Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I01.880.853.996.755 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 35854 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 3586 ir para página                         

  1 / 35854 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29394247
[Au] Autor:Sacoor C; Payne B; Augusto O; Vilanculo F; Nhacolo A; Vidler M; Makanga PT; Munguambe K; Lee T; Macete E; von Dadelszen P; Sevene E; CLIP Working Group
[Ad] Endereço:Centro de Investigação em Saúde da Manhiça (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique.
[Ti] Título:Health and socio-demographic profile of women of reproductive age in rural communities of southern Mozambique.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0184249, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Reliable statistics on maternal morbidity and mortality are scarce in low and middle-income countries, especially in rural areas. This is the case in Mozambique where many births happen at home. Furthermore, a sizeable number of facility births have inadequate registration. Such information is crucial for developing effective national and global health policies for maternal and child health. The aim of this study was to generate reliable baseline socio-demographic information on women of reproductive age as well as to establish a demographic surveillance platform to support the planning and implementation of the Community Level Intervention for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) study, a cluster randomized controlled trial. This study represents a census of all women of reproductive age (12-49 years) in twelve rural communities in Maputo and Gaza provinces of Mozambique. The data were collected through electronic forms implemented in Open Data Kit (ODK) (an app for android based tablets) and household and individual characteristics. Verbal autopsies were conducted on all reported maternal deaths to determine the underlying cause of death. Between March and October 2014, 50,493 households and 80,483 women of reproductive age (mean age 26.9 years) were surveyed. A total of 14,617 pregnancies were reported in the twelve months prior to the census, resulting in 9,029 completed pregnancies. Of completed pregnancies, 8,796 resulted in live births, 466 resulted in stillbirths and 288 resulted in miscarriages. The remaining pregnancies had not yet been completed during the time of the survey (5,588 pregnancies). The age specific fertility indicates that highest rate (188 live births per 1,000 women) occurs in the age 20-24 years old. The estimated stillbirth rate was 50.3/1,000 live and stillbirths; neonatal mortality rate was 13.3/1,000 live births and maternal mortality ratio was 204.6/100,000 live births. The most common direct cause of maternal death was eclampsia and tuberculosis was the most common indirect cause of death. This study found that fertility rate is high at age 20-24 years old. Pregnancy in the advanced age (>35 years of age) in this study was associated with higher poor outcomes such as miscarriage and stillbirth. The study also found high stillbirth rate indicating a need for increased attention to maternal health in southern Mozambique. Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS are prominent indirect causes of maternal death, while eclampsia represents the number one direct obstetric cause of maternal deaths in these communities. Additional efforts to promote safe motherhood and improve child survival are crucial in these communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Demografia
Nível de Saúde
População Rural
Classe Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aborto Espontâneo
Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Mortalidade Infantil
Recém-Nascido
Mortalidade Materna
Meia-Idade
Moçambique/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184249


  2 / 35854 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29364972
[Au] Autor:Lee YH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Preventive Medicine & Institute of Wonkwang Medical Science, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Jeonbuk, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Socioeconomic differences among community-dwelling diabetic adults screened for diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy: The 2015 Korean Community Health Survey.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191496, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We investigated the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic nephropathy (DN) in community-dwelling diabetics. We analyzed data from 22,134 people with diabetes aged ≥19 years at the time of the nationwide 2015 Korean Community Health Survey. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to explore the relationship between SES and screening for DR and DN both before and after adjustment for health behaviors, comorbidities, and educational level. Of all diabetic subjects, 33.9% and 38.1% underwent DR and DN screening, respectively. In the fully adjusted model, the extent of the DR and DN screening trended significantly lower as the educational level fell. Monthly household income was positively associated with DR screening, but a lower odds ratio (OR) for DN screening was evident only when the lowest and highest income groups were compared. Compared with managers/professionals, agricultural/forestry/fishery workers (OR 0.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.69-0.96) and mechanical/manual laborers (OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.71-0.97) had lower ORs for DN screening. Residents in rural (compared with urban) areas and widows/widowers (compared with members of couples) were significantly less likely to undergo screening for DR and DN. Similar findings were obtained when the analysis was limited to those who had been educated about diabetes. In conclusion, socioeconomic inequalities were evident in terms of screening for DR and DN in community-dwelling Korean diabetics, regardless of whether they had reported receiving diabetes education. Tailored public health policies (and societal attention) are required to aid the socioeconomically disadvantaged.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nefropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico
Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico
Classe Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
República da Coreia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191496


  3 / 35854 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29364952
[Au] Autor:Tseng SH; Lee JY; Chou YL; Sheu ML; Lee YW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
[Ti] Título:Association between socioeconomic status and cerebral palsy.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191724, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The present study investigated the annual prevalence of cerebral palsy (CP) among children aged <7 years in Taiwan and the association between socioeconomic status and CP prevalence. METHODS: Data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for the 2002-2008 period were used in this population-based study. Severe and total CP were defined according to catastrophic illness certificate and medical claim records, respectively. The annual CP prevalence was calculated as the number of children with CP among all children aged <7 years. RESULTS: From 2002 to 2008, the annual prevalence of total and severe CP ranged from 1.9 to 2.8 and from 1.1 to 1.4 per 1000 children, respectively. Boys were 30% more likely to have CP than girls [adjusted relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) ranged from 1.3 (1.2-1.4) to 1.4 (1.2-1.5)]. Low family income was associated with a higher CP prevalence [adjusted RR (95% CI) ranged from 5.1 (4.2-6.2) to 6.4 (5.4-7.6)]. The prevalence of CP in rural area was higher than that in urban or suburban areas. The mortality rate of severe CP ranged from 12.2-22.7 per 1000 children within the 7 years study period. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of CP in Taiwan is similar to that in Western countries. A higher prevalence of CP is associated with male sex, low income, and rural residential location. Our findings provide insights into CP epidemiology among the Chinese population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Paralisia Cerebral/fisiopatologia
Classe Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Paralisia Cerebral/epidemiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Seres Humanos
Prevalência
Taiwan/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191724


  4 / 35854 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29373595
[Au] Autor:Brussoni M; George MA; Jin A; Amram O; McCormick R; Lalonde CE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Hospitalizations due to unintentional transport injuries among Aboriginal population of British Columbia, Canada: Incidence, changes over time and ecological analysis of risk markers.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191384, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Worldwide, Indigenous people have disproportionately higher rates of transport injuries. We examined disparities in injury-related hospitalizations resulting from transport incidents for three population groups in British Columbia (BC): total population, Aboriginal off-reserve, and Aboriginal on-reserve populations. We also examined sociodemographic, geographic and ethnic risk markers for disparities. METHODS: We identified Aboriginal people through BC's universal health care insurance plan insurance premium group and birth and death record notations. We calculated crude incidence rate and Standardized Relative Risk (SRR) of hospitalization for unintentional transport injury, standardized for age, gender and Health Service Delivery Area (HSDA), relative to the total population of BC. We tested hypothesized associations of geographic, socio-economic, and employment-related characteristics of Aboriginal communities with SRR of transport injury by multivariable linear regression. RESULTS: During the period 1991-2010, the SRR for the off-reserve Aboriginal population was 1.77 (95% CI: 1.71 to 1.83); and 2.00 (95% CI: 1.93 to 2.07) among those living on-reserve. Decline in crude rate and SRRs was observed over this period among both the Aboriginal and total populations of BC, but was proportionally greater among the Aboriginal population. The best-fitting multivariable risk marker model was an excellent fit (R2 = 0.912, p<0.001), predicted SRRs very close to observed values, and retained the following terms: urban residence, population per room, proportion of the population with a high school certificate, proportion of the population employed; and multiplicative interactions of Aboriginal ethnicity with population per room and proportion of the population employed. CONCLUSIONS: Disparities in risk of hospitalization due to unintentional transport injury have narrowed. Aboriginal ethnicity modifies the effects of socioeconomic risk factors. Continued improvement of socioeconomic conditions and implementation of culturally relevant injury prevention interventions are needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
Transferência de Pacientes
Grupos Populacionais/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Colúmbia Britânica
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos
Classe Social
Fatores de Tempo
População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180127
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191384


