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[PMID]:29431318
[Au] Autor:Bogomolova ES; Kuzmichev YG; Olushina EA; Polyashova AS; Kotova NV; Badeeva TV; Ashina MV; Maksimenko EO; Kiseleva AS; Pisareva AN; Kovalchuk SN; Shaposhnikova MV
[Ti] Título:[Influence of sociohygienic factors on the shaping of the nutritional status in children and teenagers].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(9):847-53, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:There was revealed the structure of deteriorations in the nutritional status of schoolchildren in the city: the most of students has normal nutritional status, but there was noted the high prevalence of excessive body weight and obesity among children and teenagers. Risk factors for development of deteriorations of the nutrition state were detected as follows: irrational food regimen, qualitative compartment offood, factors of educational environment, lifestyle. The main role in system of control of the nutritional status in children is referred to the correction of socio-hygienic factors which prove to be the priority ones in the shaping of the nutritional status in students. As the main condition determining the nutrition state of the up-to-date schoolchildren and the quality of their life in the whole the social cultural level of children and adolescents must be regarded as a result of the hygienic education and training in fundamentals of healthy lifestyle. Priority protective factors of the gain in the part of schoolchildren with normal nutritional status (optimalfood regimen, optimal dietary habits, sufficient level of physical activity) laidfrom the child age in conditions of the family, sufficient level of the physical activity and the implementation of the other element of hygienically expedient day regimen served as the base for the elaboration of the system of the control of nutritional status. Algorithm of the control of the nutritional status in the students of educational institutions includes the creation of healthcare educational environment, optimization of nutrition and physical activity, the shaping of the culture of healthy lifestyle, health-improving measures for children with disorders of nutritional status and their psychological pedagogical supports at the stage of the correction of the nutritional status, improvement of the medical service for the early detection of deviations of nutritional status with the estimation of the efficiency of the system ofpreventive and health-improving measures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exercício
Comportamento Alimentar
Estado Nutricional
Serviços de Saúde Escolar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Infantil
Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
População
Fatores de Risco
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/normas
Meio Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 40028 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28470439
[Au] Autor:Clement S; Bollinger R
[Ad] Endereço:John Templeton Foundation, West Conshohocken, PA, USA. sclement@templeton.org.
[Ti] Título:Accelerating Progress: A New Era of Research on Character Development.
[So] Source:J Youth Adolesc;46(6):1240-1245, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6601
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Adolescent character development is a high priority for educators, policymakers, and front-line youth workers. To meet this growing demand, and as exemplified in the five articles in this special section, character development scholars are drawing from a range of academic disciplines to push beyond the traditional boundaries of the science of character development. These articles highlight important trends in character research, including the co-development of a subset of character strengths, the articulation of developmental trajectories of character, the use of advanced methodological approaches, and the implications for education. Studies such as these are critically important for establishing the research base that will be used to design the character development programs of tomorrow.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente
Desenvolvimento do Adolescente
Caráter
Desenvolvimento Moral
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Seres Humanos
Grupo Associado
Pesquisa
Comportamento Social
Meio Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10964-017-0681-9


