Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : J01.040 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29431941
[Au] Autor:Rakitsky VN; Bereznyak IV; Ilnitskaya AV
[Ti] Título:[Model of the assessment of the risk of conditions of the work with the use of pesticides: results and development].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(11):1041-4, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:There is implemented the development of the model of assessment of the risk from working conditions/ This model allows to solve the problem of the safe use of pesticides in agricultural production of the Russian Federation. The importance of the parallel assessment of the risk for the specific factor of the external exposure to operators (SF ex.) and absorbed dose (SF int.) is presented. Studies of more than 500 pesticides have shown the following correlation of the SF ex. and SF int.: in 8.3-37.5% cases SF ex. and SF int. were practically equal, in 44.8-85.7% cases SF ex. was higher up to by 10 times and in 8.3-26.3% cases SF int. is higher up to by 30 times. Introduction of the new evaluation criterion SF int. increases reliability of the risk assessment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Profissionais
Exposição Ocupacional
Praguicidas
Medição de Risco/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura/métodos
Agricultura/normas
Seres Humanos
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
Doenças Profissionais/etiologia
Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/análise
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Praguicidas/efeitos adversos
Praguicidas/análise
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Medição de Risco/normas
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Pesticides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29431932
[Au] Autor:Rakitsky VN; Sinitskaya TA; Gromova IP; Klimova NN; Vafina DA
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic regulation of neonicotinoids derivative in the soil].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(11):1016-21, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:For the assurance of the safe regulations for the use in agriculture persistent in soil insecticide neonicotinoids derivative, studies have been executed to investigate its impact on the soil microbiocenosis and migration to the neighboring environment of the active ingredient of this pesticide and the preparation based on it. On the ground of obtained experimental data there were determined threshold doses for the following indices of the harmfulness: migration-water, translocation (transmission into plants) and general sanitary indices. There were established limiting indices of the harmfulness: translocation and migration-water indices. The maximum permissible concentration (MPC) of neonicotinoids derivative in the soil accounted for 0.5 mg/kg of the soil. This content of the pesticide in the soil prevents its accumulation in plants in concentrations exceeding the maximum permissible levels (MPLs), in food products, it fails both to give rise in its transition in groundwater above the MPL for water reservoirs and influence on the soil microbiocenosis and self-purification processes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura
Neonicotinoides
Poluentes do Solo
Poluição Química da Água/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura/métodos
Agricultura/normas
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/normas
Seres Humanos
Inseticidas/análise
Inseticidas/química
Concentração Máxima Permitida
Neonicotinoides/análise
Neonicotinoides/química
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Federação Russa
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Poluentes do Solo/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Insecticides); 0 (Neonicotinoids); 0 (Soil Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29431337
[Au] Autor:Tafeeva EA; Ivanov AV; Titova AA; Petrov IV
[Ti] Título:[Content of heavy metals and petroleum products in the soil on the territory of oilproducing areas of the Republic of Tatarstan].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):939-41, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The paper presents data on the hygienic assessment of the content of heavy metals and petroleum products in the soil on the territory of oil-producing areas of the Republic of Tatarstan. The average total content of lead (10,1 mg/kg), cadmium (0.073 mg/kg), manganese (792.4 mg/kg), cobalt (14.2 mg/kg), chromium (87.6 mg/kg), nickel (65.2 mg/ kg), arsenic (8.0 mg/kg), copper (36.6 mg/kg) and zinc (521 mg/kg) in soil for agricultural purposes near objects oil production was shown not to exceed the established hygienic standards. Soil contamination with oil products leads to an increase in its toxicity and mutagenicity. Soil contamination with oil products at the level of as low as 30 mg/ kg leads to the gain in its toxicity (low toxicity) and mutagenicity (average) (specific gravity of germinated seeds was 70.7±0.67%, aberrations - 1.78±0.19%).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura
Poluição Ambiental
Metais Pesados
Indústria de Petróleo e Gás
Petróleo
Solo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura/métodos
Agricultura/normas
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/normas
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Metais Pesados/efeitos adversos
Metais Pesados/análise
Mutagênicos/análise
Petróleo/efeitos adversos
Petróleo/análise
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Medição de Risco/métodos
Medição de Risco/normas
Solo/química
Solo/normas
Poluentes do Solo/efeitos adversos
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Tartaristão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Metals, Heavy); 0 (Mutagens); 0 (Petroleum); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 34462 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431319
[Au] Autor:Iskandarov TI; Slavinskaya NV; Iskandarova GT
[Ti] Título:[Working conditions and functional state of the organism of mechaniciandrivers under the defoliation of the cotton-plants].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(9):854-7, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In the article there are presented results of the study of the impact of working of mechanicians-drivers performing cotton-plant defoliation with a new import-substituting low-toxic defoliant denoted as «Fandef-Alo¼ on a functional state of various systems of the organism. Working conditions and the character of labor processes under the execution of defoliation were revealed to give rise in adverse shifts of physiological responses of various systems of the organism in mechanician-drivers, and the noise and the overwork labor process elevate the probability for the risk of the occurrence of occupational diseases that is indicates to the need for measures for the making labor healthy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura
Desfolhantes Químicos
Gossypium
Doenças Profissionais
Local de Trabalho/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Agricultura/métodos
Agricultura/normas
Condução de Veículo
Desfolhantes Químicos/efeitos adversos
Desfolhantes Químicos/química
Fazendeiros/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
Doenças Profissionais/etiologia
Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/análise
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Saúde do Trabalhador/normas
Medição de Risco
Uzbequistão/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Defoliants, Chemical)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28886495
[Au] Autor:Chen XM; Zhao Y; Ma YY; Zhu LJ; Yang TX; Wei ZM; Dong YL; Wei QB
[Ad] Endereço:College of Life Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China.
