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[PMID]:29102866
[Au] Autor:Negev M; Berman T; Reicher S; Sadeh M; Ardi R; Shammai Y
[Ad] Endereço:School of Public Health, University of Haifa, Mt. Carmel, 3498838 Israel. Electronic address: mnegev@univ.haifa.ac.il.
[Ti] Título:Concentrations of trace metals, phthalates, bisphenol A and flame-retardants in toys and other children's products in Israel.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;192:217-224, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Trace metals and synthetic chemicals including phthalates, bisphenol A and flame retardants, are widely used in toys and childcare products, and may pose acute or chronic adverse health effects in children. In Israel, certain chemicals are regulated in childcare products, but there are still regulatory gaps. We tested regulated and unregulated contaminants in 174 item parts from 70 childcare items with potentially high oral or dermal exposure, including 22 children's jewelry items, 14 toys, 7 diaper-changing mats, 6 baby mattresses, 7 baby textiles and 14 feeding and bathing items. In children's jewelry, an unregulated product in Israel, 23% of samples exceeded the US standard for lead. In toys, a regulated product, we did not detect trace metals above the Israeli standard. In textiles, baby mattresses and diaper-changing mats, phthalates exceeded the European Union standard in 14-45% of tests with a mean of 6.74% by mass for diisononyl phthalate, and 1.32% by mass for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate. BPA migration exceeded the EU standard in 14-45% of tests with a mean of 1.03 ppm. The flame retardants polybrominated biphenyls, pentabromodiphenyl, octabromodiphenyl ether, tris(2,3-dibromopropyl) phosphate and tris-(aziridinyl)-phosphine oxide were not detected. For products regulated in Israel, our findings suggest general compliance with mandatory standards. However, a lack of comprehensive chemical regulation means that there are regulatory gaps, and products not regulated in Israel may contain high levels of chemical contamination, exceeding US or EU regulations. The results of this study have prompted the development of an Israeli safety standard for children's jewelry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Compostos Benzidrílicos/análise
Segurança de Produtos ao Consumidor/normas
Retardadores de Chama/análise
Joias/análise
Fenóis/análise
Ácidos Ftálicos/análise
Jogos e Brinquedos
Oligoelementos/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
União Europeia
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Israel
Metais/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Benzhydryl Compounds); 0 (Flame Retardants); 0 (Metals); 0 (Phenols); 0 (Phthalic Acids); 0 (Trace Elements); 4010KIX4CK (diisononyl phthalate); 6O7F7IX66E (phthalic acid); MLT3645I99 (bisphenol A)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180130
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180130
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171106
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28599726
[Au] Autor:Martin A
[Ad] Endereço:Service de médecine et soins de suite et réadaptation, Hôpital local, 4 rue de Bellune, 88320 Lamarche, France. Electronic address: agnes.martin81@sfr.fr.
[Ti] Título:[Hygiene and care, when the wedding ring becomes nosocomial!]
[Ti] Título:Hygiène et soins, quand l'alliance devient nosocomiale !.
[So] Source:Rev Infirm;66(232):35-36, 2017 Jun - Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1293-8505
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:In the care setting, hand washing constitutes an essential measure for preventing hand-transmitted infections. Best practices also recommend the principle of zero jewellery. Not so easy to implement, especially when it comes to the removal of wedding rings. A nurse shares her thoughts on this sensitive issue regarding the safety of care.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Infecção Hospitalar/enfermagem
Infecção Hospitalar/transmissão
Desinfecção das Mãos/normas
Joias/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle
Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos
França
Desinfecção das Mãos/métodos
Seres Humanos
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170611
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 242 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28528474
[Au] Autor:Sikder AM; Hossain T; Khan MH; Aziz Hasan M; Fakhruzzaman M; Turner JB; Pestov D; McCallister LS; Maudood Elahi K
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Environmental Studies (CES), Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), Richmond, USA. amsikder@vcu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Toxicity assessment of ash and dust from handmade gold jewelry manufacturing workshops in Bangladesh.
[So] Source:Environ Monit Assess;189(6):279, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2959
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Traditionally, handmade gold jewelry played a very important role in the cultural heritage of Bangladesh. Goldsmiths still are partially using ancient manufacturing process with coal fire, candle flame blowing, and nitric and sulfuric acid treatments. Such process leads to the contamination of workplace with the dust of toxic metals, acidic vapors, and particles of different natures. To evaluate contamination by particulate matter (PM), the passive particle collectors were installed in different manufacturing units for a period of 85 days at Tanti Bazar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The laser diffraction analysis of the samples collected at the soldering units showed significant amounts of particulates, both PM10 and PM 2.5, and also nanoparticles in both nucleation and accumulation mode. SEM/EDS analysis revealed partially melted micro blebs that contain a very high concentration of Fe along with Cu. The toxic elements were detected with ICP analysis and include higher concentrations of cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), and arsenic (As). It is notable that detection of arsenic contamination was unexpected since raw materials used for jewelry making should not have any arsenic.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/análise
Poeira/análise
Monitoramento Ambiental
Material Particulado/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arsênico/análise
Bangladesh
Cádmio/análise
Cromo/análise
Carvão Mineral/análise
Ouro/análise
Intoxicação por Metais Pesados
Joias
Tamanho da Partícula
Material Particulado/análise
Envenenamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants, Occupational); 0 (Coal); 0 (Dust); 0 (Particulate Matter); 00BH33GNGH (Cadmium); 0R0008Q3JB (Chromium); 7440-57-5 (Gold); N712M78A8G (Arsenic)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170522
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10661-017-5978-3


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[PMID]:28159079
[Au] Autor:Goldberg JL
[Ti] Título:Guideline Implementation: Hand Hygiene.