  3 / 40028 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29179825
[Au] Autor:Siess J; Schalast N
[Ad] Endereço:Institut für Forensische Psychiatrie, Universität Duisburg-Essen, LVR-Klinikum Essen, Postfach 103043, 45030 Essen, Germany. Electronic address: julia.siess@uni-due.de.
[Ti] Título:Psychometric Properties of the Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES) in a Sample of General Psychiatric Wards.
[So] Source:Arch Psychiatr Nurs;31(6):582-587, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The questionnaire EssenCES (Essen Climate Evaluation Schema) is a widely used instrument to assess social climate in forensic psychiatric and correctional institutions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the EssenCES in a general psychiatric setting, where it had not previously been evaluated. DESIGN: 648 staff members and 551 patients from 47 general psychiatric wards across 16 hospitals in Germany completed the EssenCES. Factor-, correlation- and scale-analyses were carried out to inspect the questionnaire's properties. RESULTS: The proposed three-dimensional factor structure of the instrument was confirmed. Results indicated that the EssenCES subscales Patients' Cohesion and Experienced Safety had high internal consistency, whereas elimination of item 16 would improve the internal consistency of Therapeutic Hold. Correlations between the EssenCES subscales and other measures supported the validity of the questionnaire. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the EssenCES is suitable for usage in general psychiatric settings. Along with its brevity, it seems useful as an economic and valid screening instrument for a ward's social climate. Reasons are given why item 16 should be retained.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Unidade Hospitalar de Psiquiatria
Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
Meio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Psiquiatria Legal
Alemanha
Seres Humanos
Pacientes Internados/psicologia
Masculino
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Autorrelato
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 40028 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29430902
[Au] Autor:Vasilyev VV; Perekusikhin MV; Korochkina YV
[Ti] Título:[The impact of ecological and socio-hygienic factors on the health status of children of school age].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(8):760-4, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Negative trends in incidence rates of children and adolescents of the city of Penza are due to the influence of both environmental factors as well as the educational process. Hygienic trouble in the city of Penza determines air pollution emissions of road transport, as evidenced by the high levels of morbidity rate in children and adolescents. The priorities for the correction factors are conditions and the organization of nutrition, physical education. There are identified the most important lifestyle factors for senior pupils that need the solution.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental
Estado Nutricional
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Meio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Saúde Ambiental/organização & administração
Saúde Ambiental/normas
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
População
Saúde Pública/métodos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 40028 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424500
[Au] Autor:Buduk-ool LK; Khovalyg AM
[Ti] Título:[Peculiarities of the psychological status of first-year students in terms of university education].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(6):568-72, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Peculiarities There was performed the study of the mental status of first-year students enrolled in the Tuvan state University. There were detected levels of reactive and personal anxiety, adaptive capacity, the level of social and psychological adaptation and aggression. Adaptation potential in students is within limits of the satisfactory one, there was no detected person with poor adaptive capacity and failure of adaptation, that indicates to the genetically fixed ability of the students' body to adapt to living conditions. In a state of psychological adjustment there was revealed the more higher level of anxiety in Tuvan students, which is caused by the poor living conditions. More satisfactory condition is typical for the social and psychological adaptation, since in all students values of test scales are within normal limits.There were shown gender differences in adaptation and psychological status of students. Boys have more lower indices of indirect and verbal aggression, anger, resentment, suspicion, guilt. Girls are characterized by higher hostility, at that it even exceeds standard values. In the group of students with a high personal anxiety no differences in adaptive capacities were found, and in students with moderate personal anxiety there were significantly more boys with stress adaptation than girls. Analysis of the socio-psychological adaptation of first-year students shows that in all students values of the test scales are normal, but in young men, indices are higher that indicates to a more successful socialization in the environment of the university. Correlation analysis of indices of aggressiveness and socio-psychological adaptation revealed weak negative relationships between index of aggressiveness with maladaptiveness, non-acceptance of others, emotional comfort in boys. In girls "aggressiveness" positively correlates with the such indices as acceptance of others and adaptation. Factor analysis in young men revealed the first factor, labeled as maladjustment because it included indirect aggression, maladaptiveness, self-rejection, emotional discomfort and external control. In girls first factor combines indices: adaptability, self-acceptance, adaptation (integral), self-acceptance, emotional comfort, the desire to dominate and this factor was labeled as adaptation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Ansiedade/psicologia
Motivação
Ajustamento Social
Estudantes/psicologia
Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Federação Russa
Fatores Sexuais
Meio Social
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 40028 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28749710
[Au] Autor:Morrell E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Middlebury College , Middlebury, Vermont.
[Ti] Título:First Food Justice: Infant Feeding Disparities and the First Food System.
[So] Source:Breastfeed Med;12(8):489-492, 2017 10.
[Is] ISSN:1556-8342
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Breastfeeding and first foods--including human milk and infant formula--affect us all as individuals and a society of eaters and feeders. They also shape us in part through having significant effects on community health and well-being, workplace strength, and environmental integrity. In addition, we all affect breastfeeding and first foods. Society, the economy, and the environment constrain and enable breastfeeding success, for example, and they often do so differently by race, class, and other social categories. It is important we recognize and address these realities for our own individual interests as well as those we as a citizenry hold in common.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alimentação Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos
Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos
Mães
Política Nutricional
Saúde Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Formulação de Políticas
Meio Social
Justiça Social
Apoio Social
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/bfm.2017.0088


  7 / 40028 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29206950
[Au] Autor:Gilster ME; Meier CL
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Work, University of Iowa, Iowa City.
[Ti] Título:Formal and Informal Neighborhood Social Organization: Which Promotes Better Resident Health?
[So] Source:Health Soc Work;41(3):182-190, 2016 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:0360-7283
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Neighborhood social organization captures how neighborhood residents differently organize to exert social control and enact their vision of their community. Whereas structural aspects of neighborhoods have been found to predict the health of neighborhood residents, we know less about whether neighborhood social characteristics, like social organization, matter for resident health. In their study, authors tested whether two types of social organization-formal and informal-were more predictive of resident self-rated health in a diverse sample of Chicago residents. They used multilevel models with survey weights, ordered dependent variables, and multiple imputation. They found that one measure of formal social organization, organizational participation, was significantly associated with self-rated health even when controlling for other types of social organization and individual participation. The article concludes with a discussion of the implications for macro social work practice to address social determinants of health and improve community health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Promoção da Saúde
Nível de Saúde
Distribuição Espacial da População
Meio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Chicago
Demografia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Controle Social Formal
Controles Informais da Sociedade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/hsw/hlw024


