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Pesquisa : J01.637.215 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29273571
[Au] Autor:Schulman TG; Samlal-Soedhoe RS; van der Weerd J
[Ad] Endereço:Microtrace Section, Netherlands Forensic Institute, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Toward a systematic classification of textile damages.
[So] Source:Forensic Sci Rev;30(1):51-75, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1042-7201
[Cp] País de publicação:China (Republic : 1949- )
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The accuracy of textile damage analyses was evaluated by laboratory tests carried out by trained experts. The analyzed damages were prepared by various methods, including stabbing, cutting, shooting, heating/burning, etc. A number of damages were aged by household washing and tumble-drying procedures, addition of blood, or burying. The samples were analyzed by routine laboratory evaluation. The results indicate that the properties of a damage provide a good indication of the way a textile had been damaged. Nevertheless, scoring of the answers is not straightforward. Results indicated that examiners evaluated damages on different levels of specificity and thereby showed the latent need for a more systematic approach to damage classification. The second part of the current contribution therefore presents the classification scheme we developed. This classification scheme aims to guide examiners during examination and accommodates the vast majority of textile damages observed in forensic casework. Each of the proposed classes is defined, relevant literature in each of the classes is reviewed, and the characteristics that can be expected after different damaging actions are explained. Finally, we share some ideas for further investigations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vestuário
Ciências Forenses/métodos
Têxteis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171224
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 7408 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424998
[Au] Autor:Khramtsov PI; Kurgansky AM; Barsukova NK; Sedova AC; Sotnikova EN
[Ti] Título:[Estimation of the influence of the design of school backpacks to posture regulation in children with different posture conditions].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(7):652-5, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:There was performed the study of the characteristics of the regulation of vertical posture in 42 children of 8-10 years old using school bags of different designs. According to medical examination 25 children have normal posture and 17 children had kyphotic one. The stability of the posture was estimated according to the average variance and the average velocity of the total center of gravity of the body, the area of the ellipse, and the quality of the equilibrium function with computer stabilography. Three models of school bags were used - with traditional, ergonomic and orthopedic back support. Vertical posture stability for children with impaired posture without school bag and when used with traditional and ergonomic back were significantly lower in comparison with children with normal posture. When the orthopedic back was used the stability impairment of the vertical posture in children with kyphotic posture was not observed. It is concluded that for the prevention of spinal deformity for students with kyphotic posture orthopedic school bags should be used.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Desenvolvimento Infantil
Vestuário/efeitos adversos
Vestuário/normas
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Teste de Materiais/métodos
Fatores de Risco
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/normas
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia
Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/prevenção & controle
Suporte de Carga/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 7408 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29293615
[Au] Autor:Clark AP; Howard KL; Woods AT; Penton-Voak IS; Neumann C
[Ad] Endereço:Brunel University London, Uxbridge, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Why rate when you could compare? Using the "EloChoice" package to assess pairwise comparisons of perceived physical strength.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190393, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We introduce "EloChoice", a package for R which uses Elo rating to assess pairwise comparisons between stimuli in order to measure perceived stimulus characteristics. To demonstrate the package and compare results from forced choice pairwise comparisons to those from more standard single stimulus rating tasks using Likert (or Likert-type) items, we investigated perceptions of physical strength from images of male bodies. The stimulus set comprised images of 82 men standing on a raised platform with minimal clothing. Strength-related anthropometrics and grip strength measurements were available for each man in the set. UK laboratory participants (Study 1) and US online participants (Study 2) viewed all images in both a Likert rating task, to collect mean Likert scores, and a pairwise comparison task, to calculate Elo, mean Elo (mElo), and Bradley-Terry scores. Within both studies, Likert, Elo and Bradley-Terry scores were closely correlated to mElo scores (all rs > 0.95), and all measures were correlated with stimulus grip strength (all rs > 0.38) and body size (all rs > 0.59). However, mElo scores were less variable than Elo scores and were hundreds of times quicker to compute than Bradley-Terry scores. Responses in pairwise comparison trials were 2/3 quicker than in Likert tasks, indicating that participants found pairwise comparisons to be easier. In addition, mElo scores generated from a data set with half the participants randomly excluded produced very comparable results to those produced with Likert scores from the full participant set, indicating that researchers require fewer participants when using pairwise comparisons.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vestuário
Força Muscular
Percepção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Força da Mão
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Probabilidade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180103
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190393


