Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : J01.040.415 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 60 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28783376
[Au] Autor:Patoka J; Vejtrubová M; Vrabec V; Masopustová R
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Zoology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food, and Natural Resources , Czech University of Life Sciences Prague , Prague , Czech Republic.
[Ti] Título:Which Wild Aardvarks Are Most Suitable for Outdoor Enclosures in Zoological Gardens in the European Union?
[So] Source:J Appl Anim Welf Sci;21(1):1-7, 2018 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7604
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aardvark is popular in many zoological gardens in the European Union. These creatures are nocturnal, and aardvarks in the wild are known to walk distances of 4 km to 7 km per night. Despite what is known about their biology, most aardvarks are kept in zoological gardens in indoor enclosures with little space for movement. This lack of space leads to a tendency toward obesity and compromised welfare. With their wide distribution in Sub-Saharan Africa, aardvarks are perceived as thermophilic nonhuman animals. Nevertheless, some records suggest they may be able to adapt to colder climates and can be active outside their burrows when temperatures fall to 2°C. These findings suggest there may be a wild African population that is suitable for partial outdoor keeping under European climatic conditions. Therefore, a climate match was computed between the source area with aardvark occurrence and a target area of the European Union. Data revealed that the Free State, a South African province, was the area with the best climate similarity, and aardvarks from this area are recommended as suitable for the aforementioned purpose.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Fisiológica
Animais de Zoológico
Clima
Abrigo para Animais
Xenartros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África ao Sul do Saara
Bem-Estar do Animal
Animais
Animais de Zoológico/fisiologia
Bases de Dados Factuais
União Europeia
Feminino
Jardins
Masculino
Xenartros/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170808
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10888705.2017.1348946


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[PMID]:28910625
[Au] Autor:Ota M; Kwamena NA; Mihok S; Korolevych V
[Ad] Endereço:Research Group for Environmental Science, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 Japan. Electronic address: ohta.masakazu@jaea.go.jp.
[Ti] Título:Role of soil-to-leaf tritium transfer in controlling leaf tritium dynamics: Comparison of experimental garden and tritium-transfer model results.
[So] Source:J Environ Radioact;178-179:212-231, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1700
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Environmental transfer models assume that organically-bound tritium (OBT) is formed directly from tissue-free water tritium (TFWT) in environmental compartments. Nevertheless, studies in the literature have shown that measured OBT/HTO ratios in environmental samples are variable and generally higher than expected. The importance of soil-to-leaf HTO transfer pathway in controlling the leaf tritium dynamics is not well understood. A model inter-comparison of two tritium transfer models (CTEM-CLASS-TT and SOLVEG-II) was carried out with measured environmental samples from an experimental garden plot set up next to a tritium-processing facility. The garden plot received one of three different irrigation treatments - no external irrigation, irrigation with low tritium water and irrigation with high tritium water. The contrast between the results obtained with the different irrigation treatments provided insights into the impact of soil-to-leaf HTO transfer on the leaf tritium dynamics. Concentrations of TFWT and OBT in the garden plots that were not irrigated or irrigated with low tritium water were variable, responding to the arrival of the HTO-plume from the tritium-processing facility. In contrast, for the plants irrigated with high tritium water, the TFWT concentration remained elevated during the entire experimental period due to a continuous source of high HTO in the soil. Calculated concentrations of OBT in the leaves showed an initial increase followed by quasi-equilibration with the TFWT concentration. In this quasi-equilibrium state, concentrations of OBT remained elevated and unchanged despite the arrivals of the plume. These results from the model inter-comparison demonstrate that soil-to-leaf HTO transfer significantly affects tritium dynamics in leaves and thereby OBT/HTO ratio in the leaf regardless of the atmospheric HTO concentration, only if there is elevated HTO concentrations in the soil. The results of this work indicate that assessment models should be refined to consider the importance of soil-to-leaf HTO transfer to ensure that dose estimates are accurate and conservative.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Modelos Químicos
Monitoramento de Radiação
Trítio/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Jardins
Folhas de Planta
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
10028-17-8 (Tritium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170915
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28836048
[Au] Autor:Jayaweera A; Barry KL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW, 2109, Australia. anu.jayaweera@mq.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Male antenna morphology and its effect on scramble competition in false garden mantids.
[So] Source:Naturwissenschaften;104(9-10):75, 2017 Aug 23.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1904
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Well-developed antennae are crucial for many insects, but especially for scramble competitors, who race to find their mates using female sex cues. In these systems, the ability of males to locate females quickly is thought to be under strong selection. A rarely tested assumption is that males with more sensory structures are able to locate females faster. In the present study, we used the false garden mantid Pseudomantis albofimbriata to investigate male antennal morphology and its effect on male efficiency in finding a mate. We used scanning electron microscopy to describe the major sensilla types and their arrangement along the length of male antennae. We also conducted field enclosure trials relating male antennal morphology to scramble competition in this system. We identified six different types of antennal sensilla (cheatic, trichoid, basiconic, grooved peg, ceolocapitular and campaniform) on male P. albofimbriata antennae. As expected, males who had more trichoid sensilla located females quicker than did males with fewer sensilla. Results of the current study suggest that antenna morphology plays a significant role in mate location and hence scramble competition in the P. albofimbriata mating system.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mantódeos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antenas de Artrópodes
Feminino
Jardins
Masculino
Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
Sensilas
Comportamento Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170825
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00114-017-1494-0


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[PMID]:28823804
[Au] Autor:van der Jagt APN; Szaraz LR; Delshammar T; Cvejic R; Santos A; Goodness J; Buijs A
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Ecosystems, Society and Biosecurity, Forest Research, Northern Research Station, Roslin EH25 9SY, United Kingdom; Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: a.p.n.vanderjagt@uu.nl.
[Ti] Título:Cultivating nature-based solutions: The governance of communal urban gardens in the European Union.
[So] Source:Environ Res;159:264-275, 2017 11.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0953
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In many countries in the European Union (EU), the popularity of communal urban gardening (CUG) on allotments and community gardens is on the rise. Given the role of this practice in increasing urban resilience, most notably social resilience, municipalities in the Global North are promoting CUG as a nature-based solution (NbS). However, the mechanisms by which institutional actors can best support and facilitate CUG are understudied, which could create a gap between aspiration and reality. The aim of this study is therefore to identify what governance arrangements contribute to CUG delivering social resilience. Through the EU GREEN SURGE project, we studied six CUG initiatives from five EU-countries, representing different planning regimes and traditions. We selected cases taking a locally unique or innovative approach to dealing with urban challenges. A variety of actors associated with each of the cases were interviewed to achieve as complete a picture as possible regarding important governance arrangements. A cross-case comparison revealed a range of success factors, varying from clearly formulated objectives and regulations, municipal support, financial resources and social capital through to the availability of local food champions and facilitators engaging in community building. Municipalities can support CUG initiatives by moving beyond a rigid focus on top-down control, while involved citizens can increase the impact of CUG by pursuing political, in addition to hands-on, activities. We conclude that CUG has clear potential to act as a nature-based solution if managed with sensitivity to local dynamics and context.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cidades
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/legislação & jurisprudência
Jardins
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cidades/legislação & jurisprudência
União Europeia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170822
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28722585
[Au] Autor:Erismann S; Diagbouga S; Schindler C; Odermatt P; Knoblauch AM; Gerold J; Leuenberger A; Shrestha A; Tarnagda G; Utzinger J; Cissé G
[Ad] Endereço:University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:School Children's Intestinal Parasite and Nutritional Status One Year after Complementary School Garden, Nutrition, Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Interventions in Burkina Faso.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;97(3):904-913, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The potential health benefits of combined agricultural, nutrition, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions are poorly understood. We aimed to determine whether complementary school garden, nutrition, and WASH interventions reduce intestinal parasites and improve school children's nutritional status in two regions of Burkina Faso. A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Plateau Central and Center-Ouest regions of Burkina Faso. A total of 360 randomly selected children, aged 8-15 years, had complete baseline and end-line survey data. Mixed regression models were used to assess the impact of the interventions, controlling for baseline characteristics. The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections decreased both in intervention and control schools, but the decrease was significantly higher in the intervention schools related to the control schools (odds ratio [OR] of the intervention effect = 0.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.1-0.5). Indices of undernutrition did not decrease at end-line in intervention schools. Safe handwashing practices before eating and the use of latrines at schools were significantly higher in the intervention schools than in the control schools at end-line (OR = 6.9, 95% CI = 1.4-34.4, and OR = 14.9, 95% CI = 1.4-153.9, respectively). Parameters of water quality remained unchanged. A combination of agricultural, nutritional, and WASH-related interventions embedded in the social-ecological systems and delivered through the school platform improved several child health outcomes, including intestinal parasitic infections and some WASH-related behaviors. Sustained interventions with stronger household and community-based components are, however, needed to improve school children's health in the long-term.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Higiene
Estado Nutricional
Saneamento
Instituições Acadêmicas
Verduras
Abastecimento de Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Burkina Faso/epidemiologia
Criança
Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/prevenção & controle
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Infantil
Feminino
Jardins
Nível de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Serviços de Saúde Escolar
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170720
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.16-0964


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[PMID]:28664802
[Ti] Título:Poor outdoor access linked to depression.
[So] Source:Nurs Older People;29(6):6, 2017 Jun 30.
[Is] ISSN:1472-0795
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lack of access to gardens and outdoor spaces could harm care home residents' mental health, a study published in The Gerontologist has found.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Depressivo/etiologia
Transtorno Depressivo/terapia
Planejamento Ambiental
Jardins/organização & administração
Ambiente de Instituições de Saúde
Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos/organização & administração
Casas de Saúde/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Inquéritos e Questionários
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170821
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170821
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170701
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7748/nop.29.6.6.s3


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[PMID]:28397116
[Au] Autor:Al-Ismaili AM; Ahmed M; Al-Busaidi A; Al-Adawi S; Tandlich R; Al-Amri M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Soils, Water and Agricultural Engineering, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box: 34, Al-Khod, 123, Muscat, Oman. abdrahim@squ.edu.om.
[Ti] Título:Extended use of grey water for irrigating home gardens in an arid environment.
[So] Source:Environ Sci Pollut Res Int;24(15):13650-13658, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1614-7499
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The use of treated grey water (GW) for home gardens, peri-urban agriculture and landscaping is becoming popular in many water stressed countries such as Oman. This study aims to investigate the treatment efficacy, health and chemical concerns, cost-benefits and maintenance protocol of a GW treatment system as well as the effect of irrigation with GW on crop yield. Therefore, a decentralized homemade GW treatment system was installed in a newly constructed house in Muscat, Oman and studied over a 2-year period. The treated GW was found to be suitable for irrigation as per Omani standards. GW when mixed with kitchen effluent substituted the use of nutrient supplements for plants and did not show any harmful chemical or biological contamination. The capital cost of the system was around US $980, and the annual operating cost was US $78 with annual income and savings from the system being around US $572 indicating a payback period of nearly 2 years. It was found that the system required simple but regular maintenance particularly cleaning of the top layer of the filter. It can be concluded from this study that such a GW system should be technically, economically and environmentally feasible in Oman. Also, wider acceptance by the general public to the idea of GW reuse will help in mitigating the water shortage problem of the country to some extent.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Jardins
Seres Humanos
Omã
Purificação da Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
059QF0KO0R (Water)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11356-017-8963-z


