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[PMID]:28244710
[Au] Autor:Amitani Y; Sudo N; Tsuboyama-Kasaoka N; Ishikawa F; Sako K
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences, Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Meal services after the Great East Japan Earthquake at nursery schools in a tsunami-affected town: focus group observations.
[So] Source:Asia Pac J Clin Nutr;26(2):308-312, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0964-7058
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to collect information on experiences in the Great East Japan Earthquake (hereafter, 3.11), current preparedness, and barriers to building up stockpiles in nursery schools in affected areas. Based on the needs heard from the staff, we decided what contents should be included in our manual developed with the Japan Dietetic Association. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A group interview was held in September 2012. We interviewed a principal, nurses, and registered dietitians working for a public and a private nursery school in Town A. We also invited an administrative dietitian who was an employee of Town A. RESULTS: One of the barriers to building up stockpiles was that they did not have any idea of what and how many items they should store. To deal with this situation, we developed a formula that could be used to calculate the quantity of stockpiles for their facilities in a newly developed feeding manual. In terms of current preparedness, the registered dietitians were not prepared for alternative menus in emergencies or how to manage garbage when the garbage collection was disrupted by disasters. The manual recommends to obtain the services of at least two food service personnel and spare space for storing filled garbage bags until garbage collection resumes. CONCLUSION: Some improvements in stocks were found in both of the public and private nursery schools. To improve the situation further, more financial support and detailed guidelines should be provided by the local government and authoritative organizations. Our manual should be a great asset for all nursery schools to improve their stockpiles.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Planejamento em Desastres
Desastres
Terremotos
Serviços de Alimentação
Escolas Maternais
Tsunamis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dietética
Planejamento em Desastres/métodos
Grupos Focais
Seres Humanos
Japão
Nutricionistas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170629
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170629
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170301
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.6133/apjcn.012016.05


  2 / 1267 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28169554
[Au] Autor:Greene G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of History and Sociology of Science, University of Pennsylvania.
[Ti] Título:Architecture, Medicalization, and the Aesthetics of Hygiene at the Écoles maternelles.
[So] Source:Can Bull Med Hist;34(1):9-41, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0823-2105
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article examines the focus on hygiene, medical surveillance, and physical regeneration in late 19 and early 20 century French nursery schools (écoles maternelles) and its impact on their architecture. Administrators had originally charged maternelles with providing education and motherly care to young children. But bureaucratic anxieties about physical degeneration and disease among French schoolchildren led to new practices focused on the body, which ultimately led to changes in the schools' architectural program and aesthetics. Supposedly at stake was nothing less than the biological, political, and economic future of France.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estética
Higiene/história
Medicalização
Escolas Maternais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pré-Escolar
França
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3138/cbmh.140-27012015


  3 / 1267 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26930134
[Au] Autor:Benjamin TE; Lucas-Thompson RG; Little LM; Davies PL; Khetani MA
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Occupational Therapy , Colorado State University , Fort Collins , Colorado , USA.
[Ti] Título:Participation in Early Childhood Educational Environments for Young Children with and Without Developmental Disabilities and Delays: A Mixed Methods Study.
[So] Source:Phys Occup Ther Pediatr;37(1):87-107, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1541-3144
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: This mixed methods study examined: 1) how young children with and without developmental disabilities and delays participate in daycare or preschool activities; 2) similarities and differences in environmental factors impacting daycare or preschool participation; and 3) strategies used by parents who desired a change in their child's participation. METHODS: Data were drawn from 129 parents of young children with and without developmental disabilities and delays (mean age = 49.3 months) residing in North America. Summary and item-level group differences based on disability status were assessed for participation and environmental supports to participation. Narrative data on parental strategies were content coded, transformed into numerical counts, and summarized to identify strategies commonly employed by parents to promote their child's participation. RESULTS: Moderate to large disability related group differences in participation and environmental support to participation were found even after controlling for confounding effects of child age, child gender, and family income. Parents commonly described strategies focused on "child care tasks" and "child peer groups," irrespective of the type(s) of change they desired. CONCLUSIONS: Study findings suggest that discrepancies in school participation between young children with and without disabilities and delays can be detected and intervened on during the early childhood period.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Deficiências do Desenvolvimento
Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia
Pais/psicologia
Participação Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Creches
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/psicologia
Avaliação da Deficiência
Crianças com Deficiência/educação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Percepção
Escolas Maternais
Meio Social
Apoio Social
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170324
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170324
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160302
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3109/01942638.2015.1130007


  4 / 1267 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27762254
[Au] Autor:Gokdogan O; Gokdogan C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Memorial Health Group Ankara Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Determination of the level of noise in nurseries and pre-schools and the teachers' level of annoyance.
[So] Source:Noise Health;18(84):256-259, 2016 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1463-1741
[Cp] País de publicação:India
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to determine the level of noise in nurseries and pre-schools and also to compare measured levels with standard levels and evaluate the teachers' level of annoyance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The level of noise was measured in three different schools. A total of 162 students, whose ages were between 3 and 6 years, and 12 teachers were included the study. Every age groups' level of noise was measured during sleeping, gaming, and eating activity. In addition, teachers' annoyance was assessed in different age groups. RESULTS: The 4- to 6-year-old groups were found to have higher level of sounds than 3-year-old group. Eating period was found to be the highest level of sound whereas sleeping was found the lowest. Furthermore, teachers' annoyance was found higher as the age decreased. CONCLUSION: Nurseries and pre-schools have noisy environment both for the students and the teachers. High level of noise, which has bad effects on health, is a public health problem. Both the students' families and teachers must be aware of this annoying situation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ruído Ocupacional
Professores Escolares/psicologia
Escolas Maternais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Ruído
Estudantes
Turquia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170601
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170601
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161021
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.192475


  5 / 1267 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27532225
[Au] Autor:Tucker P; Maltby AM; Burke SM; Vanderloo LM; Irwin JD
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Occupational Therapy, University of Western Ontario, 1201 Western Rd, Elborn College, London, ON N6G 1H1, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Comparing physical activity and sedentary time among overweight and nonoverweight preschoolers enrolled in early learning programs: a cross-sectional study.
[So] Source:Appl Physiol Nutr Metab;41(9):971-6, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1715-5320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Establishing appropriate physical activity and sedentary behaviours during early childhood is important to ensure children accrue the many associated health benefits. While physical activity levels have been reported as low within early learning programs, little research has explored the physical activity and sedentary time of Canadian preschoolers classified as overweight within these facilities. The purpose of this study was to compare objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time among preschoolers classified as overweight and nonoverweight in early learning programs. Direct assessment of physical activity and sedentary time of 216 preschool-aged children was collected via Actical accelerometers during early learning hours, while body mass index percentile was calculated based on preschoolers' objectively measured height and weight. Results of three 3-way ANOVAs suggest that rates of moderate to vigorous physical activity, total physical activity, and sedentary time (p > 0.05) did not significantly differ based on weight status, sex, and type of early learning facility. This study is one of few that has examined differences in overweight and nonoverweight preschoolers' sedentary time, and adds to the limited research exploring physical activity levels among overweight and nonoverweight preschoolers during early learning hours. Given the high rates of sedentary time reported, programming within early learning facilities is necessary to support preschoolers, regardless of weight status, to achieve increased physical activity levels and decreased sedentary time.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil
Exercício
Estilo de Vida Saudável
Sobrepeso/etiologia
Escolas Maternais
Estilo de Vida Sedentário
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Actigrafia
Índice de Massa Corporal
Comportamento Infantil/etnologia
Pré-Escolar
Estudos de Coortes
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Gráficos de Crescimento
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Ontário
Sobrepeso/etnologia
Estilo de Vida Sedentário/etnologia
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160818
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1139/apnm-2016-0021


  6 / 1267 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27481476
[Au] Autor:Winston-Gerson R; Sabo DL
[Ad] Endereço:Hearing Screening Program Manager, Audiology Systems, Schaumburg, IL.
[Ti] Título:Hearing Loss Detection in Schools and Early Child Care Settings: An Overview of School-Age Hearing Screening Practices.
[So] Source:NASN Sch Nurse;31(5):257-62, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1942-6038
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The school nurse is the key figure in successful school screening programs. A student with unidentified and unmet health care needs is unlikely to perform at their full potential, both academically and socially. The purpose of the article is to serve as a resource, providing guidance, strategies, and a discussion of available equipment to assist with successful screening programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Perda Auditiva/diagnóstico
Testes Auditivos/normas
Programas de Rastreamento/normas
Serviços de Enfermagem Escolar/normas
Escolas Maternais
Instituições Acadêmicas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Diagnóstico Precoce
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170619
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170619
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160803
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1942602X16661362


  7 / 1267 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27455182
[Au] Autor:Medici MC; Tummolo F; Arcangeletti MC; De Conto F; Chezzi C; Dodi I; Calderaro A
[Ad] Endereço:Unit of Microbiology and Virology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.
[Ti] Título:A cluster of Enterovirus 71 subgenogroup C2 in a nursery school, Italy, 2014.
[So] Source:New Microbiol;39(4):295-298, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1121-7138
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During October 2014, enterovirus (EV) RNA was detected in the stools of four children attending the same class in a nursery school, and hospitalized with mild febrile and vomiting disease in Parma, Italy. Upon sequencing, the viruses were characterized as EV71 subgenogroup C2. Phylogenetic analysis of the four EV71 C2 viruses allowed the distinction of a diverging lineage within subgenogroup C2, containing the Italian EV71 C2 strains and viruses detected in France in 2013. The identification of an outbreak of EV71 C2 in Italy extended information on the geographic diffusion and clinical relevance of these viruses in Europe.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Enterovirus Humano A/classificação
Enterovirus Humano A/genética
Infecções por Enterovirus/epidemiologia
Infecções por Enterovirus/virologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pré-Escolar
Seres Humanos
Itália/epidemiologia
Masculino
Filogenia
Escolas Maternais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170622
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170622
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160726
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 1267 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27439582
[Au] Autor:Yanagida N; Sato S; Murata J; Seto A; Nishisako S; Ebisawa M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pediatrics, Sagamihara National Hospital.
[Ti] Título:A PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON LIFESTYLE GUIDANCE AND USE OF MANAGEMENT FORMS FOR FOOD ALLERGY IN LICENSED NURSERY SCHOOLS.
[So] Source:Arerugi;65(6):785-93, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0021-4884
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: There have been no reports on the use of "foods allergy disease lifestyle guidance and management forms at day care centers" (life management guidance forms) for understanding details of pupils with food allergies. OBJECTIVES: The contents of lifestyle management guidance forms obtained in Sagamihara city from licensed nurseries were investigated prospectively. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We compared and analyzed for the use of life management guidance forms initially in 2013 and in the fiscal year of 2014 in Sagamihara city licensed nurseries. RESULTS: In all, in 2013 and 2014, 9,567 and 10,069 pupils were included in licensed nurseries, and 426 (4.5%) and 447 (4.4%) pupils had food allergies, 61 (0.6%) and 61 (0.6%) had anaphylaxis, respectively.The causative foods in 2013 and 2014, respectively, included unheated hen's egg in 71.6% and 69.6%; heated hen's egg in 54.2% and 54.8%; milk in 23.0% and 23.3%; peanuts in 17.8% and 17.0%; buckwheat in 7.3% and 8.5%; and wheat in 6.3% and 8.3%. There are no significant differences in the distribution of causative foods between 2013 and 2014.Immediate-type food allergy was significantly more frequent in 2014 than in 2013 (73.0% and 78.8%, respectively; p=0.040). CONCLUSION: Using a life management guidance form will make it easier to manage food allergies in children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anafilaxia/etiologia
Pré-Escolar
Alimentos/efeitos adversos
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/complicações
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Estilo de Vida
Masculino
Estudos Prospectivos
Escolas Maternais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171011
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171011
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160722
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15036/arerugi.65.785


  9 / 1267 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27422402
[Au] Autor:Lane JD; Shepley C; Lieberman-Betz R
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Early Childhood and Special Education, University of Kentucky, 229 Taylor Education Building, Lexington, KY, 40508, USA. justin.lane@uky.edu.
[Ti] Título:Promoting Expressive Language in Young Children with or At-Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder in a Preschool Classroom.
[So] Source:J Autism Dev Disord;46(10):3216-31, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1573-3432
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often demonstrate delays in expressive communication, impacting their ability to independently function in typical environments. Individuals with ASD who develop expressive language during early childhood experience better outcomes later in life; therefore, examination of naturalistic language interventions (NLIs) remain an important area of investigation. The current study used a multiple probe design across participants to examine the effects of a classroom-based NLI on various expressive language targets in three preschool-aged children demonstrating characteristics of ASD. Findings suggest the intervention had positive and maintained effects on trial-based use of language targets, as well as concomitant changes in commenting, requesting, and phrase complexity. Implications regarding implementation of NLIs within typical classroom play activities are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/diagnóstico
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/terapia
Terapia da Linguagem/métodos
Escolas Maternais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pré-Escolar
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Masculino
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160717
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10803-016-2856-8


  10 / 1267 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27384575
[Au] Autor:Gebauer K; Scharf T; Baumann U; Groneberg DA; Bundschuh M
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Occupational Medicine, Social Medicine and Environmental Medicine, Goethe-University of Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. konstanze.gebauer@kgu.de.
[Ti] Título:Noise Exposure of Teachers in Nursery Schools-Evaluation of Measures for Noise Reduction When Dropping DUPLO Toy Bricks into Storage Cases by Sound Analyses.
[So] Source:Int J Environ Res Public Health;13(7), 2016 Jul 04.
[Is] ISSN:1660-4601
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Although noise is one of the leading work-related health risk factors for teachers, many nursery schools lack sufficient noise reduction measures. METHODS: This intervention study evaluated the noise exposure of nursery school teachers when dropping DUPLO toy bricks into storage cases. Sound analyses of the impact included assessment of the maximum sound pressure level (LAFmax) as well as frequency analyses with 1/3 octave band filter. For the purpose of standardization, a customized gadget was developed. Recordings were performed in 11 cases of different materials and designs to assess the impact on sound level reduction. Thereby, the acoustic effects of three damping materials (foam rubber, carpet, and PU-foam) were investigated. RESULTS: The lowest LAFmax was measured in cases consisting of "metal grid" (90.71 dB) or of a woven willow "basket" (91.61 dB), whereas a case of "aluminium" (103.34 dB) generated the highest impact LAFmax. The frequency analyses determined especially low LAFmax in the frequency bands between 80 and 2500 Hz in cases designs "metal grid" and "basket". The insertion of PU-foam achieved the most significant attenuation of LAFmax (-13.88 dB) and, in the frequency analyses, the best sound damping. CONCLUSION: The dropping of DUPLO bricks in cases contributes to the high noise level in nursery schools, but measured LAFmax show no evidence for the danger of acute hearing loss. However, continuous exposure may lead to functional impairment of the hair cells and trigger stress reactions. We recommend noise reduction by utilizing cases of woven "basket" with an insert of PU-foam.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ruído Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Escolas Maternais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Jogos e Brinquedos
Som
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170803
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170803
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160708
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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