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[PMID]:27884864
[Au] Autor:Steffen K; Moseid CH; Engebretsen L; Søberg PK; Amundsen O; Holm K; Moger T; Soligard T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sports Medicine, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Sports injuries and illnesses in the Lillehammer 2016 Youth Olympic Winter Games.
[So] Source:Br J Sports Med;51(1):29-35, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1473-0480
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Injury and illness surveillance during high-level youth sports events is an important first step in health prevention and caretaking of the young elite athletes. AIM: To analyse injuries and illnesses that occurred during the 10 days 2nd Youth Olympic Winter Games (YOG), held in Lillehammer 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of injuries and illnesses through the reporting of (1) all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) the polyclinic and medical venues by the Lillehammer Organising Committee (LYOCOG) medical staff. RESULTS: In total, 1083 athletes (48 double-starters), 46% (n=502) of them females, from 70 NOCs were registered in the study. NOCs and LYOCOG reported 108 injuries and 81 illnesses, equalling to 9.5 injuries and 7.2 illnesses per 100 athletes. The percentage of injured athletes was highest in the snowboard and ski slopestyle and cross disciplines, alpine skiing and skeleton, and lowest in the Nordic skiing disciplines. Approximately, two-thirds of the injuries (n=71, 65.7%) prevented the athlete from training or competition, while 10 injuries (9.3%) were registered with an estimated absence from sport for >7 days. The rate of illness was highest in curling and the Nordic skiing disciplines with most of them being respiratory tract infections (81.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, 9% of the athletes incurred at least one injury during the games, and 7% an illness, which is similar to the first YOG in Innsbruck 2012 and slightly lower compared with previous Winter Olympic Games. The incidence of injuries and illnesses varied substantially between sports.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia
Esportes na Neve/lesões
Medicina Esportiva/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Atletas
Feminino
Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Noruega/epidemiologia
Estudos Prospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170406
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170406
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096977


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[PMID]:27734085
[Au] Autor:Miller AD; Vaske JJ; Squires JR; Olson LE; Roberts EK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Human Dimensions of Natural Resources, Colorado State University, 1480 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, CO, 80523, USA. aubrey.miller@otago.ac.nz.
[Ti] Título:Does Zoning Winter Recreationists Reduce Recreation Conflict?
[So] Source:Environ Manage;59(1):50-67, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1009
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Parks and protected area managers use zoning to decrease interpersonal conflict between recreationists. Zoning, or segregation, of recreation-often by non-motorized and motorized activity-is designed to limit physical interaction while providing recreation opportunities to both groups. This article investigated the effectiveness of zoning to reduce recreation conflict in the Vail Pass Winter Recreation Area in Colorado, USA. Despite a zoning management system, established groomed travel routes were used by both non-motorized recreationists (backcountry skiers, snowboarders, snowshoers) and motorized recreationists (snowmobilers). We hypothesized that persistent recreation conflict reported by non-motorized recreationists was the result of recreation occurring in areas of mixed non-motorized and motorized use, mostly along groomed routes. We performed a geospatial analysis of recreation [from Global Positioning System (GPS) points, n = 1,233,449] in the Vail Pass Winter Recreation Area to identify areas of mixed non-motorized and motorized use. We then surveyed non-motorized recreationists (n = 199) to test whether reported conflict is higher for respondents who traveled in areas of mixed-use, compared with respondents traveling outside areas of mixed-use. Results from the geospatial analysis showed that only 0.7 % of the Vail Pass Winter Recreation Area contained recreation from both groups, however that area contained 14.8 % of all non-motorized recreation and 49.1 % of all motorized recreation. Survey analysis results showed higher interpersonal conflict for all five standard conflict variables among non-motorized respondents who traveled in areas of mixed-use, compared with those traveling outside mixed-use areas. Management implications and recommendations for increasing the effectiveness of zoning are provided.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conflito (Psicologia)
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Recreação
Estações do Ano
Esportes na Neve
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Colorado
Sistemas de Informação Geográfica
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Recreação/psicologia
Esportes na Neve/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Viagem/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161014
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00267-016-0777-0


