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[PMID]:28453714
[Au] Autor:Lorenzetti LMJ; Leatherman S; Flax VL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health Policy & Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
[Ti] Título:Evaluating the effect of integrated microfinance and health interventions: an updated review of the evidence.
[So] Source:Health Policy Plan;32(5):732-756, 2017 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:1460-2237
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: Solutions delivered within firm sectoral boundaries are inadequate in achieving income security and better health for poor populations. Integrated microfinance and health interventions leverage networks of women to promote financial inclusion, build livelihoods, and safeguard against high cost illnesses. Our understanding of the effect of integrated interventions has been limited by variability in intervention, outcome, design, and methodological rigour. This systematic review synthesises the literature through 2015 to understand the effect of integrated microfinance and health programs. Methods: We searched PubMed, Scopus, Embase, EconLit, and Global Health databases and sourced bibliographies, identifying 964 articles exclusive of duplicates. Title, abstract, and full text review yielded 35 articles. Articles evaluated the effect of intentionally integrated microfinance and health programs on client outcomes. We rated the quality of evidence for each article. Results: Most interventions combined microfinance with health education, which demonstrated positive effects on health knowledge and behaviours, though not health status. Among programs that integrated microfinance with other health components ( i.e. health micro-insurance, linkages to health providers, and access to health products), results were generally positive but mixed due to the smaller number and quality of studies. Interventions combining multiple health components in a given study demonstrated positive effects, though it was unclear which component was driving the effect. Most articles (57%) were moderate in quality. Discussion: Integrated microfinance and health education programs were effective, though longer intervention periods are necessary to measure more complex pathways to health status. The effect of microfinance combined with other health components was less clear. Stronger randomized research designs with multiple study arms are required to improve evidence and disentangle the effects of multiple component microfinance and health interventions. Few studies attempted to understand changes in economic outcomes, limiting our understanding of the relationship between health and income effects.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Apoio Financeiro
Promoção da Saúde/métodos
Pobreza
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Redes Comunitárias/economia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/economia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/heapol/czw170


  2 / 6311 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28467403
[Au] Autor:Raffai F; Timmis O
[Ad] Endereço:Findacure Foundation, Cambridge, UK.
[Ti] Título:Building the patient community.
[So] Source:Gene Ther;24(9):547-550, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5462
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There are many challenges in conducting rare disease research. The conditions are often poorly understood, small patient populations are dispersed around the world, and there are limited funding opportunities. Patient groups can serve as a key partner in overcoming these challenges, as they understand the impact of rare conditions on patients' lives. This gives patient groups valuable scientific insights into the disease. This can be used to create research strategies, address research bottlenecks and directly fund research that appropriately addresses patient needs. Patient groups can also play a critical role in recruiting and retaining patients for clinical trials, which reduces time and resource waste. By partnering with patient groups, research teams can improve efficiency of research and best meet the needs of patients. Researchers can also play an important role in building and supporting patient groups to unlock these benefits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Participação do Paciente/economia
Doenças Raras/economia
Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Redes Comunitárias/economia
Redes Comunitárias/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Doenças Raras/psicologia
Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/organização & administração
Sociedades/economia
Sociedades/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/gt.2017.33


  3 / 6311 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28452127
[Au] Autor:Bealt J; Mansouri SA
[Ad] Endereço:Research Associate, Alliance Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:From disaster to development: a systematic review of community-driven humanitarian logistics.
[So] Source:Disasters;42(1):124-148, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A plethora of untapped resources exist within disaster-affected communities that can be used to address relief and development concerns. A systematic review of the literature relating to community participation in humanitarian logistics activities revealed that communities are able to form ad hoc networks that have the ability to meet a wide range of disaster management needs. These structures, characterised as Collaborative Aid Networks (CANs), have demonstrated efficient logistical capabilities exclusive of humanitarian organisations. This study proposes that CANs, as a result of their unique characteristics, present alternatives to established humanitarian approaches to logistics, while also mitigating the challenges commonly faced by traditional humanitarian organisations. Furthermore, CANs offer a more holistic, long-term approach to disaster management, owing to their impact on development through their involvement in humanitarian logistics. This research provides the foundation for further theoretical analysis of effective and efficient disaster management, and details opportunities for policy and practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Redes Comunitárias/organização & administração
Desastres
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12232


