban and rural areas of KwaZulu-Natal. Using focus group data, the findings of the study suggest that different social categories interact with the family planning programmes differently. How teenagers and married women perceive the value of family planning differs. Gender differences regarding the use of condoms are also evident. The paper attempts to grapple with the non-use of condoms despite the knowledge that these prevent pregnancy and provide protection from sexually-transmitted diseases. The contribution of this paper lies in its identification of socio-cultural factors and the political economy underlying the different attitudes towards contraceptive use in rural KwaZulu-Natal.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticoncepcionais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano
Preservativos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu
Serviços de Planejamento Familiar
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Gravidez
Política Pública
População Rural
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
Condições Sociais
África do Sul/epidemiologia
Migrantes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Contraceptive Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170726
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170726
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170329
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 7650 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28323470
[Au] Autor:Alang S; McAlpine D; McCreedy E; Hardeman R
[Ad] Endereço:Sirry Alang is with the Program in Health, Medicine, and Society and the Department of Sociology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA. Donna McAlpine and Rachel Hardeman are with the Division of Health Policy and Management, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis. Ellen McCreedy i
[Ti] Título:Police Brutality and Black Health: Setting the Agenda for Public Health Scholars.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(5):662-665, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We investigated links between police brutality and poor health outcomes among Blacks and identified five intersecting pathways: (1) fatal injuries that increase population-specific mortality rates; (2) adverse physiological responses that increase morbidity; (3) racist public reactions that cause stress; (4) arrests, incarcerations, and legal, medical, and funeral bills that cause financial strain; and (5) integrated oppressive structures that cause systematic disempowerment. Public health scholars should champion efforts to implement surveillance of police brutality and press funders to support research to understand the experiences of people faced with police brutality. We must ask whether our own research, teaching, and service are intentionally antiracist and challenge the institutions we work in to ask the same. To reduce racial health inequities, public health scholars must rigorously explore the relationship between police brutality and health, and advocate policies that address racist oppression.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afroamericanos
Polícia/ética
Polícia/psicologia
Saúde Pública
Racismo
Violência/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Homicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Aplicação da Lei
Masculino
Opinião Pública
Condições Sociais
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Gravação em Vídeo
Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170825
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170825
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303691


  4 / 7650 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28319296
[Au] Autor:Akter R; Hu W; Naish S; Banu S; Tong S
[Ad] Endereço:School of Public Health and Social Work, Institute of Health & Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Joint effects of climate variability and socioecological factors on dengue transmission: epidemiological evidence.
[So] Source:Trop Med Int Health;22(6):656-669, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1365-3156
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To assess the epidemiological evidence on the joint effects of climate variability and socioecological factors on dengue transmission. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, a detailed literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. Peer-reviewed, freely available and full-text articles, considering both climate and socioecological factors in relation to dengue, published in English from January 1993 to October 2015 were included in this review. RESULTS: Twenty studies have met the inclusion criteria and assessed the impact of both climatic and socioecological factors on dengue dynamics. Among those, four studies have further investigated the relative importance of climate variability and socioecological factors on dengue transmission. A few studies also developed predictive models including both climatic and socioecological factors. CONCLUSIONS: Due to insufficient data, methodological issues and contextual variability of the studies, it is hard to draw conclusion on the joint effects of climate variability and socioecological factors on dengue transmission. Future research should take into account socioecological factors in combination with climate variables for a better understanding of the complex nature of dengue transmission as well as for improving the predictive capability of dengue forecasting models, to develop effective and reliable early warning systems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aedes
Mudança Climática
Clima
Dengue/epidemiologia
Ecossistema
Insetos Vetores
Condições Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dengue/transmissão
Surtos de Doenças
Seres Humanos
Modelos Teóricos
Urbanização
Água
Tempo (Meteorologia)
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
059QF0KO0R (Water)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170321
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/tmi.12868


  5 / 7650 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
[PMID]:28273231
[Au] Autor:Ewerling F; Barros AJ
[Ad] Endereço:International Center for Equity in Health. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia. Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Pelotas, RS, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:After 10 years, how do changes in asset ownership affect the Indicador Econômico Nacional?