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[PMID]:26891786
[Au] Autor:Andersen W; Loland S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Social and Cultural Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Jumping for recognition: Women's ski jumping viewed as a struggle for rights.
[So] Source:Scand J Med Sci Sports;27(3):359-365, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1600-0838
[Cp] País de publicação:Denmark
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:With the campaign for women's participation in international and Olympic ski jumping as a practical case, sport's potential for recognition of individual rights is explored. In line with Honneth's influential ethical theory, recognition of rights refers to a mutual recognition between persons of each other as rational and responsible agents with an equal right to take part in the public formation and development of their community or practice. The argument is that women ski jumpers were entitled to compete as they had actual and/or potential capabilities and skills to contribute in the public formation and development of their sport. Their exclusion was a violation of individual rights. At a more general level, sport is discussed as a sphere for recognition of rights. It is argued that the basic principles of equal opportunity to take part and to perform make sport a particularly clear and potent sphere for such recognition, and also for the identification of rights violations. In sport, rights, or the violation of rights, are demonstrated in concrete and embodied ways. It is concluded that struggles for recognition and individual rights are a continuous process in sport as in most other human institutions and practices.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Esportes na Neve/história
Direitos da Mulher/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Direitos Humanos
Seres Humanos
Esportes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170920
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170920
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160220
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/sms.12662


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[PMID]:27903346
[Au] Autor:Zhang BT; Liu L; Zheng J; Dai YM; Yu SN; Liu GF; Liu L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Radiology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130033, China.
[Ti] Título:[Effect of snow sports on knee cartilage maturation in children and adolescent with MRI quantitative analysis Zhang].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi;96(43):3499-3503, 2016 Nov 22.
[Is] ISSN:0376-2491
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:To evaluate the effect of snow sports to the knee cartilage maturation of children and adolescent with quantitative analysis of 3.0 T MRI. Twenty children and adolescent who underwent snow sports training more than 6 months (11 males and 9 females) were recruited and named with sports group, and twenty children and adolescent who live regularly without any exercise (10 males and 10 females) were recruited as control group from June 2014 to June 2015.Each group was divided into subgroups according to their gender.Both groups were scanned by 3.0 T MR.According to the loading features of knee articular cartilage in snow sports, medial femoral condyle, lateral femoral condyle, medial tibial condyle and lateral tibial condyle were divided into subareas.T values and cartilage thickness were measured in all areas. The median ages of the sports group and control group were 14.2 and 13.6 years old, which showed no statistical difference between two groups.The BMI of the sports group and control group were 18.3 and 17.9 kg/m which showed no statistical difference between two groups.Both in sports group and control group, the thickness and T values of all areas showed significant differences between man and women in each group (all <0.05). The cartilage thickness of sports group was higher than control group ( <0.05). The T values showed no statistical difference in anterior central, posterior central of femoral condyles and anterior, central areas of tibial condyles between sports group and control group( ≥0.05). The T values of anterior part of posterior femur and posterior areas of tibial condyle in sports group was higher than control group ( ≥0.05). Gender difference may be an important effect factor of cartilage thickness. Scientific snow sports training maybe has positive influence for cartilage maturation of children and adolescent.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cartilagem Articular
Articulação do Joelho
Esportes na Neve
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Epífises
Fêmur
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Tíbia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2016.43.012


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[PMID]:27307272
[Au] Autor:Derman W; Schwellnus MP; Jordaan E; Runciman P; Van de Vliet P; Blauwet C; Webborn N; Willick S; Stomphorst J
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Centre, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:High incidence of injury at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days.
[So] Source:Br J Sports Med;50(17):1069-74, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1473-0480
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of injuries at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games. METHODS: A total of 547 athletes from 45 countries were monitored daily for 12 days during the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games (6564 athlete days). Daily injury data were obtained from teams with their own medical support (32 teams, 510 athletes) and teams without their own medical support (13 teams, 37 athletes) through electronic data capturing systems. RESULTS: There were 174 total injuries reported, with an injury incidence rate (IR) of 26.5 per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 22.7% to 30.8%). There was a significantly higher IR recorded in alpine skiing/snowboarding (IR of 41.1 (95% CI 33.7% to 49.6%) p=0.0001) compared to cross-country skiing/biathlon, ice sledge hockey or wheelchair curling. Injuries in the shoulder region were the highest single-joint IR (IR of 6.4 (95% CI 4.6% to 8.6%)), although total upper and lower body IR were similar (IR 8.5 vs 8.4 (95% CI 6.4% to 11.1%)). Furthermore, the IR of acute injuries was significantly higher than other types of injury onset (IR of 17.8 (95% CI 14.7% to 21.4%)). CONCLUSIONS: In a Winter Paralympic Games setting, athletes report higher injury incidence than do Olympic athletes or athletes in a Summer Paralympic Games setting. The highest incidence of injury was reported in the alpine skiing/snowboarding sporting category. There was a similar incidence of injury in the upper and lower limbs. The joint with the greatest rate of injury reported was the shoulder joint. Our data can inform injury prevention programmes and policy considerations regarding athlete safety in future Winter Paralympic Games.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Esportes na Neve/lesões
Esportes para Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Absenteísmo
Adolescente
Adulto
Distribuição por Idade
Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Distribuição por Sexo
Esportes na Neve/estatística & dados numéricos
Medicina Esportiva/estatística & dados numéricos
Esportes para Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170313
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170313
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160617
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096214


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[PMID]:27162232
[Au] Autor:Derman W; Schwellnus MP; Jordaan E; Runciman P; Van de Vliet P; Blauwet C; Webborn N; Willick S; Stomphorst J
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Department of Surgery, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Centre, Cape Town, South Africa Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:The incidence and patterns of illness at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days.
[So] Source:Br J Sports Med;50(17):1064-8, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1473-0480
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games. METHODS: A total of 547 athletes from 45 countries were monitored daily for 12 days over the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games (6564 athlete days). Illness data were obtained daily from teams without their own medical support (13 teams, 37 athletes) and teams with their own medical support (32 teams, 510 athletes) through electronic data capturing systems. RESULTS: The total number of illnesses reported was 123, with an illness incidence rate (IR) of 18.7 per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 15.1% to 23.2%). The highest IR was reported for wheelchair curling (IR of 20.0 (95% CI 10.1% to 39.6%)). Illnesses in the respiratory system (IR of 5.6 (95% CI 3.8% to 8.0%)), eye and adnexa (IR of 2.7 (95% CI 1.7% to 4.4%)) and digestive system (IR of 2.4 (95% CI 1.4% to 4.2%)) were the most common. Older athletes (35-63 years) had a significantly higher IR than younger athletes (14-25 years, p=0.049). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that Paralympic athletes report higher illness incidence rates compared to Olympic athletes at similar competitions. The highest rates of illness were reported for the respiratory and digestive systems, eye and adnexa, respectively. Thus, the results of this study form a basis for the identification of physiological systems at higher risk of illness, which can in turn inform illness prevention and management programmes with eventual policy change to promote athlete safety in future editions of the Winter Paralympic Games.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença Aguda/epidemiologia
Esportes na Neve/lesões
Esportes para Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Absenteísmo
Adolescente
Adulto
Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Prospectivos
Federação Russa
Medicina Esportiva/estatística & dados numéricos
Esportes para Pessoas com Deficiência/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170313
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170313
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160511
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096215