[So] Source:AORN J;105(2):203-212, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1878-0369
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Performing proper hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis is essential to reducing the rates of health care-associated infections, including surgical site infections. The updated AORN "Guideline for hand hygiene" provides guidance on hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis, the wearing of fingernail polish and artificial nails, proper skin care to prevent dermatitis, the wearing of jewelry, hand hygiene product selection, and quality assurance and performance improvement considerations. This article focuses on key points of the guideline to help perioperative personnel make informed decisions about hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis. The key points address the necessity of keeping fingernails and skin healthy, not wearing jewelry on the hands or wrists in the perioperative area, properly performing hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis, and involving patients and visitors in hand hygiene initiatives. Perioperative RNs should review the complete guideline for additional information and for guidance when writing and updating policies and procedures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antissepsia/métodos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes
Higiene das Mãos/métodos
Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antissepsia/normas
Mãos
Desinfecção das Mãos
Higiene das Mãos/normas
Seres Humanos
Higiene
Joias
Unhas
Pele
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170205
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27984327
[Au] Autor:Huizenga T; Riyaz F; Ozog DM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan.
[Ti] Título:Implantable Body Jewelry and Methods for Their Removal.
[So] Source:Dermatol Surg;43(5):761-764, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1524-4725
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Piercing Corporal
Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia
Joias
Próteses e Implantes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/DSS.0000000000000979


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[PMID]:27088609
[Au] Autor:Akhu-Zaheya LM; Khater WA; Lafi AY
[Ad] Endereço:Author Affiliations: Department of Adult Health Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid (Drs Akhu-Zaheya and Khater); and Child Health Unit, Jarash Hospital, Jarash, Jordan (Mrs Lafi).
[Ti] Título:The Effectiveness of Hologram Bracelets in Reducing Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting Among Adult Patients With Cancer.
[So] Source:Cancer Nurs;40(2):E17-E29, 2017 Mar/Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1538-9804
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) affects cancer patients' quality of life, despite the provision of antiemetic medication. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the clinical effectiveness of the hologram bracelet in the management of CINV among adult patients with cancer. METHODS: An experimental, double-blinded design spanning 3 courses of chemotherapy was used; 175 oncology patients were randomly assigned to 3 groups: placebo (n = 53), control (n = 54), and intervention (hologram bracelet) (n = 68). Daily diaries were used to detect the severity and the frequency of CINV and to detect the frequency of using antiemetic medications. The Functioning Living Index-Emesis was used to examine the impact of CINV on the activities of daily living. RESULTS: Significant CINV differences existed between groups. The mean total Functioning Living Index-Emesis score was significantly lower in the intervention group for total vomiting and total nausea. CONCLUSION: Hologram bracelet use among patients with cancer had a positive effect on CINV. The level of CINV decreased and activity of daily living scores increased. However, effects varied among the types of CINV. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Further study is recommended to explore the benefits of the bracelet.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos
Holografia
Joias
Náusea/prevenção & controle
Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
Vômito/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Antieméticos/uso terapêutico
Método Duplo-Cego
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Náusea/induzido quimicamente
Resultado do Tratamento
Vômito/induzido quimicamente
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antiemetics); 0 (Antineoplastic Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160419
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/NCC.0000000000000374


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[PMID]:28329568
[Au] Autor:Beutler BD; Lee RA; Cohen PR
[Ad] Endereço:University of Nevada, Reno School of Medicine, Reno, NV. brycebeutler@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Localized cutaneous argyria: Report of two patients and literature review.
[So] Source:Dermatol Online J;22(11), 2016 Nov 15.
