Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : J01.576.423.850.600.400 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 3025 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 303 ir para página                         

  1 / 3025 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29304126
[Au] Autor:Xue J; Liu Y; Sun K; Wu L; Liao K; Xia Y; Hou P; Xue H; Shi H
[Ad] Endereço:Medical Academy, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.
[Ti] Título:Validation of a newly adapted Chinese version of the Newest Vital Sign instrument.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190721, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To develop a Chinese version of the Newest Vital Sign (NVS-CHN) instrument and evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: To deal with cross-cultural adaptation problems, after translation of the NVS into Chinese, the Delphi method was used for experts and cognitive testing was used for participants. A cross-sectional study including 351 participants was conducted to assess the validity of the NVS-CHN. Internal reliability, criterion validity, and known-groups validity were investigated. The NVS-CHN was further validated against a suitable standard, the Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (CCHLQ). RESULTS: The validity of the NVS-CHN was established by conducting a Delphi survey (three rounds) and cognitive testing (three rounds). Cronbach's alpha was 0.71, indicating that internal consistency was acceptable. A Spearman's correlation coefficient of 0.68 between the NVS-CHN and CCHLQ revealed excellent criterion validity. Differences in NVS-CHN scores by education level confirmed known-groups validity. A receiver operating characteristics analysis showed that the area under the curve was 0.81, indicating that the NVS-CHN was an accurate health literacy assessment tool. A score ≥ 4 out of 6 best identified participants with adequate health literacy. CONCLUSIONS: The NVS-CHN has excellent psychometrical reliability and validity, which make it a suitable tool to evaluate health literacy in China.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alfabetização em Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Área Sob a Curva
China
Estudos Transversais
Técnica Delfos
Escolaridade
Feminino
Rotulagem de Alimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Psicometria
Curva ROC
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Traduções
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180210
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180210
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190721


  2 / 3025 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29235816
[Au] Autor:Simpson R
[Ti] Título:Food for thought.
[So] Source:Can Nurse;113(2):32-4, 2017 Mar-Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0008-4581
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Rotulagem de Alimentos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Canadá
Indústria Alimentícia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 3025 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29235802
[Au] Autor:Bourgeois M
[Ti] Título:Resolving to be healthier.
[So] Source:Can Nurse;113(2):2, 2017 Mar-Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0008-4581
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Estilo de Vida Saudável
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Canadá
Rotulagem de Alimentos
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 3025 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29236423
[Au] Autor:Kromka NJ
[Ti] Título:GMOs, genetically modified organisms or genuinely mixed opinions? A reasonable Consumer's understanding of the terms "GMO" and "non-GMO," and the struggle to set a Standard. 
[So] Source:Seton Hall Law Rev;48(1):221-48, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0586-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Consumidor
Rotulagem de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência
Alimentos Geneticamente Modificados
Rotulagem de Produtos/legislação & jurisprudência
United States Department of Agriculture/legislação & jurisprudência
United States Food and Drug Administration/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ração Animal
Animais
Rotulagem de Alimentos/normas
Regulamentação Governamental
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Organismos Geneticamente Modificados
Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
Rotulagem de Produtos/normas
Restaurantes/legislação & jurisprudência
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 3025 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29236783
[Au] Autor:Rimpeekool W; Yiengprugsawan V; Kirk M; Banwell C; Seubsman SA; Sleigh A
[Ad] Endereço:National Centre for Epidemiology & Population Health, Research School of Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Nutrition label experience, obesity, high blood pressure, and high blood lipids in a cohort of 42,750 Thai adults.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189574, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Nutrition labels have been promoted for nearly two decades in Thailand to educate people about healthy eating and to combat nutrient-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). But little is known about how nutrition labels are experienced and whether they are linked with better health. Our objective was to investigate the associations between nutrition label experience, obesity and nutrient-related NCDs in Thai consumers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken with a nationwide cohort of 42,750 distance learning Thai adult students enrolled in an Open University in 2013. We measured exposure as nutrition label experience (read, understand, use). Health outcomes were high blood pressure, high blood lipids, and high Body Mass Index (overweight at risk and obesity). Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the association between nutrition label experience and health outcome adjusting for sociodemographic attributes, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol intake. RESULTS: Frequent nutrition label use varied by cohort attributes and health outcomes and was least for those with low physical activity and high blood pressure. Being male, older, an urban resident or with low physical activity was associated with increasing high blood pressure and high blood lipids. Compared to those who read, understand and use nutrition labels, participants who did not (read, understand, and use), were more likely to report high blood pressure (Adjusted Odds Ratio 1.33; 1.17-1.51), high blood lipids (AOR 1.26; 1.14-1.39), and obesity (AOR 1.23; 1.13-1.33), but were not more likely to be overweight at risk (AOR 1.06; 0.97-1.16). CONCLUSIONS: We found cross-sectional associations between low nutrition label experience and increased likelihood of high blood pressure, high blood lipids, and obesity among Thai adults. Nutrition label education should be promoted as part of a public health approach to appropriate food choices and better lifestyles to reduce obesity and nutrient-related NCDs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Rotulagem de Alimentos
Hiperlipidemias/complicações
Hipertensão/complicações
Obesidade/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Coortes
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Tailândia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189574