  5 / 35854 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29203743
[Au] Autor:Krekoten OM; Dereziuk AV; Ihnaschuk OV; Holovchanska SE
[Ad] Endereço:Department Of Public Health, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine.
[Ti] Título:Analysis of major risk factors affecting those working in the agrarian sector (based on a sociological survey).
[So] Source:Wiad Lek;70(5):925-929, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0043-5147
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Issues related to labour potential, its state and problems have consistently been a focus of attention for the International Labour Organisation (ILO). Its respective analysis shows that labour potential problems remain unresolved in many countries of the world. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), adverse working conditions are among major factors of occupational disease development in Europe and the reason for disabilities of economically active population during 2.5% of their lifetime. The aim of the present study is to identify and analyse major risk factors, which have a bearing on people working in agriculture in the course of exercising their occupation, with account of forms of ownership of agricultural enterprises. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Carried out was a cross-sectional study involving a sociological survey of 412 respondents - those working in agriculture - who made up the primary group and the control group. The study revealed 21 risk factors, 9 of which were work-related. A modified elementary cybernetic model of studying impact efficiency was developed with the view of carrying out a structural analysis of the sample group and choosing relevant methodological approaches. RESULTS: It has been established that harmful factors related to working environment and one's lifestyle are decisive in the agrarian sector, particularly for workers of privately owned businesses. For one out of three respondents harmful working conditions manifested themselves as industrial noise (31.7±3.4), vibration (29.0±2.1) trunk bending and constrained working posture (36.6±3.4). The vast majority of agricultural workers (91.6±2.5) admitted they could not afford proper rest during their annual leave; male respondents abused alcohol (70.6±3.0) and smoking (41.4±2.0 per 100 workers). CONCLUSION: The research established the structure of risk factors, which is sequentially represented by the following groups: behavioral (smoking, drinking of alcohol, rest during annual leave, physical culture), working environment and work activities (occupation, work experience, safety measures, working environment, organization and management), socioeconomic (education, financial situation).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Trabalhadores Agrícolas/epidemiologia
Fazendeiros/estatística & dados numéricos
Nível de Saúde
Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Doenças dos Trabalhadores Agrícolas/psicologia
Estudos Transversais
Fazendeiros/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Classe Social
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Ucrânia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 35854 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28459618
[Au] Autor:Celedón JC; Burchard EG; Schraufnagel D; Castillo-Salgado C; Schenker M; Balmes J; Neptune E; Cummings KJ; Holguin F; Riekert KA; Wisnivesky JP; Garcia JGN; Roman J; Kittles R; Ortega VE; Redline S; Mathias R; Thomas A; Samet J; Ford JG; American Thoracic Society and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
[Ti] Título:An American Thoracic Society/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Workshop Report: Addressing Respiratory Health Equality in the United States.
[So] Source:Ann Am Thorac Soc;14(5):814-826, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:2325-6621
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Health disparities related to race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status persist and are commonly encountered by practitioners of pediatric and adult pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine in the United States. To address such disparities and thus progress toward equality in respiratory health, the American Thoracic Society and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened a workshop in May of 2015. The workshop participants addressed health disparities by focusing on six topics, each of which concluded with a panel discussion that proposed recommendations for research on racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine. Such recommendations address best practices to advance research on respiratory health disparities (e.g., characterize broad ethnic groups into subgroups known to differ with regard to a disease of interest), risk factors for respiratory health disparities (e.g., study the impact of new tobacco or nicotine products on respiratory diseases in minority populations), addressing equity in access to healthcare and quality of care (e.g., conduct longitudinal studies of the impact of the Affordable Care Act on respiratory and sleep disorders), the impact of personalized medicine on disparities research (e.g., implement large studies of pharmacogenetics in minority populations), improving design and methodology for research studies in respiratory health disparities (e.g., use study designs that reduce participants' burden and foster trust by engaging participants as decision-makers), and achieving equity in the pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine workforce (e.g., develop and maintain robust mentoring programs for junior faculty, including local and external mentors). Addressing these research needs should advance efforts to reduce, and potentially eliminate, respiratory, sleep, and critical care disparities in the United States.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde
Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Política de Saúde
Seres Humanos
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (U.S.)
Pneumologia
Classe Social
Sociedades Médicas
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CONSENSUS DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE, NIH; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1513/AnnalsATS.201702-167WS


  7 / 35854 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28459308
[Au] Autor:Akgöz A; Gözüm S; Ilgaz A
[Ad] Endereço:a Public Health Nursing Department , Akdeniz University Faculty of Nursing , Antalya , Turkey.
[Ti] Título:A comparative study on perception of body weight of women from different socioeconomic levels.
[So] Source:Health Care Women Int;38(8):861-872, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1096-4665
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of the study was to evaluate perception of body weight (PBW) of women who live in two different regions of the Antalya provincial center in Turkey with different socioeconomic status (SES) and whose ages range from 50 to 65. A cross-sectional survey was conducted. Association with PBW was investigated using multiple logistic regression analyses; correct PBW of women in middle SES was 0.28 times more than those in upper-middle and upper SES. Health professionals should take unemployed women with high body mass index and low SES as a target group.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Índice de Massa Corporal
Classe Social
Percepção de Peso
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Turquia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/07399332.2017.1325487