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[PMID]:26884224
[Au] Autor:Ruedl G; Schnitzer M; Kirschner W; Spiegel R; Platzgummer H; Kopp M; Burtscher M; Pocecco E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
[Ti] Título:Sports injuries and illnesses during the 2015 Winter European Youth Olympic Festival.
[So] Source:Br J Sports Med;50(10):631-6, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:1473-0480
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The prevention of injury and illness remains an important issue among young elite athletes. Systematic surveillance of injuries and illnesses during multi-sport events might provide a valuable basis to develop preventive measures, focusing especially on adequate information for youth athletes. AIM: To analyse the frequencies and characteristics of injuries and illnesses during the 2015 Winter European Youth Olympic Festival (W-EYOF). METHODS: All National Olympic Committees were asked to report daily the occurrence or non-occurrence of newly sustained injuries and illnesses on a standardised reporting form. RESULTS: Among the 899 registered athletes (37% female) with a mean age of 17.1±0.8 years, a total of 38 injuries and 34 illnesses during the 5 competition days of the W-EYOF were reported, resulting in an incidence of 42.3 injuries and 37.8 illnesses per 1000 athletes, respectively. Injury frequency was highest in snowboard cross (11%), Nordic combined (9%), alpine skiing (6%), and ice hockey (6%), taking into account the respective number of registered athletes. In snowboard cross, females showed a significant higher injury frequency compared to males (22% vs 4%, p=0.033). The lower back (16%), the pelvis (13%), the knee (11%), and the face (11%) were the most common injury locations. About 58% of injuries occurred in competition and about 42% in training. In total, 42% of injuries resulted in an absence of training or competition. The prevalence of illness was highest in figure skating (10%) and Nordic combined (9%), and the respiratory system was affected most often (53%). CONCLUSIONS: Four per cent of the athletes suffered from an injury and 4% from illnesses during the 2015 W-EYOF, which is about twofold lower compared to the first Winter Youth Olympic Games in 2012.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Esportes na Neve/lesões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
Áustria/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Liechtenstein/epidemiologia
Masculino
Estações do Ano
Medicina Esportiva/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160218
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2015-095665


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[PMID]:26827262
[Au] Autor:Mashkovskiy E; Beverly JM; Stöcker U; Bychkovskiy S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sports Medicine and Medical Rehabilitation of the Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia (Dr Mashkovskiy). Electronic address: emash@me.com.
[Ti] Título:Ice Climbing Festival in Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics: Medical Management and Injury Analysis.
[So] Source:Wilderness Environ Med;27(1):117-24, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1545-1534
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Sports ice climbing (SIC) is developing rapidly as an independent sport with Olympic potentials. To date there has been no prior systematic evaluation of injury risks and injury patterns in a SIC-specific setting. METHODS: This paper reports injury statistics collected during the Ice Climbing Festival, which was held during the XXII Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. More than 2500 amateur climbers and 53 professional athletes climbed during 16 days on a dry tooling lead-difficulty, and a 17-m vertical ice wall (grade M4/M5 or Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme [UIAA] V+/VI-). RESULTS: The injury incidence rates were 0.82/100 in lead-difficulty and 0.83/100 in speed ice climbing with an overall incidence rate of 0.83/100. The injury risk in amateur climbers was 248 injuries per 1000 hours of sports activities. There were no major accidents or fatalities during the event. SIC could be graded I according to UIAA Fatality Risk Classification. Penetrating and superficial soft tissue injuries (cuts and bruises) were the most common. The anteromedial aspects of the thigh and knee were the most typical injury locations. CONCLUSIONS: The findings from this study provide an opportunity to compare injury patterns in SIC with what has previously been reported for traditional ice climbing. SIC has lower fatality risks, higher minor injury rates, and comparable injury severity to traditional ice climbing. The main limitation of our findings is that they were obtained on a population of amateur ice climbers with no previous experience. Further research should be performed to define injury risks in professional competitive ice climbers, and standard methodologies for reporting injuries should be considered.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
Esportes na Neve/lesões
Medicina Esportiva/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Traumatismos em Atletas/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Gelo
Fatores de Risco
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Esportes na Neve/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ice)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26702019
[Au] Autor:Stuart CA; Richards D; Cripton PA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Orthopaedic and Injury Biomechanics Group, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Injuries at the Whistler Sliding Center: a 4-year retrospective study.
[So] Source:Br J Sports Med;50(1):62-70, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1473-0480
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The Whistler Sliding Centre (WSC) in British Columbia, Canada, has played host to many events including the 2010 Winter Olympics. This study was performed to better understand sliding sport incident (crash, coming off sled, etc) and injury prevalence and provide novel insights into the effect of slider experience and track-specific influences on injury risk and severity. METHODS: Track documentation and medical records over 4 years (2007 track inception to 2011) were used to form 3 databases, including over 43,200 runs (all sliding disciplines). Statistics were generated relating incident and injury to start location, crash location and slider experience as well as to understand injury characteristics. RESULTS: Overall injury rate was found to be 0.5%, with more severe injury occurring in <0.1% of the total number of runs. More frequent and severe injuries were observed at lower track locations. Of 2605 different sliders, 73.6% performed 1-29 runs down the track. Increased slider experience was generally found to reduce the frequency of injury. Lacerations, abrasions and contusions represented 52% of all injuries. A fatality represented the most severe injury on the track and was the result of track ejection. CONCLUSIONS: By investigating the influence of start location, incident location and slider experience on incident and injury frequency and severity, a better understanding has been achieved of the inherent risks involved in sliding sports. Incident monitoring, with particular focus on track ejection, should be an emphasis of sliding tracks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Esportes na Neve/lesões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
Colúmbia Britânica/epidemiologia
Bases de Dados Factuais
Desenho de Equipamento
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Registros Médicos
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Esportes na Neve/normas
Equipamentos Esportivos/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151224
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151224
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151225
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2015-095006