  4 / 7408 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29271625
[Ti] Título:THE CHANGING FACE OF NURSING UNIFORMS.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(9):16, 2017 04.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nursing uniforms have transformed dramatically over the past century on the back of emerging trends, demand for practicality and comfort, and strict workplace policy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vestuário
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Vestimenta Cirúrgica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171223
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 7408 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29265666
[Au] Autor:Hoffecker JF; Hoffecker IT
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, 80309-0450.
[Ti] Título:Technological complexity and the global dispersal of modern humans.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;26(6):285-299, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens) dispersed out of Africa roughly 120,000 years ago and again after 75,000 years ago. The early dispersal was geographically restricted to the Arabian Peninsula, Levant, and possibly parts of southern Asia. The later dispersal was ultimately global in scope, including areas not previously occupied by Homo. One explanation for the contrast between the two out-of-Africa dispersals is that the modern humans who expanded into Eurasia 120,000 years ago lacked the functionally and structurally complex technology of recent hunter-gatherers. This technology, which includes, for example, mechanical projectiles, snares and traps, and sewn clothing, provides not only expanded dietary breadth and increased rates of foraging efficiency and success in places where plant and animal productivity is low, but protection from cold weather in places where winter temperatures are low. The absence of complex technology before 75,000 years ago also may explain why modern humans in the Levant did not develop sedentary settlements and agriculture 120,000 years ago (i.e., during the Last Interglacial).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vestuário/história
Migração Humana/história
Tecnologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África
Agricultura/história
Antropologia
Ásia
Australásia
Cavernas
Evolução Cultural/história
Dieta Paleolítica
Europa (Continente)
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21553


  6 / 7408 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Chile
[PMID]:29189856
[Au] Autor:Lozic S; Aravena PC; Martínez N; Proboste C; Pinto N; Albornoz G; Larraguibel P
[Ad] Endereço:Hospital Base de Valdivia. Instituto de Aparato locomotor, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Austral de Chile, Chile.
[Ti] Título:[The impact of the orthopedic surgeons' attire on patient preferences].
[Ti] Título:¿La imagen importa? Influencia de la vestimenta del traumatólogo en la elección y confianza del paciente..
[So] Source:Rev Med Chil;145(8):987-995, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0717-6163
[Cp] País de publicação:Chile
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The formal appearance of health care professionals may influence their trustworthiness. AIM: To determine the effect of the orthopedic surgeon's attire on patients' perceptions of credibility and reliability of professionals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, 351 patients (mean age 43 ± 17 years, 62% males) from the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of a Chilean regional hospital in southem of Chile were chosen to complete a questionnaire of attire preferences, in which five photographs with male and female orthopedic surgeons appeared (executive, formal attire, informal attire, scrubs and casual clothing). The influence of attire in the perception of physicians' trustworthiness to resolve medical situations was analyzed. RESULTS: Forty four percent of patients had no physician gender predilection (p = 0.32). Forty three percent of male and 38% of female patients preferred the use of formal attire. In situations of credibility or confidence, all patients chose mostly the use of white coats with formal attire by professionals. The probability of choosing an orthopedic surgeon with a formal attire was significantly higher among patients who considered the attire and appearance of the professional to be very important (Odds ratio = 3.74; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Patients prefer orthopedic surgeons wearing white coats and formal attire, which improves credibility of these professionals to correctly solve medical situations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vestuário/psicologia
Cirugiões Ortopédicos
Preferência do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
Relações Médico-Paciente
Confiança/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Chile
Vestuário/normas
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Sexuais
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171218
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171218
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 7408 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29172369
[Au] Autor:Orlando Rojas L; Contento Meléndez D; Maldonado Morán MÁ; Esteban Muñoz J; Marcela Restrepo C
[Ti] Título:Cerebrospinal Fluids Leaks of the Cranial Vault Management with Compression Cap: Case Series.
[So] Source:Bol Asoc Med P R;108(2):69-72, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0004-4849
[Cp] País de publicação:Puerto Rico
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cerebrospinal fluid leaks of the cranial vault, constitute one of the most common complications after neurosurgical procedures. In this paper we introduce to you an observational study, in which a series of patients with this complication where managed by using elastic compression hat during 18 hours per day, for two weeks to four months. Every one of them presented complete resolution of the leak, without any recurrence until actual controls. After that we perform a review of the literature, demonstrating this is a new therapeutic management, being us the first group on reporting it. According to the observed results, it was concluded that despite more studies are required, the use of elastic compression hats for this kind of patients could be effective and safe.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/terapia
Bandagens Compressivas
Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia
Pré-Escolar
Vestuário
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Crânio
Resultado do Tratamento
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 7408 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28976978
[Au] Autor:Michael B; Howard M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Informatics, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Activity recognition with wearable sensors on loose clothing.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0184642, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Observing human motion in natural everyday environments (such as the home), has evoked a growing interest in the development of on-body wearable sensing technology. However, wearable sensors suffer from motion artefacts introduced by the non-rigid attachment of sensors to the body, and the prevailing view is that it is necessary to eliminate these artefacts. This paper presents findings that suggest that these artefacts can, in fact, be used to distinguish between similar motions, by exploiting additional information provided by the fabric motion. An experimental study is presented whereby factors of both the motion and the properties of the fabric are analysed in the context of motion similarity. It is seen that while standard rigidly attached sensors have difficultly in distinguishing between similar motions, sensors mounted onto fabric exhibit significant differences (p < 0.01). An evaluation of the physical properties of the fabric shows that the stiffness of the material plays a role in this, with a trade-off between additional information and extraneous motion. This effect is evaluated in an online motion classification task, and the use of fabric-mounted sensors demonstrates an increase in prediction accuracy over rigidly attached sensors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vestuário
Exercício
Monitorização Ambulatorial/instrumentação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Desenho de Equipamento
Seres Humanos
Movimento (Física)
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171005
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184642