  8 / 35854 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28452695
[Au] Autor:Dyer AM; Kristjansson AL; Mann MJ; Smith ML; Allegrante JP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.
[Ti] Título:Sport Participation and Academic Achievement: A Longitudinal Study.
[So] Source:Am J Health Behav;41(2):179-185, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1945-7359
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: We examined the relation- ship between sport participation and academic achievement in a sample of adolescents, while accounting for socioeconomic status (SES) and sex. METHODS: We analyzed data from a cohort of 271 Mid-Atlantic high school students who participated in a longitudinal study of risk and protective factors for substance use, teen parenting, and school drop out. RESULTS: Sport participation at year one predicted academic achievement in English (p < .05) and mathematics (p < .05) at year 2, while controlling for academic achievement at year one. In both instances over other independent variables and covariates in the models, sport participation explains almost 7% of additional variance in the outcomes variables. We also found a positive relationship for participants who reported parents with some college experience as opposed to parents with no college experience, between sport participation and grades in English (p < .05) but not for mathematics. CONCLUSIONS: Sport participation is positively related to academic achievement but the relationship diverges when students are compared across sex and by parental education. These findings suggest that the relation ship between sport participation and academic achievement may be influenced by SES and is related to sex.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sucesso Acadêmico
Comportamento do Adolescente
Classe Social
Esportes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Mid-Atlantic Region/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5993/AJHB.41.2.9


  9 / 35854 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28452687
[Au] Autor:Boekeloo BO; Todaro Brooks A; Qi Wang M
[Ad] Endereço:University of Maryland School of Public Health, Behavioral and Community Health, College Park, MD, USA.
[Ti] Título:Exposures Associated with Minority High Schoolers' Predisposition for Health Science.
[So] Source:Am J Health Behav;41(2):104-113, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1945-7359
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: We examined modifiable facilitation strategies (exposures) during high school that are associated with motiva- tion for minority youth pursuit of health science. METHODS: A sample (N = 116) of minority (73% African-American/Black, 21% Hispanic/Latino) 12th graders from 6 high schools in a lower socioeconomic area bordering Washington, DC completed a self-administered survey. Path modeling was used to examine whether: (1) exposures: high school science courses, extra-curricular science activities, personal health experiences, and adult encouragement predict Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) constructs including attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control, and (2) TPB constructs predict the outcome of intent to pursue college health science. RESULTS: The path model indicated that adult encouragement was associated with attitude (p < .01), subjective norm (p < .01), and perceived behavioral control (p < .01); and personal health experiences were associated with attitude (p < .01). Attitude and subjective norm were associated with intent (p < .01). CONCLUSION: Motivating minority high schoolers from low socioeconomic areas through adult encouragement and personal health experiences to value health scientists and to perceive that others support their pursuit of health science may be pathways for facilitating their intention to pursue college health science.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afroamericanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Escolha da Profissão
Currículo
Hispano-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Ciência/educação
Classe Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5993/AJHB.41.2.1


  10 / 35854 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28465458
[Au] Autor:Pennlert J; Asplund K; Glader EL; Norrving B; Eriksson M
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine, (J.P., K.A., E.-L.G.), and Department of Statistics, Umeå School of Business and Economics (M.E.), Umeå University, Sweden; and Department of Medical Sciences, Section of Neurology, Lund University, Sweden (B.N.). johanna.pennlert
[Ti] Título:Socioeconomic Status and the Risk of Stroke Recurrence: Persisting Gaps Observed in a Nationwide Swedish Study 2001 to 2012.
[So] Source:Stroke;48(6):1518-1523, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1524-4628
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This nationwide observational study aimed to investigate how socioeconomic status is associated with risk of stroke recurrence and how possible associations change over time. METHODS: This study included 168 295 patients, previously independent in activities of daily living, with a first-ever stroke in the Swedish Stroke Register (Riksstroke) 2001 to 2012. Riksstroke was linked with Statistics Sweden as to add individual information on education and income. Subdistribution hazard regression was used to analyze time from 28 days after first stroke to stroke recurrence, accounting for the competing risk of other causes of death. RESULTS: Median time of follow-up was 3.0 years. During follow-up, 23 560 patients had a first recurrent stroke, and 53 867 died from other causes. The estimated cumulative incidence of stroke recurrence was 5.3% at 1 year, and 14.3% at 5 years. Corresponding incidence for other deaths were 10.3% and 30.2%. Higher education and income were associated with a reduced risk of stroke recurrence. After adjusting for confounding variables, university versus primary school education returned a hazard ratio of 0.902; 95% confidence interval, 0.864 to 0.942, and the highest versus the lowest income tertile a hazard ratio of 0.955; 95% confidence interval, 0.922 to 0.989. The risk of stroke recurrence decreased during the study period, but the inverse effect of socioeconomic status on risk of recurrence did not change significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a declining risk of stroke recurrence over time, the differences in recurrence risk between different socioeconomic groups remained at a similar level in Sweden during 2001 to 2012.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolaridade
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos
Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos
Classe Social
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Recidiva
Risco
Suécia/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.116.015643



página 1 de 3586 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde