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[PMID]:29447176
[Au] Autor:Svefors P; Selling KE; Shaheen R; Khan AI; Persson LÅ; Lindholm L
[Ad] Endereço:International Maternal and Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Cost-effectiveness of prenatal food and micronutrient interventions on under-five mortality and stunting: Analysis of data from the MINIMat randomized trial, Bangladesh.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191260, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Nutrition interventions may have favourable as well as unfavourable effects. The Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat), with early prenatal food and micronutrient supplementation, reduced infant mortality and were reported to be very cost-effective. However, the multiple micronutrients (MMS) supplement was associated with an increased risk of stunted growth in infancy and early childhood. This unfavourable outcome was not included in the previous cost-effectiveness analysis. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the MINIMat interventions remain cost-effective in view of both favourable (decreased under-five-years mortality) and unfavourable (increased stunting) outcomes. METHOD: Pregnant women in rural Bangladesh, where food insecurity still is prevalent, were randomized to early (E) or usual (U) invitation to be given food supplementation and daily doses of 30 mg, or 60 mg iron with 400 µg of folic acid, or MMS with 15 micronutrients including 30 mg iron and 400 µg of folic acid. E reduced stunting at 4.5 years compared with U, MMS increased stunting at 4.5 years compared with Fe60, while the combination EMMS reduced infant mortality compared with UFe60. The outcome measure used was disability adjusted life years (DALYs), a measure of overall disease burden that combines years of life lost due to premature mortality (under five-year mortality) and years lived with disability (stunting). Incremental cost effectiveness ratios were calculated using cost data from already published studies. RESULTS: By incrementing UFe60 (standard practice) to EMMS, one DALY could be averted at a cost of US$24. CONCLUSION: When both favourable and unfavourable outcomes were included in the analysis, early prenatal food and multiple micronutrient interventions remained highly cost effective and seem to be meaningful from a public health perspective.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos do Crescimento/etiologia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente/economia
Micronutrientes/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Bangladesh/epidemiologia
Pré-Escolar
Análise Custo-Benefício/métodos
Suplementos Nutricionais
Feminino
Ácido Fólico
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Transtornos do Crescimento/tratamento farmacológico
Transtornos do Crescimento/mortalidade
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Mortalidade Infantil
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente/efeitos dos fármacos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente/fisiologia
Recém-Nascido
Ferro
Masculino
Micronutrientes/administração & dosagem
Política Nutricional
Gravidez
Cuidado Pré-Natal
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Pré-Natal
Oligoelementos
Vitaminas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Micronutrients); 0 (Trace Elements); 0 (Vitamins); 935E97BOY8 (Folic Acid); E1UOL152H7 (Iron)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191260


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[PMID]:29198367
[Au] Autor:Richardson AS; Ghosh-Dastidar M; Beckman R; Flórez KR; DeSantis A; Collins RL; Dubowitz T
[Ad] Endereço:RAND Corporation, Health Division, Pittsburgh, PA. Electronic address: arichard@rand.org.
[Ti] Título:Can the introduction of a full-service supermarket in a food desert improve residents' economic status and health?