[Ti] Título:Assessing the environmental impact of phenanthrene in different types of land use based on the binding characteristics with dissolved organic matter.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:394-400, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The binding characteristics of phenanthrene with dissolved organic matter (DOM) were studied by the excitation emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy with parallel factor analysis in four types of land use which derived from forest (F), meadow (M), cropland (C), and greenhouse (G). The results showed that the humification degree and binding characteristics of phenanthrene with DOM were distinct differences in the four soils. The binding capacities of humic-like components with phenanthrene were stronger than those of protein-like components. The log K derived from the Stern-Volmer equation significantly correlated with the humification degree of DOM (p < 0.05) in different types of land use. Besides, correlation analysis demonstrated that the potential binding index (Fk) obtained from the modified Stern-Volmer model was a more accurate parameter to describe the combination degree of DOM with phenanthrene than log K, which presented a decrease order of C > F > M > G. Therefore, the environmental impact of phenanthrene in different types of land use could be assessed deeply based on the Fk and DOM concentration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Substâncias Húmicas/análise
Fenantrenos/análise
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Solo/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
China
Análise Fatorial
Florestas
Pradaria
Modelos Teóricos
Solubilidade
Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Humic Substances); 0 (Phenanthrenes); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 448J8E5BST (phenanthrene)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170909
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29203748
[Au] Autor:Pashkov VM; Batyhina OM; Trotska MV
[Ad] Endereço:Poltava Law Institute Of Yaroslav The Wise National Law University, Poltava, Ukraine.
[Ti] Título:International legal regulation of impact of occupational injuries and diseases on agricultural workers' health.
[So] Source:Wiad Lek;70(5):953-958, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0043-5147
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Agricultural workers' health depends on many factors: working conditions, security arrangements, medicine, quality of drugs, the environment, etc. Occupational injuries and diseases are also among the factors that can negatively affect their health. THE AIM: To analyze provisions of the international legislation and scientific literature concerning existence of restrictions on impact of occupational injuries and diseases on agricultural workers' health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: International acts, data of international organizations and conclusions of scientists have been examined and used in the study. The article also integrates information from scientific journals and monographs from a medical and legal point of view with scientific methods. This article is based on dialectical, comparative, analytic, synthetic and comprehensive research methods. Impact of occupational injuries and diseases on agricultural workers' health has been studied within the system approach, as well as analysis and synthesis. CONCLUSIONS: The level of occupational morbidity, traumatism and above all standard of agricultural workers' health depends on the way of occupational safety organization. Working conditions and safety in agricultural industry and therefore the appropriate standard of health remain unsatisfactory in many countries.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde do Trabalhador/legislação & jurisprudência
Traumatismos Ocupacionais/terapia
Medicina do Trabalho/legislação & jurisprudência
Indenização aos Trabalhadores/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura/legislação & jurisprudência
Eficiência Organizacional/legislação & jurisprudência
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde
Local de Trabalho/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28985653
[Au] Autor:Amiri H; Nabizadeh R; Silva Martinez S; Jamaleddin Shahtaheri S; Yaghmaeian K; Badiei A; Nazmara S; Naddafi K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
[Ti] Título:Response surface methodology modeling to improve degradation of Chlorpyrifos in agriculture runoff using TiO solar photocatalytic in a raceway pond reactor.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:919-925, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper deals with the use of a raceway pond reactor (RPR) as an alternative photoreactor for solar photocatalytic applications. Raceway pond reactors are common low-cost reactors which can treat large volumes of water. The experiments were carried out with TiO in the agriculture effluent spiked with Chlorpyrifos (CPF) at circumneutral pH. The Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was used to find the optimum process parameters to maximize CPF oxidation from the mathematical model equations developed in this study using R software. By ANOVA, p-value of lack of fit > 0.05 indicated that, the equation was well-fitted. The theoretical efficiency of CPF removal, under the optimum oxidation conditions with UV solar energy of around 697 ± 5.33 lux, was 84.01%, which is in close agreement with the mean experimental value (80 ± 1.42%) confirming that the response model was suitable for the optimization. As far as the authors know, this is the first study of CPF removal using RPR in agriculture runoff at circumneutral pH.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clorpirifos/análise
Modelos Teóricos
Tanques/química
Luz Solar
Titânio/química
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
Catálise
Clorpirifos/efeitos da radiação
Oxirredução
Propriedades de Superfície
Poluentes Químicos da Água/efeitos da radiação
Poluição da Água/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); 15FIX9V2JP (titanium dioxide); D1JT611TNE (Titanium); JCS58I644W (Chlorpyrifos)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171008
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28867554
[Au] Autor:Zhu LJ; Zhao Y; Chen YN; Cui HY; Wei YQ; Liu HL; Chen XM; Wei ZM
[Ad] Endereço:College of Life Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China.
