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Pesquisa : I01.880.853.934 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28677490
[Au] Autor:Bilke-Hentsch O
[Ad] Endereço:1 Modellstation Somosa, Winterthur.
[Ti] Título:Pathologische Mediennutzung bei Kindern und Jugendlichen ­ eine Perspektive für die Praxis..
[So] Source:Praxis (Bern 1994);106(14):775-779, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1661-8157
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/diagnóstico
Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Internet
Smartphone
Jogos de Vídeo/efeitos adversos
Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Terapia Comportamental
Comportamento Aditivo/terapia
Criança
Aconselhamento
Seres Humanos
Admissão do Paciente
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
Psicoterapia
Ajustamento Social
Socialização
Suíça
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170706
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a002735


  2 / 6810 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28516839
[Au] Autor:Galano MM; McGuire MD; Grogan-Kaylor A; Montalvo-Liendo N; Graham-Bermann SA
[Ti] Título:Ethno-Racial Differences in Children's Attitudes and Beliefs About Violence.
[So] Source:Violence Vict;32(3):452-465, 2017 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:0886-6708
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One in 15 children in the United States are exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) each year. Although much is known about the adverse effects of witnessing IPV on children, little attention has been given to the impact of IPV on children of diverse ethno-racial backgrounds. In particular, the association between IPV and children's attitudes and beliefs about violence across different ethno-racial populations remains to be explored. One hundred ninety children between the ages of 4 and 12 years of varying ethno-racial backgrounds who had witnessed recent IPV were interviewed regarding their attitudes and beliefs about IPV. Results show that younger children and White, Black, and Biracial children exhibited more deleterious attitudes and beliefs about violence after exposure to IPV than did older and Latina or Latino children. These findings may indicate the need for more tailored intervention programs that target the specific maladaptive beliefs expressed by children of various demographic groups.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Bem-Estar da Criança/psicologia
Violência Doméstica/psicologia
Grupos Étnicos/psicologia
Maus-Tratos Conjugais/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Comportamento Infantil/etnologia
Bem-Estar da Criança/etnologia
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Controle Interno-Externo
Masculino
Resiliência Psicológica
Socialização
Maus-Tratos Conjugais/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170811
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170811
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170519
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1891/0886-6708.VV-D-16-00013


  3 / 6810 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28476253
[Au] Autor:Chazalet N
[Ad] Endereço:Centre psychothérapique de l'Ain, avenue de Marboz, 01012 Bourg-en-Bresse, France. Electronic address: nathalie.chazalet@cpa01.fr.
[Ti] Título:[From constraint to containment through the nursing link].
[Ti] Título:De la contention à la contenance par le lien soignant..
[So] Source:Soins Psychiatr;38(310):26-28, 2017 May - Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0241-6972
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:The implementation of a sufficiently strict, adapted care setting provides constructive support for a move away from isolation and restraint towards new spaces of freedom. The account of the evolutive management of a patient by a nursing team in Bourg-en-Bresse, presents possible therapeutic strategies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais/enfermagem
Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação
Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente/ética
Isolamento de Pacientes/ética
Isolamento de Pacientes/psicologia
Agitação Psicomotora/enfermagem
Agitação Psicomotora/reabilitação
Restrição Física/ética
Restrição Física/psicologia
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/enfermagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atuação (Psicologia)
Adolescente
Alcoolismo/enfermagem
Alcoolismo/psicologia
Criança
Comorbidade
Transtorno da Conduta/enfermagem
Transtorno da Conduta/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Socialização
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia
Tentativa de Suicídio/prevenção & controle
Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia
Violência/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170901
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170901
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170507
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 6810 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28448161
[Au] Autor:Cartwright E; Clegg AL
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Anthropology , Idaho State University , Pocatello , Idaho , USA.
[Ti] Título:Peaches for Lunch: Creating and Using Visual Variables.
[So] Source:Med Anthropol;36(6):519-532, 2017 Aug-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1545-5882
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this article, I describe the process of systematically including nonverbal data in medical anthropology research. I demonstrate the process of visualizing and coding videotaped moments of life and show how we can analyze what is being done along with what is being said. I ground my discussion in toddler language socialization and then expand my observations to the realm of language pathologies. Aphasia from strokes, speech difficulties in neurologically based illnesses like Lou Gehrig's disease, and the variety of communication challenges that face those on the autism spectrum can all be studied in interesting ways by including precise descriptions of nonverbal actions. I discuss the process of recording and coding the data with the software Observer XT 11.5 by Noldus. This method of collecting and analyzing video data can be used for many anthropological questions, in addition to those concerned with communication.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropologia Médica/métodos
Comunicação
Socialização
Gravação em Vídeo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Afasia
Transtorno Autístico
Feminino
Fixação Ocular
Gestos
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Almoço
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/01459740.2017.1321643


