Base de dados : MEDLINE
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  1 / 18478 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29320824
[Au] Autor:Hou H; Cao L; Ren W; Wang D; Ding H; You J; Yao X; Dong H; Guo Y; Yuan S; Zhang X; Gong P
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin University, Changchun, 130062, China.
[Ti] Título:Seroprevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in Cats from Liaoning Province, Northeastern China.
[So] Source:Korean J Parasitol;55(6):673-677, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1738-0006
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study was performed to investigate the seroprevalence and risk factors for Dirofilaria immitis infection in cats from Liaoning province, northeastern China. From October 2014 to September 2016, sera of 651 cats, including 364 domestic cats and 287 feral cats (332 females and 319 males) were assessed. They were tested for the presence of D. immitis antigen using SNAP Heartworm RT test kit. In this population, the average prevalence was 4.5%. Age and rearing conditions (feral or domestic) were found to be associated with the prevalence of D. immitis. The prevalence was significantly higher in feral cats compared with domestic cats (8.4% vs 1.4%, P<0.01). There was no significant difference between males and females (4.7% vs 4.2%, P>0.05), but older cats (≥3 years old) showed a statistically higher prevalence compared with younger cats (<3 years old) in feral populations (16.8 vs 2.4%, P<0.01), while the difference between the age groups was not statistically significant in domestic cats (2.4% vs 0.51%, P>0.05), all these results suggest that outdoor exposure time may be one of the most important factors for D. immitis prevalence in cats. Results reveal that D. immitis are prevalence in domestic and feral cats in northeastern China, which indicates that appropriate preventive measures should be taken to decrease the incidence of feline heartworm disease in Liaoning province, northeastern China.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia
Doenças do Gato/parasitologia
Dirofilaria immitis
Dirofilariose/epidemiologia
Dirofilariose/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Criação de Animais Domésticos
Animais
Animais Domésticos
Antígenos de Helmintos/sangue
Biomarcadores/sangue
Doenças do Gato/prevenção & controle
Gatos
China/epidemiologia
Dirofilaria immitis/imunologia
Dirofilariose/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Masculino
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antigens, Helminth); 0 (Biomarkers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3347/kjp.2017.55.6.673


  2 / 18478 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29422103
[Au] Autor:Thomsson O; Magnusson U; Bergqvist AS; Eliasson-Selling L; Sjunnesson YCB
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Reproduction, Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SLU, P.O. Box 7054, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Sow performance in multi-suckling pens with different management routines.
[So] Source:Acta Vet Scand;60(1):10, 2018 Feb 08.
[Is] ISSN:1751-0147
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Production systems with group housing of sows during a part of the lactation are used in certified organic production and can increase the occurrence of lactational estrus thus making batch-wise breeding difficult. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of lactational estrus and time at return to estrus after weaning by following the performance of the sow (change in body weight, back fat and litter size) in three different management routines. The sows and their litters were moved from individual to multi-suckling pen at one (W1; n = 14), two (W2; n = 13), or 3 weeks (W3; n = 16) post farrowing. All sows had a total lactation of 6 weeks. Ovulation was monitored by analysis of fecal progesterone metabolites. Only one sow (W3) ovulated during lactation. Sows in the W2 and W3 groups had a shorter weaning-to-standing estrus interval than W1-sows (2.6 ± 0.3; 2.7 ± 0.2 and 4.0 ± 0.3 days respectively, P < 0.001). The W1-sows and piglets might have kept their nursing bond more intact all through the group housing since the piglets were completely dependent on the nursing at the time of their move to the group pen, thereby staying in lactational anestrus and retaining standard weaning-estrous interval. There was no difference in litter size at grouping or at weaning between management routines and parities. Third and later parity sows had significantly thicker back fat at farrowing and at weaning than 1st and 2nd parity sows (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the occurrence of lactational estrus can be low in a multi-suckling pen and the interval between farrowing and move to a multi-suckling pen can affect the weaning to estrus interval. The short weaning-to-standing estrus interval seen in W2 and W3 suggests that estrus detection should start immediately post weaning for sows kept in multi-suckling pens.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Estro/fisiologia
Lactação/fisiologia
Suínos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Abrigo para Animais/normas
Tamanho da Ninhada de Vivíparos
Desmame
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13028-018-0364-x


  3 / 18478 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28748628
[Au] Autor:Carranza J; Yoong WA; Mateos C; Caño Vergara B; Gómez CL; Macías V
[Ad] Endereço:Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Agraria del Ecuador, Guayaquil, Ecuador.
[Ti] Título:Reproductive phenology of Creole horses in Ecuador in the absence of photoperiod variation: The effects of forage availability and flooding affecting body condition of mares.
[So] Source:Anim Sci J;88(12):2063-2070, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1740-0929
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Horse reproduction tends to be seasonal. The main adjusting factor in their original temperate ranges is photoperiod variation, although it is absent in equatorial areas where horses were introduced by European colonizers. Hence, dates of reproduction in these areas may be influenced by factors affecting mares' conditions and the success of foaling. Here we study reproductive timing in Creole horses in Ecuador reared in an extensive production system. We found that foaling peaked in August. Mares' conditions showed one peak in June-July, before the start of the breeding season, and another in December, and it was highly variable along the year. Mares' conditions increased after a period of vegetation growth and thus appeared negatively associated with the increment of grass greenness (normalized difference vegetation index data). Seasonal flooding of some pasturelands during March and April appeared to seriously impair mares' conditions and probably influenced the timing of foaling toward the dry season. Our results evidenced that horse breeding in these equatorial areas tended to be seasonal and point to some key factors that influence phenology by affecting body condition of mares, which may have implications for horse biology and management.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ração Animal/provisão & distribuição
Inundações
Cavalos/fisiologia
Cavalos/psicologia
Fotoperíodo
Reprodução/fisiologia
Comportamento Sexual Animal/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criação de Animais Domésticos
Animais
Cruzamento
Equador
Feminino
Poaceae
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/asj.12818


  4 / 18478 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29385273
[Au] Autor:Klusener R; Hurtado R; Stander N; Parsons NJ
[Ad] Endereço:Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds (SANCCOB), Cape Town, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:First report of a hatched, hand-reared, and released African oystercatcher.
[So] Source:Zoo Biol;37(1):54-58, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2361
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The African oystercatcher Haematopus moquini is a near-threatened wader that is endemic to southern Africa. In the past, the species suffered a drastic decrease in nesting success due to human disturbance. We present the case report of an African oystercatcher that was hatched, hand-reared, and released in the Western Cape, South Africa. African oystercatchers are semi-altricial birds that tend to be highly sensitive to stress; as a result, strategies to minimize stress and the employment of surrogate parents and pre-release acclimatization are important to ensure post-release survival of hand-reared chicks. Considering the lack of literature on the incubation and hand-rearing of oystercatchers, this case report provides a basis for the development of hand-rearing techniques that might be useful for the protection of this and other threatened wader species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Charadriiformes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Envelhecimento
Animais
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/zoo.21395


  5 / 18478 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29377248
[Au] Autor:Kozlowski CP; Clawitter HL; Thier T; Fischer MT; Asa CS
[Ad] Endereço:Reproductive and Behavioral Sciences, Saint Louis Zoo, St. Louis, Missouri.
[Ti] Título:Characterization of estrous cycles and pregnancy in Somali wild asses (Equus africanus somaliensis) through fecal hormone analyses.
[So] Source:Zoo Biol;37(1):35-39, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2361
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although reproduction in the domestic horse has been well described, less is known about reproduction in wild equids. This study describes endocrine patterns associated with estrous cycles and pregnancy for Somali wild asses (Equus africanus somaliensis), an endangered African equid. Fecal samples were collected three times per week for more than 2 years from five female Somali wild asses at the Saint Louis Zoo; progestagen and estrogen metabolites were quantified using commercially available immunoassays. Progestagen analysis indicated that cycle lengths were 27.2 ± 1.2 days and females cycled throughout the year. Progestagen levels during early pregnancy were low and not sustained above baseline until approximately 40 weeks prior to partition. Concentrations increased markedly around 16 weeks prior to delivery and peaked 2-3 weeks before birth. Fecal estrogen levels also increased significantly starting 40-45 weeks before parturition and reached their maximal value approximately 20 weeks prior to birth. Neither foal heat nor lactational suppression of estrus was observed, and females cycled within 45 days after delivery. These data are the first to describe the reproductive physiology of Somali wild asses. As the species faces increasing threats in the wild, this information may support conservation efforts by assisting with ex situ breeding programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Equidae/fisiologia
Estrogênios/metabolismo
Ciclo Estral/fisiologia
Fezes/química
Prenhez
Progestinas/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criação de Animais Domésticos
Animais
Animais de Zoológico
Estrogênios/química
Feminino
Gravidez
Progestinas/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Estrogens); 0 (Progestins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/zoo.21397


