Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : J01.897 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 7094 [refinar]
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[PMID]:29267424
[Au] Autor:Chapellon S; Houssier F
[Ad] Endereço:MINEA (Migrations, Interculturalité et Education en Amazonie), EA-7485, Université de la Guyane; PCPP (Psychologie Clinique, Psychopathologie, Psychanalyse), EA-4056, Université Paris Descartes.
[Ti] Título:[Iron Man: Between Confusion of Identity and Addiction to Technology].
[Ti] Título:Iron Man : entre confusion identitaire et addiction à la technologie..
[So] Source:Sante Ment Que;42(2):245-261, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0383-6320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:The fascination surrounding a successful artwork is linked to the fact it faces the viewer to unknown aspects of his/her own psychic life. The same applies to the comics Iron Man. Behind the armour is hiding a man caught up in the traumatic incidences of life. The hero demonstrates a psychic weakness which, despite being deep, is, however, showing universal aspects.The analysis of his misfortunes reveals a narcissistic disorder. The article intends to set out the identity confusion the Marvel's protagonist is trapped in while highlighting the addictive troublesome linking him to his high-tech armour. This article also seeks to attest the fact the symbiosis between Tony Stark and Iron Man is anticipating the evolution of our behaviour with regard to new technologies.To this end, the authors are recalling the episodes of the series. Through the analysis of the confrontational dialogue the hero is maintaining with his iron armour, they explore how the internal experiment related to the sense of identity disorder is figured out. Thus, going through the key moments of the saga, the authors raise the ambiguity of his hero. The metapsychological analysis of the actions undertaken by Iron Man reflects a little-known facet of his personality, revealing a character more tormented than he really looks. However, the point is not to "treat" a fictional man, but to observe how he can help us to understand the internal behaviour of our patients, and also our own.The Faustian drama this comic leads to is hence understood as a living testimony of our own psychic conflicts. Furthermore, the analysis gives rise to a questioning as to the risk of identity confusion the technological progress can create at a time when the Human is more and more depending on the machines he creates himself.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo
Desenhos Animados como Assunto
Tecnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Identificação Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 7094 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446561
[Au] Autor:Riede F; Johannsen NN; Högberg A; Nowell A; Lombard M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Archaeology and Heritage Studies, Aarhus University Moesgård, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:The role of play objects and object play in human cognitive evolution and innovation.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;27(1):46-59, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this contribution, we address a major puzzle in the evolution of human material culture: If maturing individuals just learn their parental generation's material culture, then what is the origin of key innovations as documented in the archeological record? We approach this question by coupling a life-history model of the costs and benefits of experimentation with a niche-construction perspective. Niche-construction theory suggests that the behavior of organisms and their modification of the world around them have important evolutionary ramifications by altering developmental settings and selection pressures. Part of Homo sapiens' niche is the active provisioning of children with play objects - sometimes functional miniatures of adult tools - and the encouragement of object play, such as playful knapping with stones. Our model suggests that salient material culture innovation may occur or be primed in a late childhood or adolescence sweet spot when cognitive and physical abilities are sufficiently mature but before the full onset of the concerns and costs associated with reproduction. We evaluate the model against a series of archeological cases and make suggestions for future research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Cognição
Criatividade
Jogos e Brinquedos
Tecnologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Arqueologia
Criança
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21555


  3 / 7094 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446560
[Au] Autor:Hosfield R; Cole J; McNabb J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Archaeology, School of Archaeology, Geography & Environmental Science, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AB, UK.
[Ti] Título:Less of a bird's song than a hard rock ensemble.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;27(1):9-20, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Corbey et al. (2016) propose that the Acheulean handaxe was, at least in part, under genetic control. An alternative perspective is offered here, focusing on the nature of the Acheulean handaxe and the archaeological record, and re-emphasizing their status as cultural artefacts. This is based on four main arguments challenging the proposals of Corbey et al. Firstly, handaxes do not have to track environmental variation to be a cultural artefact, given their role as a hand-held butchery knife or multi-purpose tool. Secondly, while handaxe shapes do cluster around a basic bauplan, there is also significant variability in the Acheulean handaxe record, characterized by site-specific modal forms and locally expressed, short-lived, idiosyncratic traits. Critically, this variability occurs in both time and space, is multi-scalar, and does not appear to be under genetic control. Thirdly, handaxes were produced in social contexts, within which their makers grew up exposed to the sights and sounds of artefact manufacture. Finally, the localized absences of handaxes at different times and places in the Lower Paleolithic world is suggestive of active behavioral choices and population dynamics rather than genetic controls.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hominidae/fisiologia
Tecnologia/história
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África
Animais
Arqueologia
Europa (Continente)
Feminino
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21551