  4 / 6311 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29320140
[Au] Autor:Amarashingham R; Xie B; Karam A; Nguyen N; Kapoor B
[Ad] Endereço:Pieces Technology, Inc.
[Ti] Título:Using Community Partnerships to Integrate Health and Social Services for High-Need, High-Cost Patients.
[So] Source:Issue Brief (Commonw Fund);2018:1-11, 2018 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1558-6847
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Issue: Our health care and social services delivery systems are not well-equipped to effectively manage patients with multiple chronic diseases and complex social needs such as food, housing, or substance abuse services. Community-level efforts have emerged across the nation to integrate the activities of disparate social service organizations with local health care delivery systems. Evidence on the experiences and outcomes of these programs is emerging, and there is much to learn about their approaches and challenges. Goal: Profile and classify burgeoning initiatives, understand common challenges, and surface solutions to address those challenges. Methods: Mixed-methods approach, including literature search, surveys, semistructured interviews with program leaders, and consultation with expert panels. Findings and Conclusions: We categorized cross-sector community partnerships in four dimensions. We also identified five common challenges: inadequate strategies to sustain cost-savings, improvement, and funding; lack of accurate and timely measurement of return on investment; lack of mechanisms to share potential savings between health care and social services providers; lack of expertise to integrate multiple data sources during health care or social services provision; and lack of a cross-sector workflow evidence base.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Serviços de Saúde Comunitária
Relações Comunidade-Instituição
Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde
Múltiplas Afecções Crônicas/terapia
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Redes Comunitárias
Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180122
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180122
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180111
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 6311 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29186160
[Au] Autor:Han J; Li W; Zhao L; Su Z; Zou Y; Deng W
[Ad] Endereço:Complexity Science Center & Institute of Particle Physics, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, Hubei, China.
[Ti] Título:Community detection in dynamic networks via adaptive label propagation.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0188655, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An adaptive label propagation algorithm (ALPA) is proposed to detect and monitor communities in dynamic networks. Unlike the traditional methods by re-computing the whole community decomposition after each modification of the network, ALPA takes into account the information of historical communities and updates its solution according to the network modifications via a local label propagation process, which generally affects only a small portion of the network. This makes it respond to network changes at low computational cost. The effectiveness of ALPA has been tested on both synthetic and real-world networks, which shows that it can successfully identify and track dynamic communities. Moreover, ALPA could detect communities with high quality and accuracy compared to other methods. Therefore, being low-complexity and parameter-free, ALPA is a scalable and promising solution for some real-world applications of community detection in dynamic networks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Algoritmos
Redes Comunitárias
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188655


  6 / 6311 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27777181
[Au] Autor:Bryant-Stephens T; Reed-Wells S; Canales M; Perez L; Rogers M; Localio AR; Apter AJ
[Ad] Endereço:Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa; Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. Electronic address: stephenst@email.chop.edu.
[Ti] Título:Home visits are needed to address asthma health disparities in adults.
[So] Source:J Allergy Clin Immunol;138(6):1526-1530, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6825
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Research on asthma frequently recruits patients from clinics because the ready pool of patients leads to easy access to patients in office waiting areas, emergency departments, or hospital wards. Patients with other chronic conditions, and with mobility problems, face exposures at home that are not easily identified at the clinic. In this article, we describe the perspective of the community health workers and the challenges they encountered when making home visits while implementing a research intervention in a cohort of low-income, minority patients. From their observations, poor housing, often the result of poverty and lack of social resources, is the real elephant in the chronic asthma room. To achieve a goal of reduced asthma morbidity and mortality will require a first-hand understanding of the real-world social and economic barriers to optimal asthma management and the solutions to those barriers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Asma/epidemiologia
Agentes Comunitários de Saúde
Visita Domiciliar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Redes Comunitárias
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde
Seres Humanos
Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente
Pobreza
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 6311 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28892443
[Au] Autor:Cuervo I; Leopold L; Baron S
[Ad] Endereço:Isabel Cuervo and Sherry Baron are with the Barry Commoner Center for Health and the Environment at Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing, NY. Les Leopold is with the Labor Institute, New York, NY.
[Ti] Título:Promoting Community Preparedness and Resilience: A Latino Immigrant Community-Driven Project Following Hurricane Sandy.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(S2):S161-S164, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:As community residents and recovery workers, Latino immigrants play important roles after disasters, yet are rarely included in preparedness planning. A community-university-labor union partnership created a demonstration project after Hurricane Sandy to strengthen connections to disaster preparedness systems to increase community resilience among Latino immigrant communities in New York and New Jersey. Building ongoing ties that connect workers and community-based organizations with local disaster preparedness systems provided mutual benefits to disaster planners and local immigrant communities, and also had an impact on national disaster-related initiatives.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Defesa Civil/organização & administração
Redes Comunitárias/organização & administração
Tempestades Ciclônicas
Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Hispano-Americanos/psicologia
Resiliência Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
New Jersey
New York
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170912
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304053