[So] Source:Rev Saude Publica;51(0):10, 2017 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1518-8787
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng; por
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Our main objective was to analyse how the evolution of household assets ownership affected the Indicador Econômico Nacional (IEN - National Wealth index) and to point out the most stable assets and which lost importance more quickly. METHODS: We analysed the trend of the ownership of each IEN variable and the distribution of the households' scores. We calculated the correlation coefficients of each variable separately with the IEN score and the household income. We also evaluated how the changes of the score distribution over time affected the validity of the published reference cut-points. We used data from consortium surveys conducted every two years from 2002 to 2014 in the city of Pelotas, Brazil. RESULTS: An increase in the educational level of household heads and in the ownership of all IEN assets, except radio and telephone, was observed in the study period. In general, the correlation of the assets with the IEN scores decreased over time. There was an increase in the score, with a consequent increase in the quintiles cut-points, but the distance between these cut-points had no significant variation. Thus, the reference cut-points for Pelotas, quickly became outdated. CONCLUSIONS: Some assets showed greatly reduction on its importance for the indicator, and the reference cut-points became obsolete very quickly. It is essential for a standardized wealth (or asset) index with research purposes to be updated frequently, especially the cut-points of reference distribution. OBJETIVO: Analisar como a evolução temporal da posse de bens domésticos afetou o Indicador Econômico Nacional e como essas mudanças afetaram o poder discriminatório do indicador. MÉTODOS: Analisou-se a evolução temporal da posse de cada uma das variáveis do Indicador Econômico Nacional, bem como da distribuição do escore dos domicílios. Utilizamos dados de inquéritos populacionais realizados bienalmente no município de Pelotas, RS, de 2002 a 2014. Foi calculado o coeficiente de correlação de cada variável isoladamente com o escore do Indicador Econômico Nacional e com a renda familiar. Avaliamos também como a variação da distribuição do escore ao longo do tempo afetou a validade da utilização dos pontos de corte de referência publicados. RESULTADOS: Houve aumento da escolaridade dos chefes das famílias e da posse de todos os bens, exceto rádio e linha telefônica no período. A correlação dos bens com o Indicador Econômico Nacional reduziu com o tempo. O escore aumentou, com consequente incremento nos pontos de corte dos quintis, mas a distância entre os pontos não teve variação importante. Assim, os pontos de corte de referência publicados para Pelotas rapidamente ficaram desatualizados. CONCLUSÕES: Alguns bens perderam a capacidade discriminatória e os pontos de corte ficaram obsoletos rapidamente. É essencial um indicador de bens padronizado para uso em pesquisa, que seja atualizado com frequência, em especial os pontos de corte da distribuição de referência.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Utensílios Domésticos/economia
Utensílios Domésticos/estatística & dados numéricos
Propriedade/economia
Propriedade/estatística & dados numéricos
Condições Sociais/economia
Condições Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Brasil
Escolaridade
Características da Família
Seres Humanos
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170530
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170530
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170309
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 7650 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28270382
[Au] Autor:Wen D; Zhang X; Liu X; Lei J
[Ad] Endereço:Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:Evaluating the Consistency of Current Mainstream Wearable Devices in Health Monitoring: A Comparison Under Free-Living Conditions.
[So] Source:J Med Internet Res;19(3):e68, 2017 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1438-8871
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Wearable devices are gaining increasing market attention; however, the monitoring accuracy and consistency of the devices remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the consistency of the monitoring measurements of the latest wearable devices in the state of normal activities to provide advice to the industry and support to consumers in making purchasing choices. METHODS: Ten pieces of representative wearable devices (2 smart watches, 4 smart bracelets of Chinese brands or foreign brands, and 4 mobile phone apps) were selected, and 5 subjects were employed to simultaneously use all the devices and the apps. From these devices, intact health monitoring data were acquired for 5 consecutive days and analyzed on the degree of differences and the relationships of the monitoring measurements ​​by the different devices. RESULTS: The daily measurements by the different devices fluctuated greatly, and the coefficient of variation (CV) fluctuated in the range of 2-38% for the number of steps, 5-30% for distance, 19-112% for activity duration, .1-17% for total energy expenditure (EE), 22-100% for activity EE, 2-44% for sleep duration, and 35-117% for deep sleep duration. After integrating the measurement data of 25 days among the devices, the measurements of the number of steps (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC=.89) and distance (ICC=.84) displayed excellent consistencies, followed by those of activity duration (ICC=.59) and the total EE (ICC=.59) and activity EE (ICC=.57). However, the measurements for sleep duration (ICC=.30) and deep sleep duration (ICC=.27) were poor. For most devices, there was a strong correlation between the number of steps and distance measurements (R >.95), and for some devices, there was a strong correlation between activity duration measurements and EE measurements (R >.7). A strong correlation was observed in the measurements of steps, distance and EE from smart watches and mobile phones of the same brand, Apple or Samsung (r>.88). CONCLUSIONS: Although wearable devices are developing rapidly, the current mainstream devices are only reliable in measuring the number of steps and distance, which can be used as health assessment indicators. However, the measurement consistencies of activity duration, EE, sleep quality, and so on, are still inadequate, which require further investigation and improved algorithms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atividades Cotidianas
Telefone Celular
Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Sono
Condições Sociais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170309
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2196/jmir.6874


  7 / 7650 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28256381
[Au] Autor:Sotgiu G; Dara M; Centis R; Matteelli A; Solovic I; Gratziou C; Rendon A; Battista Migliori G
[Ad] Endereço:University of Sassari, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Clinical Epidemiology and Medical Statistics Unit, Sassari, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Breaking the barriers: Migrants and tuberculosis.