[So] Source:Ann Epidemiol;27(12):771-776, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2585
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To estimate the impacts of a new supermarket in a low-income desert, on residents' economic status and health. METHODS: We surveyed a randomly selected cohort in two low-income Pittsburgh neighborhoods before and about 1 year following the opening of a supermarket. We used difference-in-difference approach to test changes across the two neighborhoods in residents' food security, United States Department of Agriculture Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women Infant and Children participation, employment, income, and self-reported health/chronic disease diagnoses. RESULTS: We observed declines in food insecurity (-11.8%, P < .01), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation (-12.2%, P < .01), and fewer new diagnoses of high cholesterol (-9.6%, P = .01) and arthritis (-7.4%, P = .02) in the neighborhood with the new supermarket relative to residents of the comparison neighborhood. We also found suggestive evidence that residents' incomes increased more ($1550, P = .09) and prevalence of diabetes increased less in the neighborhood with the supermarket than in the comparison neighborhood (-3.6%, P = .10). CONCLUSIONS: Locating a new supermarket in a low-income neighborhood may improve residents' economic well-being and health. Policymakers should consider broad impacts of neighborhood investment that could translate into improved health for residents of underserved neighborhoods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comércio
Abastecimento de Alimentos/métodos
Assistência Pública
Distribuição Espacial da População
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Nível de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pobreza
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171205
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 9828 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231665
[Au] Autor:Klohe K; Prazeres da Costa C; Lien N; Holmboe-Ottesen G; Rychlik M; Haavardsson I; Stordalen G; Singh S; Engebretsen I; Iversen PO; Winkler AS
[Ti] Título:Nutrition ­ A global challenge for health..
[So] Source:Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen;137(23-24), 2017 12 12.
[Is] ISSN:0807-7096
[Cp] País de publicação:Norway
[La] Idioma:nor
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abastecimento de Alimentos
Saúde Global
Desnutrição/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Carga Global da Doença
Aquecimento Global
Seres Humanos
Desnutrição/economia
Política Nutricional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4045/tidsskr.17.0679


  4 / 9828 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29206979
[Au] Autor:Huang J; Kim Y; Barnidge E
[Ad] Endereço:College for Public Health & Social Justice, Saint Louis University.
[Ti] Título:Seasonal Difference in National School Lunch Program Participation and Its Impacts on Household Food Security.
[So] Source:Health Soc Work;41(4):235-243, 2016 Nov 20.
[Is] ISSN:0360-7283
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is one of the most important food assistance programs in the United States to ensure children's food security and healthy development. Previous studies have offered mixed results and challenges in estimating the effects of program participation. This study assesses NSLP's effect on household food security using data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). SIPP collects information on food security that covers four reference months, including both summer (June, July, August) and nonsummer months. The number of summer months in these four reference months varies by SIPP rotation group. These unique features allow this study to address the potential selection bias in the research of NSLP and food security by examining a seasonal difference in program participation. The analysis found that one more summer month in the reference period increases the difference in low food security rates by about 1.5 percentage points between recipients and nonrecipients eligible for free or reduced-price lunch. Findings have important social work and health policy implications for increasing food security among low-income households with children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência Alimentar/estatística & dados numéricos
Serviços de Alimentação/estatística & dados numéricos
Abastecimento de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos
Almoço
Estações do Ano
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/hsw/hlw043


  5 / 9828 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29381755
[Au] Autor:Caetano JM; Tessarolo G; de Oliveira G; Souza KDSE; Diniz-Filho JAF; Nabout JC
[Ad] Endereço:Campus de Ciências Exatas e Tecnológicas (CCET), Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Anápolis, Goiás, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Geographical patterns in climate and agricultural technology drive soybean productivity in Brazil.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191273, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The impacts of global climate change have been a worldwide concern for several research areas, including those dealing with resources essential to human well being, such as agriculture, which directly impact economic activities and food security. Here we evaluate the relative effect of climate (as indicated by the Ecological Niche Model-ENM) and agricultural technology on actual soybean productivity in Brazilian municipalities and estimate the future geographic distribution of soybeans using a novel statistical approach allowing the evaluation of partial coefficients in a non-stationary (Geographically Weighted Regression; GWR) model. We found that technology was more important than climate in explaining soybean productivity in Brazil. However, some municipalities are more dependent on environmental suitability (mainly in Southern Brazil). The future environmental suitability for soybean cultivation tends to decrease by up 50% in the central region of Brazil. Meanwhile, southern-most Brazil will have more favourable conditions, with an increase of ca. 25% in environmental suitability. Considering that opening new areas for cultivation can degrade environmental quality, we suggest that, in the face of climate change impacts on soybean cultivation, the Brazilian government and producers must invest in breeding programmes and more general ecosystem-based strategies for adaptation to climate change, including the development of varieties tolerant to climate stress, and strategies to increase productivity and reduce costs (social and environmental).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Feijão de Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
Brasil
Mudança Climática
Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Ecossistema
Meio Ambiente
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Geografia
Seres Humanos
Modelos Biológicos
Modelos Teóricos
Tecnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191273


  6 / 9828 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29360862
[Au] Autor:Davison KM; Holloway C; Gondara L; Hatcher AS
[Ad] Endereço:School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Independent associations and effect modification between lifetime substance use and recent mood disorder diagnosis with household food insecurity.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191072, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Poor mental health and substance use are associated with food insecurity, however, their potential combined effects have not been studied. This study explored independent associations and effect modification between lifetime substance use and mood disorder in relation to food insecurity. Poisson regression analysis of data from British Columbia respondents (n = 13,450; 12 years+) in the 2007/08 Canadian Community Health Survey was conducted. Measures included The Household Food Security Survey Module (7.3% food insecure), recent diagnosis of a mood disorder (self-reported; 9.5%), lifetime use of cannabis, cocaine/crack, ecstasy, hallucinogens, and speed, any lifetime substance use, sociodemographic covariates, and the interaction terms of mood disorder by substance. For those with recent diagnosis of a mood disorder the prevalence of lifetime substance use ranged between 1.2 to 5.7% and were significantly higher than those without recent mood disorder diagnosis or lifetime use of substances (p's < 0.05). For respondents with a recent mood disorder diagnosis or who used cannabis, food insecurity prevalence was higher compared to the general sample (p < 0.001); prevalence was lower for cocaine/crack use (p < 0.05). Significant effect modification was found between mood disorder with cannabis, ecstasy, hallucinogen and any substance use over the lifetime (PRs 0.51 to 0.64, p's 0.022 to 0.001). Independent associations were found for cocaine/crack and speed use (PRs 1.68, p's < 0.001) and mood disorder (PRs 2.02, p's < 0.001). Based on these findings and the existing literature, future study about coping and resilience in the context of substance use, mental health, and food insecurity may lead to the development of relevant interventions aimed at mental well-being and food security.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abastecimento de Alimentos
Transtornos do Humor/complicações
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Colúmbia Britânica
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191072


  7 / 9828 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28742460
[Au] Autor:Garrett KA; Andersen KF; Asche F; Bowden RL; Forbes GA; Kulakow PA; Zhou B
[Ad] Endereço:First and second authors: Plant Pathology Department, Emerging Pathogens Institute, and Institute for Sustainable Food Systems, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611; third author: School of Forest Resources and Conservation and Institute for Sustainable Food Systems, University of Florida, Gaine
[Ti] Título:Resistance Genes in Global Crop Breeding Networks.
[So] Source:Phytopathology;107(10):1268-1278, 2017 10.
[Is] ISSN:0031-949X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Resistance genes are a major tool for managing crop diseases. The networks of crop breeders who exchange resistance genes and deploy them in varieties help to determine the global landscape of resistance and epidemics, an important system for maintaining food security. These networks function as a complex adaptive system, with associated strengths and vulnerabilities, and implications for policies to support resistance gene deployment strategies. Extensions of epidemic network analysis can be used to evaluate the multilayer agricultural networks that support and influence crop breeding networks. Here, we evaluate the general structure of crop breeding networks for cassava, potato, rice, and wheat. All four are clustered due to phytosanitary and intellectual property regulations, and linked through CGIAR hubs. Cassava networks primarily include public breeding groups, whereas others are more mixed. These systems must adapt to global change in climate and land use, the emergence of new diseases, and disruptive breeding technologies. Research priorities to support policy include how best to maintain both diversity and redundancy in the roles played by individual crop breeding groups (public versus private and global versus local), and how best to manage connectivity to optimize resistance gene deployment while avoiding risks to the useful life of resistance genes. [Formula: see text] Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0 International license .
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Resistência à Doença/genética
Manihot/genética
Oryza/genética
Doenças das Plantas/imunologia
Solanum tuberosum/genética
Triticum/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
Cruzamento
Clima
Produtos Agrícolas
Abastecimento de Alimentos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170726
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1094/PHYTO-03-17-0082-FI


  8 / 9828 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27771206
[Au] Autor:Whittle HJ; Palar K; Seligman HK; Napoles T; Frongillo EA; Weiser SD
[Ad] Endereço:Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), Mission Hall/Global Health and Clinical Sciences Building, 550 16th Street, 3rd Floor, San Francisco, CA 94158-2549, United States. Electronic address: henry.whittle.14@ucl.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:How food insecurity contributes to poor HIV health outcomes: Qualitative evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area.
[So] Source:Soc Sci Med;170:228-236, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-5347
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:RATIONALE: Food-insecure people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) consistently exhibit worse clinical outcomes than their food-secure counterparts. This relationship is mediated in part through non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART), sub-optimal engagement in HIV care, and poor mental health. An in-depth understanding of how these pathways operate in resource-rich settings, however, remains elusive. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to understand the relationship between food insecurity and HIV health among low-income individuals in the San Francisco Bay Area using qualitative methods. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 34 low-income PLHIV receiving food assistance from a non-profit organization. Interviews explored experiences with food insecurity and its perceived effects on HIV-related health, mental health, and health behaviors including taking ART and attending clinics. Thematic content analysis of transcripts followed an integrative inductive-deductive approach. RESULTS: Food insecurity was reported to contribute to poor ART adherence and missing scheduled clinic visits through various mechanisms, including exacerbated ART side effects in the absence of food, physical feelings of hunger and fatigue, and HIV stigma at public free-meal sites. Food insecurity led to depressive symptoms among participants by producing physical feelings of hunger, aggravating pre-existing struggles with depression, and nurturing a chronic self-perception of social failure. Participants further explained how food insecurity, depression, and ART non-adherence could reinforce each other in complex interactions. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates how food insecurity detrimentally shapes HIV health behavior and outcomes through complex and interacting mechanisms, acting via multiple socio-ecological levels of influence in this setting. The findings emphasize the need for broad, multisectoral approaches to tackling food insecurity among urban poor PLHIV in the United States.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abastecimento de Alimentos/normas
Infecções por HIV/economia
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Antirretrovirais/efeitos adversos
Antirretrovirais/economia
Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico
Feminino
Assistência Alimentar/utilização
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Infecções por HIV/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adesão à Medicação/psicologia
Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos
Meia-Idade
Organizações sem Fins Lucrativos/estatística & dados numéricos
Pesquisa Qualitativa
São Francisco/epidemiologia
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Retroviral Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 9828 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29303717
[Au] Autor:Yaqub F
[Ti] Título:2017: a year in review.
[So] Source:Lancet;390(10114):2753-2754, 2018 12 23.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conflitos Armados
Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/epidemiologia
Cólera/epidemiologia
Epidemias
Direitos Humanos
Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/terapia
Refugiados
Delitos Sexuais
Assédio Sexual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh
Pré-Escolar
China
Recessão Econômica
Etiópia/epidemiologia
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Política de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Mianmar
Armas Nucleares
Política
Somália/epidemiologia
Linfócitos T/transplante
Transplante Autólogo
Estados Unidos
Venezuela
Organização Mundial da Saúde
Iêmen/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 9828 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29303713
[Au] Autor:The Lancet
[Ti] Título:Our responsibility to protect the Rohingya.
[So] Source:Lancet;390(10114):2740, 2018 12 23.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Limpeza Étnica
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Islamismo
Campos de Refugiados
Refugiados
Responsabilidade Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh/epidemiologia
Cólera/epidemiologia
Difteria/epidemiologia
Surtos de Doenças
Habitação
Seres Humanos
Sarampo/epidemiologia
Mianmar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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