  6 / 3025 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29173348
[Au] Autor:Menday H; Neal B; Wu JHY; Crino M; Baines S; Petersen KS
[Ti] Título:Use of Added Sugars Instead of Total Sugars May Improve the Capacity of the Health Star Rating System to Discriminate between Core and Discretionary Foods.
[So] Source:J Acad Nutr Diet;117(12):1921-1930.e11, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:2212-2672
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The Australian Government has introduced a voluntary front-of-package labeling system that includes total sugar in the calculation. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the effect of substituting added sugars for total sugars when calculating Health Star Ratings (HSR) and identify whether use of added sugars improves the capacity to distinguish between core and discretionary food products. DESIGN: This study included packaged food and beverage products available in Australian supermarkets (n=3,610). The product categories included in the analyses were breakfast cereals (n=513), fruit (n=571), milk (n=309), non-alcoholic beverages (n=1,040), vegetables (n=787), and yogurt (n=390). Added sugar values were estimated for each product using a validated method. HSRs were then estimated for every product according to the established method using total sugar, and then by substituting added sugar for total sugar. The scoring system was not modified when added sugar was used in place of total sugar in the HSR calculation. Products were classified as core or discretionary based on the Australian Dietary Guidelines. To investigate whether use of added sugar in the HSR algorithm improved the distinction between core and discretionary products as defined by the Australian Dietary Guidelines, the proportion of core products that received an HSR of ≥3.5 stars and the proportion of discretionary products that received an HSR of <3.5 stars, for algorithms based upon total vs added sugars were determined. RESULTS: There were 2,263 core and 1,347 discretionary foods; 1,684 of 3,610 (47%) products contained added sugar (median 8.4 g/100 g, interquartile range=5.0 to 12.2 g). When the HSR was calculated with added sugar instead of total sugar, an additional 166 (7.3%) core products received an HSR of ≥3.5 stars and 103 (7.6%) discretionary products received a rating of ≥3.5 stars. The odds of correctly identifying a product as core vs discretionary were increased by 61% (odds ratio 1.61, 95% CI 1.26 to 2.06; P<0.001) when the algorithm was based on added compared to total sugars. CONCLUSIONS: In the six product categories examined, substitution of added sugars for total sugars better aligned the HSR with the Australian Dietary Guidelines. Future work is required to investigate the impact in other product categories.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Consumidor
Dieta
Rotulagem de Alimentos/normas
Embalagem de Alimentos/normas
Açúcares/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Austrália
Bebidas/análise
Grãos Comestíveis/química
Análise de Alimentos
Frutas/química
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Leite/química
Verduras/química
Iogurte/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Sugars)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 3025 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28867099
[Au] Autor:Machackova M; Giertlova A; Porubska J; Roe M; Ramos C; Finglas P
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Agricultural Economics and Information, Manesova 1453/75, 120 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic. Electronic address: machackova.marie@uzei.cz.
[Ti] Título:EuroFIR Guideline on calculation of nutrient content of foods for food business operators.
[So] Source:Food Chem;238:35-41, 2018 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper presents a Guideline for calculating nutrient content of foods by calculation methods for food business operators and presents data on compliance between calculated values and analytically determined values. In the EU, calculation methods are legally valid to determine the nutrient values of foods for nutrition labelling (Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011). However, neither a specific calculation method nor rules for use of retention factors are defined. EuroFIR AISBL (European Food Information Resource) has introduced a Recipe Calculation Guideline based on the EuroFIR harmonized procedure for recipe calculation. The aim is to provide food businesses with a step-by-step tool for calculating nutrient content of foods for the purpose of nutrition declaration. The development of this Guideline and use in the Czech Republic is described and future application to other Member States is discussed. Limitations of calculation methods and the importance of high quality food composition data are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alimentos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: República Tcheca
Bases de Dados Factuais
Análise de Alimentos
Rotulagem de Alimentos
Seres Humanos
Valor Nutritivo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170905
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 3025 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28906157
[Au] Autor:Gupta RS; Taylor SL; Baumert JL; Kao LM; Schuster E; Smith BM
[Ad] Endereço:1 Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611.
[Ti] Título:Economic Factors Impacting Food Allergen Management: Perspectives from the Food Industry.
[So] Source:J Food Prot;80(10):1719-1725, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1944-9097
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Food allergies affect up to 8% of children in the United States and may occasionally lead to severe life-threatening reactions. Because there is currently no cure for food allergies, strict avoidance of the allergen-containing foods is the only means of preventing an allergic reaction. Consumers rely on food manufacturers to reliably track and declare the presence of food allergens in products. Over the past 10 to 20 years, the food industry has increasingly adopted allergen control approaches in its processing facilities. However, the major industry costs related to food allergen management have not been fully described. The objective of this study was to characterize the factors that contribute to the economic impact of food allergen control practices on the food industry. A focus group (n = 100) was conducted with food industry professionals to identify key areas of cost for food allergen management. A survey based on the domains identified was then developed and disseminated to a convenience sample (n = 50) of quality control food industry specialists with knowledge of their company's food allergen management practices. Nearly all companies (92%) produced food products containing one or more of the top eight allergenic foods recognized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or sesame seeds. Cleaning procedures, employee training, and the potential for a recall due to allergen cross-contact were most frequently rated as the important factors in food allergen management. Recalls due to food allergen cross-contact, cleaning procedures, equipment and premises design, and employee training were ranked as the greatest allergen management expenses. Although 96% of companies had a food allergen control plan in place, nearly half (42%) had at least one food allergen-related recall within the past 5 years. The industry appears to endorse a willingness to unify precautionary allergen labeling to communicate a clear message more effectively to consumers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/prevenção & controle
Indústria de Processamento de Alimentos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alérgenos
Indústria Alimentícia
Rotulagem de Alimentos
Indústria de Processamento de Alimentos/normas
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Allergens)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170915
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-17-060


  9 / 3025 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28895220
[Au] Autor:Hobin E; Bollinger B; Sacco J; Liebman E; Vanderlee L; Zuo F; Rosella L; L'abbe M; Manson H; Hammond D
[Ad] Endereço:Public Health Ontario.
[Ti] Título:Consumers' Response to an On-Shelf Nutrition Labelling System in Supermarkets: Evidence to Inform Policy and Practice.
[So] Source:Milbank Q;95(3):494-534, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1468-0009
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Policy Points: On-shelf nutrition labelling systems in supermarkets, such as the Guiding Stars system, are intended to provide consumers with simple, standardized nutrition information to support more informed and healthier food choices. Policies that support the provision of simplified nutrition labelling systems may encourage consumers to make positive shifts in food-purchasing behaviors. The shifts in consumer food-purchasing patterns observed in our study after the introduction of the Guiding Stars system in supermarkets translated into measurable nutritional benefits, including more items purchased with slightly less trans fat and sugar and more fiber and omega-3 fatty acids. This study is one of the first to report the positive impact of an on-shelf nutrition labelling system on supermarket sales and revenues-key information that was specifically requested by the US National Academies, as such labelling interventions may be more sustainable if they lead to higher revenues. CONTEXT: Providing a nutrition rating system on the front of food packages or on retail shelf tags has been proposed as a policy strategy for supporting healthier food choices. Guiding Stars is an on-shelf nutrition labelling system that scores foods in a supermarket based on nutritional quality; scores are then translated into ratings of 0 to 3 stars. It is consistent with evidence-informed recommendations for well-designed labels, except for not labelling 0-star products. The largest supermarket retailer in Canada rolled out the Guiding Stars system in supermarkets across Ontario, Canada. The aim of our study was to examine the extent to which consumers respond to an on-shelf nutrition labelling system in supermarkets to inform current and future nutrition labelling policies and practices. METHODS: Capitalizing on a natural experiment, we conducted a quasi-experimental study across 3 supermarket banners (or "chains") in Ontario, one of which implemented the Guiding Stars system in 2012. We used aggregated supermarket transaction data to test the effect of Guiding Stars on the nutritional quality of food purchases in intervention supermarkets relative to control supermarkets. We also conducted exit surveys among 783 randomly selected shoppers from intervention and control supermarkets to assess consumer awareness, understanding, trust, and self-reported use of the labelling system. FINDINGS: Relative to control supermarkets, shoppers in intervention supermarkets made small but significant shifts toward purchasing foods with higher nutritional ratings; however, shifts varied in direction and magnitude across food categories. These shifts translated into foods being purchased with slightly less trans fat and sugar and more fiber and omega-3 fatty acids. We also found increases in the number of products per transaction, price per product purchased, and total revenues. Results of the exit surveys indicate a modest proportion of consumers were aware of, understood, and trusted Guiding Stars in intervention supermarkets, and a small proportion of consumers reported using this system when making purchasing decisions. However, 47% of shoppers exposed to Guiding Stars were confused when asked to interpret the meaning of a 0-star product that does not display a rating on the shelf tag. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates support for policies promoting on-shelf nutrition labels designed according to evidence-informed principles, but policymakers should move forward with caution when investing in such systems until research has confirmed optimal label design, clarified the mechanisms through which dietary intake is improved, and assessed associations with nutrition-related health outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Consumidor
Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor
Rotulagem de Alimentos
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia
Promoção da Saúde/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Canadá
Seres Humanos
Política Nutricional
Valor Nutritivo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171121
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171121
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170913
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1468-0009.12277


  10 / 3025 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Castro, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
[PMID]:28767960
[Au] Autor:Castro IRR
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto de Nutrição, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Obesity prevention and control: the urgent need for effective public policies.
[Ti] Título:Obesidade: urge fazer avançar políticas públicas para sua prevenção e controle..
[So] Source:Cad Saude Publica;33(7):e00100017, 2017 07 27.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4464
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng; por; spa
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Programas Nacionais de Saúde/tendências
Política Nutricional/tendências
Obesidade/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Rotulagem de Alimentos
Promoção da Saúde/tendências
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171011
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171011
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170803
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 303 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde