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[PMID]:29183021
[Au] Autor:Chantziantoniou N; Mukherjee M; Donnelly AD; Pantanowitz L; Austin RM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pathology, Cytopathology Section, Sidra Medicine, Qatar Foundation, Doha, Qatar.
[Ti] Título:Digital Applications in Cytopathology: Problems, Rationalizations, and Alternative Approaches.
[So] Source:Acta Cytol;62(1):68-76, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2650
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to raise awareness of problems using digital applications for examining, teaching, and applying telecytology at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), Omaha, NE, USA; and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Pittsburgh, PA, USA. The objective was to rationalize problems and propose alternative digital approaches. STUDY DESIGN: We sought to identify solutions to improve the following: (a) interpretive examination scores at KAMC for complex cytological templates (i.e., high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions [HSIL]) when using static digital images (SDI) of cells in regions of interest (ROI); (b) visualization of cells in 3D clusters when teaching at UNMC using 2D and 3D whole-slide imaging (WSI); and (c) visualization of cells through streaming telecytology at UPMC. RESULTS: Composite SDI (CSDI) improved test scores for complex interpretations (i.e., HSIL) by converging diagnostic criteria from multiple ROI. Multiplane focusing through z-stacked WSI facilitated the teaching of cytological entities characterized by 3D cell clusters and consultative telecytology through robotic cell analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Adequately visualized cytomorphology and multiplane focusing are essential for virtual cytopathology examinations, teaching, or consultative telecytology. Visualization of diagnostic criteria through 2D or 3D imaging is critical. Panoptiq panoramic WSI with integrated z-stacked video clips enables optimal applied telecytology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Instrução por Computador
Educação Médica/métodos
Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos
Microscopia/métodos
Patologia/educação
Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/patologia
Telepatologia/métodos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Nebraska
Teste de Papanicolaou
Pennsylvania
Valor Preditivo dos Testes
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Arábia Saudita
Esfregaço Vaginal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1159/000484434


  2 / 45848 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28458382
[Au] Autor:Tang W
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo.
[Ti] Título:Propelling medical humanities in China.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):125-127, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Advances in the study of the medical humanities and medical humanities education have been made over the past few decades. Many influential journals have published articles examining the role of medical humanities and medical humanities education, the development and evaluation of medical humanities, and the design of a curriculum for medical humanities education in Western countries. However, most articles related to medical humanities in China were published in Chinese, moreover, researchers have worked in relative isolation and published in disparate journals, so their work has not been systematically presented to and evaluated by international readers. The six companion articles featured in this issue describe the current status and challenge of medical humanities and medical humanities education in China in the hope of providing international readers with a novel and meaningful glimpse into medical humanities in China. This Journal is calling for greater publication of research on medical humanities and medical humanities education to propel medical humanities in China.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Médica/métodos
Ciências Humanas/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01102


  3 / 45848 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28458335
[Au] Autor:Liu Y; Huang Y; Gao H; Cheng X
[Ad] Endereço:School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University.
[Ti] Título:Communication skills training: Adapting to the trends and moving forward.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):142-147, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Communication ability is one of the core requirements of doctors' competency. Teaching communication to medical students and junior doctors has attracted much attention. With the challenge of escalating demands, the status of training communication skills has been promoted in the past several decades. The training content was integrated with other courses and various pedagogic approaches have been applied and proved to be effective. Practical strategies and mixed types were highly recommended. However, there are still many problems, including the fragmentation of the training, insufficient practice, inadequate qualified teachers, case adaptation, course localization and impediment from the environment. This paper proposes some suggestions to solve the problems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Médica/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Currículo
Seres Humanos
Relações Médico-Paciente
Estudantes de Medicina
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01095


