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[PMID]:29431926
[Au] Autor:Kalaev VN; Nechaeva MS
[Ti] Título:[The study of the frequency of buccal epithelium cells with nuclear in athletes in dependence on the place got in the competition].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):992-7, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Cytogenetic homeostasis ofathletes involved in hand-to-hand armyfighting, depending on the outcome of the fight and the level of aggressiveness has been studied. Status of the genetic apparatus in athletes was evaluated in buccal epithelium with the use of micronucleus test, which is widely usedfor the determination of the influence of various factors on the genetic stability of the organism. Psychological testing of athletes was executed with the use of Spielberger's State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory scale, Bass-Darky questionnaire for the diagnostics of aggression and hostile reactions, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire test for the evaluation ofpsychic conditions and method of U.P. Ilyin and P.A. Kovalev for the identification of the propensity to conflictness and aggressiveness (positive and negative) as the personal characteristics. The place taken by the athlete on the competition was shown to have an impact on the frequency of buccal epithelium cells with nuclear abnormalities (micronuclei, perinuclear vacuoles, notches, protrusions "tongue" and "broken egg"). Losers have nuclear aberrations more than winners. At that in athletes with higher aggressiveness and its attendant psychological characteristics the influence of the outcome of the competition on the number of cells with aberrations core is more pronounced.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão
Desempenho Atlético
Artes Marciais
Testes para Micronúcleos/métodos
Mucosa Bucal/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Agressão/fisiologia
Agressão/psicologia
Atletas/psicologia
Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia
Desempenho Atlético/psicologia
Análise Citogenética/métodos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Artes Marciais/fisiologia
Artes Marciais/psicologia
Testes Psicológicos
Estatística como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1119 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29278029
[Au] Autor:Jemili H; Mejri MA; Bouhlel E; Amri M
[Ad] Endereço:1 Research Unit of Functional Neurophysiology and Pathology, Biology Department, Faculty of Sciences Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar , Tunis, Tunisia.
[Ti] Título:Biochemical status, oxidative and antioxidant responses after 3-month specific training in elite karate athletes.
[So] Source:Physiol Int;104(4):344-354, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2498-602X
[Cp] País de publicação:Hungary
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Aim To investigate the effects of 3-month-long specific training program on biochemical status, oxidative and antioxidant responses in elite karatekas. Methods Twenty male karatekas [BMI: 21.9 ± 2.4 (kg/m )] participated in this study. They performed a 3-month specific training to prepare for an international competition. We measured selected biochemical parameters, the oxidative and antioxidant responses before (T0) and after 3 months of intense karate training (T1). Results We found significant increases in catalase activity (26.3% ± 21.3%, p < 0.0005), superoxide dismutase activity (15.9% ± 28.8%, p < 0.05), and a significant decrease in malondialdehyde levels (17.2% ± 13.7%, p < 0.0005) after 3 months of karate training. Moreover, the athletes' biochemical status was significantly improved at T1 compared with T0 (for the majority of parameters, p < 0.0005). Conclusions The specific training program improves the prooxidant-antioxidant balance of elite karate athletes. It could be recommended for athletes having similar physical fitness level.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antioxidantes/metabolismo
Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia
Artes Marciais/fisiologia
Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia
Condicionamento Físico Humano/métodos
Resistência Física/fisiologia
Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Reactive Oxygen Species)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171227
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1556/2060.104.2017.4.5


  3 / 1119 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28125330
[Au] Autor:Iglesias-Soler E; Mayo X; Dopico X; Fernández-Del-Olmo M; Carballeira E; Fariñas J; Fernández-Uribe S
[Ad] Endereço:a University of A Coruna, Performance and Health Group , Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sports Sciences and Physical Education , A Coruña , Spain.
[Ti] Título:Effects of bilateral and non-dominant practices on the lateral preference in judo matches.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(1):111-115, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study analysed the effects of bilateral and non-dominant practice on novice practitioners' lateral preference for judo skills in a combat context (i.e., randori). Thirty sports sciences students (22 men and 8 women; mean age 19 ± 1 years) with right hand, foot, and counterclockwise rotation preferences were divided into 3 groups: bilateral (BG; n = 8), non-dominant (NDG; n = 11), and control (CG; n = 11). Participants received 8 weeks of training at a rate of 3 days per week. The NDG was trained to perform judo skills exclusive with their non-dominant side, while the BG performed every task symmetrically. Before and after training, participants were recorded during two 3-min randoris to obtain the percentage of their engagement in dominant side actions. Pretest percentages were 73.1 ± 19.9%, 77.8 ± 18.8%, and 68.9 ± 27.2% for BG, NDG, and CG, respectively. Post-test values were 75.0 ± 15.6%, 23.3 ± 27.9%, and 72.2.9 ± 20.4%, respectively. Significant differences were observed between NDG and each of the other groups after the training. Changes from pretest were only significant for NDG (P = 0.003). These results suggest that lateral preference among novice judo practitioners during randori can be modulated by the type of practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia
Lateralidade Funcional/fisiologia
Artes Marciais/fisiologia
Destreza Motora/fisiologia
Condicionamento Físico Humano/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170127
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2017.1283431


