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  1 / 1818 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29020108
[Au] Autor:Malisoux L; Gette P; Urhausen A; Bomfim J; Theisen D
[Ad] Endereço:Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Luxembourg Institute of Health, Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg.
[Ti] Título:Influence of sports flooring and shoes on impact forces and performance during jump tasks.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0186297, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We aim to determine the influence of sports floorings and sports shoes on impact mechanics and performance during standardised jump tasks. Twenty-one male volunteers performed ankle jumps (four consecutive maximal bounds with very dynamic ankle movements) and multi-jumps (two consecutive maximal counter-movement jumps) on force plates using minimalist and cushioned shoes under 5 sports flooring (SF) conditions. The shock absorption properties of the SF, defined as the proportion of peak impact force absorbed by the tested flooring when compared with a concrete hard surface, were: SF0 = 0% (no flooring), SF1 = 19%, SF2 = 26%, SF3 = 37% and SF4 = 45%. Shoe and flooring effects were compared using 2x5 repeated-measures ANOVA with post-hoc Bonferroni-corrected comparisons. A significant interaction between SF and shoe conditions was found for VILR only (p = 0.003). In minimalist shoes, SF influenced Vertical Instantaneous Loading Rate (VILR) during ankle jumps (p = 0.006) and multi-jumps (p<0.001), in accordance with shock absorption properties. However, in cushioned shoes, SF influenced VILR during ankle jumps only (p<0.001). Contact Time was the only additional variable affected by SF, but only during multi-jumps in minimalist shoes (p = 0.037). Cushioned shoes induced lower VILR (p<0.001) and lower Contact Time (p≤0.002) during ankle jumps and multi-jumps compared to minimalist shoes. During ankle jumps, cushioned shoes induced greater Peak Vertical Ground Reaction Force (PVGRF, p = 0.002), greater Vertical Average Loading Rate (p<0.001), and lower eccentric (p = 0.008) and concentric (p = 0.004) work. During multi-jumps, PVGRF was lower (p<0.001) and jump height was higher (p<0.001) in cushioned compared to minimalist shoes. In conclusion, cushioning influenced impact forces during standardised jump tasks, whether it was provided by the shoes or the sports flooring. VILR is the variable that was the most affected.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos
Locomoção/fisiologia
Sapatos
Esportes
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Tornozelo/fisiologia
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171012
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186297


  2 / 1818 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28973321
[Au] Autor:Timmis MA; Allsop J; Baranian M; Baker J; Basevitch I; Latham K; Pardhan S; van Paridon KN
[Ad] Endereço:Cambridge Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Visual Search Behavior in Individuals With Retinitis Pigmentosa During Level Walking and Obstacle Crossing.
[So] Source:Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci;58(11):4737-4746, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1552-5783
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Purpose: Investigate the visual search strategy of individuals with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) when negotiating a floor-based obstacle compared with level walking, and compared with those with normal vision. Methods: Wearing a mobile eye tracker, individuals with RP and normal vision walked along a level walkway or walked along the walkway negotiating a floor-based obstacle. In the level walking condition, tape was placed on the floor to act as an object attracting visual attention. Analysis compared where individuals looked within the environment. Results: In the obstacle compared with level walking condition: (1) the RP group reduced the length of time and the number of times they looked Ahead, and increased the time and how often they looked at features on the ground (Object and Down, P < 0.05); and (2) the visual normal group reduced the time (by 19%) they looked Ahead (P = 0.076), and increased the time and how often they looked at the Object (P < 0.05). Compared with the normal vision group, in both level walking and obstacle conditions, the RP group reduced the time looking Ahead and looked for longer and more often Down (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The RP group demonstrated a more active visual search pattern, looking at more areas on the ground in both level walking and obstacle crossing compared with visual normals. This gaze strategy was invariant across conditions. This is most likely due to the constricted visual field and inability to rely on inferior peripheral vision to acquire information from the floor within the environment when walking.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atenção/fisiologia
Movimentos Oculares/fisiologia
Retinite Pigmentosa/fisiopatologia
Baixa Visão/fisiopatologia
Caminhada
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171004
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1167/iovs.17-21573


  3 / 1818 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28953622
[Au] Autor:Yang Y; Wang Y; Lv L; Sun Y; Li C; Fan Y; Feng J; Zhang H; Yong J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, P.R. China.
[Ti] Título:The prevalence and associated lifestyle risk factors of self-reported allergic rhinitis in Kazakh population of Fukang City.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);96(39):e8032, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study is to analyze the prevalence and the associated lifestyle risk factors of self-reported allergic rhinitis (AR) in Kazakh population of Fukang City.A cross-sectional study was conducted using stratified random sampling method and 1689 Kazak people were surveyed. A standard questionnaire was used for face-to-face interview.The prevalence of self-reported AR of Kazakh population in Fukang City was 13.7%, and sneezing was the most common symptoms (54.6%) with no significant differences among age, sex, and weight. The incidence of asthma in Kazakh people was correlated with age, and the incidence of allergies in Kazakh people was correlated with weight. Skin pruritus was the most common symptom for allergy (42.7%). The AR incidence was correlated with sinusitis and asthma, and was mostly associated with carpet use. For diet, the AR incidence was positively correlated with meat and fruit, and negatively correlated with beans and milk.The prevalence of AR is high among Kazakh people in Fukang City, and its incidence is closely related with lifestyle risk factors such as carpet use and meat and fruit consumption.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estilo de Vida
Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
China/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Dieta
Feminino
Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Lactente
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Prevalência
Rinite Alérgica/complicações
Fatores de Risco
Autorrelato
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170928
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000008032


  4 / 1818 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28854262
[Au] Autor:Yu BG; Oh JH; Kim Y; Kim TW
[Ad] Endereço:School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Accurate measurement of chest compression depth using impulse-radio ultra-wideband sensor on a mattress.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0183971, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: We developed a new chest compression depth (CCD) measuring technology using radar and impulse-radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) sensor. This study was performed to determine its accuracy on a soft surface. METHODS: Four trials, trial 1: chest compressions on the floor using an accelerometer device; trial 2: chest compressions on the floor using an IR-UWB sensor; trial 3: chest compressions on a foam mattress using an accelerometer device; trial 4: chest compressions on a foam mattress using an IR-UWB sensor, were performed in a random order. In all the trials, a cardiopulmonary resuscitation provider delivered 50 uninterrupted chest compressions to a manikin. RESULTS: The CCD measured by the manikin and the device were as follows: 57.42 ± 2.23 and 53.92 ± 2.92 mm, respectively in trial 1 (p < 0.001); 56.29 ± 1.96 and 54.16 ± 3.90 mm, respectively in trial 2 (p < 0.001); 55.61 ± 1.57 and 103.48 ± 10.48 mm, respectively in trial 3 (p < 0.001); 57.14 ± 3.99 and 55.51 ± 3.39 mm, respectively in trial 4 (p = 0.012). The gaps between the CCD measured by the manikin and the devices (accelerometer device vs. IR-UWB sensor) on the floor were not different (3.50 ± 2.08 mm vs. 3.15 ± 2.27 mm, respectively, p = 0.136). However, the gaps were significantly different on the foam mattress (48.53 ± 5.65 mm vs. 4.10 ± 2.47 mm, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The IR-UWB sensor could measure the CCD accurately both on the floor and on the foam mattress.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acelerometria/instrumentação
Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/instrumentação
Parada Cardíaca/terapia
Tórax/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Leitos
Desenho de Equipamento
Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos
Parada Cardíaca/fisiopatologia
Seres Humanos
Manequins
Pressão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170831
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183971


  5 / 1818 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28595143
[Au] Autor:Zheng X; Qiao L; Covaci A; Sun R; Guo H; Zheng J; Luo X; Xie Q; Mai B
[Ad] Endereço:College of Resources and Environment, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China. Electronic address: zhengxiaobo@scau.edu.cn.
[Ti] Título:Brominated and phosphate flame retardants (FRs) in indoor dust from different microenvironments: Implications for human exposure via dust ingestion and dermal contact.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;184:185-191, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Indoor dust has been widely used to monitor flame retardants (FRs) in indoor environment, but most studies only focused on floor dust. In the present study, FRs were examined in indoor dust from different locations. Dust from air conditioner (AC) filters, beddings, floor, and windows in bedrooms, and dust from AC filters, printer table surface, computer table surface, floor, and windows in offices were collected, respectively. Polybrominated diphenyl ether congener 209 (BDE 209) and decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) were the most abundant brominated flame retardants (BFRs), and tris(chloroisopropyl) phosphate (TCIPP), tris(1,3-dichloroisopropyl) phosphate (TDCIPP), and triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) were the most abundant phosphate flame retardants (PFRs). In bedrooms, the AC filter dust had the highest median levels of BDE 209 (536 ng/g) and DBDPE (2720 ng/g), while bed dust had the highest median levels of ΣPFRs (2750 ng/g) among dust samples. In offices, printer table dust had higher median levels of BDE 209 (1330 ng/g), DBDPE (8470 ng/g), and ΣPFRs (11,000 ng/g) than those in other dust samples. The high dust ingestion values of BDE 209, DBDPE, and individual PFR were 0.28, 1.20, and <0.01-0.32 ng/kg bw/day and 7.37, 31.2, and <0.01-4.54 ng/kg bw/day for BDE 209, DBDPE, and individual PFR for adults and toddlers, respectively. The high dermal exposure values of individual PFR during sleeping were <0.01-0.23 and <0.01-0.36 ng/kg bw/day for adults and toddlers, respectively. More human exposure pathways other than dust ingestion should be considered, such as the dermal contact with beddings and furniture.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
Poeira/análise
Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Retardadores de Chama/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Bromobenzenos
Pré-Escolar
Ingestão de Alimentos
Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos
Éteres Difenil Halogenados
Halogenação
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Organofosfatos
Fosfatos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Bromobenzenes); 0 (Dust); 0 (Flame Retardants); 0 (Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers); 0 (Organophosphates); 0 (Phosphates); 0 (decabromodiphenyl ethane); N80BQ29A0H (decabromobiphenyl ether); YZE19Z66EA (triphenyl phosphate)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170609
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1818 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28558798
[Au] Autor:Earley B; McNamara JD; Jerrams SJ; O'Riordan EG
[Ad] Endereço:Animal and Bioscience Research Department, Animal & Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc, Grange, Dunsany, Co. Meath, C15 PW93, Ireland. bernadette.earley@teagasc.ie.
[Ti] Título:Effect of concrete slats, three mat types and out-wintering pads on performance and welfare of finishing beef steers.
[So] Source:Acta Vet Scand;59(1):34, 2017 May 30.
[Is] ISSN:1751-0147
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate the effect of placing mats on concrete slatted floors on performance, behaviour, hoof condition, dirt scores, physiological and immunological variables of beef steers, and to compare responses with animals on out-wintering pads. Continental crossbred beef steers [n = 360; mean (±SD) initial live weight 539 kg (42.2)] were blocked by breed and live weight and randomly assigned to one of five treatments; (1) Concrete slats alone, (2) Mat 1 (Natural Rubber structure) (Durapak Rubber Products), (3) Mat 2 (Natural rubber structure) (EasyFix), (4) Mat 3 (modified ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) foam structure) and (5) Out-wintering pads (OWP's). RESULTS: Animals on the OWPs had a greater (P < 0.05) live weight gain (P < 0.05) compared with the slat and Mat 2 treatments: results for Mat 1 and Mat 3 were the same (P > 0.05) as the other treatments. Animals on the OWPs had reduced lying percentage time compared with all the other treatments. Dry matter (DM) intake was greater for animals on the OWPs compared with all the other treatments. Carcass weight, kill out proportion, carcass fat score, carcass composition score, FCR and physiological responses were similar (P > 0.05) among treatments. No incidence of laminitis was observed among treatments. The number of hoof lesions was greater on all mat types (P < 0.05) compared with concrete slats and OWP treatments. Dirt scores were greater (P < 0.05) for animals on OWPs when measured on days 42, 84, 105, 126 and 150 compared with animals on slats. CONCLUSIONS: Under the conditions adopted for the present study, there was no evidence to suggest that animals housed on bare concrete slats were disadvantaged in respect of animal welfare compared with animals housed on other floor types. It is concluded that the welfare of steers was not adversely affected by slats compared with different mat types or OWPs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos
Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle
Abrigo para Animais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos
Casco e Garras
Masculino
Carne Vermelha
Estações do Ano
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170601
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13028-017-0302-3


  7 / 1818 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28411741
[Au] Autor:Arena SL; Garman CR; Nussbaum MA; Madigan ML
[Ad] Endereço:High Point University, High Point, NC, USA. Electronic address: sarena@highpoint.edu.
[Ti] Título:Required friction during overground walking is lower among obese compared to non-obese older men, but does not differ with obesity among women.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;62:77-82, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Obesity and aging have been independently associated with altered required friction during walking, but it is unclear how these factors interact to influence the likelihood of slipping. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether there are differences related to obesity and aging on required friction during overground walking. Fourteen older non-obese, 11 older obese, 20 younger non-obese, and 20 younger obese adults completed walking trials at both a self-selected and hurried speed. When walking at a hurried speed, older obese men walked at a slower gait speed and exhibited lower frictional demands compared both to older non-obese men and to younger obese men. No differences in required friction were found between non-obese and obese younger adults. These results suggest that the increased rate of falls among obese or older adults is not likely due to a higher risk of slip initiation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fricção
Obesidade/fisiopatologia
Velocidade de Caminhada/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes por Quedas
Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Feminino
Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Sexuais
Propriedades de Superfície
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170417
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 1818 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28302314
[Au] Autor:Schulz BW
[Ad] Endereço:VA Office of Research and Development, Washington, DC, United States. Electronic address: Brian.Schulz@va.gov.
[Ti] Título:A new measure of trip risk integrating minimum foot clearance and dynamic stability across the swing phase of gait.
[So] Source:J Biomech;55:107-112, 2017 Apr 11.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2380
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Minimum toe clearance (MTC) is thought to quantify the risk of the toe contacting the ground during the swing phase of gait and initiating a trip, but there are methodological issues with this measure and the risk of trip-related falls has been shown to also be associated with gait speed and dynamic stability. This paper proposes and evaluates a new measure, trip risk integral (TRI), that circumvents many issues with MTC as typically calculated at a single point by considering minimum foot clearance across the entire swing phase and taking into account dynamic stability to estimate risk of falling due to a trip rather than risk of the foot contacting the floor. Shoes and floor surfaces were digitized and MTC and TRI calculated for unimpaired younger (N=14, age=26±5), unimpaired older (N=14, age=73±7), and older adults who had recently fallen (N=11, age=72±5) walking on surfaces with no obstacles, visible obstacles, and hidden obstacles at slow, preferred, and fast gait speeds. MTC and TRI had significant (F≥5, p≤0.005) but differing effects of gait speed and floor surface. As gait speed increased (which increases risk of trip-related falls) MTC indicated less and TRI greater risk, indicating that TRI better quantifies risk of falling due to a trip. While MTC and TRI did not differ by subject group, strong speed-related effects of TRI (F≥8, p≤0.0007) resulted in improved TRI for fallers due to their slower self-selected preferred gait. This demonstrates that slower gait is both an important covariate and potential intervention for trip-related falls.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes por Quedas
Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos
/fisiologia
Marcha/fisiologia
Fenômenos Mecânicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle
Adolescente
Adulto
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Cinética
Masculino
Medição de Risco
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170318
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 1818 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28177364
[Au] Autor:Callahan SR; Cross AJ; DeDecker AE; Lindemann MD; Estienne MJ
[Ti] Título:Effects of group-size-floor space allowance during the nursery phase of production on growth, physiology, and hematology in replacement gilts.
[So] Source:J Anim Sci;95(1):201-211, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1525-3163
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objective was to determine effects of nursery group-size-floor space allowance on growth, physiology, and hematology of replacement gilts. A 3 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments was used wherein gilts classified as large, medium, or small ( = 2537; BW = 5.6 ± 0.6 kg) from 13 groups of weaned pigs were placed in pens of 14, 11, or 8 pigs resulting in floor space allowances of 0.15, 0.19, or 0.27 m/pig, respectively. Pigs were weighed on d 0 (weaning) and d 46 (exit from nursery). The ADG was affected by group-size-floor space allowance × pig size ( = 0.04). Large- and medium-size gilts allowed the most floor space had greater ( < 0.05) ADG than similar size gilts allowed the least floor space but for small size gilts there was no effect ( > 0.05) of group size-floor space allowance. Mortality in the nursery was not affected ( > 0.05) by treatment, size, or treatment × size and overall was approximately 2.1%. Complete blood counts and blood chemistry analyses were performed on samples collected at d 6 and 43 from a subsample of gilts ( = 18/group-size-floor space allowance) within a single group. The concentration ( < 0.01) and percentage ( = 0.03) of reticulocytes was the least and red blood cell distribution width the greatest ( < 0.01) in gilts allowed 0.15 m floor space (effects of treatment). Blood calcium was affected by treatment ( = 0.02) and concentrations for gilts allowed the greatest and intermediate amounts of floor space were greater ( < 0.05) than for gilts allowed the least floor space. Serum concentrations of cortisol were not affected by treatment × day ( = 0.27). Cortisol concentrations increased from d 6 to d 43 in all groups and were affected by day ( < 0.01) but not treatment ( = 0.53). Greater space allowance achieved by placing fewer pigs per pen in the nursery affected blood parameters and resulted in large- and medium-size replacement gilts displaying increased ADG. Further study will determine if these effects influence lifetime reproductive capacity and sow longevity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abrigo para Animais
Suínos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos
Hematologia
Reprodução
Sus scrofa
Suínos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Desmame
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170412
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170412
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2527/jas.2016.0842


  10 / 1818 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28166265
[Au] Autor:Lachance CC; Jurkowski MP; Dymarz AC; Robinovitch SN; Feldman F; Laing AC; Mackey DC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Compliant flooring to prevent fall-related injuries in older adults: A scoping review of biomechanical efficacy, clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and workplace safety.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0171652, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Compliant flooring, broadly defined as flooring systems or floor coverings with some level of shock absorbency, may reduce the incidence and severity of fall-related injuries in older adults; however, a lack of synthesized evidence may be limiting widespread uptake. METHODS: Informed by the Arksey and O'Malley framework and guided by a Research Advisory Panel of knowledge users, we conducted a scoping review to answer: what is presented about the biomechanical efficacy, clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and workplace safety associated with compliant flooring systems that aim to prevent fall-related injuries in healthcare settings? We searched academic and grey literature databases. Any record that discussed a compliant flooring system and at least one of biomechanical efficacy, clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, or workplace safety was eligible for inclusion. Two independent reviewers screened and abstracted records, charted data, and summarized results. RESULTS: After screening 3611 titles and abstracts and 166 full-text articles, we included 84 records plus 56 companion (supplementary) reports. Biomechanical efficacy records (n = 50) demonstrate compliant flooring can reduce fall-related impact forces with minimal effects on standing and walking balance. Clinical effectiveness records (n = 20) suggest that compliant flooring may reduce injuries, but may increase risk for falls. Preliminary evidence suggests that compliant flooring may be a cost-effective strategy (n = 12), but may also result in increased physical demands for healthcare workers (n = 17). CONCLUSIONS: In summary, compliant flooring is a promising strategy for preventing fall-related injuries from a biomechanical perspective. Additional research is warranted to confirm whether compliant flooring (i) prevents fall-related injuries in real-world settings, (ii) is a cost-effective intervention strategy, and (iii) can be installed without negatively impacting workplace safety. Avenues for future research are provided, which will help to determine whether compliant flooring is recommended in healthcare environments.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle
Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos
Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Análise Custo-Benefício
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Segurança
Local de Trabalho
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170825
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170825
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0171652



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