Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I03.450.642.845.945 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29352279
[Au] Autor:Keenan KG; Senefeld JW; Hunter SK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Kinesiology University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, WI, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Girls in the boat: Sex differences in rowing performance and participation.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191504, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Men outperform women in many athletic endeavors due to physiological and anatomical differences (e.g. larger and faster muscle); however, the observed sex differences in elite athletic performance are typically larger than expected, and may reflect sex-related differences in opportunity or incentives. As collegiate rowing in the United States has been largely incentivized for women over the last 20 years, but not men, the purpose of this study was to examine sex differences in elite rowing performance over that timeframe. Finishing times from grand finale races for collegiate championship on-water performances (n = 480) and junior indoor performances (n = 1,280) were compared between men and women across 20 years (1997-2016), weight classes (heavy vs. lightweight) and finishing place. Participation of the numbers of men and women rowers were also quantified across years. Men were faster than women across all finishing places, weight classes and years of competition and performance declined across finishing place for both men and women (P<0.001). Interestingly, the reduction in performance time across finishing place was greater (P<0.001) for collegiate men compared to women in the heavyweight division. This result is opposite to other sports (e.g. running and swimming), and to lightweight rowing in this study, which provides women fewer incentives than in heavyweight rowing. Correspondingly, participation in collegiate rowing has increased by ~113 women per year (P<0.001), with no change (P = 0.899) for collegiate men. These results indicate that increased participation and incentives within collegiate rowing for women vs. men contribute to sex differences in athletic performance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia
Caracteres Sexuais
Esportes Aquáticos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Desempenho Atlético/psicologia
Desempenho Atlético/tendências
Peso Corporal
Comportamento Competitivo/fisiologia
Características Culturais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Modelos Biológicos
Modelos Psicológicos
Fatores Sociológicos
Esportes Aquáticos/psicologia
Esportes Aquáticos/tendências
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180121
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191504


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[PMID]:28460647
[Au] Autor:Ono Y; Kunii M; Miura T; Shinohara K
[Ad] Endereço:Emergency and Critical Care Medical Center, Fukushima Medical University Hospital, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima, Fukushima, 960-1295, Japan. windmill@fmu.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:"Cannot ventilate, cannot intubate" situation after penetration of the tongue root through to the epipharynx by a surfboard: a case report.
[So] Source:J Med Case Rep;11(1):121, 2017 May 01.
[Is] ISSN:1752-1947
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Surfing is an increasingly popular activity and surfing-related injuries have increased accordingly. However, to the best of our knowledge, there are no reports of penetrating upper airway injuries in surfers. We present a "cannot ventilate, cannot intubate" situation following penetrating neck injury by a surfboard fin. CASE PRESENTATION: A previously healthy 29-year-old Japanese man was swept off his board by a large wave and his left mandible, tongue root, and right epipharynx were penetrated by the surfboard fin. He presented with severe hypovolemic shock because of copious bleeding from his mouth. Direct laryngoscopy failed, as did manual ventilation, because of the exacerbated upper airway bleeding and distorted upper airway anatomy. Open cricothyrotomy was immediately performed, followed by surgical exploration, which revealed extensive ablation of his tongue root and laceration of his lingual artery. After definitive hemostasis and intensive care, he returned home with no sequelae. CONCLUSIONS: The long, semi-sharp surfboard fin created both extensive crushing upper airway lesions and a sharp vascular injury, resulting in a difficult airway. This case illustrates that surfing injuries can prompt a life-threatening airway emergency and serves as a caution for both surfers and health care professionals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tratamento de Emergência
Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação
Lesões do Pescoço/terapia
Língua/lesões
Traqueotomia/métodos
Esportes Aquáticos/lesões
Ferimentos Penetrantes/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Cartilagem Cricoide
Cuidados Críticos
Tratamento de Emergência/instrumentação
Tratamento de Emergência/métodos
Seres Humanos
Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos
Masculino
Lesões do Pescoço/fisiopatologia
Glândula Tireoide
Resultado do Tratamento
Ferimentos Penetrantes/fisiopatologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13256-017-1284-5



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