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Pesquisa : J01.086.339.400 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:25816378
[Au] Autor:Locatelli SM; Turcios S; LaVela SL
[Ad] Endereço:Center of Innovation for Complex Chronic Healthcare, Edward Hines Jr. Veterans Affairs Hospital, Hines, IL, USA Center for Evaluation of Practices and Experiences of Patient-Centered Care, Edward Hines Jr. Veterans Affairs Hospital, Hines, IL, USA sara.locatelli@va.gov.
[Ti] Título:Optimizing the patient-centered environment: results of guided tours with health care providers and employees.
[So] Source:HERD;8(2):18-30, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1937-5867
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To examine providers' perspectives on the care environment and patient-centered care (PCC) through the eyes of the veteran patient, using guided tours qualitative methodology. BACKGROUND: Environmental factors, such as attractiveness and function, have the potential to improve patients' experiences. Participatory qualitative methods allow researchers to explore the environment and facilitate discussion. METHODS: Guided tours were conducted with 25 health care providers/employees at two Veterans Affairs (VA) health care facilities. In guided tours, participants lead the researcher through an environment, commenting on their surroundings, thoughts, and feelings. The researcher walks along with the participant, asking open-ended questions as needed to foster discussion and gain an understanding of the participant's view. Participants were asked to walk through the facility as though they were a veteran. Tours were audio recorded, with participant permission, and transcribed verbatim by research assistants. Three qualitative researchers were responsible for codebook development and coding transcripts and used data-driven coding approaches. RESULTS: Participants discussed physical appearance of the environment and how that influences perceptions about care. Overall, participants highlighted the need to shed the "institutional" appearance. Differences between VA and non-VA health care facilities were discussed, including availability of private rooms and staff to assist with navigating the facility. They reviewed resources in the facility, such as the information desk to assist patients and families. Finally, they offered suggestions for future improvements, including improvements to waiting areas and quiet areas for patients to relax and "get away" from their rooms. CONCLUSIONS: Participants highlighted many small changes to the care environment that could enhance the patient experience. Additionally, they examined the environment from the patient's perspective, to identify elements that enhance, or detract from, the patient's care experience.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia
Hospitais de Veteranos/normas
Decoração de Interiores e Mobiliário/normas
Assistência Centrada no Paciente/normas
Quartos de Pacientes/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Hospitais de Veteranos/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Diretórios de Sinalização e Localização/normas
Masculino
Assistência Centrada no Paciente/métodos
Assistência Centrada no Paciente/organização & administração
Quartos de Pacientes/organização & administração
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150328
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1937586714565610


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[PMID]:29073662
[Au] Autor:Thomson G; Wilson N
[Ad] Endereço:Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington.
[Ti] Título:Smokefree signage at New Zealand racecourses and sports facilities with outdoor stands.
[So] Source:N Z Med J;130(1464):80-86, 2017 Oct 27.
[Is] ISSN:1175-8716
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Smokefree signage is crucial to the implementation of smokefree policies for outdoor venues and for facilitating smoking denormalisation. Such signage helps to communicate the expected norms for not smoking at venues. Therefore, we aimed to identify such signage at racecourses and sports facilities that had outdoor stands. We surveyed the entrances of 25 racecourse and 25 sport facilities with outdoor stands, across New Zealand. There were smokefree signs at the main entrances of 40% of the sports facilities with outdoor stands, and at 16% of the 25 other entrances. None of the horse/greyhound racecourses had smokefree signage at any of their entrances.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diretórios de Sinalização e Localização
Política Antifumo
Instalações Esportivas e Recreacionais/organização & administração
Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Nova Zelândia
Formulação de Políticas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Tobacco Smoke Pollution)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171027
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 270 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28854203
[Au] Autor:Meis J; Kashima Y
[Ad] Endereço:Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Signage as a tool for behavioral change: Direct and indirect routes to understanding the meaning of a sign.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182975, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Signs, prompts, and symbols are a common means to change behavior in our society. Understanding the psychological mechanisms by which signage influences behavior is a critical first step to achieve the desired outcome. In the current research, we propose a theoretical model of sign-to-behavior process. The model suggests that when one encounters a sign, it is encoded to construct an action representation (comprehension process), which is then acted on unless its enactment is inhibited (decision process). We test the implications of the model in two studies. In support of our hypothesis, for unfamiliar signs, clarity of purpose predicts perceived effectiveness of a sign; however, for familiar signs, clarity of purpose does not matter. Insights gained from the studies will help to design effective signs. Practical implications of the model are discussed, and future research directions are outlined.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Compreensão/fisiologia
Tomada de Decisões
Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão
Inibição (Psicologia)
Diretórios de Sinalização e Localização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Recognição (Psicologia)/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170831
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182975


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[PMID]:28218696
[Au] Autor:Lyu N; Xie L; Wu C; Fu Q; Deng C
[Ad] Endereço:Intelligent Transportation Systems Research Center, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430063, China. lnc@whut.edu.cn.