[So] Source:Presse Med;46(2 Pt 2):e5-e11, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2213-0276
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Tuberculosis (TB) can represent an important clinical and public health in developing and developed countries. Low- and middle-income countries are facing an epidemic which is difficult to address because of the drug-resistance spread and the association of TB with HIV/AIDS. High-income countries, whose TB incidence has decreased in the last decades, can be involved in new TB epidemic waves owing to social, healthcare, and economic hurdles and challenges. In particular, migrants coming from high TB incidence countries can represent a new epidemiological issue in the TB care and control in geographical areas where primary care and specialized centres are not equipped to face the clinical and public health issues associated with the TB disease. The healthcare management of individuals with a latent TB infection or the TB disease is heterogeneous and different policies are in place in Europe, and, specifically, in EU countries. Scientific evidence on how to early and efficiently detect TB cases is missing, as well as diagnostic tools to diagnose those who have latent TB infection do not show adequate accuracy. Countries like Greece and Italy have political difficulties in the management of migrants and the poor living conditions in the migration centres can increase the probability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission. A clear advocacy and political commitment are urgently required. The current migration trends represent a threat from a human and a healthcare perspective. New homogeneous and target-oriented policies and strategies are needed to improve the health of the migrant and of the autochthonous populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigrantes e Imigrantes
Refugiados
Tuberculose/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Países Desenvolvidos
Países em Desenvolvimento
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças Endêmicas
Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia
Política de Saúde
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Programas de Rastreamento
Pobreza
Saúde Pública
Refugiados/estatística & dados numéricos
Condições Sociais
Tuberculose/diagnóstico
Tuberculose/prevenção & controle
Tuberculose/transmissão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170406
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170406
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170304
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 7650 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28235090
[Au] Autor:Soriano M; Mohren F; Ascarrunz N; Dressler W; Peña-Claros M
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto Boliviano de Investigación Forestal, Santa Cruz, Bolivia.
[Ti] Título:Socio-ecological costs of Amazon nut and timber production at community household forests in the Bolivian Amazon.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0170594, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Bolivian Amazon holds a complex configuration of people and forested landscapes in which communities hold secure tenure rights over a rich ecosystem offering a range of livelihood income opportunities. A large share of this income is derived from Amazon nut (Bertholletia excelsa). Many communities also have long-standing experience with community timber management plans. However, livelihood needs and desires for better living conditions may continue to place these resources under considerable stress as income needs and opportunities intensify and diversify. We aim to identify the socioeconomic and biophysical factors determining the income from forests, husbandry, off-farm and two keystone forest products (i.e., Amazon nut and timber) in the Bolivian Amazon region. We used structural equation modelling tools to account for the complex inter-relationships between socioeconomic and biophysical factors in predicting each source of income. The potential exists to increase incomes from existing livelihood activities in ways that reduce dependency upon forest resources. For example, changes in off-farm income sources can act to increase or decrease forest incomes. Market accessibility, social, financial, and natural and physical assets determined the amount of income community households could derive from Amazon nut and timber. Factors related to community households' local ecological knowledge, such as the number of non-timber forest products harvested and the number of management practices applied to enhance Amazon nut production, defined the amount of income these households could derive from Amazon nut and timber, respectively. The (inter) relationships found among socioeconomic and biophysical factors over income shed light on ways to improve forest-dependent livelihoods in the Bolivian Amazon. We believe that our analysis could be applicable to other contexts throughout the tropics as well.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Florestas
Nozes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bolívia
Ecossistema
Características da Família
Seres Humanos
Renda
Nozes/economia
Distribuição Espacial da População
Rios
Condições Sociais/economia
Clima Tropical
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170816
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170816
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170225
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0170594


  9 / 7650 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28148670
[Au] Autor:Macke C; Winkelmann M; Mommsen P; Probst C; Zelle B; Krettek C; Zeckey C
[Ad] Endereço:Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Injuries to the upper extremities in polytrauma: limited effect on outcome more than ten years after injury - a cohort study in 629 patients.
[So] Source:Bone Joint J;99-B(2):255-260, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:2049-4408
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: To analyse the influence of upper extremity trauma on the long-term outcome of polytraumatised patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 629 multiply injured patients were included in a follow-up study at least ten years after injury (mean age 26.5 years, standard deviation 12.4). The extent of the patients' injury was classified using the Injury Severity Score. Outcome was measured using the Hannover Score for Polytrauma Outcome (HASPOC), Short Form (SF)-12, rehabilitation duration, and employment status. Outcomes for patients with and without a fracture of the upper extremity were compared and analysed with regard to specific fracture regions and any additional brachial plexus lesion. RESULTS: In all, 307 multiply-injured patients with and 322 without upper extremity injuries were included in the study. The groups with and without upper limb injuries were similar with respect to demographic data and injury pattern, except for midface trauma. There were no significant differences in the long-term outcome. In patients with brachial plexus lesions there were significantly more who were unemployed, required greater retraining and a worse HASPOC. CONCLUSION: Injuries to the upper extremities seem to have limited effect on long-term outcome in patients with polytrauma, as long as no injury was caused to the brachial plexus. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:255-60.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos do Braço/reabilitação
Neuropatias do Plexo Braquial/reabilitação
Plexo Braquial/lesões
Fraturas Ósseas/reabilitação
Traumatismo Múltiplo/reabilitação
Lesões do Ombro/reabilitação
Extremidade Superior/lesões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Neuropatias do Plexo Braquial/etiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Traumatismo Múltiplo/terapia
Condições Sociais
Fatores de Tempo
Resultado do Tratamento
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.99B2.37999


  10 / 7650 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28072707
[Au] Autor:Andersen LL; Persson R; Jakobsen MD; Sundstrup E
[Ad] Endereço:aNational Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark bDepartment of Psychology cDepartment of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden dPhysical Activity and Human Performance Group, SMI, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:Psychosocial effects of workplace physical exercise among workers with chronic pain: Randomized controlled trial.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);96(1):e5709, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:While workplace physical exercise can help manage musculoskeletal disorders, less is known about psychosocial effects of such interventions. This aim of this study was to investigate the effect of workplace physical exercise on psychosocial factors among workers with chronic musculoskeletal pain.The trial design was a 2-armed parallel-group randomized controlled trial with allocation concealment. A total of 66 slaughterhouse workers (51 men and 15 women, mean age 45 years [standard deviation (SD) 10]) with upper limb chronic musculoskeletal pain were randomly allocated to group-based strength training (physical exercise group) or individual ergonomic training and education (reference group) for 10 weeks. Social climate was assessed with the General Nordic Questionnaire for Psychological and Social Factors at Work, and vitality and mental health were assessed with the 36-item Short Form Health Survey. All scales were converted to 0 to 100 (higher scores are better). Between-group differences from baseline to follow-up were determined using linear mixed models adjusted for workplace, age, gender, and baseline values of the outcome.Mean baseline scores of social climate, mental health, and vitality were 52.2 (SD 14.9), 79.5 (SD 13.7), and 53.9 (SD 19.7), respectively. Complete baseline and follow-up data were obtained from 30 and 31 from the physical exercise and reference groups, respectively. The between-group differences from baseline to follow-up between physical exercise and reference were 7.6 (95% CI 0.3 to 14.9), -2.3 (95% CI -10.3 to 5.8), and 10.1 (95% CI 0.6 to 19.5) for social climate, mental health, and vitality, respectively. For social climate and vitality, this corresponded to moderate effect sizes (Cohen d = 0.51 for both) in favor of physical exercise. There were no reported adverse events.In conclusion, workplace physical exercise performed together with colleagues improves social climate and vitality among workers with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Mental health remained unchanged.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Matadouros
Exercício/psicologia
Local de Trabalho/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Dor Crônica/terapia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Saúde Mental
Meia-Idade
Dor Musculoesquelética/terapia
Saúde do Trabalhador
Treinamento de Resistência
Capital Social
Condições Sociais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Extremidade Superior
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170224
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170224
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170111
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000005709



página 1 de 765 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde