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[PMID]:29196498
[Au] Autor:Dyer O
[Ad] Endereço:Montreal.
[Ti] Título:US tobacco companies run court ordered advertisements.
[So] Source:BMJ;359:j5613, 2017 12 01.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Publicidade como Assunto/legislação & jurisprudência
Segurança de Produtos ao Consumidor/legislação & jurisprudência
Indústria do Tabaco/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Fumar/efeitos adversos
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j5613


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[PMID]:29323647
[Au] Autor:Hirschhorn N
[Ad] Endereço:London, UK. Electronic address: bertzpoet@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Another perspective on the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World.
[So] Source:Lancet;391(10115):25, 2018 01 06.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fundações/organização & administração
Saúde Global
Objetivos Organizacionais
Política Antifumo
Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Indústria do Tabaco/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29176829
[Au] Autor:van der Eijk Y; Glantz SA
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Tobacco industry attempts to frame smoking as a 'disability' under the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0188188, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Using the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents Library and Congressional records, we examined the tobacco industry's involvement with the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). During legislative drafting of the ADA (1989-1990), the Tobacco Institute, the tobacco industry's lobbying and public relations arm at the time, worked with industry lawyers and civil rights groups to include smoking in the ADA's definition of "disability." Focus was on smoking as a perceived rather than actual disability so that tobacco companies could maintain that smoking is not addictive. Language that would have explicitly excluded smoking from ADA coverage was weakened or omitted. Tobacco Institute lawyers did not think the argument that smokers are "disabled" would convince the courts, so in the two years after the ADA was signed into law, the Tobacco Institute paid a lawyer to conduct media tours, seminars, and write articles to convince employers that hiring only non-smokers would violate the ADA. The ultimate goal of these activities was to deter employers from promoting a healthy, tobacco-free workforce and, more broadly, to promote the social acceptability of smoking. Employers and policy makers need to be aware that tobacco use is not protected by the ADA and should not be misled by tobacco industry efforts to insinuate otherwise.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Avaliação da Deficiência
Fumar/legislação & jurisprudência
Indústria do Tabaco/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Manobras Políticas
Relações Públicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188188


  4 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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Almeida, Liz Maria de
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
[PMID]:28954058
[Au] Autor:Cavalcante TM; Pinho MCM; Perez CA; Teixeira APL; Mendes FL; Vargas RR; Carvalho AOR; Rangel EC; Almeida LM
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Brazil: balance of the National Tobacco Control Policy in the last decade and dilemmas.
[Ti] Título:Brasil: balanço da Política Nacional de Controle do Tabaco na última década e dilemas..
[So] Source:Cad Saude Publica;33Suppl 3(Suppl 3):e00138315, 2017 Sep 21.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4464
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por; eng
[Ab] Resumo:Since 2005, Brazil has been a Party of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, an international treaty whose measures are the foundation of the National Tobacco-Control Policy (NTCP), of Brazil. The results evidence a significant decrease in the prevalence of smokers and in tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. These results, however, could have been even better if there wasn't the interference of the tobacco supply chain (TSC), controlled by transnational corporations, which has become more intense over the last 10 years. These companies made Brazil not only a repository for tobacco, but also for economic and political power capable of threatening NTCP achievements. This Essay recounts the development of NTCP and the tobacco supply chain modus operandi to hamper it, and discusses how the strengthening of policies to promote alternative crops for tobacco could shield NTCP from such interference.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Política de Saúde
Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar
Indústria do Tabaco
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Regulamentação Governamental
Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Indústria do Tabaco/legislação & jurisprudência
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170928
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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Almeida, Liz Maria de
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
[PMID]:28954059
[Au] Autor:Almeida LM; Silva RPD; Santos ATCD; Andrade JD; Suarez MC
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Mists, vapors and other illusory volatilities of electronic cigarettes.
[Ti] Título:Névoas, vapores e outras volatilidades ilusórias dos cigarros eletrônicos..
[So] Source:Cad Saude Publica;33Suppl 3(Suppl 3):e00139615, 2017 Sep 21.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4464
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por; eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this article, we analyze the discourse of electronic cigarette suppliers directed at convincing potential users (smokers, former smokers or never smokers) to acquire and use the new product. This is a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study on sellers' discourse found in eight on-line sales websites which, between 2011 and 2013, had the highest search frequencies. The websites were identified through Google Trends based on the number of accesses and search frequencies related to electronic cigarettes. Our methodological reference was dialectical-hermeneutics. We categorized the empirical material within the "understanding/interpretation" scheme within four broad meanings: appropriation of the anti-smoking discourse; comparison between conventional and electronic cigarettes; appeal to the trustworthiness of science and projection of e-cigarettes' image. The analysis of these meanings configured the argumentative elements of the marketing discourse used by electronic cigarette makers and suppliers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina
Marketing
Tabagismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/economia
Seres Humanos
Fumar
Indústria do Tabaco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170928
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28954055
[Au] Autor:Paumgartten FJR; Gomes-Carneiro MR; Oliveira ACAX
[Ad] Endereço:Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:The impact of tobacco additives on cigarette smoke toxicity: a critical appraisal of tobacco industry studies.
[Ti] Título:O impacto dos aditivos do tabaco na toxicidade da fumaça do cigarro: uma avaliação crítica dos estudos patrocinados pela indústria do fumo..
[So] Source:Cad Saude Publica;33Suppl 3(Suppl 3):e00132415, 2017 Sep 21.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4464
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por; eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cigarette production involves a number of substances and materials other than just tobacco, paper and a filter. Tobacco additives include flavorings, enhancers, humectants, sugars, and ammonium compounds. Although companies maintain that tobacco additives do not enhance smoke toxicity and do not make cigarettes more attractive or addictive, these claims are questioned by independent researchers. This study reviewed the studies on the effects of tobacco additives on smoke chemistry and toxicity. Tobacco additives lead to higher levels of formaldehyde and minor changes in other smoke analytes. Toxicological studies (bacterial mutagenicity and mammalian cytoxicity tests, rat 90 days inhalation studies and bone-marrow cell micronucleus assays) found that tobacco additives did not enhance smoke toxicity. Rodent assays, however, poorly predicted carcinogenicity of tobacco smoke, and were clearly underpowered to disclose small albeit toxicologically relevant differences between test (with tobacco additives) and control (without tobacco additives) cigarettes. This literature review led to the conclusion that the impact of tobacco additives on tobacco smoke harmfulness remains unclear.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fumaça/análise
Indústria do Tabaco
Produtos do Tabaco/toxicidade
Tabaco/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Monóxido de Carbono/análise
Aromatizantes/análise
Formaldeído/análise
Seres Humanos
Chumbo/análise
Nicotina/análise
Ratos
Tabaco/química
Produtos do Tabaco/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Flavoring Agents); 0 (Smoke); 1HG84L3525 (Formaldehyde); 2P299V784P (Lead); 6M3C89ZY6R (Nicotine); 7U1EE4V452 (Carbon Monoxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170928
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28954054
[Au] Autor:Rangel EC; Pereira A; Cavalcante TM; Oliveira EA; Silva VLDCE
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:The decision-making process in Brazil's ratification of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
[Ti] Título:O processo decisório de ratificação da Convenção-Quadro para o Controle do Tabaco da Organização Mundial da Saúde no Brasil..
[So] Source:Cad Saude Publica;33Suppl 3(Suppl 3):e00126115, 2017 Sep 21.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4464
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por; eng
[Ab] Resumo:Tobacco consumption is a leading cause of various types of cancer and other tobacco-related diseases. In 2003, the World Health Assembly adopted the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO-FCTC), which aims to protect citizens from the health, social, environmental, and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke. The Convention was to be ratified by the Member States of the WHO; in Brazil's case, ratification involved the National Congress, which held public hearings in the country's leading tobacco growing communities (municipalities). The current study analyzes this decision-making process according to the different interests, positions, and stakeholders. In methodological terms, this is a qualitative study based on document research, drawing primarily on the shorthand notes from the public hearings. We analyze the interests and arguments for and against ratification. The article shows that although preceded by intense debates, the final decision in favor of ratification was made by a limited group of government stakeholders, characterizing a decision-making process similar to a funnel.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fumar/legislação & jurisprudência
Tabagismo/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Tomada de Decisões
Regulamentação Governamental
Política de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Programas Nacionais de Saúde
Saúde Pública
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar
Indústria do Tabaco/legislação & jurisprudência
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170928
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28954052
[Au] Autor:Teixeira LADS; Paiva CHA; Ferreira VN
[Ad] Endereço:Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in the Brazilian political agenda, 2003-2005.
[Ti] Título:A Convenção-Quadro para o Controle do Tabaco da Organização mundial da Saúde na agenda política brasileira, 2003-2005..
[So] Source:Cad Saude Publica;33Suppl 3(Suppl 3):e00121016, 2017 Sep 21.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4464
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por; eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study analyses the development of a tobacco-control agenda in Brazil following the country's participation in the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO-FCTC). This process started with the diplomatic negotiations for the participation of Brazil in the treaty, in 2003, and its ratification by the National Congress, in 2005, and was marked by substantial controversies between public health players, who are accountable for tobacco-control actions, and the high echelon of Brazilian diplomacy, emissaries of the tobacco industry, representatives of small tobacco farmers from the Southern region of the country, congress representatives, senators and ministers. The study is based on the contributions of John W. Kingdon on the development of an agenda for the formulation of public policies. It took into account secondary references, legislative and institutional sources from the 1995 to 2005 period. It concluded that the association of tobacco-related healthcare actions by technically skilled officials, the involvement of the high echelon of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (policy flow), the initiative for the establishment of the WHO-FCTC (problem flow), and the existence of a favorable environment in both, executive and legislative (political flow), opened a window of opportunity for WHO-FCTC ratification and its inclusion in the government decision agenda.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Saúde Pública/legislação & jurisprudência
Indústria do Tabaco/legislação & jurisprudência
Tabagismo/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Regulamentação Governamental
Política de Saúde/tendências
Seres Humanos
Programas Nacionais de Saúde
Saúde Pública/tendências
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170928
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28846738
[Au] Autor:McDaniel PA; Lown EA; Malone RE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:"It doesn't seem to make sense for a company that sells cigarettes to help smokers stop using them": A case study of Philip Morris's involvement in smoking cessation.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0183961, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In the late 1990s, American tobacco companies began offering limited cessation assistance to smokers by posting links on their company websites to government-sponsored smoking cessation resources. Philip Morris USA (PM) went further, funding youth cessation programs and creating its own online cessation program, QuitAssist. We explore why PM entered the cessation arena, and describe the variety of options considered and how PM-supported cessation programs were evaluated and promoted. METHODS: We retrieved and analyzed archival PM documents from 1998-2005. We supplemented information from the documents with scholarly articles assessing QuitAssist and archived versions of the PM and QuitAssist websites. RESULTS: PM's Youth Smoking Prevention department began funding youth cessation projects and programs soon after its creation in 1998, motivated by the same issue that drove its interest in youth smoking prevention: regulatory threats posed by public and policymaker concern about youth smoking. The department took a similar approach to youth smoking cessation as it did with prevention, rejecting curricula with "anti-industry" themes. In 2002, a "cessation exploration team" examined a variety of rationales for and approaches to company support for adult smoking cessation. Ultimately, PM chose QuitAssist, a limited and less expensive option that nonetheless provided opportunities for engagement with a variety of public health and government officials. Independent research indicates that QuitAssist is not an effective cessation tool. CONCLUSIONS: While the transformation of ambitious plans into a mundane final product is a recurring theme with PM's corporate responsibility efforts, it would be inappropriate to dismiss PM's smoking cessation endeavors as half-hearted attempts to appear responsible. Such endeavors have the potential to inflict real harm by competing with more effective programs and by helping to maintain a tobacco-favorable policy environment. If PM truly wanted to support cessation, it could drop legal and other challenges to public policies that discourage smoking.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abandono do Hábito de Fumar
Indústria do Tabaco
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170829
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183961


  10 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28817320
[Au] Autor:Apollonio D; Glantz SA
[Ad] Endereço:Dorie Apollonio is with the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco. Stanton A. Glantz is with the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Department of Medicine, Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco.
[Ti] Título:Tobacco Industry Research on Nicotine Replacement Therapy: "If Anyone Is Going to Take Away Our Business It Should Be Us".
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(10):1636-1642, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is recommended for tobacco cessation on the basis of pharmaceutical industry research showing its effectiveness when combined with counseling. The tobacco industry opposed NRT when it first appeared in the 1980s but by 2016 was marketing its own NRT products. We used internal tobacco industry documents dated 1960 through 2010 to identify the industry's perceptions of NRT. As early as the 1950s, tobacco companies developed nonsmoked nicotine replacements for cigarettes, but they stopped out of concern that marketing such products would trigger Food and Drug Administration regulation of cigarettes. In the 1990s, after pharmaceutical companies began selling prescription NRT, tobacco companies found that many smokers used NRT to supplement smoking rather than to quit. In 2009, once the Food and Drug Administration began regulating tobacco, tobacco companies restarted their plans to capture the nicotine market. Although the tobacco industry initially viewed NRT as a threat, it found that smokers often combined NRT with smoking rather than using it as a replacement and began marketing their own NRT products.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Marketing/organização & administração
Indústria do Tabaco/organização & administração
Produtos para o Abandono do Uso de Tabaco/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Indústria do Tabaco/economia
Estados Unidos
United States Food and Drug Administration
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170818
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303935



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