[Ti] Título:Driver's Cognitive Workload and Driving Performance under Traffic Sign Information Exposure in Complex Environments: A Case Study of the Highways in China.
[So] Source:Int J Environ Res Public Health;14(2), 2017 Feb 17.
[Is] ISSN:1660-4601
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Complex traffic situations and high driving workload are the leading contributing factors to traffic crashes. There is a strong correlation between driving performance and driving workload, such as visual workload from traffic signs on highway off-ramps. This study aimed to evaluate traffic safety by analyzing drivers' behavior and performance under the cognitive workload in complex environment areas. First, the driving workload of drivers was tested based on traffic signs with different quantities of information. Forty-four drivers were recruited to conduct a traffic sign cognition experiment under static controlled environment conditions. Different complex traffic signs were used for applying the cognitive workload. The static experiment results reveal that workload is highly related to the amount of information on traffic signs and reaction time increases with the information grade, while driving experience and gender effect are not significant. This shows that the cognitive workload of subsequent driving experiments can be controlled by the amount of information on traffic signs. Second, driving characteristics and driving performance were analyzed under different secondary task driving workload levels using a driving simulator. Drivers were required to drive at the required speed on a designed highway off-ramp scene. The cognitive workload was controlled by reading traffic signs with different information, which were divided into four levels. Drivers had to make choices by pushing buttons after reading traffic signs. Meanwhile, the driving performance information was recorded. Questionnaires on objective workload were collected right after each driving task. The results show that speed maintenance and lane deviations are significantly different under different levels of cognitive workload, and the effects of driving experience and gender groups are significant. The research results can be used to analyze traffic safety in highway environments, while considering more drivers' cognitive and driving performance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos
Condução de Veículo/psicologia
Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento de Escolha
Cognição
Diretórios de Sinalização e Localização
Tempo de Reação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
China
Planejamento Ambiental
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Sexuais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170608
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170608
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170221
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27890163
[Au] Autor:Olander J; Ronchi E; Lovreglio R; Nilsson D
[Ad] Endereço:Holmes Fire, New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:Dissuasive exit signage for building fire evacuation.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;59(Pt A):84-93, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This work presents the result of a questionnaire study which investigates the design of dissuasive emergency signage, i.e. signage conveying a message of not utilizing a specific exit door. The work analyses and tests a set of key features of dissuasive emergency signage using the Theory of Affordances. The variables having the largest impact on observer preference, interpretation and noticeability of the signage have been identified. Results show that features which clearly negate the exit-message of the original positive exit signage are most effective, for instance a red X-marking placed across the entirety of the exit signage conveys a clear dissuasive message. Other features of note are red flashing lights and alternation of colour. The sense of urgency conveyed by the sign is largely affected by sensory inputs such as red flashing lights or other features which cause the signs to break the tendencies of normalcy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emergências
Fogo
Diretórios de Sinalização e Localização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Compreensão
Sinais (Psicologia)
Tomada de Decisões
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Teoria Psicológica
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170217
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170217
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27890155
[Au] Autor:Filingeri V; Eason K; Waterson P; Haslam R
[Ad] Endereço:Human Factors and Complex Systems, Loughborough Design School, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK. Electronic address: v.kendrick@derby.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Factors influencing experience in crowds - The participant perspective.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;59(Pt A):431-441, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Humans encounter crowd situations on a daily basis, resulting in both negative and positive experiences. Understanding how to optimise the participant experience of crowds is important. In the study presented in this paper, 5 focus groups were conducted (35 participants, age range: 21-71 years) and 55 crowd situations observed (e.g. transport hubs, sport events, retail situations). Influences on participant experience in crowds identified by the focus groups and observations included: physical design of crowd space and facilities (layout, queuing strategies), crowd movement (monitoring capacity, pedestrian flow), communication and information (signage, wayfinding), comfort and welfare (provision of facilities, environmental comfort), and public order. It was found that important aspects affecting participant experience are often not considered systematically in the planning of events or crowd situations. The findings point to human factors aspects of crowds being overlooked, with the experiences of participants often poor.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Consumidor
Aglomeração/psicologia
Segurança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Comércio
Comunicação
Meio Ambiente
Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde
Feminino
Grupos Focais
Seres Humanos
Diretórios de Sinalização e Localização
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Comportamento Social
Comportamento Espacial
Esportes
Transportes
Caminhada
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27890136
[Au] Autor:Kwee-Meier ST; Mertens A; Schlick CM
[Ad] Endereço:RWTH Aachen University, Institute of Industrial Engineering and Ergonomics, Bergdriesch 27, 52062 Aachen, Germany. Electronic address: s.meier@iaw.rwth-aachen.de.
