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[PMID]:28368719
[Au] Autor:Bermejo JL; García-Massó X; Paillard T; Noé F
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of physical activity and sport sciences , University of Valencia , Valencia , Spain.
[Ti] Título:Fatigue does not conjointly alter postural and cognitive performance when standing in a shooting position under dual-task conditions.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(4):429-435, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study investigated the effects of fatigue on balance control and cognitive performance in a standing shooting position. Nineteen soldiers were asked to stand while holding a rifle (single task - ST). They also had to perform this postural task while simultaneously completing a cognitive task (dual task - DT). Both the ST and DT were performed in pre- and post-fatigue conditions. In pre-fatigue, participants achieved better balance control in the DT than in the ST, thus suggesting that the increased cognitive activity associated with the DT improves balance control by shifting the attentional focus away from a highly automatised activity. In post-fatigue, balance control was degraded in both the ST and DT, while reaction time was enhanced in the first minutes following the fatiguing exercise without affecting the accuracy of response in the cognitive task, which highlights the relative independent effects of fatigue on balance control and cognitive performance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cognição/fisiologia
Fadiga/fisiopatologia
Armas de Fogo
Militares/psicologia
Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170404
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2017.1313443


  2 / 4190 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29351355
[Au] Autor:Kuehn BM
[Ti] Título:Physicians Join Frontline Efforts to Curb Gun Injuries, Deaths.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(5):428-430, 2018 Feb 06.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência
Manobras Políticas
Papel do Médico
Médicos
Suicídio/prevenção & controle
Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Chicago
Seres Humanos
Governo Estadual
Estados Unidos
Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/mortalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.18072


  3 / 4190 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29280794
[Au] Autor:Sofer D
[Ad] Endereço:Dalia Sofer.
[Ti] Título:The Top Social Justice News Stories of 2017.
[So] Source:Am J Nurs;118(1):15, 2018 01.
[Is] ISSN:1538-7488
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Justiça Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Emigração e Imigração/estatística & dados numéricos
Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos/legislação & jurisprudência
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/legislação & jurisprudência
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000529703.09483.4f


  4 / 4190 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29229119
[Au] Autor:Alban RF; Nuño M; Ko A; Barmparas G; Lewis AV; Margulies DR
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, Trauma and Critical Care, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address: Rodrigo.Alban@cshs.org.
[Ti] Título:Weaker gun state laws are associated with higher rates of suicide secondary to firearms.
[So] Source:J Surg Res;221:135-142, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8673
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Firearm-related suicides comprise over two-thirds of gun-related violence in the United States, and gun laws and policies remain under scrutiny, with many advocating for revision of the regulatory map for lawful gun ownership, aiming at restricting access and distribution of these weapons. However, the quantitative relationship between how strict gun laws are and the incidence of firearm violence with their associated mortality is largely unknown. We therefore, sought to explore the impact of firearm law patterns among states on the incidence and outcomes of firearm-related suicide attempts, utilizing established objective criteria. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample for the years 1998-2011 was queried for all firearm-related suicides. Discharge facilities were stratified into five categories (A, B, C, D, and F, with A representing states with the most strict and F representing states with the least strict laws) based on the Brady Campaign to prevent Gun Violence that assigns scorecards for every state. The primary outcomes were suicide attempts and in-hospital mortality per 100,000 populations by Brady state grade. RESULTS: During the 14-year study period, 34,994 subjects met inclusion criteria. The mean age was 42.0 years and 80.1% were male. A handgun was utilized by 51.8% of patients. The overall mortality was 33.3%. Overall, 22.0% had reported psychoses and 19.3% reported depression. After adjusting for confounding factors and using group A as reference, there were higher adjusted odds for suicide attempts for patients admitted in group C, D, and F category states (1.73, 2.09, and 1.65, respectively, all P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Firearm-related suicide attempt injuries are more common in states with less strict gun laws, and these injuries tend to be associated with a higher mortality. Efforts aimed at nationwide standardization of firearm state laws are warranted, particularly for young adults and suicide-prone populations. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III. STUDY TYPE: Trauma Outcomes study.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência
Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Armas de Fogo/estatística & dados numéricos
Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29176826
[Au] Autor:Boutwell BB; Nelson EJ; Qian Z; Vaughn MG; Wright JP; Beaver KM; Barnes JC; Petkovsek M; Lewis R; Schootman M; Rosenfeld R
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Work, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Aggregate-level lead exposure, gun violence, homicide, and rape.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0187953, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:CONTEXT: An increasing body of research has linked the geographic distribution of lead with various indicators of criminal and antisocial behavior. OBJECTIVE: The current study, using data from an ongoing project related to lead exposure in St. Louis City, MO, analyzed the association between aggregate blood lead levels and specific indicators violent crime within the city. DESIGN: Ecological study. SETTING: St. Louis, Missouri. EXPOSURE MEASURE: Blood lead levels. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Official reports of violent crimes were categorized as 1) crimes involving a firearm (yes/no), 2) assault crimes (with or without a firearm), 3) robbery crimes (with or without a firearm), 4) homicides and 5) rape. RESULTS: With the exception of rape, aggregate blood-lead levels were statistically significant predictors of violent crime at the census tract level. The risk ratios for each of the outcome measures were as follows: firearm crimes 1.03 (1.03-1.04), assault crimes 1.03 (1.02-1.03), robbery crimes 1.03 (1.02-1.04), homicide 1.03 (1.01, 1.04), and rape 1.01 (0.99-1.03). CONCLUSIONS: Extending prior research in St. Louis, results suggest that aggregated lead exposure at the census tract level predicted crime outcomes, even after accounting for important sociological variables. Moving forward, a more developed understanding of aggregate level crime may necessitate a shift toward studying the synergy between sociological and biological risk factors such as lead exposure.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Armas de Fogo
Homicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Chumbo/sangue
Estupro/estatística & dados numéricos
Violência/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Geografia
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Missouri/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
2P299V784P (Lead)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0187953