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:29236911
[Au] Autor:Mendonça DLC; Alonso AC; Greve JMD; Garcez-Leme LE
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratorio de Estudo do Movimento, Laboratório de Investigação Médica do Sistema Músculo-Esquelético LIM 41, Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clínicas (HCFMUSP), Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.
[Ti] Título:Assessment of the quality of life, muscle strength, and dynamic balance of elderly Kendo players.
[So] Source:Clinics (Sao Paulo);72(11):661-666, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1980-5322
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To compare Kendo players with active elderly adults in terms of quality of life, functional aspects (muscle strength, postural balance) and body composition. METHODS: This was a controlled cross-sectional study. Twenty elderly individuals were divided into two groups: the Kendo group, with an average age of 71.8 (5.4) years, and the Control group, with an average age of 73.1 (4.8) years. Quality of life was evaluated using a questionnaire (WHOQOL-bref and WHOQOL-old); body composition was evaluated with a bioimpedance scale (InBody230); hand-grip strength was assessed with a portable manual dynamometer (Jamar SH 5001); flexor and extensor muscle strength of the knees was evaluated with an isokinetic device (Biode® System 3 model Biodex Multi Joint System, BIODEX); and dynamic balance was assessed using a force platform (Balance Master System, Neurocom International, Inc.,® Clackamas County, Oregon, USA). RESULTS: The groups were statistically homogeneous in terms of socio-demographic characterization, body composition, muscle strength, and dynamic balance, but the Control group was faster in the sit-to-stand test (p=0.03). The Kendo group had a statistically significantly better quality of life; in the WHOQOL-bref, these differences were present in the physical (p≤0.001) and environment (p=0.004) domains, and in the WHOQOL-old, these differences were present in social participation (p=0.001) and in past, present, and future activities (p=0.019). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that Kendo is a health-promoting activity that improves the quality of life, functional aspects (muscle strength and postural balance) and body composition of players.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Força da Mão/fisiologia
Artes Marciais/fisiologia
Força Muscular/fisiologia
Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia
Qualidade de Vida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Composição Corporal
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Avaliação Geriátrica
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Artes Marciais/psicologia
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 1119 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28841670
[Au] Autor:Gavagan CJ; Sayers MGL
[Ad] Endereço:School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia.
[Ti] Título:A biomechanical analysis of the roundhouse kicking technique of expert practitioners: A comparison between the martial arts disciplines of Muay Thai, Karate, and Taekwondo.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182645, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of this study was first, to determine whether there were differences in the roundhouse kicking leg kinematics performed by highly skilled Muay Thai, Karate and Taekwondo practitioners (n = 8 per group). Next, analysis aimed to identify the kinematic determinants of effective roundhouse kicking performance. Three-dimensional (3D) lower limb kinematics were recorded using a nine camera infra-red motion capture system (500 Hz) during three maximal roundhouse kicks. Impact forces were recorded using a strain gauge (1000 Hz) attached to a kicking pad positioned at the height of each participant's mastoid process. Results showed that linear foot velocity at impact was moderately correlated with relative impact force (r = 0.66, P = 0.001). Discipline specific analyses of the temporal data indicated that the Muay Thai group had a shorter execution time (1.02 ± 0.15 s) than Taekwondo (1.54 ± 0.52 s, P = 0.028). Analysis of lower limb kinematic data indicated that both Karate (-947 ± 94 deg/s, P = 0.010) and Taekwondo (-943 ± 106 deg/s, P = 0.011) practitioners had faster knee extension velocities than the Muay Thai group (-706 ± 200 deg/s). Conversely, the Muay Thai practitioners (1.24 ± 0.15 m/s) had greater vertical centre of mass movement than both Karate (0.78 ± 0.24 m/s, P = 0.001) and Taekwondo groups (0.93 ± 0.19 m/s, P = 0.02). Our findings show that several fundamental movement patterns were common to the roundhouse kicking techniques across the Muay Thai, Karate, and Taekwondo disciplines. Effective roundhouse kicking performance was characterized by rapid pelvic axial rotation, hip abduction, hip flexion and knee extension velocities, combined with rapid movements of the COM towards the target.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Artes Marciais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170826
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182645