  6 / 18478 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29377272
[Au] Autor:Allan N; Pesapane R; Foley J; Clifford D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California.
[Ti] Título:Successful care and propagation of the endangered amargosa vole (Microtus californicus scirpensis) in captivity.
[So] Source:Zoo Biol;37(1):59-63, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2361
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Amargosa vole (Microtus californicus scirpensis) is a highlyendangered rodent endemic to a small stretch of the California portion of the Amargosa River basin in Inyo County's Mojave Desert. Although the Amargosa vole has survived in this naturally fragmented ecosystem for thousands of years, recent habitat degradation due to land development, water drainage, and marsh exploitation has further isolated the species and reduced its available habitat. As part of a conservation effort to preserve the species, a captive breeding population was established in 2014 to serve as an insurance colony and as a source of individuals to release into the wild as restored habitat becomes available. As this is the only captive colony for this species, there is little published information about appropriate care and husbandry for the Amargosa vole. Here we provide information about behavior, diet, reproduction, drug sensitivities, and diseases that affect successful captive care. We also provide recommendations for housing and disease management to preserve natural behaviors and defenses in captive-born animals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos
Arvicolinae/fisiologia
Cruzamento
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais de Zoológico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/zoo.21399


  7 / 18478 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29315790
[Au] Autor:Wagman JD; Lukas KE; Dennis PM; Willis MA; Carroscia J; Gindlesperger C; Schook MW
[Ad] Endereço:Conservation and Science, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, Wildlife Way, Cleveland, Ohio.
[Ti] Título:A work-for-food enrichment program increases exploration and decreases stereotypies in four species of bears.
[So] Source:Zoo Biol;37(1):3-15, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2361
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Zoo-housed bears are prone to exhibiting stereotypic behaviors, generally considered indicators of negative welfare. We explored the effects of a variable-time feeding enrichment schedule on behavioral indicators of welfare in four bear species at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo. We distributed the diets of eight bears in one of five enrichment items, for two consecutive days each, and monitored behavior throughout the day. In Experiment 1, we compared variable-time to fixed-time presentation of enrichment over two, 10-day periods. Overall, bears performed more exploratory behavior when enriched (p < 0.0001). Furthermore, variable-time enrichment was associated with a greater increase in exploratory behavior than fixed-time enrichment when compared to baseline (p < 0.001). Both fixed-time (p <0.05, p = 0.07) and variable-schedule (p <0.05, p = 0.09) enrichment were also associated with similar decreases in abnormal behavior compared to baseline. For Experiment 2, we tested habituation to enrichment over 30 days using multiple items and a semi-variable presentation schedule. Again during the enrichment period, bears exhibited increased exploratory behavior (p < 0.0001) and decreased abnormal behaviors compared to baseline (p = 0.05, p = 0.09). We observed no habituation during the 30-day sustained enrichment period for these behaviors. Collectively, these results suggest that daily, variable-schedule feeding enrichment, with intermittent presentation of unique enrichment items, increases behavioral indicators of positive welfare and decreases behavioral indicators of negative welfare.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Animais de Zoológico
Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Comportamento Estereotipado/fisiologia
Ursidae/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ração Animal
Bem-Estar do Animal
Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/zoo.21391


  8 / 18478 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29243311
[Au] Autor:Oehler DA; Novak BJ; Schmid SC; Huth KJ; Totha AI; Audhya T
[Ad] Endereço:Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York.
[Ti] Título:Husbandry protocols for the Band-tailed pigeon, Patagioenas fasciata albilinea, at the WCS, Bronx Zoo for future conservation management programs.
[So] Source:Zoo Biol;37(1):46-53, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2361
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:From 2015 to 2016 we determined the husbandry protocols involved in the captive rearing of the Band-tailed Pigeon (BTPI), Patagioenas fascinate albilinea, for use as a tool in the future management of like extant and extinct avian taxa. Current and historical ex-situ conservation management of BTPIs and the closely related Passenger Pigeon, Ectopistes migratorius, is limited in scope and required further examination. Focus on the BTPI within zoos and private aviculture facilities is currently lacking. New pressures on the wild populations and future examination of the parameters involved in the possible restoration of the Passenger Pigeon may rely on a complete understanding of these conservation management techniques. Here we report on the establishment of a colony of BTPIs, at the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), and detail the progress attained. A confiscated group of BTPIs was presented to WCS and allowed us to set up the colony, document the husbandry involved, and monitor neonatal development and the factors that influence that development. The information has provided a better understanding of the BTPI and has implications for the future conservation management of this and like species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Animais de Zoológico
Columbidae/fisiologia
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Envelhecimento
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal
Animais
Columbidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Dieta/veterinária
Feminino
Masculino
Comportamento de Nidação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/zoo.21394