  9 / 7408 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28792983
[Au] Autor:Putman BJ; Drury JP; Blumstein DT; Pauly GB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Fear no colors? Observer clothing color influences lizard escape behavior.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182146, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Animals often view humans as predators, leading to alterations in their behavior. Even nuanced aspects of human activity like clothing color affect animal behavior, but we lack an understanding of when and where such effects will occur. The species confidence hypothesis posits that birds are attracted to colors found on their bodies and repelled by non-body colors. Here, we extend this hypothesis taxonomically and conceptually to test whether this pattern is applicable in a non-avian reptile and to suggest that species should respond less fearfully to their sexually-selected signaling color. Responses to clothing color could also be impacted by habituation to humans, so we examine whether behavior varied between areas with low and high human activity. We quantified the effects of four T-shirt colors on flight initiation distances (FID) and on the ease of capture in western fence lizards (Sceloporus occidentalis), and we accounted for detectability against the background environment. We found no differences in lizard behavior between sites. However, lizards tolerated the closest approaches and were most likely to be captured when approached with the T-shirt that resembled their sexually-selected signaling color. Because changes in individual behavior affect fitness, choice of clothing color by people, including tourists, hikers, and researchers, could impact wildlife populations and research outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Vestuário
Cor
Lagartos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aves/fisiologia
Medo
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170810
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182146


  10 / 7408 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28792857
[Au] Autor:Marriner CR; Cronin JB; Macadam P; Storey A
[Ad] Endereço:a Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ) at AUT Millennium , Auckland University of Technology , Auckland , New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:Redistributing load using wearable resistance during power clean training improves athletic performance.
[So] Source:Eur J Sport Sci;17(9):1101-1109, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1536-7290
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A popular method to improve athletic performance and lower body power is to train with wearable resistance (WR), for example, weighted vests. However, it is currently unknown what training effect this loading method has on full-body explosive movements such as the power clean. The purpose of this study was to determine what effects WR equivalent to 12% body mass (BM) had on the power clean and countermovement jump (CMJ) performance. Sixteen male subjects (age: 23.2 ± 2.7 years; BM: 90.5 ± 10.3 kg) were randomly assigned to five weeks of traditional (TR) power clean training or training with 12% BM redistributed from the bar to the body using WR. Variables of interest included pre and post CMJ height, power clean one repetition maximum (1RM), peak ground reaction force, power output (PO), and several bar path kinematic variables across loads at 50%, 70%, and 90% of 1RM. The main findings were that WR training: (1) increased CMJ height (8.7%; ES = 0.53) and 1RM power clean (4.2%; ES = 0.2) as compared to the TR group (CMJ height = -1.4%; 1RM power clean = 1.8%); (2) increased PO across all 1RM loads (ES = 0.33-0.62); (3) increased barbell velocity at 90% 1RM (3.5%; ES = 0.74) as compared to the TR group (-4.3%); and (4) several bar path kinematic variables improved at 70% and 90% 1RM loads. WR power clean training with 12% BM can positively influence power clean ability and CMJ performance, as well as improve technique factors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desempenho Atlético
Vestuário
Treinamento de Resistência/instrumentação
Levantamento de Peso/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Força Muscular/fisiologia
Treinamento de Resistência/métodos
Suporte de Carga
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170810
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/17461391.2017.1360396



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