  8 / 40028 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29370214
[Au] Autor:Kelly S; Olanrewaju O; Cowan A; Brayne C; Lafortune L
[Ad] Endereço:Cambridge Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Alcohol and older people: A systematic review of barriers, facilitators and context of drinking in older people and implications for intervention design.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191189, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Harmful alcohol consumption in older people has increased and effective approaches to understanding and addressing this societal concern are needed. METHODS: Systematic review of qualitative studies in older populations (55+ years) to identify barriers, facilitators or context of drinking in older people. Multiple databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, CENTRAL, Social Sciences Citation Index, York Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, Cochrane database and grey literature) were searched from 2000 to February 2017 for studies in English, from OECD countries using MeSH terms and text words relating to alcohol combined with older age terms. Study quality was assessed using NICE methodology. The review is reported according to PRISMA. RESULTS: Drinking in older people is strongly linked to social engagement and there is scepticism about the health risks of alcohol. Drinking was also linked to difficulties such as social isolation, illness or bereavement. Alcohol can be related to routines and identity. However, older people often regulate their own drinking and strategies that emphasise the life experience of older people to drink wisely could be helpful. CONCLUSIONS: To be effective societal approaches need to take into account contexts of risks for harmful drinking. The evidence supports a strong social role for drinking alcohol which should be taken into account in any policy development with the potential benefits of social participation for cognitive health. Approaches to reducing alcohol use in older people need to avoid paradoxical harm, with a need for approaches that reduce harm from drinking alcohol but retain the benefit of socialising.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Idoso
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/prevenção & controle
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia
Intervenção na Crise
Feminino
Promoção da Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Meio Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191189


  9 / 40028 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28402223
[Au] Autor:Schmitz RM; Tyler KA
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Sociology and Anthropology , University of Texas Rio Grande Valley , Edinburg , Texas , USA.
[Ti] Título:LGBTQ+ Young Adults on the Street and on Campus: Identity as a Product of Social Context.
[So] Source:J Homosex;65(2):197-223, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and other sexual and gender minority (LGBTQ+) young adults face unique identity-related experiences based on their immersion in distinctive social contexts. The predominant framework of performing separate analyses on samples of LGBTQ+ young people by their primary social status obfuscates more holistic understandings of the role of social context. Using 46 in-depth interviews with LGBTQ+ college students and LGBTQ+ homeless young adults, we ask: How are LGBTQ+ young adults' capacities for "doing" their gender and sexual identities shaped by their distinctive social contexts? In developing their identities, both groups of LGBTQ+ young adults navigated their social environments to seek out resources and support. Most college students described their educational contexts as conducive to helping them develop their identities, or "undo" rigid norms of gender and sexuality. Homeless young adults' social environments, meanwhile, imposed complex barriers to self-expression that reinforced more normative expectations of "doing" gender and sexual identities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia
Meio Social
Estudantes/psicologia
Universidades
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Bissexualidade
Feminino
Homossexualidade Feminina
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Comportamento Sexual
Sexualidade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170413
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2017.1314162


  10 / 40028 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29202893
[Au] Autor:Gares V; Panico L; Castagne R; Delpierre C; Kelly-Irving M
[Ad] Endereço:INSERM,UMR1027,F-31000 Toulouse,France.
[Ti] Título:The role of the early social environment on Epstein Barr virus infection: a prospective observational design using the Millennium Cohort Study.
[So] Source:Epidemiol Infect;145(16):3405-3412, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:1469-4409
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a highly prevalent herpesvirus linked to infectious mononucleosis and several malignancies. This paper aims to study the association between children's early life social environment at 9 months and EBV infection at 3 years of age. METHODS: We used data on children included in the UK Millennium Cohort Study. We described the social environment using area-level and material factors as well as socioeconomic position (SEP) at 9 months. EBV was measured at 3 years of age (n = 12 457). RESULTS: Lower rates of EBV infection were observed in children living in towns and rural areas compared with those living in cities. Lower SEP and overcrowding in the household increased the odds of being infected. Children whose parents were social tenants were more likely to be infected than homeowners. In the overall model, the strength of the association between material factors and EBV infection weakened. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that early life material deprivation was associated with a higher risk of EBV infection among 3-year-olds. Children living in more deprived social conditions may be more likely to become EBV carriers at an earlier age.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/epidemiologia
População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos
Meio Social
População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Herpesvirus Humano 4
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Reino Unido/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0950268817002515



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