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[PMID]:26438101
[Au] Autor:Ruedl G; Pocecco E; Raas C; Blauth M; Brucker PU; Burtscher M; Kopp M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria. gerhard.ruedl@uibk.ac.at.
[Ti] Título:Influence of adult role modeling on child/adolescent helmet use in recreational sledging: an observational study.
[So] Source:Wien Klin Wochenschr;128(7-8):266-70, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1613-7671
[Cp] País de publicação:Austria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: During recreational sledging (tobogganing), the head represents the most frequent injured body region with approximately one-third of all sledging injuries among children and adolescents. Whether children are wearing a helmet or not might be influenced on parental encouragement and role modeling of helmet use. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of adult helmet use on child/adolescent helmet use in recreational sledging. METHODS: More than 500 adults sitting together with another adult or child/adolescent on a two-seater sledge were interviewed during two winter seasons at the bottom of six sledging tracks on demographics, mean frequency of sledging per season, self-estimated skill level, risk-taking behavior, and the use of a helmet. RESULTS: Total helmet use of all observed persons was 41.0 %. Helmet use among interviewed adults significantly increased with increasing age up to 45 years, frequency of sledging, and skill level, respectively. Helmet use of interviewed adults was 46.5 % if a child/adolescent was sitting on the same sledge and 29.8 % (odds ratios (OR): 2.1, 95 % confidence intervals (CI): 1.4-2.9, p < 0.001) when sledging together with another adult. Helmet use was 71.3 % among children/adolescents and 26.7 % among adults (OR: 6.8, 95 % CI: 4.6-10.1, p < 0.001) sitting on the same sledge as the interviewed person, respectively. CONCLUSION: Adults were wearing more often a helmet during recreational sledging when sitting together with a child/adolescent on the sledge. However, helmet use during sledging is clearly below 50 %. Thus, more intense educational campaigns on helmet use are urgently needed for tobogganists.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle
Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/prevenção & controle
Dispositivos de Proteção da Cabeça/utilização
Relações Pais-Filho
Equipamentos Esportivos/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Saúde do Adolescente/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto
Idoso
Áustria/epidemiologia
Criança
Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos
Pré-Escolar
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Recreação
Assunção de Riscos
Esportes na Neve/lesões
Esportes na Neve/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171011
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171011
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151007
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00508-015-0862-z



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