[Ti] Título:Age-related differences in decision-making for digital escape route signage under strenuous emergency conditions of tilted passenger ships.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;59(Pt A):264-273, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This age-differentiated study investigated preferences for new digital, situation-adaptive escape route signage with informative and flashing elements under simulated emergency conditions of tilted passenger ships. The decision-making behaviour of 26 young (20-30 years) and 26 elderly (60-77 years) participants was observed in four conditions varying in applied stressors and in level versus uphill walking at 7° and 14°. In line with previous studies, decisions of young participants were significantly influenced by flashing elements on signs. In contrast, elderly participants based their decisions significantly stronger on integrated information about the sign's updatedness and reported irritation by flashing elements. These preferences were also persistent under increased mental, emotional and physical strain, evaluated by ratings and (psycho-)physiological measures. The findings demonstrate the importance to carefully design digital, situation-adaptive signage for passenger ships in a way that it not only attracts attention but also inspires trust especially for the elderly population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fatores Etários
Tomada de Decisões
Diretórios de Sinalização e Localização
Navios
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Eletrônica
Emergências
Reação de Fuga
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estresse Fisiológico
Fatores de Tempo
Confiança
Caminhada/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27808553
[Au] Autor:Vilchez JL
[Ad] Endereço:a Granada , Spain.
[Ti] Título:Representativity and univocity of traffic signs and their effect on trajectory movement in a driving simulation task: Warning signs.
[So] Source:Traffic Inj Prev;18(5):544-549, 2017 Jul 04.
[Is] ISSN:1538-957X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The effect of traffic signs on the behavior of drivers is not completely understood. Knowing about how humans process the meaning of signs (not just by learning but instinctively) will improve reaction time and decision making when traveling. The economic, social, and psychological consequences of car accidents are well known. METHODS: This study sounds out which traffic signs are more ergonomic for participants, from a cognitive point of view, and determines, at the same time, their effect in participants' movement trajectories in a driving simulation task. RESULTS: Results point out that the signs least representative of their meaning produce a greater deviation from the center of the road than the most representative ones. CONCLUSIONS: This study encourages both an in-depth analysis of the effect on movement of roadside signs and the study of how this effect can be modified by the context in which these signs are presented (with the aim to move the research closer to and analyze the data in real contexts). The goal is to achieve clarity of meaning and lack of counterproductive effects on the trajectory of representative signs (those that provoke fewer mistakes in the decision task).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Condução de Veículo/psicologia
Diretórios de Sinalização e Localização
Processos Mentais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Simulação por Computador
Tomada de Decisões
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Tempo de Reação
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170821
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170821
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/15389588.2016.1255330


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[PMID]:27633229
[Au] Autor:Bosch SJ; Gharaveis A
[Ad] Endereço:University of Florida, Department of Interior Design, College of Design, Construction and Planning, 348 ARCH, PO Box 115705, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA. Electronic address: sheilabosch@dcp.ufl.edu.
[Ti] Título:Flying solo: A review of the literature on wayfinding for older adults experiencing visual or cognitive decline.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;58:327-333, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Accessible tourism is a growing market within the travel industry, but little research has focused on travel barriers for older adults who may be experiencing visual and cognitive decline as part of the normal aging process, illness, or other disabling conditions. Travel barriers, such as difficulty finding one's way throughout an airport, may adversely affect older adults' travel experience, thereby reducing their desire to travel. This review of the literature investigates wayfinding strategies to ensure that older passengers who have planned to travel independently can do so with dignity. These include facility planning and design strategies (e.g., layout, signage) and technological solutions. Although technological approaches, such as smart phone apps, appear to offer the most promising new solutions for enhancing airport navigation, more traditional approaches, such as designing facilities with an intuitive building layout, are still heavily relied upon in the aviation industry. While there are many design guidelines for enhancing wayfinding for older adults, many are not based on scientific investigation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento
Aviação
Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde
Navegação Espacial
Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Envelhecimento/fisiologia
Envelhecimento/psicologia
Disfunção Cognitiva/complicações
Seres Humanos
Diretórios de Sinalização e Localização
Aplicativos Móveis
Transtornos da Visão/complicações
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170910
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170910
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160917
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27500304
[Au] Autor:Fisher MG
[Ti] Título:The Perioperative Highway Code. SIGNS--Safety Initiative Group for National Sinage.
[So] Source:J Perioper Pract;26(6):Suppl 11, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1750-4589
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diretórios de Sinalização e Localização
Segurança do Paciente
Assistência Perioperatória
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Medicina Estatal
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160809
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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