  4 / 7094 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446559
[Au] Autor:Wynn T; Gowlett J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, Center for Cognitive Archaeology, University of Colorado.
[Ti] Título:The handaxe reconsidered.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;27(1):21-29, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Acheulean handaxe is one of the longest-known and longest-surviving artifacts of the Palaeolithic and, despite its experimentally tested functionality, is often regarded as puzzling. It is unnecessary to invoke a unique-for-mammals genetic mechanism to explain the handaxe phenomenon. Instead, we propose that two nongenetic processes are sufficient. The first is a set of ergonomic design principles linked to the production of sturdy, hand-held cutting tools in the context of a knapped-stone technology that lacked hafting. The second is an esthetic preference for regular forms with gradual curves and pleasing proportions. Neither process is a cultural meme but, operating together in a cultural context, they can account for all of the supposedly puzzling time-space patterns presented by handaxes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ergonomia/história
Estética/história
Hominidae/fisiologia
Tecnologia/história
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Arqueologia
História Antiga
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21552


  5 / 7094 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446556
[Au] Autor:O'Driscoll CA; Thompson JC
[Ad] Endereço:School of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
[Ti] Título:The origins and early elaboration of projectile technology.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;27(1):30-45, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The ability of Homo sapiens to kill prey at a distance is arguably one of the catalysts for our current ecological dominance. Many researchers have suggested its origins lie in the African Middle Stone Age or the European Middle Palaeolithic (∼300-30 thousand years ago), but the perishable components of armatures rarely preserve. Most research on this subject therefore emphasises analysis of armature tip size, shape, and diagnostic impacts or residues. Other lines of evidence have included human skeletal anatomy or analyses of the species composition of faunal assemblages. Projectile Impact Marks (PIMs) on archaeofaunal remains offer an ideal complement to this work, but their potential has been restricted mainly to the later Eurasian zooarchaeological record. A review of current evidence and approaches shows that systematic PIM research could add much to our understanding of early projectile technology, especially in Africa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homem de Neandertal/fisiologia
Comportamento Predatório/fisiologia
Tecnologia/história
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Osso e Ossos/patologia
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21560


  6 / 7094 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29381755
[Au] Autor:Caetano JM; Tessarolo G; de Oliveira G; Souza KDSE; Diniz-Filho JAF; Nabout JC
[Ad] Endereço:Campus de Ciências Exatas e Tecnológicas (CCET), Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Anápolis, Goiás, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Geographical patterns in climate and agricultural technology drive soybean productivity in Brazil.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191273, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The impacts of global climate change have been a worldwide concern for several research areas, including those dealing with resources essential to human well being, such as agriculture, which directly impact economic activities and food security. Here we evaluate the relative effect of climate (as indicated by the Ecological Niche Model-ENM) and agricultural technology on actual soybean productivity in Brazilian municipalities and estimate the future geographic distribution of soybeans using a novel statistical approach allowing the evaluation of partial coefficients in a non-stationary (Geographically Weighted Regression; GWR) model. We found that technology was more important than climate in explaining soybean productivity in Brazil. However, some municipalities are more dependent on environmental suitability (mainly in Southern Brazil). The future environmental suitability for soybean cultivation tends to decrease by up 50% in the central region of Brazil. Meanwhile, southern-most Brazil will have more favourable conditions, with an increase of ca. 25% in environmental suitability. Considering that opening new areas for cultivation can degrade environmental quality, we suggest that, in the face of climate change impacts on soybean cultivation, the Brazilian government and producers must invest in breeding programmes and more general ecosystem-based strategies for adaptation to climate change, including the development of varieties tolerant to climate stress, and strategies to increase productivity and reduce costs (social and environmental).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Feijão de Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
Brasil
Mudança Climática
Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Ecossistema
Meio Ambiente
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Geografia
Seres Humanos
Modelos Biológicos
Modelos Teóricos
Tecnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191273


  7 / 7094 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29370188
[Au] Autor:Mosquera M; Ollé A; Rodríguez-Álvarez XP; Carbonell E
[Ad] Endereço:Àrea de Prehistòria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Avinguda de Catalunya 35, Tarragona, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Shedding light on the Early Pleistocene of TD6 (Gran Dolina, Atapuerca, Spain): The technological sequence and occupational inferences.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190889, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper aims to update the information available on the lithic assemblage from the entire sequence of TD6 now that the most recent excavations have been completed, and to explore possible changes in both occupational patterns and technological strategies evidenced in the unit. This is the first study to analyse the entire TD6 sequence, including subunits TD6.3 and TD6.1, which have never been studied, along with the better-known TD6.2 Homo antecessor-bearing subunit. We also present an analysis of several lithic refits found in TD6, as well as certain technical features that may help characterise the hominin occupations. The archaeo-palaeontological record from TD6 consists of 9,452 faunal remains, 443 coprolites, 1,046 lithic pieces, 170 hominin remains and 91 Celtis seeds. The characteristics of this record seem to indicate two main stages of occupation. In the oldest subunit, TD6.3, the lithic assemblage points to the light and limited hominin occupation of the cave, which does, however, grow over the course of the level. In contrast, the lithic assemblages from TD6.2 and TD6.1 are rich and varied, which may reflect Gran Dolina cave's establishment as a landmark in the region. Despite the occupational differences between the lowermost subunit and the rest of the deposit, technologically the TD6 lithic assemblage is extremely homogeneous throughout. In addition, the composition and spatial distribution of the 12 groups of lithic refits found in unit TD6, as well as the in situ nature of the assemblage demonstrate the high degree of preservation at the site. This may help clarify the nature of the Early Pleistocene hominin occupations of TD6, and raise reasonable doubt about the latest interpretations that support the ex situ character of the assemblage as a whole.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hominidae
Paleontologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Arqueologia
Evolução Biológica
Fósseis/história
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Espanha
Tecnologia/história
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190889


  8 / 7094 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468367
[Au] Autor:Liu M; Lu C; Li H; Liu X
[Ti] Título:Near eye light field display based on human visual features.
[So] Source:Opt Express;25(9):9886-9900, 2017 May 01.
[Is] ISSN:1094-4087
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We introduce a near eye light field display proposal to reconstruct a light field in high synthesis speed by utilizing the multi-layer light field display technology and human visual features. The resolution distribution of the reconstructed light field is set to be identical to human visual acuity which decreases with the increasing visual eccentricity. We compress the light field information by using different sampling rates in different visual eccentricity area. A new optimization method for the compressed light field is proposed, which dramatically reduces the amount of calculation. The results demonstrate that the acceleration of the proposed scheme is obvious and escalates when the spatial resolution increases. The synthesis scheme is verified and its key aspects are analyzed by simulation and an experimental prototype.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Luz
Acuidade Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Tecnologia/tendências
Campos Visuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1364/OE.25.009886


  9 / 7094 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29411029
[Au] Autor:Insel TR
[Ad] Endereço:Mindstrong Health, Palo Alto, California.
[Ti] Título:Technology as a Tool for Mental Disorders-Reply.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(5):504, 2018 02 06.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais
Tecnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.20353


  10 / 7094 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29411025
[Au] Autor:Philip P; De-Sevin E; Micoulaud-Franchi JA
[Ad] Endereço:USR 3413, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Sommeil, Addiction, et Neuropsychiatrie, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
[Ti] Título:Technology as a Tool for Mental Disorders.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(5):504, 2018 02 06.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais
Tecnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.20338



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