  5 / 6810 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28394939
[Au] Autor:Peshkovskaya AG; Babkina TS; Myagkov MG; Kulikov IA; Ekshova KV; Harriff K
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Experimental Methods in Cognitive and Social Sciences, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Tomsk Region, Russian Federation.
[Ti] Título:The socialization effect on decision making in the Prisoner's Dilemma game: An eye-tracking study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0175492, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We used a mobile eye-tracking system (in the form of glasses) to study the characteristics of visual perception in decision making in the Prisoner's Dilemma game. In each experiment, one of the 12 participants was equipped with eye-tracking glasses. The experiment was conducted in three stages: an anonymous Individual Game stage against a randomly chosen partner (one of the 12 other participants of the experiment); a Socialization stage, in which the participants were divided into two groups; and a Group Game stage, in which the participants played with partners in the groups. After each round, the respondent received information about his or her personal score in the last round and the overall winner of the game at the moment. The study proves that eye-tracking systems can be used for studying the process of decision making and forecasting. The total viewing time and the time of fixation on areas corresponding to noncooperative decisions is related to the participants' overall level of cooperation. The increase in the total viewing time and the time of fixation on the areas of noncooperative choice is due to a preference for noncooperative decisions and a decrease in the overall level of cooperation. The number of fixations on the group attributes is associated with group identity, but does not necessarily lead to cooperative behavior.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Cooperativo
Tomada de Decisões
Processos Grupais
Socialização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Análise de Variância
Medições dos Movimentos Oculares
Feminino
Fixação Ocular
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Dilema do Prisioneiro
Testes Psicológicos
Distribuição Aleatória
Fatores de Tempo
Percepção Visual
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170411
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0175492


  6 / 6810 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28345984
[Au] Autor:Bifarin O; Stonehouse D
[Ad] Endereço:Mental Health Nursing Student, MSc Pre-registration Pathway, Faculty of Health and Social Care, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk.
[Ti] Título:Clinical supervision: an important part of every nurse's practice.
[So] Source:Br J Nurs;26(6):331-335, 2017 03 23.
[Is] ISSN:0966-0461
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Clinical supervision involves a supportive relationship between supervisor and supervisee that facilitates reflective learning and is part of professional socialisation. Clinical supervision can take many different forms and may be adapted to suit local circumstances. A working agreement is required between the parties to the supervision and issues surrounding confidentiality must be understood. High-quality clinical supervision leads to greater job satisfaction and less stress. When it is absent or inadequate, however, the results can be serious and it is particularly important that student nurses are well supported in this way. Further research in this area is necessary.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação em Enfermagem
Liderança
Mentores
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros
Desenvolvimento de Pessoal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Competência Clínica
Seres Humanos
Satisfação no Emprego
Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem
Organização e Administração
Socialização
Estudantes de Enfermagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170328
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.12968/bjon.2017.26.6.331


  7 / 6810 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28314137
[Au] Autor:Talwar V; Lavoie J; Gomez-Garibello C; Crossman AM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1Y2, Canada. Electronic address: victoria.talwar@mcgill.ca.
[Ti] Título:Influence of social factors on the relation between lie-telling and children's cognitive abilities.
[So] Source:J Exp Child Psychol;159:185-198, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0457
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lie-telling may be part of a normative developmental process for children. However, little is known about the complex interaction of social and cognitive factors related to this developmental behavior. The current study examined parenting style, maternal exposure to stressors, and children's cognitive abilities in relation to children's antisocial lie-telling behavior in an experimental setting. Children (3-6years, N=157) participated in a modified temptation resistance paradigm to elicit spontaneous lies. Results indicate that high authoritative parenting and high inhibitory control interact to predict a lower propensity to lie, but those who did lie had better semantic leakage control. This suggests that although children's lie-telling may be normative during early development, the relation to children's cognitive abilities can be moderated by responsive parenting behaviors that discourage lying.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Decepção
Função Executiva
Inteligência
Poder Familiar/psicologia
Psicologia da Criança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Autoritarismo
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Inibição (Psicologia)
Masculino
Memória de Curto Prazo
Relações Mãe-Filho
Meio Social
Socialização
Estresse Psicológico/complicações
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Teste de Stroop
Escalas de Wechsler
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170526
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170526
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170318
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28289309
[Au] Autor:Tanzer K; Dintzner M
[Ad] Endereço:Western New England University College of Pharmacy, Springfield, Massachusetts.
[Ti] Título:Promoting Professional Socialization Within the Experiential Curriculum: Implementation of a High-stakes Professionalism Rubric.
[So] Source:Am J Pharm Educ;81(1):19, 2017 Feb 25.
[Is] ISSN:1553-6467
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To describe the implementation of a high-stakes rubric to assess student professionalism in introductory and advanced pharmacy practice experiences (IPPEs and APPEs) to promote the professional socialization of students in the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) program at Western New England University (WNE). A professionalism rubric was adapted from the literature to assess the professional behavior of students enrolled in experiential courses based on evaluation of the following criteria: appropriate communication skills with patients and providers, appearance and dress code, timeliness, and initiative. The rubric was implemented in the fall semester of 2013 as a high-stakes component of the assessment within all experiential courses. Students were required to meet expectations for each of the four criteria in order to pass the practice experience, independent of their performance in other course components. Students were assessed by their preceptors at the midpoint and end of each practice experience using the appropriate evaluation tool. Each of the IPPE and APPE evaluation tools included the professionalism rubric as a requirement for assessment. Use of the Professionalism Rubric as a high-stakes assessment tool highlighted professionalism as an important component of the program, making expectations explicit to students and providing leverage to preceptors for holding students accountable. The Office of Experiential Affairs at WNE has raised awareness of the importance of professionalism and promoted the professional socialization of PharmD students with the use of a high-stakes professionalism rubric.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Currículo
Relações Interprofissionais
Profissionalismo
Socialização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Educação em Farmácia/métodos
Seres Humanos
Estudantes de Farmácia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170328
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170328
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170315
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5688/ajpe81119