  9 / 18478 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29239483
[Au] Autor:Baker B; Taylor S; Montrose VT
[Ad] Endereço:Animal Welfare Research and Knowledge Exchange Arena, Department of Animal and Agriculture, University Centre Hartpury, Hartpury, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:The effects of olfactory stimulation on the behavior of captive ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta).
[So] Source:Zoo Biol;37(1):16-22, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2361
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ring-tailed lemurs reside in many animal collections worldwide. Lemur welfare may be a cause of concern due to some captive individuals exhibiting stereotypic behavior. Despite these concerns, there has been little exploration of methods of environmental enrichment for ring-tailed lemurs. Olfactory stimulation can enhance captive animal welfare by encouraging species-typical behaviors, enhancing behavioral diversity, and decreasing stereotypic behaviors. We aimed to investigate the effects of olfactory stimulation via lavender, peppermint, coconut, and prey odor upon the behavior of eight captive ring-tailed lemurs. We exposed the lemurs to six individual odor conditions (odor control, novel object control, lavender, peppermint, coconut, and Morio worms) and observed them for 4 hr a day for 3 days with an intervening period of 4 days between conditions. We recorded the lemurs' behavior under each condition using instantaneous scan sampling. We found significant effects of olfactory stimulation on the ring-tailed lemurs' behavior in the initial analysis but these did not survive correction for multiple testing. Overall, while our findings are suggestive of a general effect of olfactory stimulation on the captive ring-tailed lemurs they did not indicate a marked influence of olfactory condition. However, further investigation with a larger sample size and more biologically relevant odors may be beneficial to fully examine potential effects of olfactory stimulation in captive lemurs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bem-Estar do Animal
Animais de Zoológico
Comportamento Animal
Lemur/fisiologia
Odorantes
Olfato
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Animais
Feminino
Masculino
Atividade Motora
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/zoo.21392


  10 / 18478 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29210099
[Au] Autor:Fuller G; Murray A; Thueme M; McGuire M; Vonk J; Allard S
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Zoo Animal Welfare and Ethics, Detroit Zoological Society, Royal Oak, Michigan.
[Ti] Título:Behavioral and hormonal responses to the availability of forage material in Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla).
[So] Source:Zoo Biol;37(1):23-34, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2361
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We investigated how forage material affects indicators of welfare in three male Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at the Detroit Zoo. In addition to their maintenance diet and enrichment foods, the gorillas generally received forage material four times a week. From this baseline, we systematically manipulated how much forage material the group received on a weekly basis, with either daily or bi (twice)-weekly presentation of browse (mulberry, Morus sp.) or alfalfa hay. We collected behavioral data (60 hr per gorilla) and measured fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM). Mixed models indicated that the presence of forage material significantly increased time feeding (F = 9.58, p < 0.001), and decreased rates of noncontact aggression (F = 3.69, p = 0.03), and regurgitation and reingestion (F = 4.70, p = 0.01). Regurgitation and reingestion were never observed during the condition when forage material was provided daily. When forage material was provided, time spent feeding was similar across gorillas, compared to a disproportionately greater amount of time spent feeding by the dominant individual when forage material was absent. Providing forage material in addition to the regular diet likely created more opportunities for equitable feeding for the subordinate gorillas. FGM concentrations did not vary based on the presence or type of forage material available and, instead, likely reflected group social dynamics. In general, alfalfa and mulberry had similar impacts on behavior, indicating that alfalfa can be an adequate behavioral substitute during times when browse is less readily available for gorillas housed in seasonally variable climates.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ração Animal/análise
Comportamento Animal
Glucocorticoides/metabolismo
Gorilla gorilla
Medicago sativa
Morus
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criação de Animais Domésticos
Animais
Animais de Zoológico
Fezes/química
Glucocorticoides/química
Masculino
Atividade Motora
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glucocorticoids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/zoo.21393



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