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[PMID]:28389106
[Au] Autor:Burt KG; Koch P; Contento I
[Ti] Título:Development of the GREEN (Garden Resources, Education, and Environment Nexus) Tool: An Evidence-Based Model for School Garden Integration.
[So] Source:J Acad Nutr Diet;117(10):1517-1527.e4, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:2212-2672
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Researchers have established the benefits of school gardens on students' academic achievement, dietary outcomes, physical activity, and psychosocial skills, yet limited research has been conducted about how school gardens become institutionalized and sustained. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop a tool that captures how gardens are effectively established, integrated, and sustained in schools. DESIGN: We conducted a sequential, exploratory, mixed-methods study. Participants were identified with the help of Grow To Learn, the organization coordinating the New York City school garden initiative, and recruited via e-mail. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: A stratified, purposeful sample of 21 New York City elementary and middle schools participated in this study throughout the 2013/2014 school year. The sample was stratified in their garden budgets and purposeful in that each of the schools' gardens were determined to be well integrated and sustained. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The processes and strategies used by school gardeners to establish well-integrated school gardens were assessed via data collected from surveys, interviews, observations, and concept mapping. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Descriptive statistics as well as multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis were used to examine the survey and concept mapping data. Qualitative data analysis consisted of thematic coding, pattern matching, explanation building and cross-case synthesis. RESULTS: Nineteen components within four domains of school garden integration were found through the mixed-methods concept mapping analysis. When the analyses of other data were combined, relationships between domains and components emerged. These data resulted in the development of the GREEN (Garden Resources, Education, and Environment Nexus) Tool. CONCLUSIONS: When schools with integrated and sustained gardens were studied, patterns emerged about how gardeners achieve institutionalization through different combinations of critical components. These patterns are best described by the GREEN Tool, the first framework to identify how to operationalize school gardening components and describe an evidence-based strategy of successful school garden integration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Jardinagem/organização & administração
Educação em Saúde/métodos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
Integração de Sistemas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Análise por Conglomerados
Feminino
Jardins
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Cidade de Nova Iorque
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Instituições Acadêmicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171005
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171005
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170409
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28334278
[Au] Autor:Burks JM; Philpott SM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Environmental Studies, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064.
[Ti] Título:Local and Landscape Drivers of Parasitoid Abundance, Richness, and Composition in Urban Gardens.
[So] Source:Environ Entomol;46(2):201-209, 2017 04 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2936
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Urbanization negatively affects biodiversity, yet some urban habitat features can support diversity. Parasitoid wasps, an abundant and highly diverse group of arthropods, can inhabit urban areas and do well in areas with higher host abundance, floral resources, or local or landscape complexity. Parasitoids provide biological control services in many agricultural habitats, yet few studies have examined diversity and abundance of parasitoids in urban agroecosystems to understand how to promote conservation and function. We examined the local habitat and landscape drivers of parasitoid abundance, superfamily and family richness, and parasitoid composition in urban gardens in the California central coast. Local factors included garden size, ground cover type, herbaceous plant species, and number of trees and shrubs. Landscape characteristics included land cover and landscape diversity around gardens. We found that garden size, mulch cover, and urban cover within 500 m of gardens predicted increases in parasitoid abundance within gardens. The height of herbaceous vegetation and tree and shrub richness predicted increases in superfamily and family richness whereas increases in urban cover resulted in declines in parasitoid richness. Abundance of individual superfamilies and families responded to a wide array of local and landscape factors, sometimes in opposite ways. Composition of parasitoid communities responded to changes in garden size, herbaceous plant cover, and number of flowers. Thus, both local scale management and landscape planning may impact the abundance, diversity, and community composition of parasitoids in urban gardens, and may result in differences in the effectiveness of parasitoids in biological control.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodiversidade
Ecossistema
Himenópteros/fisiologia
Parasitos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
California
Cidades
Jardins
Himenópteros/classificação
Parasitos/classificação
Dinâmica Populacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/ee/nvw175


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[PMID]:28276074
[Au] Autor:Boyte S; Quaife S; Horswell J; Siggins A
[Ad] Endereço:Environmental Science and Research (ESR), Porirua, New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:Survival of Escherichia coli in common garden mulches spiked with synthetic greywater.
[So] Source:Lett Appl Microbiol;64(5):386-391, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1472-765X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Reuse of domestic wastewater is increasingly practiced as a means to address global demands on fresh water. Greywater is primarily reused via subsurface irrigation of gardens, where the soil environment is seen to be an integral part of the treatment process. The fate of biological contaminants (i.e. pathogens) in the soil is reasonably well understood, but their persistence and survival in soil cover layers is largely unexplored. This study investigated the ability of Escherichia coli to survive in common soil cover layers. Three garden mulches were investigated: pea straw mulch, a bark-based mulch and a coconut husk mulch. Each mulch was treated with an E. coli solution, a synthetic greywater with E. coli, or a freshwater control. Escherichia coli was applied at 1 × 10  most probable number (MPN) per g dry weight mulch. Subsamples were temporally analysed for E. coli. The bark and coconut husk mulches showed a steady decline in E. coli numbers, while E. coli increased in the pea straw mulch for the duration of the 50 days experiment, peaking at 1·8 × 10  MPN per g dry weight mulch. This study highlighted the importance of selection of a suitable material for covering areas that are subsurface irrigated with greywater. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Potential for microbial contamination is one of the limiting factors for domestic greywater reuse. Although subsurface irrigation is considered to be one of the lowest risk applications, there is still a possibility of microbes reaching the soil surface if the environmental conditions are not favourable or if soil movement inadvertently exposes the irrigation line. In these circumstances, the soil cover layer may be contaminated by greywater microbes. This study assesses the survival rates of the pathogen indicator organism Escherichia coli in three soil cover materials commonly used worldwide and makes clear recommendations to facilitate the safe reuse of domestic greywater.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação
Jardinagem/métodos
Microbiologia do Solo
Águas Residuais/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Jardins
Solo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Soil); 0 (Waste Water)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170310
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/lam.12732



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