[Is] ISSN:1087-2108
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BackgroundLocalized cutaneous argyria is a rare skin condition caused by direct contact with silver or silver particles. It presents as asymptomatic gray or blue-gray macules that appear similar to blue nevi. Histologic features include brown-colored or black-colored silver granules in the basement membrane and dermis, most commonly surrounding eccrine glands, elastic fibers, and collagen fibrils. The condition is most frequently observed in individuals who are regularly exposed to small silver particles, such as silversmiths and welders. However, localized cutaneous argyria has also been associated with acupuncture needles, silver earrings, and topical medications containing silver nitrate. Although the condition is benign, patients who are concerned about the cosmetic features of localized cutaneous argyria may benefit from laser therapy.PurposeWe describe the clinical and pathologic findings of two women who developed localized cutaneous argyria. We also review the characteristics of other patients with localized cutaneous argyria and summarize the differential diagnosis and treatment options for this condition.Materials and methodsThe features of two women with localized cutaneous argyria are presented. Using PubMed, the following terms were searched and relevant citations assessed: acquired localized argyria, acupuncture, argyria, argyrosis, colloidal silver, cutaneous argyria, and localized cutaneous argyria. In addition, the literature on localized cutaneous argyria is reviewed.ResultsTwo women presented with small, asymptomatic blue-gray macules appearing at sites directly adjacent to ear piercings. A punch biopsy was performed on one woman. Microscopic examination revealed a yellowish-brown colored granular material found adjacent to elastic fibers. Based on correlation of the clinical presentation and histopathologic findings, a diagnosis of localized cutaneous argyria was established. The second woman did not undergo a biopsy. However, the clinical presentation was highly suggestive of localized cutaneous argyria. Both women were reassured of the benign nature of the condition and agreed to return for clinical follow-up if they observed any changes in the appearance of the lesions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Argiria/diagnóstico
Otopatias/diagnóstico
Joias/efeitos adversos
Dermatopatias/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Argiria/etiologia
Argiria/patologia
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Otopatias/etiologia
Otopatias/patologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Nevo Azul/diagnóstico
Dermatopatias/etiologia
Dermatopatias/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171011
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171011
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170323
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27931427
[Ti] Título:Policy on Intraoral/Perioral Piercing and Oral Jewelry/Accessories.
[So] Source:Pediatr Dent;38(6):74-75, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1942-5473
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Piercing Corporal/efeitos adversos
Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/normas
Joias/efeitos adversos
Doenças da Boca/etiologia
Sociedades Odontológicas
Traumatismos Dentários/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Cárie Dentária/etiologia
Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa
Educação em Saúde Bucal
Seres Humanos
Periodontite/etiologia
Fatores de Risco
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27873736
[Au] Autor:Machet P; Lanotte P; Giraudeau B; Leperlier M; Tavernier E; Maruani A
[Ad] Endereço:University François Rabelais Tours,, CHRU Tours, Department of Dermatology, Unit of Paediatric Dermatology.
[Ti] Título:Amber necklaces: reasons for use and awareness of risk associated with bacterial colonisation.
[So] Source:Eur J Dermatol;26(6):580-585, 2016 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:1952-4013
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Parents are increasingly placing amber necklaces on their infants or toddlers to prevent teething pain. The use of the necklaces can pose a risk of death by strangulation, however, there are no data on the potential infectious risk linked to bacterial colonisation associated with the necklaces. We aimed to analyse bacterial colonisation of amber necklaces worn by children during hospital consultations. This prospective observational study included all children wearing a teething necklace at consultation in the Paediatric Dermatology and the Paediatric Emergency Department of our hospital from April to December 2014. The study included 27 children (median age: 10.7 months; 70.4% female). The surface of necklaces underwent bacteriological analyses using three different agar cultures. Parents completed a brief questionnaire to provide reasons for using necklaces and express awareness of risks. One child had a history of impetigo. All necklaces were colonised by bacteria (median: four species per necklace [range: 1-9]); 32 different species were found, the most frequent being coagulase-negative staphylococci (Staphylococcus epidermidis in 88.9% of cases). In three cases, methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus was found. The most frequent reason for wearing a necklace was to prevent teething pain (n = 17; 63.0%); the necklace was judged effective (moderately/highly effective) in 74.1% of cases, however, 70.4% of parents considered the use of the necklace to be risky. Amber necklaces may be highly colonised by commensal germs of the skin, mainly coagulase-negative staphylococci. Although these bacteria are saprophytes, they may become pathogenic in particular conditions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Âmbar
Fômites/microbiologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Joias/microbiologia
Staphylococcus/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Âmbar/efeitos adversos
Contagem de Colônia Microbiana
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Joias/efeitos adversos
Masculino
Dor/prevenção & controle
Estudos Prospectivos
Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação
Staphylococcus epidermidis/isolamento & purificação
Staphylococcus hominis/isolamento & purificação
Inquéritos e Questionários
Erupção Dentária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Amber)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170801
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170801
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161123
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1684/ejd.2016.2871


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[PMID]:27708016
[Au] Autor:Wade L
[Ti] Título:Neandertals made jewelry, proteins confirm.
[So] Source:Science;353(6306):1350, 2016 Sep 23.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Asparagina/análise
Osso e Ossos/química
Colágeno/química
Criatividade
Joias
Homem de Neandertal/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Asparagina/genética
Ácido Aspártico/análise
Ácido Aspártico/genética
Colágeno/genética
Fósseis
França
Seres Humanos
Homem de Neandertal/genética
Datação Radiométrica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
30KYC7MIAI (Aspartic Acid); 7006-34-0 (Asparagine); 9007-34-5 (Collagen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161007
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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