  6 / 4190 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28462426
[Au] Autor:Webster DW
[Ad] Endereço:From The Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy, Baltimore, Maryland.
[Ti] Título:The True Effect of Mass Shootings on Americans.
[So] Source:Ann Intern Med;166(10):749-750, 2017 05 16.
[Is] ISSN:1539-3704
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Armas de Fogo
Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
Violência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7326/M17-0943


  7 / 4190 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28462425
[Au] Autor:Studdert DM; Zhang Y; Rodden JA; Hyndman RJ; Wintemute GJ
[Ad] Endereço:From Stanford University School of Medicine and Stanford Law School, Stanford, and School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, and Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Handgun Acquisitions in California After Two Mass Shootings.
[So] Source:Ann Intern Med;166(10):698-706, 2017 May 16.
[Is] ISSN:1539-3704
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: Mass shootings are common in the United States. They are the most visible form of firearm violence. Their effect on personal decisions to purchase firearms is not well-understood. Objective: To determine changes in handgun acquisition patterns after the mass shootings in Newtown, Connecticut, in 2012 and San Bernardino, California, in 2015. Design: Time-series analysis using seasonal autoregressive integrated moving-average (SARIMA) models. Setting: California. Population: Adults who acquired handguns between 2007 and 2016. Measurements: Excess handgun acquisitions (defined as the difference between actual and expected acquisitions) in the 6-week and 12-week periods after each shooting, overall and within subgroups of acquirers. Results: In the 6 weeks after the Newtown and San Bernardino shootings, there were 25 705 (95% prediction interval, 17 411 to 32 788) and 27 413 (prediction interval, 15 188 to 37 734) excess acquisitions, respectively, representing increases of 53% (95% CI, 30% to 80%) and 41% (CI, 19% to 68%) over expected volume. Large increases in acquisitions occurred among white and Hispanic persons, but not among black persons, and among persons with no record of having previously acquired a handgun. After the San Bernardino shootings, acquisition rates increased by 85% among residents of that city and adjacent neighborhoods, compared with 35% elsewhere in California. Limitations: The data relate to handguns in 1 state. The statistical analysis cannot establish causality. Conclusion: Large increases in handgun acquisitions occurred after these 2 mass shootings. The spikes were short-lived and accounted for less than 10% of annual handgun acquisitions statewide. Further research should examine whether repeated shocks of this kind lead to substantial increases in the prevalence of firearm ownership. Primary Funding Source: None.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Armas de Fogo/estatística & dados numéricos
Incidentes com Feridos em Massa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
California/epidemiologia
Grupos de Populações Continentais
Grupos Étnicos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Sexuais
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7326/M16-1574


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[PMID]:29048964
[Au] Autor:Siegel M; Xuan Z; Ross CS; Galea S; Kalesan B; Fleegler E; Goss KA
[Ad] Endereço:Michael Siegel, Ziming Xuan, Craig S. Ross, and Sandro Galea are with the Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Bindu Kalesan is with the Boston University School of Medicine. Eric Fleegler is with Children's Hospital Boston. Kristin A. Goss is with the Sanford School of Public Poli
[Ti] Título:Easiness of Legal Access to Concealed Firearm Permits and Homicide Rates in the United States.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(12):1923-1929, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation of "shall-issue" laws, in which permits must be issued if requisite criteria are met; "may-issue" laws, which give law enforcement officials wide discretion over whether to issue concealed firearm carry permits or not; and homicide rates. METHODS: We compared homicide rates in shall-issue and may-issue states and total, firearm, nonfirearm, handgun, and long-gun homicide rates in all 50 states during the 25-year period of 1991 to 2015. We included year and state fixed effects and numerous state-level factors in the analysis. RESULTS: Shall-issue laws were significantly associated with 6.5% higher total homicide rates, 8.6% higher firearm homicide rates, and 10.6% higher handgun homicide rates, but were not significantly associated with long-gun or nonfirearm homicide. CONCLUSIONS: Shall-issue laws are associated with significantly higher rates of total, firearm-related, and handgun-related homicide.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência
Homicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/mortalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição por Idade
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171020
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304057


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[PMID]:29048957
[Au] Autor:Rowhani-Rahbar A; Azrael D; Lyons VH; Simonetti JA; Miller M
[Ad] Endereço:Ali Rowhani-Rahbar and Vivian H. Lyons are with the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, and the Harborview Injury Prevention & Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle. Deborah Azrael is with the Department of Health Policy and Management and the Harvard Injury Control
[Ti] Título:Loaded Handgun Carrying Among US Adults, 2015.
[So] Source:Am J Public Health;107(12):1930-1936, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1541-0048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of loaded handgun carrying among US adult handgun owners, characterize those who carry, and examine concealed carrying by state concealed carry laws. METHODS: Using a nationally representative survey of US adults in 2015, we asked handgun owners (n = 1444) about their past-30-day carrying behavior. RESULTS: Among surveyed handgun owners, 24% (95% confidence interval[CI] = 21%, 26%) carried loaded handguns monthly, of whom 35% (95% CI = 29%, 41%) did so daily; 82% (95% CI = 77%, 86%) carried primarily for protection. The proportion of handgun owners who carried concealed loaded handguns in the past 30 days was 21% (95% CI = 12%, 35%) in unrestricted states, 25% (95% CI = 21%, 29%) in shall issue-no discretion states, 20% (95% CI = 16%, 24%) in shall issue-limited discretion states, and 9% (95% CI = 6%, 15%) in may-issue states. CONCLUSIONS: We estimate that 9 million US adult handgun owners carry loaded handguns monthly, 3 million do so every day, and most report protection as the main carrying reason. Proportionally fewer handgun owners carry concealed loaded handguns in states that allow issuing authorities substantial discretion in granting carrying permits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência
Propriedade/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Política
Política Pública
Segurança
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171020
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304072


  10 / 4190 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29016601
[Au] Autor:Taichman DB; Bauchner H; Drazen JM; Laine C; Peiperl L
[Ad] Endereço:Executive Deputy Editor, Annals of Internal Medicine.
[Ti] Título:Firearm-Related Injury and Death: A U.S. Health Care Crisis in Need of Health Care Professionals.
[So] Source:PLoS Med;14(10):e1002430, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1549-1676
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The U.S.-based Editors of ICMJE journals call for health-care professionals to act against the public health crisis of injury and death from guns.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Armas de Fogo
Pessoal de Saúde
Incidentes com Feridos em Massa
Papel Profissional
Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Saúde Pública
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/mortalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171011
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002430



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