  8 / 6311 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28892441
[Au] Autor:Renard PG; Vagi SJ; Reinold CM; Silverman BL; Avchen RN
[Ad] Endereço:Paul G. Renard Jr, Sara J. Vagi, Chris M. Reinold, Brenda L. Silverman, and Rachel N. Avchen are with the Division of State and Local Readiness, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. Rachel N. Avchen is also a guest editor for thi
[Ti] Título:Improvements in State and Local Planning for Mass Dispensing of Medical Countermeasures: The Technical Assistance Review Program, United States, 2007-2014.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(S2):S200-S207, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and describe outcomes of state and local medical countermeasure preparedness planning, which is critical to ensure rapid distribution and dispensing of a broad spectrum of life-saving medical assets during a public health emergency. METHODS: We used 2007 to 2014 state and local data collected from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Technical Assistance Review. We calculated descriptive statistics from 50 states and 72 local Cities Readiness Initiative jurisdictions that participated in the Technical Assistance Review annually. RESULTS: From 2007 to 2014, the average overall Technical Assistance Review score increased by 13% for states and 41% for Cities Readiness Initiative jurisdictions. In 2014, nearly half of states achieved the maximum possible overall score (100), and 94% of local Cities Readiness Initiative jurisdictions achieved a score of 90 or more. CONCLUSIONS: Despite challenges, effective and timely medical countermeasure distribution and dispensing is possible with appropriate planning, staff, and resources. However, vigilance in training, exercising, and improving plans from lessons learned in a sustained, coordinated way is critical to ensure continued public health preparedness success.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)/organização & administração
Cidades/estatística & dados numéricos
Defesa Civil/organização & administração
Redes Comunitárias/organização & administração
Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração
Administração em Saúde Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Governo Estadual
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170920
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170920
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170912
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304037


  9 / 6311 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28797047
[Au] Autor:Leone Sciabolazza V; Vacca R; Kennelly Okraku T; McCarty C
[Ad] Endereço:Bureau of Economic Business and Research, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Detecting and analyzing research communities in longitudinal scientific networks.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182516, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A growing body of evidence shows that collaborative teams and communities tend to produce the highest-impact scientific work. This paper proposes a new method to (1) Identify collaborative communities in longitudinal scientific networks, and (2) Evaluate the impact of specific research institutes, services or policies on the interdisciplinary collaboration between these communities. First, we apply community-detection algorithms to cross-sectional scientific collaboration networks and analyze different types of co-membership in the resulting subgroups over time. This analysis summarizes large amounts of longitudinal network data to extract sets of research communities whose members have consistently collaborated or shared collaborators over time. Second, we construct networks of cross-community interactions and estimate Exponential Random Graph Models to predict the formation of interdisciplinary collaborations between different communities. The method is applied to longitudinal data on publication and grant collaborations at the University of Florida. Results show that similar institutional affiliation, spatial proximity, transitivity effects, and use of the same research services predict higher degree of interdisciplinary collaboration between research communities. Our application also illustrates how the identification of research communities in longitudinal data and the analysis of cross-community network formation can be used to measure the growth of interdisciplinary team science at a research university, and to evaluate its association with research policies, services or institutes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisadores/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pesquisa Biomédica
Redes Comunitárias
Comportamento Cooperativo
Florida
Seres Humanos
Modelos Estatísticos
Revisão da Pesquisa por Pares
Pesquisadores/estatística & dados numéricos
Universidades
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170811
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182516


  10 / 6311 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28782996
[Au] Autor:Ayedun B; Okpachu G; Manyong V; Atehnkeng J; Akinola A; Abu GA; Bandyopadhyay R; Abdoulaye T
[Ad] Endereço:1 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, P.O. Box 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria (ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7681-9413 [B.A.]).
[Ti] Título:An Assessment of Willingness To Pay by Maize and Groundnut Farmers for Aflatoxin Biocontrol Product in Northern Nigeria.
[So] Source:J Food Prot;80(9):1451-1460, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1944-9097
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In Nigeria, Aflasafe is a registered biological product for reducing aflatoxin infestation of crops from the field to storage, making the crops safer for consumption. The important questions are whether farmers will purchase and apply this product to reduce aflatoxin contamination of crops, and if so under what conditions. A study was carried out to address these questions and assess determinants of willingness to pay (WTP) for the product among maize and groundnut farmers in Kano and Kaduna states in Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was used to collect primary data from 492 farmers. The majority of farmers who had direct experience with Aflasafe (experienced farmers) in Kano (80.7%) and Kaduna (84.3%) had a WTP bid value equal to or greater than the threshold price ($10) at which Aflasafe was to be sold. The mean WTP estimates for Aflasafe for experienced farmers in Kano and Kaduna were statistically the same. However, values of $3.56 and $7.46 were offered in Kano and Kaduna states, respectively, by farmers who had never applied Aflasafe (inexperienced farmers), and the difference here was significant (P < 0.01). Regression results indicate that contact with extension agents (P < 0.01) and access to credit (P < 0.05) positively and significantly influenced the probability that a farmer would be willing to pay more for Aflasafe than the threshold price. Lack of awareness of the importance of Aflasafe was the major reason cited by inexperienced farmers (64% in Kano state and 21% in Kaduna state) for not using the product. A market strategy promoting a premium price for aflatoxin-safe produce and creating awareness and explaining the availability of Aflasafe to potential users should increase Aflasafe usage.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aflatoxinas/análise
Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/economia
Fazendeiros/psicologia
Financiamento Pessoal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arachis/química
Arachis/microbiologia
Redes Comunitárias
Seres Humanos
Nigéria
Controle Biológico de Vetores/economia
Zea mays/química
Zea mays/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aflatoxins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170808
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-16-281



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