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[PMID]:28724040
[Au] Autor:Castanheira J; Valente-Dos-Santos J; Costa D; Martinho D; Fernandes J; Duarte J; Sousa N; Vaz V; Rama L; Figueiredo A; Coelho-E-Silva M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical Physiology, School of Health and Technology, Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Cardiac remodeling indicators in adolescent athletes.
[So] Source:Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992);63(5):427-434, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1806-9282
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objective:: The idea that different sports and physical training type results in different cardiac adaptations has been widely accepted. However, this remodelling process among different sport modalities is still not fully understood. Thus, the current study aims to investigate the heart morphology variation associated with a set of different modalities characterized by distinct models of preparation and different methods and demands of training and completion. Method:: The sample comprises 42 basketball players, 73 roller hockey players, 28 judo athletes and 21 swimmers. Anthropometry was assessed by a single and experienced anthropometrist and the same technician performed the echocardiographic exams. Analysis of variance was used to study age, body size and echocardiograph parameters as well as different sport athlete's comparison. Results:: Basketball players are taller (F=23.448; p<0.001; ES-r=0.553), heavier (F=6.702; p<0.001; ES-r=0.334) and have a greater body surface area (F=11.896; p<0.001; ES-r=0.427). Basketball and hockey players have larger left auricle diameters compared with judo athletes (F=3.865; p=0.011; ES-r=0.316). Interventricular end-diastolic septal thickness (F=7.287; p<0.001; ES-r=0.347) and left ventricular posterior wall thickness (F=8.038; p<0.001; ES-r=0.362) of the judokas are smaller compared to the mean values of other sports participants. In addition, relative left parietal ventricular wall thickness is lower among swimmers compared with judokas (F=4.127; p=0.008; ES-r=0.268). Conclusion:: The major contributors to changes in heart morphology are for the most part associated with sport-specific training and competition and the specific dynamics and adaptive mechanisms imposed by each sport.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atletas
Basquetebol/fisiologia
Exercício/fisiologia
Hóquei/fisiologia
Artes Marciais/fisiologia
Natação/fisiologia
Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Fatores Etários
Algoritmos
Análise de Variância
Tamanho Corporal/fisiologia
Superfície Corporal
Estudos Transversais
Ecocardiografia/métodos
Ventrículos do Coração/anatomia & histologia
Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Valores de Referência
Volume Sistólico/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170929
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170929
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1119 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28700470
[Au] Autor:Capranica L; Condello G; Tornello F; Iona T; Chiodo S; Valenzano A; De Rosas M; Messina G; Tessitore A; Cibelli G
[Ad] Endereço:aDepartment of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico, Rome bDepartment of Medicine and Surgery, University of Catanzaro Magna Graecia, Catanzaro cDepartment of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Salivary alpha-amylase, salivary cortisol, and anxiety during a youth taekwondo championship: An observational study.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);96(28):e7272, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to assess the stress-related responses and the coach's capability to match perceived efforts of youth athletes during a taekwondo championship.Using a cross-sectional study design, salivary cortisol (sC) and alpha-amylase (sAA) were measured in 6 males and 3 females young (11.0 ±â€Š0.9 years) athletes at awakening, 5 minutes before, and 1 minute and 30 minutes after official combats. State anxiety was recorded 60 minutes before the first competition, whereas coach's and athletes' ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were obtained at the end of the combats. Time-matched (awakening and pre-competition) salivary samples and trait anxiety were collected 7-day postcompetition during a resting day.No effect for match outcome emerged. No difference emerged between athletes and coach RPEs. Higher (P = .03) state anxiety (41.6 ±â€Š10.9 points) was shown than trait anxiety (34.8 ±â€Š7.1 points). Time-matched sAA were similar. Peak sAA observed at the end of the combat (114.2 ±â€Š108.1 U/mL) was higher (P < .01) than the other samples (range: 20.6-48.1 U/mL), whereas sC increased (P < .05) from awakening (8.0 ±â€Š1.5 nmol/L), with peak levels observed at 30 minutes into the recovery phase (19.3 ±â€Š4.3 nmol/L). Furthermore, pre-competition sC (16.5 ±â€Š4.5 nmol/L) values were higher (P < .01) with respect to time-matched samples during the resting day (4.6 ±â€Š1.0 nmol/L). The 3 athletes engaged in consecutive matches showed a tendency toward increasing sAA and sC.Taekwondo combats pose a high stress on young athletes, eliciting a fast reactivity of the sympathetic-adreno-medullary system relative to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical system. Understanding the athlete's efforts during combats, coaches are recommended to apply effective recovery strategies between matches.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade/metabolismo
Atletas/psicologia
Hidrocortisona/metabolismo
Artes Marciais/fisiologia
Artes Marciais/psicologia
alfa-Amilases Salivares/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ansiedade/etiologia
Criança
Comportamento Competitivo/fisiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Atividade Motora/fisiologia
Percepção
Testes Psicológicos
Saliva/metabolismo
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Nm] Nome de substância:
EC 3.2.1.1 (Salivary alpha-Amylases); WI4X0X7BPJ (Hydrocortisone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170730
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170730
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170713
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000007272