[Ti] Título:Characterization of atrazine binding to dissolved organic matter of soil under different types of land use.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:1065-1072, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Atrazine is widely used in agriculture. In this study, dissolved organic matter (DOM) from soils under four types of land use (forest (F), meadow (M), cropland (C) and wetland (W)) was used to investigate the binding characteristics of atrazine. Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix-parallel factor (EEM-PARAFAC) analysis, two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) and Stern-Volmer model were combined to explore the complexation between DOM and atrazine. The EEM-PARAFAC indicated that DOM from different sources had different structures, and humic-like components had more obvious quenching effects than protein-like components. The Stern-Volmer model combined with correlation analysis showed that log K values of PARAFAC components had a significant correlation with the humification of DOM, especially for C3 component, and they were all in the same order as follows: meadow soil (5.68)>wetland soil (5.44)>cropland soil (5.35)>forest soil (5.04). The 2D-COS further confirmed that humic-like components firstly combined with atrazine followed by protein-like components. These findings suggest that DOM components can significantly influence the bioavailability, mobility and migration of atrazine in different land uses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atrazina/análise
Substâncias Húmicas/análise
Modelos Químicos
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Solo/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
Atrazina/química
Florestas
Poluentes do Solo/química
Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
Zonas Úmidas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Humic Substances); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants); QJA9M5H4IM (Atrazine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170905
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29246987
[Ti] Título:Environment's role in global antibiotic resistance 'overlooked' until now.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;181(24):643, 2017 12 16.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos
Meio Ambiente
Saúde Global
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
Animais
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
Seres Humanos
Nações Unidas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171217
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28463719
[Au] Autor:Karlsson I; Friberg H; Kolseth AK; Steinberg C; Persson P
[Ad] Endereço:Dept. of Crop Production Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7043, SE-750 07, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: ida.karlsson@slu.se.
[Ti] Título:Agricultural factors affecting Fusarium communities in wheat kernels.
[So] Source:Int J Food Microbiol;252:53-60, 2017 07 03.
[Is] ISSN:1879-3460
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a devastating disease of cereals caused by Fusarium fungi. The disease is of great economic importance especially owing to reduced grain quality due to contamination by a range of mycotoxins produced by Fusarium. Disease control and prediction is difficult because of the many Fusarium species associated with FHB. Different species may respond differently to control methods and can have both competitive and synergistic interactions. Therefore, it is important to understand how agricultural practices affect Fusarium at the community level. Lower levels of Fusarium mycotoxin contamination of organically produced cereals compared with conventionally produced have been reported, but the causes of these differences are not well understood. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of agricultural factors on Fusarium abundance and community composition in different cropping systems. Winter wheat kernels were collected from 18 organically and conventionally cultivated fields in Sweden, paired based on their geographical distance and the wheat cultivar grown. We characterised the Fusarium community in harvested wheat kernels using 454 sequencing of translation elongation factor 1-α amplicons. In addition, we quantified Fusarium spp. using real-time PCR to reveal differences in biomass between fields. We identified 12 Fusarium operational taxonomic units (OTUs) with a median of 4.5 OTUs per field. Fusarium graminearum was the most abundant species, while F. avenaceum had the highest occurrence. The abundance of Fusarium spp. ranged two orders of magnitude between fields. Two pairs of Fusarium species co-occurred between fields: F. poae with F. tricinctum and F. culmorum with F. sporotrichoides. We could not detect any difference in Fusarium communities between the organic and conventional systems. However, agricultural intensity, measured as the number of pesticide applications and the amount of nitrogen fertiliser applied, had an impact on Fusarium communities, specifically increasing the abundance of F. tricinctum. There were geographical differences in the Fusarium community composition where F. graminearum was more abundant in the western part of Sweden. The application of amplicon sequencing provided a comprehensive view of the Fusarium community in cereals. This gives us better opportunities to understand the ecology of Fusarium spp., which is important in order to limit FHB and mycotoxin contamination in cereals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura/métodos
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise
Fusarium/metabolismo
Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Triticum/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grãos Comestíveis/química
Grãos Comestíveis/microbiologia
Fusarium/classificação
Fusarium/genética
Fusarium/isolamento & purificação
Micotoxinas/análise
Micotoxinas/metabolismo
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
Sementes/química
Sementes/microbiologia
Suécia
Triticum/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Mycotoxins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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