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[PMID]:28827458
[Au] Autor:Adams ZM; Fins JJ
[Ad] Endereço:From the Consortium for the Advanced Study of Brain Injury (CASBI) (Z.M.A., J.J.F.), Department of Neurology and Brain and Mind Research Institute (Z.M.A.), and Division of Medical Ethics (J.J.F.), Weill Cornell Medical College; and The Rockefeller University (J.J.F.), New York, NY. zoe.adams@yale.edu.
[Ti] Título:Penfield's ceiling: Seeing brain injury through Galen's eyes.
[So] Source:Neurology;89(8):854-858, 2017 Aug 22.
[Is] ISSN:1526-632X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The cathedral ceiling located in the entrance hall of the Montreal Neurological Institute, planned by its founder Wilder Penfield, has intrigued visitors since it was erected in 1934. Central to its charm is a cryptic comment by the ancient physician Galen of Pergamum, which refutes a dire Hippocratic aphorism about prognosis in brain injury. Galen's optimism, shared by Penfield, is curious from a fellow ancient. In this article, we use primary sources in Ancient Greek as well as secondary sources to not only examine the origins of Galen's epistemology but also, using a methodology in classics scholarship known as , illustrate how an awareness of this ancient debate can illuminate contemporary clinical contexts. While Galen based his prognostications on direct clinical observations like the Hippocratics, he also engaged in experimental and anatomic work in both animals and humans, which informed his views on neurologic states and outcomes. Penfield's memorialization of Galen is representative of the evolution of the neurosciences and the ongoing importance of evidence-based prognostication in severe brain injury.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lesões Encefálicas/história
Neurologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arquitetura
Lesões Encefálicas/diagnóstico
Grécia
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Prognóstico
Quebeque
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Penfield W; Galen
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170823
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1212/WNL.0000000000004267


  2 / 2375 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28686651
[Au] Autor:Nicol S; Chadès I
[Ad] Endereço:CSIRO Land and Water, Dutton Park, Queensland, Australia.
[Ti] Título:A preliminary approach to quantifying the overall environmental risks posed by development projects during environmental impact assessment.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0180982, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is used globally to manage the impacts of development projects on the environment, so there is an imperative to demonstrate that it can effectively identify risky projects. However, despite the widespread use of quantitative predictive risk models in areas such as toxicology, ecosystem modelling and water quality, the use of predictive risk tools to assess the overall expected environmental impacts of major construction and development proposals is comparatively rare. A risk-based approach has many potential advantages, including improved prediction and attribution of cause and effect; sensitivity analysis; continual learning; and optimal resource allocation. In this paper we investigate the feasibility of using a Bayesian belief network (BBN) to quantify the likelihood and consequence of non-compliance of new projects based on the occurrence probabilities of a set of expert-defined features. The BBN incorporates expert knowledge and continually improves its predictions based on new data as it is collected. We use simulation to explore the trade-off between the number of data points and the prediction accuracy of the BBN, and find that the BBN could predict risk with 90% accuracy using approximately 1000 data points. Although a further pilot test with real project data is required, our results suggest that a BBN is a promising method to monitor overall risks posed by development within an existing EIA process given a modest investment in data collection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Meio Ambiente
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Gestão de Riscos/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arquitetura/ética
Austrália
Teorema de Bayes
Ecossistema
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Seres Humanos
Mineração/ética
Risco
Voo Espacial/ética
Transportes/ética
Gerenciamento de Resíduos/ética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170708
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180982


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[PMID]:28582467
[Au] Autor:Schindler I; Hosoya G; Menninghaus W; Beermann U; Wagner V; Eid M; Scherer KR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Measuring aesthetic emotions: A review of the literature and a new assessment tool.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0178899, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Aesthetic perception and judgement are not merely cognitive processes, but also involve feelings. Therefore, the empirical study of these experiences requires conceptualization and measurement of aesthetic emotions. Despite the long-standing interest in such emotions, we still lack an assessment tool to capture the broad range of emotions that occur in response to the perceived aesthetic appeal of stimuli. Elicitors of aesthetic emotions are not limited to the arts in the strict sense, but extend to design, built environments, and nature. In this article, we describe the development of a questionnaire that is applicable across many of these domains: the Aesthetic Emotions Scale (Aesthemos). Drawing on theoretical accounts of aesthetic emotions and an extensive review of extant measures of aesthetic emotions within specific domains such as music, literature, film, painting, advertisements, design, and architecture, we propose a framework for studying aesthetic emotions. The Aesthemos, which is based on this framework, contains 21 subscales with two items each, that are designed to assess the emotional signature of responses to stimuli's perceived aesthetic appeal in a highly differentiated manner. These scales cover prototypical aesthetic emotions (e.g., the feeling of beauty, being moved, fascination, and awe), epistemic emotions (e.g., interest and insight), and emotions indicative of amusement (humor and joy). In addition, the Aesthemos subscales capture both the activating (energy and vitality) and the calming (relaxation) effects of aesthetic experiences, as well as negative emotions that may contribute to aesthetic displeasure (e.g., the feeling of ugliness, boredom, and confusion).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Beleza
Estética/psicologia
Música/psicologia
Pinturas/psicologia
Prazer/fisiologia
Projetos de Pesquisa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Arquitetura
Criatividade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Julgamento/fisiologia
Literatura
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Percepção Visual/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170606
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0178899


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[PMID]:28170468
[Ti] Título:The Medical Aspects of the Modern "Sky Scraper".
[So] Source:JAMA;317(5):540, 2017 02 07.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arquitetura/história
Cidades/história
Saúde Pública/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Movimentos do Ar
Poluentes Atmosféricos/história
Chicago
Materiais de Construção/história
História do Século XIX
Seres Humanos
Cidade de Nova Iorque
Aço/história
Luz Solar
Reforma Urbana/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLASSICAL ARTICLE; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 12597-69-2 (Steel)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2016.19841


  5 / 2375 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28054493
[Au] Autor:Gaylarde C; Baptista-Neto JA; Ogawa A; Kowalski M; Celikkol-Aydin S; Beech I
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Microbiology and Plant Biology, University of Oklahoma , Norman , OK , USA.
[Ti] Título:Epilithic and endolithic microorganisms and deterioration on stone church facades subject to urban pollution in a sub-tropical climate.
[So] Source:Biofouling;33(2):113-127, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1029-2454
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Weathering of two church facades in Rio de Janeiro was caused substantially by salts, mainly halite and gypsum, detected by SEM and chemical analyses, which cause physical stresses by deposition within the rock. Biofilm populations, determined by SEM and as operational taxonomic units (OTUs), degraded stone by penetration, solubilization and redeposition of minerals on their surfaces. Endolithic cyanobacteria were associated with gypsum deposits. Microbiomes were typical for high-stress environments, high salt, intense insolation, low water and low nutrients (eg halophilic Rubrobacter, Salinicola, Sterigmatomyces). The main colonizers on the church most affected by traffic (Nossa Senhora da Candelária - CA) were Actinobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria (chiefly Pseudomonas) were predominant on the site situated in a leafy square (São Francisco de Paula - SF). Major Gammaproteobacteria on CA were halophilic Halomonas and Rhodobacteriaceae. Fungal OTUs on both churches were principally dimorphic, yeast-like basidiomycetes. Many OTUs of thermophilic microorganisms (eg the Thermomicrobia class, Chloroflexi) were present. This is the first use of next generation sequencing (NGS) to study microbial biofilm interactions with metamorphic and granite buildings in an intensely urban, sub-tropical climate.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Basidiomycota/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Materiais de Construção/microbiologia
Cianobactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Poluentes Ambientais/análise
Clima Tropical
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Actinobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação
Actinobacteria/fisiologia
Arquitetura
Basidiomycota/isolamento & purificação
Basidiomycota/fisiologia
Brasil
Cidades
Cianobactérias/isolamento & purificação
Cianobactérias/fisiologia
Gammaproteobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação
Gammaproteobacteria/fisiologia
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
Urbanização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Environmental Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/08927014.2016.1269893


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[PMID]:27890127
[Au] Autor:Mallam SC; Lundh M; MacKinnon SN
[Ad] Endereço:Human Factors & Navigation Division, Department of Shipping and Marine Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address: steven.mallam@chalmers.se.
[Ti] Título:Evaluating a digital ship design tool prototype: Designers' perceptions of novel ergonomics software.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;59(Pt A):19-26, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Computer-aided solutions are essential for naval architects to manage and optimize technical complexities when developing a ship's design. Although there are an array of software solutions aimed to optimize the human element in design, practical ergonomics methodologies and technological solutions have struggled to gain widespread application in ship design processes. This paper explores how a new ergonomics technology is perceived by naval architecture students using a mixed-methods framework. Thirteen Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering Masters students participated in the study. Overall, results found participants perceived the software and its embedded ergonomics tools to benefit their design work, increasing their empathy and ability to understand the work environment and work demands end-users face. However, participant's questioned if ergonomics could be practically and efficiently implemented under real-world project constraints. This revealed underlying social biases and a fundamental lack of understanding in engineering postgraduate students regarding applied ergonomics in naval architecture.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Projeto Auxiliado por Computador
Navios
Software
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Arquitetura
Atitude
Ergonomia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Percepção
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27890122
[Au] Autor:Ahola M; Mugge R
[Ad] Endereço:Aalto University, School of Arts, Design and Architecture/School of Engineering, PO Box 12200, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland. Electronic address: markus.ahola@aalto.fi.
[Ti] Título:Safety in passenger ships: The influence of environmental design characteristics on people's perception of safety.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;59(Pt A):143-152, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although objective safety is a widely studied topic in ergonomics, subjective safety has received far less research attention. Nevertheless, most of human decision-making and behavior depends on how we perceive our environment. This study investigates the effects of various environmental design characteristics on people's safety perception in a passenger ship context. Five different environmental design characteristics were manipulated to increase the openness of the space or to create more clear navigation, resulting in 20 different cabin corridors for a passenger ship. Ninety-seven respondents were asked to rate these corridors on the perceived safety in an experiment. The results showed that people feel more safe when the corridors have a curved ceiling, when the walls do not have a split-level design, and when there is a view to the outside. Designers can use these insights when designing future environments.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Planejamento Ambiental
Decoração de Interiores e Mobiliário
Percepção
Segurança
Navios
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Arquitetura
Ergonomia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 2375 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Chile
[PMID]:28146194
[Au] Autor:Ledermann W
[Ad] Endereço:Centro de Estudios Humanistas Julio Prado, Santiago, Chile, revinf@sochinf.cl.
[Ti] Título:[A critical regard over the medicine in the Ancient Egypt].
[Ti] Título:Una mirada crítica sobre la medicina en el Antiguo Egipto..
[So] Source:Rev Chilena Infectol;33(6):680-685, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0717-6341
[Cp] País de publicação:Chile
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:Generally, writing about the medicine in the Ancient Egypt, historians adopt an approach rather benevolent than critical, giving to its practice merits that never had. Reading without prejudice the famous twelve papyri -and now one more- we can't less to pronounce a condemnatory sentence, because at the end this medicine looks like a patchwork of ignorance, superstition, magic believes and a pair of grains of knowledge. However, we can rescue its surgical practice, very useful, sometimes efficient, and quite necessary in those centuries of war, slavery and permanent abuse of the weak and the poor people by the high political rulers and priests.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: História da Medicina
Manuscritos Médicos como Assunto/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arquitetura/história
Antigo Egito
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Imhotep
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170202
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27929578
[Au] Autor:Wheelock H
[Ad] Endereço:H Wheelock, Royal College of Physicians ofIreland, 6 Kildare Street, Dublin 2, Ireland, E-mail harrietwheelock@rcpi.ie.
[Ti] Título:'Any style but gothic': Building a home for the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland.
[So] Source:J R Coll Physicians Edinb;46(2):119-126, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:2042-8189
[Cp] País de publicação:Scotland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:On 15 July 1864 the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland held its first business meeting in its newly built home at 6 Kildare Street, Dublin. Although the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland had been in existence for over 200 years this was the first occasion that a College meeting had been held in a building owned by the College. This paper looks at the history behind the construction of a home for the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland. It will examine why it took over 200 years for the Physicians to find a permanent home, how they ended up with the building they did, and what they borrowed from the Royal College of Physicians in Edinburgh in the process.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arquitetura/história
Faculdades de Medicina/história
Universidades/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
Seres Humanos
Irlanda
Médicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4997/JRCPE.2016.212


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[PMID]:27672724
[Au] Autor:Martin C
[Ti] Título:Designing homes to welcome refugees.
[So] Source:Lancet;388(10050):1150, 2016 Sep 17.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Habitação
Refugiados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arquitetura
Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde/normas
Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde/tendências
Habitação/normas
Habitação/tendências
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160928
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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