  8 / 1119 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610536
[Au] Autor:Shybut TB; Puckett ER
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.
[Ti] Título:Triceps Ruptures After Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics: A Report of 2 Cases.
[So] Source:Sports Health;9(5):474-476, 2017 Sep/Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1941-0921
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Rupture of the triceps brachii tendon is exceedingly rare, and surgical repair is generally indicated. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics have been implicated in tendon pathology, including tendon ruptures. Triceps rupture has not been previously reported in the setting of fluoroquinolone antibiotic therapy. We present 2 cases of triceps tendon rupture after treatment with fluoroquinolones. In both cases, triceps repair was performed with good outcomes. These cases highlight a risk of fluoroquinolone-induced tendinopathy to athletes. The sports medicine team should be aware of this risk and consider it when choosing antibiotics to treat athletes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos
Ciclismo/lesões
Ciprofloxacino/efeitos adversos
Levofloxacino/efeitos adversos
Artes Marciais/lesões
Traumatismos dos Tendões/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Ruptura/etiologia
Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 5E8K9I0O4U (Ciprofloxacin); 6GNT3Y5LMF (Levofloxacin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1941738117713686


  9 / 1119 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28542520
[Au] Autor:Li Z; Gong Y; Pan Z; Hu G
[Ad] Endereço:College of Command Information Systems, PLA University of Science & Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.
[Ti] Título:An efficient semi-supervised community detection framework in social networks.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0178046, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Community detection is an important tasks across a number of research fields including social science, biology, and physics. In the real world, topology information alone is often inadequate to accurately find out community structure due to its sparsity and noise. The potential useful prior information such as pairwise constraints which contain must-link and cannot-link constraints can be obtained from domain knowledge in many applications. Thus, combining network topology with prior information to improve the community detection accuracy is promising. Previous methods mainly utilize the must-link constraints while cannot make full use of cannot-link constraints. In this paper, we propose a semi-supervised community detection framework which can effectively incorporate two types of pairwise constraints into the detection process. Particularly, must-link and cannot-link constraints are represented as positive and negative links, and we encode them by adding different graph regularization terms to penalize closeness of the nodes. Experiments on multiple real-world datasets show that the proposed framework significantly improves the accuracy of community detection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aprendizado de Máquina
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Livros
Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto
Golfinhos
Economia
Futebol Americano
Seres Humanos
Internet
Artes Marciais
Política
Reino Unido
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0178046


  10 / 1119 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28476899
[Au] Autor:Cierna D; Lystad RP
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
[Ti] Título:Epidemiology of competition injuries in youth karate athletes: a prospective cohort study.
[So] Source:Br J Sports Med;51(17):1285-1288, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1473-0480
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: To determine the injury incidence rate and injury pattern among youth karate athletes competing in national tournaments in Slovakia, and to identify risk factors for injury. METHODS: Data were collected at nine national youth karate tournaments in Slovakia in 2015 and 2016. Injury incidence rates were calculated per 1000 athlete-exposures (IIR ) and per 1000 min of exposure (IIR ) with 95% CIs. Subgroups were compared by calculating their rate ratios (RR) with 95% CIs. RESULTS: The overall IIR and IIR were 45.3 (95% CI 38.7 to 52.6) and 35.9 (95% CI 30.7 to 41.7), respectively. The most frequently injured anatomical region was the head/neck (57%), while the most common type of injury was contusion (85%). The risk of injury for the 12-17-year-old age group was almost twice that of the 6-12-year-old age group, after accounting for exposure time (RR 1.92 (95% CI 1.39 to 2.65)), and the difference was more pronounced for girls than boys (RR 2.47 (95% CI 1.52 to 4.00) vs RR 1.62 (95% CI 1.06 to 2.49), respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Youth karate has a relatively large proportion of head injuries. Adolescent and female youth karate athletes are at higher risk of injury compared with their child and male counterparts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
Artes Marciais/lesões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Atletas
Criança
Contusões/epidemiologia
Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Eslováquia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170507
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2017-097603



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