  4 / 45848 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28458333
[Au] Autor:Song P; Tang W
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo.
[Ti] Título:Emphasizing humanities in medical education: Promoting the integration of medical scientific spirit and medical humanistic spirit.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):128-133, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the era of the biological-psychological-social medicine model, an ideal of modern medicine is to enhance the humanities in medical education, to foster medical talents with humanistic spirit, and to promote the integration of scientific spirit and humanistic spirit in medicine. Throughout the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), other Western countries, and some Asian countries like Japan, many medical universities have already integrated the learning of medical humanities in their curricula and recognized their value. While in China, although medical education reform over the past decade has emphasized the topic of medical humanities to increase the professionalism of future physicians, the integration of medical humanity courses in medical universities has lagged behind the pace in Western countries. In addition, current courses in medical humanities were arbitrarily established due to a lack of organizational independence. For various reasons like a shortage of instructors, medical universities have failed to pay sufficient attention to medical humanities education given the urgent needs of society. The medical problems in contemporary Chinese society are not solely the purview of biomedical technology; what matters more is enhancing the humanities in medical education and fostering medical talents with humanistic spirit. Emphasizing the humanities in medical education and promoting the integration of medical scientific spirit and medical humanistic spirit have become one of the most pressing issues China must address. Greater attention should be paid to reasonable integration of humanities into the medical curriculum, creation of medical courses related to humanities and optimization of the curriculum, and actively allocating abundant teaching resources and exploring better methods of instruction.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Médica/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Currículo
Assistência à Saúde
Ciências Humanas
Seres Humanos
Estudantes de Medicina
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01092


  5 / 45848 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28458332
[Au] Autor:Wang F; Song Z; Zhang W; Xiao Y
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, Ministry of Education, School of Public Health, Fudan University.
[Ti] Título:Medical humanities play an important role in improving the doctor-patient relationship.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):134-137, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Doctors in China have been wounded or even killed in frequent violence as conflict between doctors and patients has intensified. China has had a massive dearth of medical students over the past decade and doctors are dissatisfied with conditions in their profession. Conditions in medicine are not conducive to medical reform. This paper notes that the main factors affecting the doctor-patient relationship are a lack of humanity in medicine, the predominance of techniques and technologies, and inappropriate administration of hospitals. These factors are related to a lack of medical humanities. This paper describes several steps to make medicine more humane and to help establish a harmonious doctor-patient relationship, including improved humanities education for doctors and medical students, ending the predominance of techniques and technologies, bringing back "humanity" in medicine, and improving the administration of hospitals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências Humanas
Relações Médico-Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Educação Médica
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01087


  6 / 45848 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28458331
[Au] Autor:Yun X; Guo J; Qian H
[Ad] Endereço:School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University.
[Ti] Título:Preliminary thoughts on research in medical humanities.
[So] Source:Biosci Trends;11(2):148-151, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7823
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Medical humanities (MH) is an interdisciplinary field of medicine which includes the humanities (literature, philosophy, ethics, history, and religion), social sciences (anthropology, cultural studies, psychology, sociology, and health geography), and the arts (literature, theater, film, and visual arts) and their application to medical education and practice. Studies of MH should not be limited to theoretical discussions. Research results must be translated into use of methodologies to formulate medical policies, guide clinical practices, and help resolve physical or mental problems. MH has a critical role in addressing medicine-related issues, such as human cloning legislation and the treatment of Ebola virus infection. Recently, MH has also been included in the "Healthy China 2030" project, indicating that MH has garnered more attention in China. Medical colleges, research institutes, and non-profit organizations are focusing on MH studies. Over the past few years, financial support for MH studies has also increased. Although the development of MH currently lags behind medicine and health sciences, MH has promise.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Médica/métodos
Ciências Humanas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5582/bst.2017.01085


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[PMID]:28453424
[Au] Autor:Patel RR; Ravichandran S; Doering MM; Hardi AC
[Ad] Endereço:a Washington University School of Medicine , St. Louis , Missouri , USA.
[Ti] Título:A Multicomponent Library Resource Model to Enhance Academic Global Health Education Among Residency Programs.
[So] Source:Med Ref Serv Q;36(2):120-128, 2017 Apr-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1540-9597
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Global health is becoming an increasingly important component of medical education. Medical libraries have an opportunity to assist global health residents with their information needs, but first it is important to identify what those needs are and how best they can be addressed. This article reports a collaboration between global health faculty and an academic medical librarian to assess the information needs of global health pathway residents and how assessment data are used to create a multicomponent program designed to enhance global health education.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde Global/educação
Internato e Residência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comportamento Cooperativo
Educação Médica
Seres Humanos
Bibliotecários
Bibliotecas Médicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02763869.2017.1293971