  9 / 6810 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28284288
[Au] Autor:Janssens M
[Ad] Endereço:Centre d'appui bruxellois, boulevard Simon-Bolivar 30, 1000 Bruxelles, Belgique; Institut psycho-judiciaire, centre hospitalier de Cadillac, 89, rue Cazeaux-Cazalet, 33410 Cadillac-sur-Garonne, France. Electronic address: Michele.Janssens@just.fgov.be.
[Ti] Título:[Court-ordered therapy, the case of sex offenders in Belgium].
[Ti] Título:Injonction de soins, le cas des délinquants sexuels en Belgique..
[So] Source:Soins Psychiatr;38(309):40-42, 2017 Mar - Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0241-6972
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Following the Dutroux affair which rocked Belgium in 1996, the Belgian minister for justice signed cooperation agreements with the country's three regions (Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels-Capital), imposing on sex offenders therapy or treatment as an alternative to imprisonment. What legal programme is now in place for their management? Experience of the Brussels support centre.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internação Compulsória de Doente Mental/legislação & jurisprudência
Comportamento Perigoso
Psicoterapia/legislação & jurisprudência
Delitos Sexuais/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bélgica
Seres Humanos
Comunicação Interdisciplinar
Colaboração Intersetorial
Masculino
Menores de Idade/legislação & jurisprudência
Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia
Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/legislação & jurisprudência
Medição de Risco/legislação & jurisprudência
Prevenção Secundária
Delitos Sexuais/psicologia
Socialização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170313
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28235893
[Au] Autor:Mouterde SC; Elie JE; Mathevon N; Theunissen FE
[Ad] Endereço:Equipe de Neuro-Ethologie Sensorielle-Neuro-PSI CNRS UMR9197, Université de Lyon/Saint-Etienne, 42023 Saint-Etienne, France, and solveig.mouterde@uclouvain.be.
[Ti] Título:Single Neurons in the Avian Auditory Cortex Encode Individual Identity and Propagation Distance in Naturally Degraded Communication Calls.
[So] Source:J Neurosci;37(13):3491-3510, 2017 Mar 29.
[Is] ISSN:1529-2401
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One of the most complex tasks performed by sensory systems is "scene analysis": the interpretation of complex signals as behaviorally relevant objects. The study of this problem, universal to species and sensory modalities, is particularly challenging in audition, where sounds from various sources and localizations, degraded by propagation through the environment, sum to form a single acoustical signal. Here we investigated in a songbird model, the zebra finch, the neural substrate for ranging and identifying a single source. We relied on ecologically and behaviorally relevant stimuli, contact calls, to investigate the neural discrimination of individual vocal signature as well as sound source distance when calls have been degraded through propagation in a natural environment. Performing electrophysiological recordings in anesthetized birds, we found neurons in the auditory forebrain that discriminate individual vocal signatures despite long-range degradation, as well as neurons discriminating propagation distance, with varying degrees of multiplexing between both information types. Moreover, the neural discrimination performance of individual identity was not affected by propagation-induced degradation beyond what was induced by the decreased intensity. For the first time, neurons with distance-invariant identity discrimination properties as well as distance-discriminant neurons are revealed in the avian auditory cortex. Because these neurons were recorded in animals that had prior experience neither with the vocalizers of the stimuli nor with long-range propagation of calls, we suggest that this neural population is part of a general-purpose system for vocalizer discrimination and ranging. Understanding how the brain makes sense of the multitude of stimuli that it continually receives in natural conditions is a challenge for scientists. Here we provide a new understanding of how the auditory system extracts behaviorally relevant information, the vocalizer identity and its distance to the listener, from acoustic signals that have been degraded by long-range propagation in natural conditions. We show, for the first time, that single neurons, in the auditory cortex of zebra finches, are capable of discriminating the individual identity and sound source distance in conspecific communication calls. The discrimination of identity in propagated calls relies on a neural coding that is robust to intensity changes, signals' quality, and decreases in the signal-to-noise ratio.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Potenciais de Ação/fisiologia
Comunicação Animal
Córtex Auditivo/fisiologia
Tentilhões/fisiologia
Células Receptoras Sensoriais/fisiologia
Identificação Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estimulação Acústica/métodos
Animais
Feminino
Masculino
Socialização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170818
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170818
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170226
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2220-16.2017



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