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[PMID]:29428011
[Au] Autor:Rubenstein R; Cowan SW; Yeo CJ; Entwistle JW
[Ti] Título:René Gerónimo Favaloro (1923-2000): A Man Who Struggled with Matters of the Heart.
[So] Source:Am Surg;84(1):7-11, 2018 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1555-9823
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:René Gerónimo Favaloro prided himself on being a "simple country doctor." Born in La Plata, Argentina, Dr. Favaloro had an interest in Argentina's sociopolitical and healthcare systems beginning at a young age. He began his medical education at La Universidad Nacional de La Plata, graduating in 1949 with plans to continue his medical education in the field of surgery; however, in 1950, Dr. Favaloro temporarily resigned from his position as a surgeon to work as a country doctor in a small province of La Pampa, Argentina. It was during this time that Dr. Favaloro became acutely aware of the overwhelmingly poor state of the healthcare system in Argentina. In 1962, Dr. Favaloro redirected his focus back to his surgical interests and moved to the United States to work at the Cleveland Clinic, where he discovered the use of the saphenous vein graft for revascularization of the coronary arteries. Despite a productive medical career in the United States, Dr. Favaloro eventually brought his work back to Argentina, where his heart had always remained. Throughout the incredible milestones of his life, Dr. René Gerónimo Favaloro consistently remained a humble, gracious, and simple country doctor.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cardiologia/história
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/história
Assistência à Saúde/história
Metáfora
Veia Safena
Cirurgiões/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Argentina
Educação Médica/história
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Editoração/história
Veia Safena/transplante
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Favaloro RG
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180212
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29342198
[Au] Autor:Huang Z; Song W; Zhang Y; Zhang Q; Zhou D; Zhou X; He Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopaedics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:Three-dimensional printing model improves morphological understanding in acetabular fracture learning: A multicenter, randomized, controlled study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191328, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Conventional education results in unsatisfactory morphological understanding of acetabular fractures due to lack of three-dimensional (3D) details and tactile feedback of real fractures. Virtual reality (VR) and 3D printing (3DP) techniques are widely applied in teaching. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of physical model (PM), VR and 3DP models in education of morphological understanding of acetabular fractures. 141 students were invited to participate in this study. Participants were equally and randomly assigned to the PM, VR and 3DP learning groups. Three-level objective tests were conducted to evaluate learning, including identifying anatomical landmarks, describing fracture lines, identifying classification, and inferring fracture mechanism. Four subjective questions were asked to evaluate the usability and value of instructional materials. Generally, the 3DP group showed a clear advantage over the PM and VR groups in objective tests, while there was no significant difference between the PM and VR groups. 3DP was considered to be the most valuable learning tool for understanding acetabular fractures. The findings demonstrate that 3DP modelling of real fractures is an effective learning instrument that can be used to understand the morphology of acetabular fractures and promote subjective interest.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acetábulo/lesões
Acetábulo/patologia
Educação Médica
Fraturas Ósseas/patologia
Impressão Tridimensional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Realidade Virtual
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191328


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[PMID]:28453117
[Au] Autor:Restrepo-Palacio S; Amaya-Guio J
[Ad] Endereço:Centro de Tecnología para la Academia, Universidad de la Sabana, Colombia. sonia.restrepo@unisabana.edu.co.
[Ti] Título:[Learning about social determinants of health through chronicles, using a virtual learning environment].
[Ti] Título:Aprendiendo sobre determinantes sociales de la salud a través de crónicas, mediante un ambiente virtual de aprendizaje..
[So] Source:Rev Salud Publica (Bogota);18(5):756-767, 2016 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:0124-0064
[Cp] País de publicação:Colombia
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:Objective: To describe the contributions of a pedagogical strategy based on the construction of chronicles, using a Virtual Learning Environment for training medical students from Universidad de La Sabana on social determinants of health. Methodology: Descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Design and implementation of a Virtual Learning Environment based on the ADDIE instructional model. Results: A Virtual Learning Environment was implemented with an instructional design based on the five phases of the ADDIE model, on the grounds of meaningful learning and social constructivism, and through the narration of chronicles or life stories as a pedagogical strategy. During the course, the structural determinants and intermediaries were addressed, and nine chronicles were produced by working groups made up of four or five students, who demonstrated meaningful learning from real life stories, presented a coherent sequence, and kept a thread; 82% of these students incorporated in their contents most of the social determinants of health, emphasizing on the concepts of equity or inequity, equality or inequality, justice or injustice and social cohesion. Conclusions: A Virtual Learning Environment, based on an appropriate instructional design, allows to facilitate learning of social determinants of health through a constructivist pedagogical approach by analyzing chronicles or life stories created by ninth-semester students of medicine from Universidad de La Sabana.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Instrução por Computador
Educação Médica/métodos
Aprendizagem
Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
Estudantes de Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Colômbia
Seres Humanos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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